The first half of the book examines whether black members of the U.S. House legislate and represent their constituents differently than white members do. Representation is broadly conceptualized to include not only legislators' roll call voting behavior and bill sponsorship, but also the symbolic acts in which they engage. The second half looks at the issue of representation from the perspective of ordinary African Americans based on a landmark national survey.
Tate's findings are mixed. But, in the main, legislators' race does shape how they represent their constituents and how constituents evaluate them. African Americans view black representatives more positively than they do white representatives, even those who belong to their own political party. Black legislators, however, are just as likely as white representatives to sponsor and gain passage of bills in the House. Tate also concludes that black House members are more liberal as a group than are their black constituents, but that there is considerable divergence in the quality and type of representation they provide.
The findings reported here will generate controversy in the fields of politics, law, and race, particularly as debate commences over renewing the Voting Rights Act, which is set to expire in 2007.
"UNCONSCIONABLE" lays out a view of what is and what should be, what is wrong and what is better. In six map-illustrated chapters, this work of nonfiction documents U.S. foreign relations as global, unprovoked and unchecked violence. As it is also a hope for change, the work not only comments on significance and repercussions of the current state of affairs, it offers corrective measures. As the work of a veteran educator, its ending sections further instruct with reference tools of extensive sources and notes, appendices and index covering contributors and background material, international principles and conventions; and components of the great body to which the book is dedicated, the 193-member-states United Nations.
Dr. Bennett takes a world view as articulated by others in independent, alternative print and broadcast sources, offering especially American readers an unfiltered, oft unseen perspective on how the rest of the world sees U.S. relations with the world's peoples. The hope Bennett ventures is that "if we (Americans) see ourselves as others see us, we will be moved to change our ways for the better."
By Dr. Carolyn LaDelle Bennett
Hardcover | 6 x 9in | 306 pages | ISBN 9781499043143
Softcover | 6 x 9in | 306 pages | ISBN 9781499043150
E-Book | 306 pages | ISBN 9781499043136
Available at Amazon and Barnes & Noble
About the Author
Dr. Carolyn L. Bennett is credentialed in education and print journalism and public affairs. A lifelong American writer and writer/activist, her work concerns itself with news and current affairs, historical contexts and ideas particularly related to acts and consequences of US foreign relations; matters of geopolitics, human rights, war and peace, violence and nonviolence.
Katherine Tate contends that Black political incorporation and increased affluence since the civil rights movement have made Black politics and public opinion more moderate over time. Black leaders now have greater opportunity to participate in mainstream politics, and Blacks look to elected officials rather than activists for political leadership. Black socioeconomic concerns have moved to the center as poverty has declined and their economic opportunities have improved.
Based on solid analysis of public opinion data from the 1970s to the present, Tate examines how Black opinions on welfare, affirmative action, crime control, school vouchers, civil rights for other minorities, immigration, the environment, and U.S. foreign policy have changed.
Hardy-Fanta challenges the notion of political apathy among Latinos and presents factors that stimulate political participation. She finds that the vision of politics promoted by Latina women—one based on connectedness, collectivity, community, and consiousness-raising—contrasts sharply with a male political concern for status, hierarchy, and personal opportunity.
Focusing on the Congressional Black Caucus (CBC), Katherine Tate studies the ways in which the nation’s most prominent group of Black legislators has developed politically. Organized in 1971, the CBC set out to increase the influence of Black legislators. Indeed, over the past four decades, they have made progress toward the goal of becoming recognized players within Congress. And yet, Tate argues, their incorporation is transforming their policy preferences. Since the Clinton Administration, CBC members—the majority of whom are Democrats—have been less willing to oppose openly congressional party leaders and both Republican and Democratic presidents. Tate documents this transformation with a statistical analysis of Black roll-call votes, using the important Poole-Rosenthal scores from 1977 to 2010. While growing partisanship has affected Congress as a whole, not just minority caucuses, Tate warns that incorporation may mute the independent voice of Black political leaders.