Factfulness: Ten Reasons We're Wrong About the World--and Why Things Are Better Than You Think

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INSTANT NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER

“One of the most important books I’ve ever read—an indispensable guide to thinking clearly about the world.” – Bill Gates

“Hans Rosling tells the story of ‘the secret silent miracle of human progress’ as only he can. But Factfulness does much more than that. It also explains why progress is so often secret and silent and teaches readers how to see it clearly.” Melinda Gates

"Factfulness by Hans Rosling, an outstanding international public health expert, is a hopeful book about the potential for human progress when we work off facts rather than our inherent biases." - Former U.S. President Barack Obama

Factfulness: The stress-reducing habit of only carrying opinions for which you have strong supporting facts.

When asked simple questions about global trends—what percentage of the world’s population live in poverty; why the world’s population is increasing; how many girls finish school—we systematically get the answers wrong. So wrong that a chimpanzee choosing answers at random will consistently outguess teachers, journalists, Nobel laureates, and investment bankers.

In Factfulness, Professor of International Health and global TED phenomenon Hans Rosling, together with his two long-time collaborators, Anna and Ola, offers a radical new explanation of why this happens. They reveal the ten instincts that distort our perspective—from our tendency to divide the world into two camps (usually some version of us and them) to the way we consume media (where fear rules) to how we perceive progress (believing that most things are getting worse).

Our problem is that we don’t know what we don’t know, and even our guesses are informed by unconscious and predictable biases.

It turns out that the world, for all its imperfections, is in a much better state than we might think. That doesn’t mean there aren’t real concerns. But when we worry about everything all the time instead of embracing a worldview based on facts, we can lose our ability to focus on the things that threaten us most.

Inspiring and revelatory, filled with lively anecdotes and moving stories, Factfulness is an urgent and essential book that will change the way you see the world and empower you to respond to the crises and opportunities of the future.

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“This book is my last battle in my life-long mission to fight devastating ignorance...Previously I armed myself with huge data sets, eye-opening software, an energetic learning style and a Swedish bayonet for sword-swallowing. It wasn’t enough. But I hope this book will be.” Hans Rosling, February 2017.

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About the author

Hans Rosling was a medical doctor, professor of international health and renowned public educator. He was an adviser to the World Health Organization and UNICEF, and co-founded Médecins sans Frontières in Sweden and the Gapminder Foundation. His TED talks have been viewed more than 35 million times, and he was listed as one of Time Magazine’s 100 most influential people in the world. Hans died in 2017, having devoted the last years of his life to writing Factfulness.

Ola Rosling and Anna Rosling Rönnlund, Hans's son and daughter-in-law, were co-founders of the Gapminder Foundation, and Ola its director from 2005 to 2007 and from 2010 to the present day. After Google acquired the bubble-chart tool called Trendalyzer, invented and designed by Anna and Ola, Ola became head of Google's Public Data Team and Anna the team’s senior user experience (UX) designer. They have both received international awards for their work.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Flatiron Books
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Published on
Apr 3, 2018
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Pages
288
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ISBN
9781250123817
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Language
English
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Genres
Business & Economics / Decision-Making & Problem Solving
Psychology / Cognitive Psychology & Cognition
Science / Cognitive Science
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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Major New York Times bestseller
Winner of the National Academy of Sciences Best Book Award in 2012
Selected by the New York Times Book Review as one of the ten best books of 2011
A Globe and Mail Best Books of the Year 2011 Title
One of The Economist's 2011 Books of the Year
One of The Wall Street Journal's Best Nonfiction Books of the Year 2011
2013 Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipient
Kahneman's work with Amos Tversky is the subject of Michael Lewis's The Undoing Project: A Friendship That Changed Our Minds

In the international bestseller, Thinking, Fast and Slow, Daniel Kahneman, the renowned psychologist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics, takes us on a groundbreaking tour of the mind and explains the two systems that drive the way we think. System 1 is fast, intuitive, and emotional; System 2 is slower, more deliberative, and more logical. The impact of overconfidence on corporate strategies, the difficulties of predicting what will make us happy in the future, the profound effect of cognitive biases on everything from playing the stock market to planning our next vacation—each of these can be understood only by knowing how the two systems shape our judgments and decisions.

Engaging the reader in a lively conversation about how we think, Kahneman reveals where we can and cannot trust our intuitions and how we can tap into the benefits of slow thinking. He offers practical and enlightening insights into how choices are made in both our business and our personal lives—and how we can use different techniques to guard against the mental glitches that often get us into trouble. Winner of the National Academy of Sciences Best Book Award and the Los Angeles Times Book Prize and selected by The New York Times Book Review as one of the ten best books of 2011, Thinking, Fast and Slow is destined to be a classic.

THE INSTANT NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER!

