Ethics: A Case Study from Fluency

Plural Publishing
Free sample

 A 1939 master's thesis that has become known as the "Tudor study" prompted Dr. Goldfarb and others to revisit the ethical consideration of this study as a means of exploring ethical issues in clinical and research practices in speech-language pathology today.

Over sixty years ago, under the supervision of Wendell Johnson (one of the founders of the science of speech-language pathology), graduate student Mary Tudor conducted a study to examine the effect of verbal labeling on the frequency of disfluency in both children who stuttered and children who were fluent. The subjects came from an orphanage in Davenport, Iowa. Johnson'’s and Tudor'’s findings— - that they were allegedly able to induce stuttering in normally fluent children— - supported their hypothesis, but have also raised serious ethical concerns.

In this book, Dr. Goldfarb has gathered the leading authorities in stuttering and, together, they investigate the Tudor study and, more broadly, ethics in scientific research, diagnosis, and treatment in the field of communication sciences.

Students and clinicians alike will find the accounts within this book engaging, stimulating, and ultimately relevant.

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About the author

Robert Goldfarb, PhD, Fellow, ASHA, is Professor (with the Professor Recognition Award) and Program Director of Communication Sciences and Disorders at Adelphi University and Emeritus Professor of Speech and Hearing Sciences at Lehman College and The Graduate Center, CUNY, where he was also Executive Officer. He was a Fulbright Specialist in Applied Linguistics/TEFL in Bogota, Colombia in 2013. He has published in the areas of adult aphasia, the language of dementia, and the language of schizophrenia, and is also co-author of two tests: The Stocker Probe for Fluency and Language (1995) and Time-Altered Word Association Tests (TAWAT, 2013). He edited and contributed chapters to Ethics: A Case Study From Fluency (2006) and Translational Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology (2012), and is co-author of Techniques for Aphasia Rehabilitation Generating Effective Treatment (TARGET, 1995), Professional Writing in Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology (2009), Professional Writing in Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology Workbook (2011), and Language and Motor Speech Disorders in Adults, 3rd ed. (2013). 

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Additional Information

Publisher
Plural Publishing
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Published on
Nov 1, 2005
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Pages
227
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ISBN
9781597568692
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Language
English
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Genres
Medical / Audiology & Speech Pathology
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Read Aloud
Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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Clinical Decision Making in Fluency Disorders is back in a new fourth edition and has been thoroughly updated with recent advances in the field and a current review of the literature. It continues to focus on therapeutic tools for the speech-language pathologist to assist clients who stutter. Written with enthusiasm and creativity, the text centers not only on increasing fluency but also on the therapeutic journey by describing goals, principles, and techniques for assessment counseling and ongoing management.

Clinical Decision Making in Fluency Disorders will benefit graduate students who are beginning their comprehensive study of fluency disorders, as well as professional clinicians expanding their knowledge of this specialty area. This text provides clinical insights to assist people who stutter with their ability to communicate and enhance their quality of life.

New to this edition:

Reorganization of chapters for better flow of materialThree new chapters on the nature of change, counseling, and the therapeutic processAdditional Clinical Decision Making and Clinical Insight boxes with vignettes that illustrate distinctive clinical examples and unique perspectivesAdded or expanded sections on critical thinking, mindfulness, temperament, anxiety, acceptance and commitment therapy, resilience and protective factors and moreUpdated sections on genetics and neuroimaging research* Disclaimer: Please note that ancillary content (such as documents, audio, and video, etc.) may not be included as published in the original print version of this book. 
Therapy for young children who stammer is now high priority, with growing research evidence supporting early intervention. This manual from the Michael Palin Centre for stammering Children (MPC) is a detailed, step-by-step guide intended to support general and specialist speech and language therapists in developing their confidence and skills in working with this age group. This manual is based on a strong theoretical framework which explains the factors contributing to the onset and development of stammering and describes recent research findings regarding the nature of stammering in this age group. It provides a comprehensive guide to the assessment process and helps to identify which children are likely to recover naturally and which are at risk of developing a persistent stammering problem. The therapy approach has been successfully tried and tested at the Michael Palin Centre, and the manual provides detailed descriptions of the therapy process.It also includes a supporting CD-Rom and photocopiable resources such as assessment and therapy forms and parents' handouts. The MPC approach is a combination of indirect therapy methods. The indirect therapy component is aimed at helping parents through the use of video feedback, to identify interaction strategies that support their child's fluency and enhance it in the home environment. In addition the approach addresses other concerns, for example, in relation to confidence building, dealing with sensitive children, and establishing clear structures and boundaries to enhance family relationships. For children at increased risk of persistence, this manual incorporates a direct therapy programme which involves teaching the child strategies for developing fluency. This manual disseminates the MPC's specialist therapy knowledge and research findings, and is an invaluable guide for all speech and language therapists and students working with stammering.
 This new and expanded second edition is written for people who stutter and for those who interact with people who stutter, including caregivers, teachers, and speech-language pathologists. The text is presented in two parts. The first part includes basic information about the disorder and addresses common questions that people have about stuttering: What is stuttering? What causes it? How does it develop? Can it be prevented? This section also includes a new chapter entitled Living with Stuttering. The second part of the book discusses effective therapy approaches used with both children and adults who stutter. This part includes another new chapter, Evaluating People Who Stutter. The text is written in a very reader-friendly and practical manner. It represents a reasonably thorough review of what is known about stuttering and offers bottom-line conclusions rather than theoretical speculations and research findings that arrived at these conclusions. While the text includes the technical language used by speech-language pathologists in reference to stuttering, great care has been taken to explain each term. In addition, the book includes a helpful glossary. This unique and exceptional book is written by a clinician who stutters and who is passionate about helping others learn about stuttering. He addresses the reader, not as a guru of truth, but as a person who has gained some understanding about stuttering through both his professional and personal experiences with the disorder.
More Than Fluency: The Social, Emotional, and Cognitive Dimensions of Stutteringprovides a thoughtful and contemporary framework for speech-language pathologists and others working with people who stutter. The text focuses on the social, emotional, and cognitive realms of stuttering and offers new insights and applications based on research in the field. It guides the reader through theoretical discussions about the social experiences, emotional complications, and cognitive interpretations that often influence the person who stutters. The text also offers practical strategies for intervention from contributing authors who are prominent theorists, researchers, and practitioners in the field of fluency and stuttering.

