African Cherokees in Indian Territory: From Chattel to Citizens

Univ of North Carolina Press
2
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Forcibly removed from their homes in the late 1830s, Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, and Chickasaw Indians brought their African-descended slaves with them along the Trail of Tears and resettled in Indian Territory, present-day Oklahoma. Celia E. Naylor vividly charts the experiences of enslaved and free African Cherokees from the Trail of Tears to Oklahoma's entry into the Union in 1907. Carefully extracting the voices of former slaves from interviews and mining a range of sources in Oklahoma, she creates an engaging narrative of the composite lives of African Cherokees. Naylor explores how slaves connected with Indian communities not only through Indian customs--language, clothing, and food--but also through bonds of kinship.

Examining this intricate and emotionally charged history, Naylor demonstrates that the "red over black" relationship was no more benign than "white over black." She presents new angles to traditional understandings of slave resistance and counters previous romanticized ideas of slavery in the Cherokee Nation. She also challenges contemporary racial and cultural conceptions of African-descended people in the United States. Naylor reveals how black Cherokee identities evolved reflecting complex notions about race, culture, "blood," kinship, and nationality. Indeed, Cherokee freedpeople's struggle for recognition and equal rights that began in the nineteenth century continues even today in Oklahoma.

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About the author

Celia E. Naylor is assistant professor of history at Dartmouth College.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Univ of North Carolina Press
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Published on
Sep 15, 2009
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Pages
376
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ISBN
9780807877548
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Language
English
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Genres
History / United States / 19th Century
Social Science / Ethnic Studies / African American Studies
Social Science / Ethnic Studies / Native American Studies
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Content protection
This content is DRM protected.
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