OPRAH’S BOOK CLUB 2018 SELECTION

“One of my favorite parts of summer is deciding what to read when things slow down just a bit, whether it’s on a vacation with family or just a quiet afternoon . . . An American Marriage by Tayari Jones is a moving portrayal of the effects of a wrongful conviction on a young African-American couple.” —Barack Obama

“Haunting . . . Beautifully written.” —The New York Times Book Review
 
“Brilliant and heartbreaking . . . Unforgettable.” —USA Today
 
“A tense and timely love story . . . Packed with brave questions about race and class.” —People
 
“Compelling.” —The Washington Post
 
“Epic . . . Transcendent . . . Triumphant.” —Elle

Newlyweds Celestial and Roy are the embodiment of both the American Dream and the New South. He is a young executive, and she is an artist on the brink of an exciting career. But as they settle into the routine of their life together, they are ripped apart by circumstances neither could have imagined. Roy is arrested and sentenced to twelve years for a crime Celestial knows he didn’t commit. Though fiercely independent, Celestial finds herself bereft and unmoored, taking comfort in Andre, her childhood friend, and best man at their wedding. As Roy’s time in prison passes, she is unable to hold on to the love that has been her center. After five years, Roy’s conviction is suddenly overturned, and he returns to Atlanta ready to resume their life together.
 
This stirring love story is a profoundly insightful look into the hearts and minds of three people who are at once bound and separated by forces beyond their control. An American Marriage is a masterpiece of storytelling, an intimate look deep into the souls of people who must reckon with the past while moving forward—with hope and pain—into the future.
INSTANT NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER

"My new favorite book of all time." --Bill Gates

If you think the world is coming to an end, think again: people are living longer, healthier, freer, and happier lives, and while our problems are formidable, the solutions lie in the Enlightenment ideal of using reason and science.

Is the world really falling apart? Is the ideal of progress obsolete? In this elegant assessment of the human condition in the third millennium, cognitive scientist and public intellectual Steven Pinker urges us to step back from the gory headlines and prophecies of doom, which play to our psychological biases. Instead, follow the data: In seventy-five jaw-dropping graphs, Pinker shows that life, health, prosperity, safety, peace, knowledge, and happiness are on the rise, not just in the West, but worldwide. This progress is not the result of some cosmic force. It is a gift of the Enlightenment: the conviction that reason and science can enhance human flourishing.

Far from being a naïve hope, the Enlightenment, we now know, has worked. But more than ever, it needs a vigorous defense. The Enlightenment project swims against currents of human nature--tribalism, authoritarianism, demonization, magical thinking--which demagogues are all too willing to exploit. Many commentators, committed to political, religious, or romantic ideologies, fight a rearguard action against it. The result is a corrosive fatalism and a willingness to wreck the precious institutions of liberal democracy and global cooperation.

With intellectual depth and literary flair, Enlightenment Now makes the case for reason, science, and humanism: the ideals we need to confront our problems and continue our progress.
 >> „Jedna z nejdůležitějších knih, které jsem kdy četl – nepostradatelný návod, jak jasně přemýšlet o světě.“— Bill Gates <<

>> Díky této knize se vám stane vlastní faktomluva: Úlevný zvyk tvořit si pouze takové názory, pro které máte silná podpůrná fakta. <<

## O knize

Když mají lidé odpovídat na jednoduché otázky o stavu světa – například zda ubývá extrémní chudoby, jaká je na Zemi průměrná délka života nebo jak násilný je náš svět – dostáváme systematicky špatné odpovědi. Tak špatné, že kdyby měli zcela náhodně odpovídat šimpanzi, dosáhnou lepších výsledků než učitelé, investiční bankéři i nositelé Nobelovy ceny.

Lékař, statistik a zábavný popularizátor Hans Rosling nabízí radikálně nové vysvětletní tohoto jevu. Odhaluje deset instinktů – nevědomých, ale předvídatelných myšlenkových zkreslení, která ovlivňují naše názory na okolní svět. Jde například o instinkt propasti (sklon rozdělovat svět na zásadně odlišné tábory), negativity (více si všímáme jevů špatných než dobrých), ale také urgentnosti (pocit „teď, nebo nikdy“ nás vede k unáhleným rozhodnutím) či obviňování (hledáme viníky, nikoli příčiny).

Soustředíme-li se na fakta, zjistíme, že svět jako celek je na tom mnohem lépe, než si myslíme. A že se navíc rychle zlepšuje. Neznamená to, že neexistují vážné problémy a rizika. Neznáme-li však své klamné instinkty, nedokážeme se na problémy dívat na základě faktů a soustředit se na to, co nás ohrožuje nejvíc.

Inspirující Faktomluva, plná napínavých i dojemných příběhů, je zásadní knihou, která změní způsob vašeho hodnocení světa a vybaví vás schopností správně reagovat na budoucí výzvy.

