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This issue of Socrates has been divided into five sections.

The first section is Language & Literature- English.

The paper authored by Mehnaz Khan and Hasnain Mashood Ali applies Goffman’s model as a comprehensive approach to analyze the data to understand the role of health in identity formation. The findings examined within the context of ideological and cultural background and interpreted in the light of Althusser’s (1971) ideological framework. The paper concludes by stating that identity is the product of social relationships implicitly formed in the ideological background and is a source of motivation and expectations to transform one into social being capable of expressive control.

The paper authored by Amaladhas Dr J. analyses the consciousness that grew out of the unrelieved suffering and psychological traumas of a group of people who were subjected to overt and covert racism in the USA for about four centuries.

The second section of this issue is Psychology.

The Paper authored by Ioanna C. Bitchava, Paleologou Angie-M. P, Chrousos George P., Artemiadis Artemios K. and Darviri Christina is an innovative quasi-experimental study, whose core aim was not only to investigate the role of Stress and Stress-Management on the Physical, Mental, and Cognitive Health of first-year University Students during the transition period into the tertiary education system (especially in the contemporary Greek Society), but also to apply an innovative Stress Management Technique [based on the Ancient Greek Philosophy - with contemporary successful effects], Pythagorean Self-Awareness –comparatively to the worldwide "classic" Stress-Management Techniques – for the first time worldwide into this target-group, as well. This paper is an issue of great importance.

The third section of this issue is Sociology. 

The paper authored by Neha Singh and Dr Neeraj Mishra explores the nuances that industrialization is mired with, in relation to the rivers, associated large infrastructure and rivers attributed sacredness. The paper uses the case of river Kshipra flowing in the city of Ujjain to explain the shifting attribution of ‘sacred’ from natural things like rivers to materialistic things like money. The paper discusses the change in the significance of river during a world famous festival of Hindus for holy dip Simhastha. The paper explains the shift in focus of Simhastha from holy dip to crowd control, space allocation, crass commercialisation and unchecked competition. It explains using the theory of sacred and profane of Durkheim and Eliade, how in the modern time's secularisation of religion and sacralization of secular has created the sacred/profane distinction which is making the rivers only the source for consumption forgetting their actual significance.

The fourth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance. 

The paper authored by Dr Adesanya Olusegun Paul and Olominu Tomi explores some of the responsible variables are a mind-body problem, alternative thinking, and poverty to mention a few. These variables are the identified drivers of dimensions of insecurity and/or crises that are witnessed in both countries. Given this, the study demonstrates the role of the fugitive youths in the abating terror attacks at the frontiers and within some regions of Nigeria and Cameroun. Also, the study argues that priority should be accorded to the factors inducing fugitive youths to embrace anti-social/anti-societal behaviours, especially terrorism within the Nigeria and Cameroun.

The fifth section of this issue is Digital government/E-government/Electronic government/Online government.  The paper authored by Alsaeed Abraheem and Dr Carl Adams undertakes a comparison of eGov strategies among countries at different levels of instability. It highlights the different approaches for implementing activities, and thus directs policy makers in highly unstable societies to important aspects and to embrace gaps during the implementation process.  Consequently, the lessons learned by adopting best practice from different contexts enhances the process of activities’ development in an unstable environment. This paper aims to emphasise on the factors that influenced strategic planning in societies with different levels of stability to adopt eService successfully.  This comparison study explores the eService strategies among three cases namely: eGov Strategy in Syria, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The result reveals the approaches that each government had adopted in order to reach their eGov potential. Authors have applied the Reinventing Government approach by Osborne and Gaebler (1992) as a theoretical framework. By using their ten principles of transforming governments this provides understanding about the context and issues of providing eGov services within the three case studies and to what degree each case strategy has an influence on the activities implemented.

The paper authored by Dr Tetiana Fesenko and Dr Galyna Fesenko aims to outline the role of ICT in urban management. The digital segment is presented as significant for making cities sustainable, and for expanding access to basic services for large numbers of people. The matrix of ICT-tools in relation to sustainable cities development targets is developed. The comparative review of Digital City, Intelligent City, and Smart City is provided. The municipal e-government data of international ratings are analyzed with the special focus on aspects of online services management. The existing digital gaps between cities are pointed out in terms of e-governance maturity. It is proposed the maturity model of the municipal digital office, which it consists eight levels of the functional responsibility for urban online services development.

