Populations, Public Health, and the Law

Georgetown University Press
Free sample

Law plays a crucial role in protecting the health of populations. Whether the public health threat is bioterrorism, pandemic influenza, obesity, or lung cancer, law is an essential tool for addressing the problem. Yet for many decades, courts and lawyers have frequently overlooked law’s critical importance to public health. Populations, Public Health, and the Law seeks to remedy that omission. The book demonstrates why public health protection is a vital objective for the law and presents a new population-based approach to legal analysis that can help law achieve its public health mission while remaining true to its own core values.

By looking at a diverse range of topics, including food safety, death and dying, and pandemic preparedness, Wendy E. Parmet shows how a population-based legal analysis that recalls the importance of populations and uses the tools of public health can enhance legal decision making while protecting both public health and the rights and liberties of individuals and their communities.

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About the author

Wendy E. Parmet is George J. and Kathleen Waters Matthews Distinguished University Professor of Law at Northeastern University and directs the law school’s dual degree JD–MPH program with Tufts University School of Medicine. She is a coauthor of Ethical Health Care.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Georgetown University Press
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Published on
Apr 2, 2009
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Pages
304
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ISBN
9781589016057
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Language
English
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Genres
Law / Health
Medical / Public Health
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Read Aloud
Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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For more than twenty years Practical Decision Making in Health Care Ethics has offered scholars and students a highly accessible and teachable alternative to the dominant principle-based theories in the field. Raymond J. Devettere's approach is not based on an ethics of abstract obligations and duties but, following Aristotle, on how to live a fulfilled and happy life—in short, an ethics of personal well-being grounded in prudence, the virtue of ethical decision making.

New sections added in this revised fourth edition include sequencing whole genomes, even those of newborns; the new developments in genetic testing now provided by online commercial companies such as 23andMe; the genetic testing of fetuses by capturing their DNA circulating in the pregnant woman's blood; the Stanford Prison experiment and its relevance to the abuses at the Abu Graib prison; recent breakthroughs in the diagnosis of consciousness disorders such as PVS; the ongoing controversy generated by the NIH study of premature babies at many NICUs throughout the county, a study known as SUPPORT that the OHRP (Office of Human Research Protections, an office within the department of HHS) deemed unethical.

Devettere updates most chapters. New cases include Marlise Munoz (dead pregnant woman's body kept on life support by a Texas hospital), Jahi McMath (teenager pronounced dead in California but treated as alive in New Jersey), Margot Bentley (nursing home feeding a woman dying of end stage Alzheimer’s despite her advance directive that said no nourishment or liquids if she was dying with dementia), Brittany Maynard (dying 29-year-old California woman who moved to Oregon to commit suicide with a physician's help), and Samantha Burton (woman with two children who suffered rupture of membranes at 25 weeks and whose physician obtained a court order to keep her at the hospital to make sure she stayed on bed rest). Thoughtfully updated and renewed for a new generation of readers, this classic textbook will be required reading for students and scholars of philosophy and medical ethics.

This issues-based reference work (available in both print and electronic formats) shines a spotlight on health care policy and practice in the United States. Impassioned debates about the best solutions to health care in America have perennially erupted among politicians, scholars of public policy, medical professionals, and the general public. The fight over the Health Care Reform Act of 2010 brought to light a multitude of fears, challenges, obstacles, and passions that often had the effect of complicating rather than clarifying the debate. The discourse has never been more heated. The complex issues that animate the health care debate have forced the American public to grapple with the exigencies of the present system with regard to economic, fiscal, and monetary policy, especially as they relate to philosophical, often ideologically driven approaches to the problem. Americans have also had to examine their ideas about the relationship of the individual to and interaction with the state and the varied social and cultural beliefs about what an American solution to the problem of health care looks like. In light of the need to keep students, researchers, and other interested readers informed and up-to-date on the issues surrounding health care in the U.S., this volume uses introductory essays followed by point/counterpoint articles to explore prominent and perennially important debates, providing readers with views on multiple sides of this complex issue.