## O autorovi

Hans Rosling (1948–2017) byl švédským lékařem, statistikem, veřejně činným vědcem a nadšeným polykačem mečů. V mládí pracoval jako lékař v afrických zemích, poté působil jako profesor mezinárodního zdraví na Institutu Karolinska, jako poradce Světové zdravotnické organizace a UNICEFu. Spoluzaložil nadaci Gapminder (www.gapminder.org), popularizující fakta o stavu světa. Roslingova fenomenální vystoupení na TEDu mají přes třicet pět milionů zhlédnutí a časopis Time jej zařadil mezi sto nejvlivnějších světových osobností. Poslední rok svého života věnoval napsání této knihy.

Spoluautoři Faktomluvy Ola Rosling a Anna Roslingová Rönnlundová, syn a snacha Hanse Roslinga, jsou spoluzakladateli nadace Gapminder. Ola působil v letech 2005–2007 a od roku 2010 do současnosti jako její ředitel. Společně s Annou vytvořil online nástroj pro tvorbu bublinových grafů, a když jej odkoupil Google, stal se Ola v Googlu vedoucím týmu pro veřejná data, zatímco Anna převzala funkci hlavního UX designéra. Za svou práci obdrželi několik mezinárodních cen.

„Tato kniha je poslední bitvou v mém celoživotním poslání – v boji proti ničivé globální nevědomosti. V předchozích bitvách jsem se vyzbrojil rozsáhlými datovými soubory, chytrým softwarem, energickým stylem přednášek a švédským bajonetem. Nestačilo to. Doufám tedy, že tato kniha svůj úkol splní.“

# Více o knize
http://www.faktomluva.cz
http://www.melvil.cz/faktomluva
Sdílejte s hashtagem #faktomluva
"Det här är en bok som innehåller ytterst få siffror. Istället handlar den om möten med människor som öppnat mina ögon." - Hans Rosling

Det var fakta som hjälpte honom att förklara hur världen fungerar. Men det var nyfikenhet och engagemang som gjorde Hans Rosling till vår tids mest folkkära forskare.

Hur jag lärde mig förstå världen är Hans Roslings egen berättelse om hur en ung man från enkla omständigheter kunde använda vetenskapen för att ta sig ut i världen och förklara den på nytt. Han skriver öppet och personligt om sitt liv och sina svåraste beslut - oavsett om de fattades på akutmottagningen i Moçambique, med makthavarna i Davos eller i den egna familjevardagen.

I samarbete med journalisten Fanny Härgestam har Hans Rosling skrivit sina memoarer med samma berättarglädje som fick en hel värld att lyssna när han talade.



UR HANS ROSLINGS FÖRORD
Ett telefonsamtal den 5 februari 2016 gjorde det bråttom att skriva böcker. Min läkare ringde och berättade att jag hade bukspottkörtelcancer. Jag var förberedd på de dåliga nyheterna. Samtalet den eftermiddagen var bara bekräftelsen på vad som gradvis blivit uppenbart för mig under de senaste dagarnas läkarundersökningar. Prognosen var dålig. Jag hade ungefär ett år kvar att leva.

Jag grät största delen av den fredagskvällen. Som tur var hade jag Agneta, min ungdomskärlek och fru. Med henne som tröst, och med våra barns och vänners stöd, kunde jag anpassa mig till den nya verkligheten. Jag skulle inte dö kommande månad. Livet skulle fortsätta trots den dödliga sjukdomen. Jag skulle kunna njuta av livet åtminstone under våren och sommaren.

Cancern har gjort min dagsform oförutsägbar. Därför har också mitt arbete förändrats. Bara några dagar efter sjukdomsbeskedet ställde jag in samtliga föreläsningar samt film- och TV-produktioner. Detta var ledsamt att göra, men jag hade inget val. Dessutom kunde jag stå ut med den dramatiska förändringen av en specifik anledning. Någonting annat stod nämligen överst på min önskelista: att få skriva boken Factfulness tillsammans med min son Ola och hans fru Anna. Vi har jobbat ihop med folkbildning i 18 år och tillsammans grundat stiftelsen Gapminder.

Det var under hösten 2015 som Anna och Ola kom på bokkonceptet och titeln. Boken var redan tänkt att skrivas av oss tre under kommande år, parallellt med vårt pågående arbete för Gapminder. Min cancer gjorde det bara än mer brådskande för mig.

Snart visade det sig att materialet skulle räcka till två böcker. Medan Factfulness handlar om varför vi människor har så svårt att förstå utvecklingen i världen, handlar den här boken om mig och hur jag kom att förstå världen. Det här är alltså en bok som innehåller ytterst få siffror. Istället handlar den om möten med människor som öppnat mina ögon. Fått mig att tänka om.

Hans Rosling, januari 2017

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