Evaporites:Sediments, Resources and Hydrocarbons

Springer Science & Business Media
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Comprehensive discussion of the role of evaporites in hydrocarbon generation and trapping

Excellent introduction in the field

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Publisher
Springer Science & Business Media
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Published on
Jun 12, 2006
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Pages
1036
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ISBN
9783540323440
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Language
English
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Genres
Science / Earth Sciences / General
Science / Earth Sciences / Geology
Science / Earth Sciences / Sedimentology & Stratigraphy
Technology & Engineering / Agriculture / Agronomy / Soil Science
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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During the 2nd International Symposium on Fossil Algae, organized by the University P. & M. Curie, Paris, in April 1979, a special session was devoted to stromatolites; 29 papers were presented in French, English, or Russian. Among the papers selected originally, 16 were carried out to the final stage by their authors. They are presented here in their stratigraphical order. This selection does not pretend to cover the problem of Phanerozoic stromatolites in its entirety, but relates case histories. This should be the seed for further books analyzing and illus trating the paleoecology, the niche and the features of Phanerozoic stromatolites, namely throughout the Mesozoic and the Paleozoic, where the data are still scarce; this will lead to naturalistic views on the evolutionary features of Post Riphean stromes, and will sharpen tools to interpret their Precambrian ancestors. Let me introduce the papers. CLAUDE L. V. MONTY formalizes two basic types of crypt algal micro structures: the spongiostromate and the porostromate microstructures respectively; the rise of the latter around the Precambrian/Cambrian boundary represents a very significant step in the evolution of cyano bacterial microstructures and in their interaction with the environment. K. K. VERMA and G. BARMAN present a lower Phanerozoic stroma tolitic assemblage from Rajasthan associated with paralic alluvial fans fed by block faulting. Main stromatolite developments occurred during periods of low sedimentation and negligable tectonics, and formed in very shallow marine water. J.
This book is part of the International Association of Sedimentologists (IAS) Special Publications.

The Special Publications from the IAS are a set of thematic volumes edited by specialists on subjects of central interest to sedimentologists. Papers are reviewed and printed to the same high standards as those published in the journal Sedimentology and several of these volumes have become standard works of reference.

This volume commemorates the eclectic research of Douglas James Shearman into evaporites, which was initiated by his studies of the prograding UAE coastal sabkhas or salt flats that incorporate evaporite minerals which displace and replace earlier carbonate sediments. His subsequent proselytization of the study of ancient evaporites in sedimentary sections all over the world led to fundamental advances in our understanding of arid zone carbonate sedimentology.

The papers presented here are based on presentations made in Abu Dhabi, UAE 12-14th October 2004 and 7th –8th November 2006. They provide a retrospective from the 1960's and 70's of Holocene evaporites and carbonates, recapturing Shearman's contribution by revisiting the Holocene coastal evaporite and carbonate sediments of the Arabian/Persian Gulf from Abu Dhabi, Qatar, and Oman.

The first set of papers considers these sediments from the perspective of their coastal geomorphology, sedimentary character and their geochemistry. Later papers examine the significance of these settings in the ancient geological section world-wide, including examples from the Mesozoic-Cenozoic of the Moroccan Atlantic margin and the Upper Jurassic Arab Formation of the Arabian Gulf.

Thousands of years of poor farming and ranching practices—and, especially, modern industrial agriculture—have led to the loss of up to 80 percent of carbon from the world's soils. That carbon is now floating in the atmosphere, and even if we stopped using fossil fuels today, it would continue warming the planet. In The Soil Will Save Us, journalist and bestselling author Kristin Ohlson makes an elegantly argued, passionate case for "our great green hope"—a way in which we can not only heal the land but also turn atmospheric carbon into beneficial soil carbon—and potentially reverse global warming.

As the granddaughter of farmers and the daughter of avid gardeners, Ohlson has long had an appreciation for the soil. A chance conversation with a local chef led her to the crossroads of science, farming, food, and environmentalism and the discovery of the only significant way to remove carbon dioxide from the air—an ecological approach that tends not only to plants and animals but also to the vast population of underground microorganisms that fix carbon in the soil. Ohlson introduces the visionaries—scientists, farmers, ranchers, and landscapers—who are figuring out in the lab and on the ground how to build healthy soil, which solves myriad problems: drought, erosion, air and water pollution, and food quality, as well as climate change. Her discoveries and vivid storytelling will revolutionize the way we think about our food, our landscapes, our plants, and our relationship to Earth.
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