Measuring and Modeling Health Care Costs

National Bureau of Economic Research Studies in Income and Wealth

Book 76
University of Chicago Press
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Health care costs represent a nearly 18% of U.S. gross domestic product and 20% of government spending. While there is detailed information on where these health care dollars are spent, there is much less evidence on how this spending affects health.

The research in Measuring and Modeling Health Care Costs seeks to connect our knowledge of expenditures with what we are able to measure of results, probing questions of methodology, changes in the pharmaceutical industry, and the shifting landscape of physician practice. The research in this volume investigates, for example, obesity’s effect on health care spending, the effect of generic pharmaceutical releases on the market, and the disparity between disease-based and population-based spending measures. This vast and varied volume applies a range of economic tools to the analysis of health care and health outcomes.

Practical and descriptive, this new volume in the Studies in Income and Wealth series is full of insights relevant to health policy students and specialists alike.
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About the author

Ana Aizcorbe is a senior research economist at the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Colin Baker is social science analyst at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. Ernst Berndt is the Louis E. Seley Professor in Applied Economics at the MIT Sloan School of Management, and a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. David M. Cutler is the Otto Eckstein Professor of Applied Economics and Harvard College Professor at Harvard University, and a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
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Additional Information

Publisher
University of Chicago Press
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Published on
Mar 5, 2018
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Pages
512
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ISBN
9780226530994
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Language
English
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Genres
Business & Economics / Econometrics
Business & Economics / Economics / General
Business & Economics / General
Business & Economics / Industries / General
Medical / Allied Health Services / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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The fifth edition of this bestselling book provides a comprehensive introduction to bilingualism and bilingual education. In a compact and clear style, its 19 chapters cover all the crucial issues in bilingualism at individual, group and national levels. These include:

• defining who is bilingual and multilingual

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• the development of bilingualism in infancy and childhood

• bilingualism in the family

• age and language learning

• adult language learning

• bilinguals' thinking skills

• bilingualism and the brain

• theories of bilingualism

• types of bilingual education

• heritage language education

• evaluations of bilingual education

• minority language literacy

• biliteracy and multiliteracies

• effective teaching and learning methods in bilingual classrooms

• the effectiveness of bilingual education in the United States

• the history of bilingual education in the United States

• language minority underachievement

• bilingual special education

• the assessment of language minority children

• Deaf bilinguals

• the spread of English as a global language

• learning English as a second or third language

• language identity and multiple identities

• the politics surrounding language minorities and bilingual education

• assimilation and pluralism

• bilingualism and employment

• bilingualism and the internet

The fifth edition of this bestselling book provides a comprehensive introduction to bilingualism and bilingual education. In a compact and clear style, its 19 chapters cover all the crucial issues in bilingualism at individual, group and national levels. These include:

• defining who is bilingual and multilingual

• testing language abilities and language use

• languages in communities and minority groups

• endangered languages

• language planning, language revival

• the development of bilingualism in infancy and childhood

• bilingualism in the family

• age and language learning

• adult language learning

• bilinguals' thinking skills

• bilingualism and the brain

• theories of bilingualism

• types of bilingual education

• heritage language education

• evaluations of bilingual education

• minority language literacy

• biliteracy and multiliteracies

• effective teaching and learning methods in bilingual classrooms

• the effectiveness of bilingual education in the United States

• the history of bilingual education in the United States

• language minority underachievement

• bilingual special education

• the assessment of language minority children

• Deaf bilinguals

• the spread of English as a global language

• learning English as a second or third language

• language identity and multiple identities

• the politics surrounding language minorities and bilingual education

• assimilation and pluralism

• bilingualism and employment

• bilingualism and the internet

The problems of medical care confront us daily: a bureaucracy that makes a trip to the doctor worse than a trip to the dentist, doctors who can't practice medicine the way they choose, more than 40 million people without health insurance. "Medical care is in crisis," we are repeatedly told, and so it is. Barely one in five Americans thinks the medical system works well. Enter David M. Cutler, a Harvard economist who served on President Clinton's health care task force and later advised presidential candidate Bill Bradley. One of the nation's leading experts on the subject, Cutler argues in Your Money or Your Life that health care has in fact improved exponentially over the last fifty years, and that the successes of our system suggest ways in which we might improve care, make the system easier to deal with, and extend coverage to all Americans. Cutler applies an economic analysis to show that our spending on medicine is well worth it--and that we could do even better by spending more. Further, millions of people with easily manageable diseases, from hypertension to depression to diabetes, receive either too much or too little care because of inefficiencies in the way we reimburse care, resulting in poor health and in some cases premature death. The key to improving the system, Cutler argues, is to change the way we organize health care. Everyone must be insured for the medical system to perform well, and payments should be based on the quality of services provided not just on the amount of cutting and poking performed. Lively and compelling, Your Money or Your Life offers a realistic yet rigorous economic approach to reforming health care--one that promises to break through the stalemate of failed reform.
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