 

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About the author

Mehnaz  khan, Lecturer in English National University of Modern Languages Peshawar Campus KPK Pakistan, PhD Scholar in English Literature in Islamia College University Peshawar KPK, Pakistan

Hasnain Mashood Ali, Lecturer in English National University of Modern Languages Peshawar Campus  Pakistan

Dr. J. Amaladhas, Associate Professor & HOD Department of English Malankara Catholic College Mariagiri, Kaliakkavilai Tamilnadu, India 

Ioanna C. Bitchava, Doctoral candidate in Clinical Psychology Postgraduate Course Stress Management and Health Promotion, Athens Kapodistrian National University Medical School Athens Greece 

Paleologou Angie-M. P. , Assistant Professor of Clinical Psychology, Self-Lineation Special Laboratory, Department of Philosophy, Pedagogy, and Psychology (Section of Psychology), University of Ioannina, Greece 

Artemiadis Artemios K. , Medical Doctor (Neurologist) at 417 NIMTS Hospital, Athens , Greece 

Chrousos George P. Professor and Chairman of the Department of Pediatrics at the Athens University Medical School, Athens Greece 

Darviri Christina, Professor of Prevention and Health Promotion, The Medical School of the Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece 

Neha Singh,  Research Scholar, Department of Sociology, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Indore,  India 

Dr. Neeraj Mishra, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Indore.  India 

Adesanya Olusegun Paul, Department of Political Science and International Studies, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria 

Olominu Tomi, Department of International Relations and Diplomacy Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti (ABUAD)Country Nigeria 

Alsaeed Abraheem, Ph.D. Researcher in the School of Computing at the University of Portsmouth United Kingdom 

Dr. Carl Adams, Researcher-School of Computing, Faculty of Technology, The University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom 

Dr. Galyna Fesenko, Associate Professor, Department of History and Cultural Studies O. M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv, Ukraine 

Dr. Tetiana Fesenko Associate Professor Department of Engineering and Architecture Luhansk National Agrarian University, Kharkiv, Ukraine

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Publisher
Diva Enterprises Private Limited, New Delhi on behalf of Saurabh Chandra, Socrates: Scholarly Research Journal
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Published on
Aug 25, 2017
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Pages
156
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English
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Business & Economics / Corporate Governance
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Law / Government / General
Literary Criticism / European / English, Irish, Scottish, Welsh
Medical / General
Poetry / European / English, Irish, Scottish, Welsh
Political Science / General
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Political Science / Intergovernmental Organizations
Psychology / Clinical Psychology
Psychology / Developmental / Child
Psychology / General
Reference / Dictionaries
Reference / General
Social Science / Customs & Traditions
Social Science / Sociology / General
Social Science / Sociology / Social Theory
Social Science / Sociology of Religion
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SOCRATES is an international, multi-lingual, multi-disciplinary refereed and indexed scholarly journal produced as par of the Harvard Dataverse Network. This journal appears quarterly in English, Hindi, Persian in 22 disciplines.

About this Issue

This issue of SOCRATES covers research papers from Anthropology, Environmental-science, Public-administration, Political-science, and Philosophy, Hindi literature, Persian Literature, and some of the best works from the pen of renowned poets and scholars. We are focused on expanding our scope and consolidating our position in both conceptual development and practical application with special emphasis on social issues. Our motive is to promote research as research is an essential part of higher learning. Research is generally undertaken so as to find the answers of those problems which are not easy or readily available to them. It helps the individuals to find out the solution or answer of any question in a systematic manner based on scientific investigation of those problems. Research always adds something to emerging stock of knowledge making for its advancement. It is the pursuit of truth with the aid of observation, comparison, study and experiment. We believe that India cannot aspire to a future as an advanced society without cultivating large numbers of original thinkers and researchers to inspire new generation. Our mission behind introducing and initiating this journal is to motivate Scholars who have the willingness to Produce and publish quality research and discuss his/her original research, thoughts and ideas. We strongly believe in the concept of connected academic world. Thus we have indexed our journal at some of the best citation centers.

In this New York Times bestseller, an award-winning journalist uses ten maps of crucial regions to explain the geo-political strategies of the world powers—“fans of geography, history, and politics (and maps) will be enthralled” (Fort Worth Star-Telegram).

Maps have a mysterious hold over us. Whether ancient, crumbling parchments or generated by Google, maps tell us things we want to know, not only about our current location or where we are going but about the world in general. And yet, when it comes to geo-politics, much of what we are told is generated by analysts and other experts who have neglected to refer to a map of the place in question.

All leaders of nations are constrained by geography. In “one of the best books about geopolitics” (The Evening Standard), now updated to include 2016 geopolitical developments, journalist Tim Marshall examines Russia, China, the US, Latin America, the Middle East, Africa, Europe, Japan, Korea, and Greenland and the Arctic—their weather, seas, mountains, rivers, deserts, and borders—to provide a context often missing from our political reportage: how the physical characteristics of these countries affect their strengths and vulnerabilities and the decisions made by their leaders.

