Martin Neil Baily is the director of the Business Initiative at Brookings. He was chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers from 1999 to 2001. He is the author of Transforming the European Economy (Institute for International Economics, 2004). Peter C. Reiss is a professor of economics at Stanford University and directs the Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, also at Stanford. Clifford Winston is a senior fellow in Economic Studies at the Brookings Institution. Among his previous books are Deregulation of Network Industries: What's Next? coedited with Sam Peltzman (AEI-Brookings, 2000), and Alternate Route: Toward Efficient Urban Transportation, cowritten with Chad Shirley (Brookings, 1998).