Addressing both experimental as well as theoretical aspects, the book covers the thermochemical and combustion characteristics of all important types of energetic materials, such as explosives, propellants, and the new class of pyrolants, as well as related phenomena. It presents the fundamental bases of the energetics of materials, deflagration and detonation, thermochemical process of decomposition and combustion, plus combustion wave structures. The book also goes on to discuss the combustion mechanisms of various types of energetic materials, propellants, and explosives, based on the heat transfer process in the combustion waves. The burning rate models are also presented as an aid to understanding the rate-controlling steps of combustion processes, thus demonstrating the relationships of burning rate versus pressure and initial temperature. As a major topic new to this edition, new propulsion methods such as duct rockets, ramjets, pulse motors and thrusters are described in detail, while appendices on flow field dynamics and shock wave propagation have been added.
Each chapter features a different aspect of the field written by international specialists, and covers such topics as nucleation and crystallization kinetic of silicate glasses, nucleation in concentration gradients, the determination of coefficients of emission of nucleation theory, diamonds from vitreous carbon.
Following an analysis of unresolved problems together with proposed solutions, the book develops a theoretical description of the overall course of first-order phase transformations, starting from the nucleation state right up to the late stages of coarsening. In so doing, the author illustrates the results by way of numerical computations and experimental applications. The outline of the general results is performed for segregation processes in solutions and the results used in the analysis of a variety of different topics, such as phase formation in multi-component solutions, boiling in one- and multi-component liquids, vacancy cluster evolution in solids with and without influence of radiation, as well as phase separation in helium at low temperatures.
The result is a detailed overview of the theoretical description of the whole course of nucleation-growth processes and applications for a wide audience of scientists and students.
Ammonium Nitrate Explosives for Civil Applications: Slurries, Emulsions and Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oils
Developed from a lecture course on statistical physics and kinetic theory of various atomic systems, the text provides a maximum number of concepts in the simplest way, based on simple problems and using various methods.
This exciting book details all aspects of a major class of pyrolants and elucidates the progress that has been made in the field, covering both the chemistry and applications of these coompounds.
Written by a pre-eminent authority on the subject from the NATO Munitions Safety Information Analysis Center (MSIAC), it begins with a historical overview of the development of these materials, followed by a thorough discussion of their ignition, combustion and radiative properties. The next section explores the multiple facets of their military and civilian applications, as well as industrial synthetic techniques. The critical importance of the associated hazards, namely sensitivity, stability and aging, are discussed in detail, and the book is rounded off by an examination of the future of this vital and expanding field.
The result is a complete guide to the chemistry, manufacture, applications and required safety precautions of pyrolants for both the military and chemical industries.
From the preface:
"... This book fills a void in the collection of pyrotechnic literature... it will make an excellent reference book that all researchers of pyrolants and energetics must have..." –Dr. Bernard E. Douda, Dr. Sara Pliskin, NAVSEA Crane, IN, USA
Interview on ChemistryViews:
Find out what the author, Dr. Ernst-Christian Koch, has to say about the fascination of fireworks, society's need for explosives, and the future of the field which includes energetic ionic liquids. Read on…
Based upon this work and another monograph published only in Russia, this book investigates the behavior of melting line and the properties of the coexisting crystal and liquid phase of simple substances across a wide range of pressures, including metastable states of the coexisting phases. The authors derive new relations for the thermodynamic similarity for liquid-vapour phase transition, as well as describing solid-liquid, liquid-vapor and liquid-liquid phase transitions for binary systems employing the novel methodology of thermodynamic similarity.
The extensive thermodynamic data have been thoroughly updated and for the first time are also provided in electronic format. The included CD-ROM was compiled by the Fraunhofer Institute of Chemical Technology (Pfinztal, Germany) and represents an excerpt from the ICT Thermodynamical Database. Not only additional thermodynamic data, and references to further reading, but also enhanced search facilities are provided.
Other key features include: the 1500-entry combined index and glossary (comprising terms and abbreviations in English, French and German), conversion tables and many literature references.
This book is suitable for explosive experts and also for translators, public authorities and patent lawyers.
From reviews of previous editions:
'... This wealth of information and an index that comprises some 1500 keywords and several conversion tables make this a unique source of knowledge for anybody working with explosives.' (Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics)
Die zehnte Auflage dieses Nachschlagewerkes ist erneut erweitert und aktualisiert worden, das bewährte Konzept wurde beibehalten.
Der Textteil beschreibt ausführlich mehr als 550 Begriffe in alphabetischer Reihenfolge, darunter über 120 mit Strukturformel und Daten versehene chemische Verbindungen mit Explosivcharakter.
Zu fast jeder Verbindung werden die wichtigsten chemisch-physikalischen und sicherheitstechnischen Kenndaten aufgeführt; die Gefahrgutregularien wurden gründlich überarbeitet. Der Leser findet außerdem Angaben zu den Herstellungsverfahren und Verwendungsmöglichkeiten dieser Stoffe sowie zu etwa 70 Additiven, Brennstoffen und Oxidantien.
Etwa 1500 Einträge im Schlagwortregister, die Angabe der englischen und französischen Übersetzungen und die Erklärung von Kurzbezeichnungen machen dieses Buch zu einem umfassenden und aktuellen Lexikon.
Es eignet sich für Fachleute, die in irgendeiner Form mit Explosivstoffen zu tun haben, aber auch für Interessenten, wie Übersetzer, Behörden und Patentanwälte.
' Ein Buch, das in mehr als 60 Jahren 8 Auflagen erlebt hat, bedarf keiner besonderen Empfehlung...'
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