Erotic Wisdom: Philosophy and Intermediacy in Plato's Symposium

SUNY Press
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Erotic Wisdom provides a careful reading of one of Plato’s most beloved dialogues, the Symposium, which explores the nature and scope of human desire (erôs). Gary Alan Scott and William A. Welton engage all of the dialogue’s major themes, devoting special attention to illuminating Plato’s conception of philosophy. In the Symposium, Plato situates philosophy in an intermediate (metaxu) position—between need and resource, ignorance and knowledge—showing how the very lack of what one desires can become a guiding form of contact with the objects of human desire. The authors examine the concept of intermediacy in relation both to Platonic metaphysics and to Plato’s moral psychology, arguing that philosophy, for Plato, is properly understood as a kind of “being in-between,” as the love of wisdom (philosophia) rather than the possession of it.
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About the author

At Loyola College in Maryland, Gary Alan Scott is Associate Professor of Philosophy, and William A. Welton is Visiting Affiliate Professor of Philosophy. Scott is the author of Plato’s Socrates as Educator, also published by SUNY Press, and Welton is the editor of Plato’s Forms: Varieties of Interpretation.

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Additional Information

Publisher
SUNY Press
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Published on
Dec 18, 2008
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Pages
297
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ISBN
9780791477663
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Best For
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Language
English
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Genres
History / Ancient / Greece
Philosophy / History & Surveys / Ancient & Classical
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Eligible for Family Library

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Although "the Socratic method" is commonly understood as a style of pedagogy involving cross-questioning between teacher and student, there has long been debate among scholars of ancient philosophy about how this method as attributed to Socrates should be defined or, indeed, whether Socrates can be said to have used any single, uniform method at all distinctive to his way of philosophizing. This volume brings together essays by classicists and philosophers examining this controversy anew.

The point of departure for many of those engaged in the debate has been the identification of Socratic method with "the elenchus" as a technique of logical argumentation aimed at refuting an interlocutor, which Gregory Vlastos highlighted in an influential article in 1983. The essays in this volume look again at many of the issues to which Vlastos drew attention but also seek to broaden the discussion well beyond the limits of his formulation.

Some contributors question the suitability of the elenchus as a general description of how Socrates engages his interlocutors; others trace the historical origins of the kinds of argumentation Socrates employs; others explore methods in addition to the elenchus that Socrates uses; several propose new ways of thinking about Socratic practices. Eight essays focus on specific dialogues, each examining why Plato has Socrates use the particular methods he does in the context defined by the dialogue. Overall, representing a wide range of approaches in Platonic scholarship, the volume aims to enliven and reorient the debate over Socratic method so as to set a new agenda for future research.

Contributors are Hayden W. Ausland, Hugh H. Benson, Thomas C. Brickhouse, Michelle Carpenter, John M. Carvalho, Lloyd P. Gerson, Francisco J. Gonzalez, James H. Lesher, Mark McPherran, Ronald M. Polansky, Gerald A. Press, François Renaud, and W. Thomas Schmid, Nicholas D. Smith, P. Christopher Smith, Harold Tarrant, Joanne B. Waugh, and Charles M. Young.

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