The last 30 years has been a period of phenomenal growth in road transport on the UK: today, 67 per cent of households have access to one or more cars. The same period has witnessed a precipitous decline in public transport, a rapid rise in the real price of both rail and bus fares, and a marked decline in the distance we travel by foot or bicycle. Yet the UK government's road-building programme and other transport policies have provoked outrage throughout the country; and, moreover, new evidence has come to light regarding the impact of benzene emissions from road transport on the incidence of asthma and the possible toll of particulate matter from diesel engines on human health. Blueprint 5 provides a detailed evaluation of the UK transport sector, and argues that without a fundamental change in policy it will inevitably continue to impose increasing costs on the natural environment, human health and the economy. It quantifies the external costs of road transport, and suggests new measures, such as road pricing and financial incentives, to pave the way to a sustainable transport system.
About the author
David Maddison is Research Fellow in CSERGE at University College London and the University of East Anglia, Norwich.Olof Johansson is a Research Fellow in the Department of Economics at the University of Gotenborg, Sweden.David Pearce is Professor of Environmental Economics at University College London and Director of CSERGE at University College London and the University of East Anglia. Edward Calthrop is a consultant with Economics for the Environmental Consultance (EFTEC).Todd Litman is Director of the Victoria Transport policy Institute, British Columbia, Canada. Eric Verhoef is with the Department of Spatial Economics, free University of Amsterdam and is also affiliated to the Tinbergen Institute.
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