Sheikh Abdul Hossein Amini was a Shia scholar, traditionist, theologian and jurist. His magnum opus is Al-Ḡadīr fi’l-Ketāb wa’l-Sonna wa’l-Adab .
He was born in the city of Sarab near the Tabrīz, both his father Mirza Ahmad Amini and his grandfather Najaf Ali, were jurists of the city.
His teachers included Abul Hasan Esfahani, Muhammad Hosein Na'ini and Muhammad Hossein Esfahani,
Abdul Hussain established a library in Najaf and named it “Amir al-Mo’menin”.
He wrote books about Shiʿite beliefs, Hadith and jurisprudence. Some of his books are :Al-Ḡadīr fi’l-Ketāb wa’l-Sonna wa’l-Adab. An encyclopedic work which examines the tradition of Ghadir-e-KhummSīratonā wa sonnatonā sīrato nabīyenā wa sonnatoho(Arabic: ثمرات الأسفار)Commentary on Fatiha surahMartyrs of virtues (Arabic: شهداء الفضیلة)Consequences of Trips (Arabic: ثمرات الأسفار)Rayaz al Ons (Arabic: ریاض الانس)Exalted intentionA treatise on intentionAnnotation of “Kamel al-Ziyarat” (written by Ibn Quluyeh Qomi)Annotation of the two works of Sheikh Murteza Ansari: Makasib (The earnings) and Rasayel (The treatises).Death
He fell ill in 1968 and travelled to Tehran for medical treatment where he died on 3 July 1970. His body was returned to Najaf for burial next to Amīr-al-moʾmenīn library that he had founded.
The main subject of this book is discussing Hadith of the pond of Khumm according to Sunni documents. In order to do so, Amini has gathered the narrations of 110 companions (Sahaba) as well as 40 followers of Muhammad about the event. He then states the related Hadiths narrated by 360 Hadit narrators between 2nd to 14th centuries of Islamic calendar. Since Sunni Muslims - unlike Shia Muslims - do not consider Ali as the successor of Muhammad, Amini in his book has tried to prove Ali's succession based on Sunni documents. Amini, in writing the book, traveled to different countries in order to take advantage of the libraries there among which were India, Iraq, Pakistan, Morocco, Egypt and some others.
Urdu translation of Al-Ghadir has been done by Adeeb-e-asr Allama Syed Ali Akhtar Rizvi, a Twelver Shī'ah scholar, speaker, author, historian and poet.
On the request of Grand Ayatollah Naser Makarem Shirazi he stated translation in year 1990. The first volume of which published in year 1991. Then in 2010 the complete set of volume got published.