A Pharmacology Primer: Theory, Applications, and Methods, Edition 2

Elsevier
2
Free sample

The Second Edition will continue this tradition of better preparing researchers in the basics of pharmacology. In addition, new human interest material including historical facts in pharmacology will be added. A new section on therapeutics will help readers identify with diseases and drug treatments.
  • Over 30 new figures and tables
  • More human interest information to provide readers with historical facts on pharmacology research
  • New section on therapeutics to help identify diseaes and drug treatments
  • New section on new biological concepts relevant to pharmacological research (i.e., systems biology)
  • New study sections organized with ASPET and other international pharmacology organizations
  • New coverage of pharmacokinetics and drug disposition
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About the author

Terry P. Kenakin is the recipient of the 2008 Poulsson Medal for Pharmacology awarded by the Norwegian Society of Pharmacology for achievements in basic and clinical pharmacology and toxicology. He has also been awarded the 2011 Ariens Award from the Dutch Pharmacological Society and the 2014 Gaddum Memorial Award from the British Pharmacological Society. Having been involved in drug discovery for over 30 years, his interests include the optimal design of drug activity assays systems and quantitative drug receptor theory. He is a member of numerous editorial boards as well as Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Receptors and Signal Transduction and Current Opinion in Pharmacology. In addition, Dr. Kenakin has authored numerous articles and has also written a number of books on pharmacology.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Elsevier
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Published on
Jul 26, 2010
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Pages
318
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ISBN
9780080465302
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Language
English
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Genres
Medical / Pharmacology
Science / Life Sciences / Biochemistry
Science / Life Sciences / Molecular Biology
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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Single molecule techniques, including single molecule fluorescence, optical tweezers, and scanning probe microscopy, allow for the manipulation and measurement of single biological molecules within a live cell or in culture. These approaches, amongst the most exciting tools available in biology today, offer powerful new ways to elucidate biological function, both in terms of revealing mechanisms of action on a molecular level as well as tracking the behaviour of molecules in living cells. This book provides the first complete and authoritative treatment of this rapidly emerging field, explicitly from a biological perspective.

The contents are organized by biological system or molecule. Each chapter discusses insights that have been revealed about their mechanism, structure or function by single molecule techniques. Among the topics covered are enzymes, motor proteins, membrane channels, DNA, ribozymes, cytoskeletal proteins, and other key molecules of current interest. An introduction by the editor provides a concise review of key principles and an historical overview. The last section discusses applications in molecular diagnostics and drug discovery.

* Organized by biological system or molecule.

* Each chapter discusses insights into mechanism of action, structure, and function

* Covers enzymes, motor proteins, membrane channels, DNA, ribozymes, etc.

* Includes an introduction to key principles and an historical overview.

* Discusses applications in molecular diagnostics and drug discovery.

* Provides an expert's perspective on future developments.

Pharmacology in Drug Discovery and Development: Understanding Drug Response, Second Edition, is an introductory resource illustrating how pharmacology can be used to furnish the tools necessary to analyze different drug behavior and trace this behavior to its root cause or molecular mechanism of action. The concepts discussed in this book allow for the application of more predictive pharmacological procedures aimed at increasing therapeutic efficacy that will lead to more successful drug development.

Chapters logically build upon one another to show how to characterize the pharmacology of any given molecule and allow for more informed predictions of drug effects in all biological systems. New chapters are dedicated to the interdisciplinary drug discovery environment in both industry and academia, and special techniques involved in new drug screening and lead optimization.

This edition has been fully revised to address the latest advances and research related to real time kinetic assays, pluridimensional efficacy, signaling bias, irreversible and chemical antagonism, allosterically-induced bias, pharmacokinetics and safety, target and pathway validation, and much more. With numerous valuable chapter summaries, detailed references, practical examples and case studies throughout, Dr. Kenakin successfully navigates a highly complex subject, making it accessible for students, professors, and new researchers working in pharmacology and drug discovery.

Includes example-based cases that illustrate how the pharmacological concepts discussed in this book lead to practical outcomes for further researchProvides vignettes on those researchers and scientists who have contributed significantly to the fields of pharmacology and drug discovery throughout historyOffers sample questions throughout the book and an appendix containing answers for self-testing and retention
Explains how to perform and analyze the results of the latest physicochemical methods

With this book as their guide, readers have access to all the current information needed to thoroughly investigate and accurately determine a compound's pharmaceutical properties and their effects on drug absorption. The book emphasizes oral absorption, explaining all the physicochemical methods used today to analyze drug candidates. Moreover, the author provides expert guidance to help readers analyze the results of their studies in order to select the most promising drug candidates.

This Second Edition has been thoroughly updated and revised, incorporating all the latest research findings, methods, and resources, including:

Descriptions and applications of new PAMPA models, drawing on more than thirty papers published by the author's research group Two new chapters examining permeability and Caco-2/MDCK and permeability and the blood-brain barrier Expanded information and methods to support pKa determination New examples explaining the treatment of practically insoluble test compounds Additional case studies demonstrating the use of the latest physicochemical techniques New, revised, and expanded database tables throughout the book

Well over 200 drawings help readers better understand difficult concepts and provide a visual guide to complex procedures. In addition, over 800 references serve as a gateway to the primary literature in the field, facilitating further research into all the topics covered in the book.

This Second Edition is recommended as a reference for researchers in pharmaceutical R&D as well as in agrochemical, environmental, and other related areas of research. It is also recommended as a supplemental text for graduate courses in pharmaceutics.

Of the thousands of novel compounds that a drug discovery project team invents and that bind to the therapeutic target, typically only a fraction of these have sufficient ADME/Tox properties to become a drug product. Understanding ADME/Tox is critical for all drug researchers, owing to its increasing importance in advancing high quality candidates to clinical studies and the processes of drug discovery. If the properties are weak, the candidate will have a high risk of failure or be less desirable as a drug product. This book is a tool and resource for scientists engaged in, or preparing for, the selection and optimization process.

The authors describe how properties affect in vivo pharmacological activity and impact in vitro assays. Individual drug-like properties are discussed from a practical point of view, such as solubility, permeability and metabolic stability, with regard to fundamental understanding, applications of property data in drug discovery and examples of structural modifications that have achieved improved property performance. The authors also review various methods for the screening (high throughput), diagnosis (medium throughput) and in-depth (low throughput) analysis of drug properties.

* Serves as an essential working handbook aimed at scientists and students in medicinal chemistry
* Provides practical, step-by-step guidance on property fundamentals, effects, structure-property relationships, and structure modification strategies
* Discusses improvements in pharmacokinetics from a practical chemist's standpoint
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