Based upon this work and another monograph published only in Russia, this book investigates the behavior of melting line and the properties of the coexisting crystal and liquid phase of simple substances across a wide range of pressures, including metastable states of the coexisting phases. The authors derive new relations for the thermodynamic similarity for liquid-vapour phase transition, as well as describing solid-liquid, liquid-vapor and liquid-liquid phase transitions for binary systems employing the novel methodology of thermodynamic similarity.
Following an analysis of unresolved problems together with proposedsolutions, the book develops a theoretical description of theoverall course of first-order phase transformations, starting fromthe nucleation state right up to the late stages of coarsening. Inso doing, the author illustrates the results by way of numericalcomputations and experimental applications. The outline of thegeneral results is performed for segregation processes in solutionsand the results used in the analysis of a variety of differenttopics, such as phase formation in multi-component solutions,boiling in one- and multi-component liquids, vacancy clusterevolution in solids with and without influence of radiation, aswell as phase separation in helium at low temperatures.
The result is a detailed overview of the theoretical description ofthe whole course of nucleation-growth processes and applicationsfor a wide audience of scientists and students.
Each chapter features a different aspect of the field written by international specialists, and covers such topics as nucleation and crystallization kinetic of silicate glasses, nucleation in concentration gradients, the determination of coefficients of emission of nucleation theory, diamonds from vitreous carbon.
Quantum theory is the most successful of all physical theories: it has a towering mathematical structure, a vast range of accurate predictions, and technological applications. Its interpretation, however, is as unsettled now as in the heroic days of Einstein and Bohr.
This book focuses on quantum non-locality, the curious quantum correlations between spatially separated systems. Quantum non-locality was one subject of the debates between Einstein, Bohr and others such as Schrödinger. The topic was revived in the 1960s as a result of Bell's epoch-making theorems; since then it has been a very active research field, both theoretically and experimentally.
This book contains twenty new papers by eminent researchers, who report recent developments in both the physics of the subject and its philosophy. The physics topics covered include quantum information, the unsharp (positive-operator) approach to observables, the state-space approach, and the pilot-wave theory. The philosophy papers include precise studies of Bohr's reply to the original Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen non-locality paradox, and of non-locality's relation to causation, probability and modality.