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The Princeton Guide to Evolution is a comprehensive, concise, and authoritative reference to the major subjects and key concepts in evolutionary biology, from genes to mass extinctions. Edited by a distinguished team of evolutionary biologists, with contributions from leading researchers, the guide contains some 100 clear, accurate, and up-to-date articles on the most important topics in seven major areas: phylogenetics and the history of life; selection and adaptation; evolutionary processes; genes, genomes, and phenotypes; speciation and macroevolution; evolution of behavior, society, and humans; and evolution and modern society. Complete with more than 100 illustrations (including eight pages in color), glossaries of key terms, suggestions for further reading on each topic, and an index, this is an essential volume for undergraduate and graduate students, scientists in related fields, and anyone else with a serious interest in evolution.
  • Explains key topics in some 100 concise and authoritative articles written by a team of leading evolutionary biologists
  • Contains more than 100 illustrations, including eight pages in color
  • Each article includes an outline, glossary, bibliography, and cross-references
  • Covers phylogenetics and the history of life; selection and adaptation; evolutionary processes; genes, genomes, and phenotypes; speciation and macroevolution; evolution of behavior, society, and humans; and evolution and modern society
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About the author

Jonathan B. Losos is the Monique and Philip Lehner Professor for the Study of Latin America and professor of organismic and evolutionary biology at Harvard University.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Princeton University Press
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Published on
Nov 4, 2013
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Pages
888
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ISBN
9781400848065
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Language
English
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Genres
Reference / Encyclopedias
Reference / General
Science / Life Sciences / Evolution
Science / Reference
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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Jonathan B. Losos
It is easy to think of evolution as something that happened long ago, or that occurs only in "nature," or that is so slow that its ongoing impact is virtually nonexistent when viewed from the perspective of a single human lifetime. But we now know that when natural selection is strong, evolutionary change can be very rapid. In this book, some of the world's leading scientists explore the implications of this reality for human life and society. With some twenty-three essays, this volume provides authoritative yet accessible explorations of why understanding evolution is crucial to human life—from dealing with climate change and ensuring our food supply, health, and economic survival to developing a richer and more accurate comprehension of society, culture, and even what it means to be human itself. Combining new essays with essays revised and updated from the acclaimed Princeton Guide to Evolution, this collection addresses the role of evolution in aging, cognition, cooperation, religion, the media, engineering, computer science, and many other areas. The result is a compelling and important book about how evolution matters to humans today.

The contributors are Dan I. Andersson, Francisco J. Ayala, Amy Cavanaugh, Cameron R. Currie, Dieter Ebert, Andrew D. Ellington, Elizabeth Hannon, John Hawks, Paul Keim, Richard E. Lenski, Tim Lewens, Jonathan B. Losos, Virpi Lummaa, Jacob A. Moorad, Craig Moritz, Martha M. Muñoz, Mark Pagel, Talima Pearson, Robert T. Pennock, Daniel E. L. Promislow, Erik M. Quandt, David C. Queller, Robert C. Richardson, Eugenie C. Scott, H. Bradley Shaffer, Joan E. Strassmann, Alan R. Templeton, Paul E. Turner, and Carl Zimmer.

Jonathan B. Losos
A major new book overturning our assumptions about how evolution works
 
Earth’s natural history is full of fascinating instances of convergence: phenomena like eyes and wings and tree-climbing lizards that have evolved independently, multiple times. But evolutionary biologists also point out many examples of contingency, cases where the tiniest change—a random mutation or an ancient butterfly sneeze—caused evolution to take a completely different course. What role does each force really play in the constantly changing natural world? Are the plants and animals that exist today, and we humans ourselves, inevitabilities or evolutionary flukes? And what does that say about life on other planets?
 
Jonathan Losos reveals what the latest breakthroughs in evolutionary biology can tell us about one of the greatest ongoing debates in science. He takes us around the globe to meet the researchers who are solving the deepest mysteries of life on Earth through their work in experimental evolutionary science. Losos himself is one of the leaders in this exciting new field, and he illustrates how experiments with guppies, fruit flies, bacteria, foxes, and field mice, along with his own work with anole lizards on Caribbean islands, are rewinding the tape of life to reveal just how rapid and predictable evolution can be. 
 
Improbable Destinies will change the way we think and talk about evolution. Losos's insights into natural selection and evolutionary change have far-reaching applications for protecting ecosystems, securing our food supply, and fighting off harmful viruses and bacteria. This compelling narrative offers a new understanding of ourselves and our role in the natural world and the cosmos.
Jonathan B Losos
يحظى كتاب (علم الأحياء) منذ طبعته الأولى عام 1982 بنجاحٍ منقطع النظير بين المختصين والأكاديميين، ليصبح اليوم في طبعته الثامنة المرجع الأول في العالم لهذا الاختصاص، تلك الطبعة التي جاءت بتطور هائل من حيث الوسائل التوضيحية والرسوم البيانية والجداول والملحقات التفصيلية، بل شهد زيادة في طاقم العلماء المؤلفين ليكون اليوم أحد أهم الكتب العلمية بين يدي طلابنا وأساتذتنا. وتركز الطبعة الثامنة بشكل أكبر على دور الصور والرسوم التوضيحية وفاعليتها، وجدوى المعلومات المقدمة فيها، فعملت على التعاقد مع فنانين مختصين بالرسومات الطبية والعلمية لتشكل وسائل الإيضاح نقلة نوعية جديدة في الكتب العلمية والتعلم البصري. يتكون الكتاب من ثمانية أجزاء: الأول عن الأساس الجزيئي للحياة، والثاني علم حياة الخلية، بينما يفصل الباب الثالث الوراثة وعلم الحياة الجزيئي، والجزء الرابع التطور، ويأتي تنوع الحياة على الأرض في الباب الخامس، بينما ينفرد السادس بأشكال النباتات ووظائفها، أما الباب السابع فيتناول أشكال الحيوانات ووظائفها، ويختتم الكتاب أبوابه مع علم البيئة والسلوك. والجدير ذكره أنه قد أضيفت فضولٌ جديدة على الطبعات السابقة.

 

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