Polymer Interface and Adhesion

Routledge
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Poly mer Interface and Adhesion provides the critical basis for further advancement in thisfield. Combining the principles of interfacial science, rheology, stress analysis, and fracturemechanics, the book teaches a new approach to the analysis of long standing problemssuch as: how is the interface formed; what are its physical and mechanical properties;and how does the interface modify the stress field and fracture strength of the material.The book offers many outstanding features, including extensive listings of pertinent references,exhaustive tabulations of the interfacial properties of polymers, critical reviews ofthe many conflicting theories, and complete discussions of coupling agents, adhesion promotion,and surface modifications. Emphasis is placed on physical concepts and mechanisms,using clear, understandable mathematics.Polymer Interface and Adhesion promotes a more thorough understanding of the physical,mechanical, and adhesive properties of multiphase, polymer systems. Polymer scientistsand engineers, surface chemists, materials scientists, rheologists, as well as chemical andmechanical engineers interested in the research, development or industrial applications ofpolymers, plastics, fibers, coatings, adhesives, and composites need this important newsource book.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Routledge
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Published on
Nov 22, 2017
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Pages
630
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ISBN
9781351423526
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Language
English
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Genres
Science / Chemistry / General
Technology & Engineering / Textiles & Polymers
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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Natural polymers, such as proteins, starch, cellulose, hevea rubber, and gum which have been available for centuries, have been applied as materials for food, leather, sizings, fibers, structures, waterproofing, and coatings. During the past century, the use of both natural and syn thetic polymers has been expanded to include more intricate applications, such as membranes, foams, medicinals, conductors, insulators, fibers, films, packaging and applications requiring high modulus at elevated temperatures. The topics in this symposium which are summarized in this book are illustrative of some of the myriad applications of these ubiquitous mater ials. As stated in forecast in the last chapter in this book, it is cer tain that revolutionary applications of polymers will occur during the next decades. Hopefully, information presented in other chapters in this book will catalyze some of these anticipated applications. It is appropriate that these reports were presented at an American Chemical Society Polymer Science and Engineering Division Award Symposium honoring Dr. O.A. Battista who has gratifying to note that Phillips Pet roleum Company, which has paved the way in applications of many new poly mers, is the sponsor of this important award. We are all cheerfully expressing our thanks to this corporate spon sor and to Distinguished Professor Raymond B. Seymour of the University of Southern Mississippi who served as the organizer of this symposium and editor of this important book.
Thoroughly revised and reorganized, the second edition of Interfacial Forces in Aqueous Media examines the role of polar interfacial and noncovalent interactions among biological and nonbiological macromolecules as well as biopolymers, particles, surfaces, cells, and both polar and apolar polymers. The book encompasses Lifshitz-van der Waals and electrical double layer interactions, as well as Lewis acid–base interactions between colloidal entities in polar liquids such as water.

New in this Edition:

Four previously unpublished chapters comprising a new section on interfacial properties and structure of liquid water New material throughout the text on the interplay between macroscopic-scale repulsions and microscopic-scale attractions in protein adsorption A new chapter covering interfacial tension determination A new chapter examining the kinetics and energetics of protein adsorption onto metal oxide surfaces

Dr. van Oss describes the nature of the various manifestations of hydrophobic interactions as well as of hydration pressure and analyzes the measurement of the contact angles that result when liquid droplets are deposited on flat solids. He also covers coacervation and complex coacervation, discusses the determination methods of electrokinetic potentials, and treats some of the lesser-known properties of water, such as cluster formation and the hydrophobicity of the water-air interface.

Principally involved in multiple applications of colloids and interface science for more than 50 years, Carel Jan van Oss is Editor Emeritus of Immunological Investigations and Founding Editor of Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology and of Separation and Purification Reviews. He is an editorial advisor for the Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology. In addition to these Taylor & Francis journals, Dr. van Oss is the author, coauthor, or editor of eleven books, including Colloid & Surface Properties of Clays and Related Minerals (2002), and over 350 scientific papers and chapters.

Handbook of Nucleating Agents gives engineers and materials scientists the information they need to increase the production rate, modify structure and morphology, and reduce haze of polymeric products with proper selection of nucleating agents and clarifying agents. Chemical origin and related properties of nucleating agents are analyzed in general terms to highlight the differences in their properties, including the essential theoretical knowledge required for correct selection and use of nucleating and clarifying agents. This includes methods of chemical modification of nucleating agents and their deposition on suitable substrates; methods and results of dispersion of nucleating agents; influence of their concentration and cooling rate on final result and rate of crystallization; nucleation efficiency of different products and the reasons behind it; and generally accepted mechanisms of nucleation.

The book also covers application aspects in different formulations. Patent literature and research papers are extensively reviewed for different applications, and polymer processing methods which require use of nucleating agents are discussed, with an emphasis on the intricacies of use of nucleating agents in different polymers and products.

Enables engineers to use nucleating agents more effectively to increase production rate, modify structure and morphology, and reduce haze of polymer productsProvides a thorough theoretical grounding required for proper selection and use of nucleating and clarifying agentsOffers an extensive review of current applications of nucleating agents in different formulationsIncludes analysis of the chemical origin and related properties of nucleating agents to highlight differences in their properties
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