Industrial Dynamics, Innovation Policy, and Economic Growth through Technological Advancements examines the nature of the process of technological change in different sectors of an array of countries, analyzing the impact of innovation as well as research and development activities on different outcomes in different fields and assessing the design and impact of policies aimed at enhancing innovativeness of firms. The analyses and findings of the studies in this book contribute to the advancement of knowledge in the field of industrial dynamics, innovation policies, and economic growth.
Mehmet Teoman Pamukçu is Associate Professor affiliated with the Department of Science and Technology Policy Studies at the Middle East Technical University, Turkey. He holds a BA degree in economics, a MA degree in econometrics and a Ph.D. in economics from the Free University of Brussels . He worked on issues relating to the emergence and development of information society, on labor market polices and on the determinants of innovation activities of firms in developing countries. His current research interests are foreign direct investment, clusters of enterprises and their impact on innovation and economic development. He has published articles in journals and chapters in books. M. Teoman Pamukçu is a Research Associate of the Economic Research Forum and a member of the board of management of the International Joseph A. Schumpeter Association
Erkan Erdil received his bachelor degree in Political Science and Public Administration and Master Degree in Economics from METU. He continued his Ph.D. Studies in Economics in Maastricht University with the Nuffic Scholarship and received his Ph.D. degree in 2001. He has got another Ph. D. Degree from METU economics Department in 2004. He was granted with the title of associate professor in 2005. He has been the member of METU, Department of Economics since 1992. He was the vice-chairman of Department of Economics for three years. He has been serving as chairman of Science and Technology Policies Research Center (METU-TEKPOL) and Science and Technology Policy Studies Department since 2002. He teaches Mathematical Statistics, Econometrics, Microeconomics, Technology and Industrial Strategy. His areas of interest are Technology Economics, Labor Economics, Health Economics, and Applied Econometrics. He is also national expert 7th Framework Programme, Research Potential and Regions of Knowledge. [Editor]
The practice of standardization has been facilitating innovation and economic growth for centuries. The standardization of the railroad gauge revolutionized the flow of commodities, the standardization of money revolutionized debt markets and simplified trade, and the standardization of credit networks has allowed for the purchase of goods using money deposited in a bank half a world away. These advancements did not eradicate the different systems they affected; instead, each system has been transformed so that it can interoperate with systems all over the world, while still preserving local diversity.
As Palfrey and Gasser show, interoperability is a critical aspect of any successful system—and now it is more important than ever. Today we are confronted with challenges that affect us on a global scale: the financial crisis, the quest for sustainable energy, and the need to reform health care systems and improve global disaster response systems. The successful flow of information across systems is crucial if we are to solve these problems, but we must also learn to manage the vast degree of interconnection inherent in each system involved. Interoperability offers a number of solutions to these global challenges, but Palfrey and Gasser also consider its potential negative effects, especially with respect to privacy, security, and co-dependence of states; indeed, interoperability has already sparked debates about document data formats, digital music, and how to create successful yet safe cloud computing. Interop demonstrates that, in order to get the most out of interoperability while minimizing its risks, we will need to fundamentally revisit our understanding of how it works, and how it can allow for improvements in each of its constituent parts.
In Interop, Palfrey and Gasser argue that there needs to be a nuanced, stable theory of interoperability—one that still generates efficiencies, but which also ensures a sustainable mode of interconnection. Pointing the way forward for the new information economy, Interop provides valuable insights into how technological integration and innovation can flourish in the twenty-first century.
This one-semester introduction to the fundamentals of engineering economics provides an overview of the basic theory and mathematics underlying operational business decisions that engineering technology, engineering, and industrial technology students will face in the workplace. A basic knowledge of economics empowers a manager to balance costs with production.
This new edition of Fundamentals of Economics for Engineering Technologists and Engineers is written in plain language. Concepts have been simplified and kept straightforward with an emphasis on "how to apply" economic principles.
Practical examples as a tool for managing business data and giving detailed analysis of business operations. throughout the text make good use of Microsoft Excel templates, provided on the book’s companion website, for students. Chapter-end exercises provide discussion and multiple-choice questions along with numerical problems, and a solutions manual and instructor resources is given for adopting instructors.
New Chapters in the Second Edition cover:
Behavior-based safety programs
Safety auditing procedures and techniques
Measuring health and safety performance
OSHA’s laboratory safety standard
Process safety management standard
BCSPs Code of Ethics
The book provides a quick desk reference as well as a resource for preparations for the Associate Safety Professional (ASP), Certified Safety Professional (CSP), Occupational Health and Safety Technologist (OHST), and the Construction Health and Safety Technologist (CHST) examinations. A collection of information drawn from textbooks, journals, and the author’s more than 25 years of experience, the reference provides, as the title implies, not just a study guide but a reference that has staying power on your library shelf.