Features & Benefits:

The volume is divided into three sections, each with its own Section Editor: Quality of Care Debates (Dr. Jennie Kronenfeld), Economic & Fiscal Debates (Dr. Mark Zezza), and Political, Philosophical, & Legal Debates (Prof. Wendy Parmet). Sections open with a Preface by the Section Editor to introduce the broad theme at hand and provide historical underpinnings.Each Section holds 12 chapters addressing varied aspects of the broad theme of the section.Chapters open with an objective, lead-in piece (or "headnote") followed by a point article and a counterpoint article.All pieces (headnote, point article, counterpoint article) are signed.For each chapter, students are referred to further readings, data sources, and other resources as a jumping-off spot for further research and more in-depth exploration.Finally, the volume concludes with a comprehensive index, and the electronic version of the book includes search-and-browse features, as well as the ability to link to further readings cited within chapters should they be available to the library in electronic format.
Lawrence O. Gostin’s seminal Public Health Law is widely acclaimed as the definitive statement on public health law at the turn of the twenty-first century. In this bold third edition, Gostin is joined by Lindsay F. Wiley to analyze major health threats of our time such as chronic diseases, emerging infectious diseases, antimicrobial resistance, bioterrorism, natural disasters, opiod overdose, and gun violence.  The authors draw on constitutional law, administrative law, local government law, and tort law to develop their conception of law as a tool for protecting the public’s health. 
 
The book creates an intellectual framework for modern public health law and supports that framework with illustrations of the scientific, political, and ethical issues involved. In proposing innovative solutions for the future of the public’s health, Gostin and Wiley’s essential study provides a blueprint for public and political debates to come.

New issues covered in this edition:

• Corporate personhood rights raised in response to regulations of tobacco, food and beverages, alcohol, firearms, prescription drugs, and marijuana.
• Local government authority to protect the public’s health.
• Deregulation and harm reduction as modes of public health law intervention.
• Taxation, spending, and alteration of the socioeconomic environment as modes of public health law intervention.
• Access to health care as a strategy for protecting the public’s health.
• Taxation, spending, licensing, zoning, and shared-use strategies for chronic disease prevention.
• The public health law perspective on violence and injury prevention.
• Health justice as a framework for reducing health disparities and protecting the public’s health.
The Oxford Textbook of Medicine: Infection is selected from the infection section of the renowned Oxford Textbook of Medicine, Fifth Edition. The book is an authoritative resource on infectious diseases. Comprehensive in its coverage and beautifully illustrated in full colour, it is an essential guide to the present-day management and prevention of a wide variety of infectious diseases. Covering diseases that are both familiar and tropical as well as those that continue to emerge, medical professionals will find it immensely valuable when diagnosing and preventing infection in their day-to-day practice. In 121 chapters, experts in infectious diseases from across the world review the essentials of current infectious disease practice and provide a wealth of practical advice that medical professionals can use in clinical situations. In addition, background information on epidemiology, pathogenesis and pathophysiology encourages a fuller understanding of conditions, and over 250 full colour images help with diagnosis when treating patients. A commanding discussion of infectious diseases from both Western and tropical countries, the Oxford Textbook of Medicine: Infection provides detailed information on a extensive range of viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and helminths. Vast in scope and truly global in reach, chapters span a variety of topics including, pathogenic microorganisms and the host, the patient with suspected infection, travel and expedition medicine, and non-venomous arthropods. They reflect the globalization of disease that has resulted from the unprecedented increase in international travel and immigration, as well as natural/man-made disasters that demand massive international aid efforts. This up-to-date and essential reference tool, supports all medical professionals in the treatment and prevention of infectious diseases. It will be of particular value to clinicians working in, or seeing patients from the developing world, due to the wide range of pathogens discussed. It also supports those taking diploma courses in Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, and HIV medicine. No infectious disease specialist or trainee should be without a copy of this definitive resource.
Anatomy texts just don’t get any better than Gray's Anatomy for Students! Now in its 3rd edition, this completely revised medical textbook continues its focus on just the core information you need for your anatomy courses, presenting everything in an easy-to-read, visually appealing format that facilitates study. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Obtain reliable, accessible coverage of everything you will learn in your contemporary anatomy classes with expert knowledge from a team of authors who share a wealth of diverse teaching and clinical experience.Easily locate and remember specific structures. More than 1,000 innovative, original illustrations by renowned illustrators Richard Tibbitts and Paul Richardson capture anatomical features with unrivalled clarity.Understand the practical applications of anatomical concepts through unique coverage of surface anatomy, correlative diagnostic images, and clinical case studies.Expedite the review of basic concepts from each chapter with Conceptual Overviews.Stay current and engaged in your anatomy courses with many new "In the Clinic" boxes, which offer access to in-depth clinical discussions related to specific diseases or procedures.Source your review material quickly and easily thanks to a list of additional relevant study aids at the beginning of each chapter.Improve your comprehension of cranial nerves with help from a brand-new visual map summarizing cranial nerve distribution and function. Further enhance your learning by pairing this textbook with its companion review products, Gray's Anatomy for Students Flashcards, 3rd Edition (ISBN: 978-1-4557-1078-2) and Gray’s Atlas of Anatomy 2nd Edition (ISBN 978-1-4557-4802-0)!
Since 1927, Goldman-Cecil Medicine has been the world’s most influential internal medicine resource. In the ground-breaking 25th edition, your original purchase ensures you will be up-to-date without the need for a subscription. Through the new, more powerful Expert Consult eBook platform, this "living text" provides continuous updates that will integrate the latest research, guidelines, and treatments into each chapter, ensuring that the content is as current as the day this edition was first published.