Offering “a fresh way of looking at maps” (The New York Times Book Review), Marshall explains the complex geo-political strategies that shape the globe. Why is Putin so obsessed with Crimea? Why was the US destined to become a global superpower? Why does China’s power base continue to expand? Why is Tibet destined to lose its autonomy? Why will Europe never be united? The answers are geographical. “In an ever more complex, chaotic, and interlinked world, Prisoners of Geography is a concise and useful primer on geopolitics” (Newsweek) and a critical guide to one of the major determining factors in world affairs.
 This issue of Socrates has been divided into five sections.

The first section of this issue is Language & Literature- Persian. The article in this section introduces a Manuscript that highlights the 18th Century History of Awadh India. 

The second section of this issue is Anthropology. The article in this section provides the role of weaving activity in socio-cultural life of Oromo society in general and Macca Oromo in particular. It also highlights how weavers play a great role in perseveration of cultural heritage, employment creation, tourist attraction and environmental protection in these areas. 

The third section of this issue is History. The paper in this section is the excerpt of the UGC Minor Research Project under the financial help of the University Grants Commission carried out in the year 2014. This paper highlights Political identities and dilemma in Jharkhand Movement, India and raises Questions of ‘environmental revivalism' and its consequences. 

The fourth section of this issue is Philosophy. The first article in this section tries to demonstrate that the emergence of the Internet refutes any claims posed by neurologists on the traditional epistemological field of philosophy, proceeding from this ontological decision, the equation of human cognition to cybernetic systems. The paper also explores some social-semantic aspects of the cyberspace as a nexus of social representations of the individual identity that forms a new sphere of being, where the subjective and the objective merge in a virtual subjective objectivity with unique epistemological attributes and possibilities.

The second article of this section deals with the question of how and why the civilizations of modernity construct social realities that fundamentally and institutionally are socio-politically unequal, unsustainable and that ecologically these societies reproduce unequal exchange of human, social and environmental resources and information. Moreover, it tries to position an alternative pathway for radical and democratic transformation through “the project of autonomy” influenced from the struggle for the commons as a protest against the commodification and monetarization of the whole of our existence.  It aims to expand the knowledge about the struggle of social movements, as well as exposing the endless possibilities humanity have to re-imagine an autonomous present and a sustainable future.

The fifth section of this issue is Politics, Law and Governance which contains an artilce that dwells on the experiences of India in the software and pharmaceutical industries to argue for the need for policy space in technology evolution.

SOCRATES: An international, multi-lingual, multi-disciplinary, refereed (peer-reviewed) and indexed scholarly journal.

About this issue:

This issue of Socrates witnessed many changes in our publication policies. One of the most encouraging changes is our presence through Open journal system. These changes will not only facilitate the authors but also boost our presence on international platform. This issue of Socrates has been divided into seven sections. The first section is Language & Literature- English which contains a paper which is analysis on Laura Mulvey’s theory of visual pleasure and attempts to apply it on the re-imagination of sexuality in cinematic spaces. The paper also examines the consumer spaces where the homo-sexual communities occupy substantial space as target audience which has enough potential to determine the direction and success of any popular cultural medium. The second section is History, which contains a paper that is extracted from a project that records the memories of men and women in Manipur, who witnessed the Nupi Lan (1939) and Second World War (1942 – 1945). Scored highly by the Referee, this paper is undoubtedly an asset for researchers. The third section is Philosophy contains a few excellent papers. The first paper of this section argues that Nozick’s entitlement theory leads to indirect injustice and is therefore an unfitting philosophical theory. The second paper of this section draws comparisons between Socratic Questioning and Zen Buddhist Koan Practice. The third paper of this section contains a Dialectic and Literary Essay Intimate Marxist Space: The Dialectic House must read for the scholars. The fourth paper of this section is my personal favorite. This paper has attempted a critical analysis of the arguments from alternation and recollection for the immortality of the soul in Plato’s Phaedo. It argues that Plato fails to prove beyond reasonable doubt the reality of the soul. It also mentions that its proof for reincarnation which is hinged on the reality of the soul is not tenable. The fifth paper of this section is a Creative writing focused on Exaggeration, Human nature and moral values. The fourth section of this issue Politics, Law and Governance contains two selected articles. The first paper of this section highlights the Need for south - south cooperation to confront the challenges posed by the Global north as to north -south. The second paper of this section highlights the 21st century scramble for Africa, must read for development thinkers. The fifth section of this issue is Sociology, contains a paper based on a study conducted at University of Kashmir which attempts to find out the impact of internet on research. The sixth section of this issue is Economics, Management and commerce which contains a paper that highlights the Role of Microfinance in the Socio Economic development of Women. The seventh section of this issue contains Interview of renowned contemporary poet Dr. A.k. Chaudhary.

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