In line with the current multifactorial view of stuttering, More Than Fluency emphasizes the social, emotional, and cognitive aspects of stuttering, drawing important connections between them. The authors present a variety of therapeutic interventions and techniques along with practical guidelines that have been designed to alleviate distress in those who stutter. Although these interventions differ in approach, each offers their own roadmap to support and empower people who stutter.

The idea for this book grew out of the insights gained from listening to both clients and graduate students. Clients wanted to talk about their life experiences as a person who stutters. Graduate students often described their worry and uncertainty when dealing with the emotional and social issues of their clients who stutter. Similarly, many practicing speech-language pathologists also have concerns about treating people who stutter, especially regarding the social, emotional, and cognitive aspects of the disorder, areas not typically taught in traditional coursework.

More Than Fluency was developed for practicing speech-language pathologists and other professionals who evaluate and treat people who stutter. It is also intended to be an academic textbook used in graduate courses on fluency and stuttering. This text provides a collection of well-thought-out programs and approaches that help treat the whole person, not just his or her stuttering. The authors believe that this is best practice because successfully treating a person who stutters encompasses treating more than fluency.

EXPanding Receptive and Expressive Skills through Stories (EXPRESS): Language Formulation in Children with Selective Mutism and Other Communication Needs is a resource that provides a treatment approach for speech-language pathologists, teachers, psychologists, parents, and others working with children with selective mutism and other language delays or disorders such as language learning disabilities, autism spectrum disorders, or for children learning English as a second language. It is a program for expanding receptive and expressive language skills with five levels of communication to accommodate children from nonvocal stages through spontaneous vocalization.

The EXPRESS approach includes activity modules corresponding to classic children's stories. Children's literature is used as a flexible and adaptable tool for presenting activities designed to help expand vocabulary and grammar, engage in question-answer routines, improve sentence formulation, and generate narrative language. Creativity and imagination are also fostered using sentence formulation and story generation. EXPRESS supports the Common Core State Standards for English and Language Arts.

Each of the modules requires the corresponding storybook that can be obtained individually or found within The 20th Century Children's Book Treasury, a compendium that includes all the stories.

EXPRESS requires the use of classic children's stories to complete the activity modules. The stories can be obtained individually, through an inclusive compendium, or through online videos.

To obtain each storybook individually, contact your preferred library or bookseller.The 20th Century Children's Book Treasury (ISBN-13: 978-0679886471) is a compendium that includes all the stories. It can be purchased through your preferred bookseller (such as Amazon) or the publisher (Penguin Random House).Disclaimer: At the time of publication all information and links are accurate. Plural Publishing, Inc. cannot further guarantee the availability of the stories or video links. 
 Common Core State Standards and the Speech-Language Pathologist: Standards-Based Intervention for Special Populations is a tool for the analysis of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and the development of interventions to meet student-specific needs. The CCSS is an education initiative in the United States that details what K-12 students should understand in English language arts and mathematics by the end of each grade. The initiative seeks to establish consistent education standards across the United States and ensure that graduating students are prepared to enter college or the workforce. As of 2015, forty-three states had adopted the CCSS.

With the implementation of the CCSS, it is critical that speech-language pathologists collaborate with educators to enable the success of students with communication disorders as well as English language learners. This text offers a practical approach for application of the CCSS with a parallel analysis of children's strengths and needs to create a template for intervention. It addresses strategies to facilitate the success of students in accessing and achieving the expectations of the general curriculum, with a focus on students with communication disorders, hearing loss, vision loss, deaf-blindness, specific learning disabilities, autism, multiple disabilities, and English language learners.

Key features include:

Background and implications of the CCSSChapters written by experts in the fieldTools for analysis of the language expectations of the CCSS and a framework for aligning intervention (both direct and classroom-based) with the CCSS for students at elementary and secondary levelsCollaboration strategies to facilitate success in the classroomMultiple case studies


Common Core State Standards and the Speech-Language Pathologist is a must-have resource for any speech-language pathologist working with children, as well as their education and administration partners.

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