Goldman-Cecil Medicine

offers definitive, unbiased guidance on the evaluation and management of every medical condition, presented by a veritable "Who's Who" of modern medicine. A practical, straightforward style; templated organization; evidence-based references; and robust interactive content combine to make this dynamic resource quite simply the fastest and best place to find all of the authoritative, state-of-the-art clinical answers you need.Expert Consult eBook version included with print purchase:

Access continuous updates

from Editor Lee Goldman, MD, who thoroughly reviews internal medicine and specialty journals, updating online content to reflect the latest guidelines and translating that evidence into treatment.

Interactive Q&A section

features over 1,500 board-style questions and answers to aid in preparing for certification or recertification exams.

Outstanding supplementary tools

include figures, tables, videos, heart and lung sounds, treatment and management algorithms, fully integrated references, and thousands of illustrations and full-color photos.

Search all of the text, figures, supplementary material, and references from the book on a variety of devices and at no additional cost — Expert Consult access is included with this title!

Practical, bulleted, highly templated text

with easy-to-use features including flow charts and treatment boxes.

New chapters

on global health, cancer biology and genetics, and the human microbiome in health and disease keep you on the cutting edge of medicine.

Today's most current evidence-based medicine guidelines help you form a definitive diagnosis and create the best treatment plans possible.

Focused coverage of the latest developments in biology includes the specifics of current diagnosis, therapy, and medication doses.

The reference of choice for every stage of your career!

Goldman-Cecil Medicine is an ideal learning tool for residents, physicians, and students as well as a valuable go-to resource for experienced healthcare professionals.
Cardiology’s cornerstone text – thoroughly updated to reflect the latest clinical perspectives and cutting-edge topics

Hailed for its authority, currency, and ability to translate the latest technical and clinical advances into clinical application, Hurst’s The Heart is the field’s landmark text and cardiology’s longest continuously published reference text. A previous edition of this trusted classic was described by Doody’s as “an outstanding choice for those who strive for a firm foundation in cardiovascular medicine, as well as an up-to-date and user-friendly source that addresses every discipline in the field.”

Readers will find succinct, visually appealing summaries of all the major new trials, and guidelines, along with tips for optimizing outcomes and health quality. The Fourteenth Edition has been completely updated to reflect the latest technical, therapeutic, and clinical advances, while still maintaining a strong focus on patient care. Other enhancements include the addition of textual features such as Practice Points, Common Clinical Questions, and an increased number of the acclaimed Hurst’s diagrams.

• NEW TO THIS EDITION: Section on Metabolic Disorders and Cardiovascular Disease, Cigarette Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease
• Enhanced by more than 1,500 full-color illustrations and more than 500 tables
• Brand new chapters include: Arrythmogenic Cardiomyopathy, Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation, Degenerative Mitral Valve Disease, Left Ventricular Noncompaction, Evaluation and Management of Acute Heart Failure, Carotid Artery Stenting, Race, Ethnicity, and Cardiovascular disease
• The only comprehensive cardiology reference to publish every 2.5 years to allow for reporting of the latest trials and guidelines

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