This book presents new theories and working models in the area of data analytics and learning. The papers included in this volume were presented at the first International Conference on Data Analytics and Learning (DAL 2018), which was hosted by the Department of Studies in Computer Science, University of Mysore, India on 30–31 March 2018. The areas covered include pattern recognition, image processing, deep learning, computer vision, data analytics, machine learning, artificial intelligence, and intelligent systems. As such, the book offers a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners alike.
The book entitled Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering for Transport Networks and Systems includes selected papers submitted to and presented at the 14th Scientific and Technical Conference “Transport Systems. Theory and Practice” organised by the Department of Transport Systems and Traffic Engineering at the Faculty of Transport of the Silesian University of Technology. The conference was held on 18–20 September 2017 in Katowice (Poland).
The chapters in this book detail new research findings, algorithms, protocols, and the development of an implementation platform for ITS that merges and integrates heterogeneous data sources into a common system. In addition, they provide a set of advanced tools for the control, monitoring, simulation, and prediction of traffic that result in safer, more sustainable, and less congested roads.
Work undertaken within the framework of the FP7 project ICSI (Intelligent Cooperative Sensing for Improved traffic efficiency) is also included in the research activities addressed.
The authors develop designs for single equations, as well as any number of coupled equations. The designs are accompanied by mathematical proofs, which allow the reader to gain insight into the technical challenges associated with adaptive control of hyperbolic PDEs, and to get an overview of problems that are still open for further research. Although stabilization of unstable systems by boundary control and boundary sensing are the particular focus, state-feedback designs are also presented. The book also includes simulation examples with implementational details and graphical displays, to give readers an insight into the performance of the proposed control algorithms, as well as the computational details involved. A library of MATLAB® code supplies ready-to-use implementations of the control and estimation algorithms developed in the book, allowing readers to tailor controllers for cases of their particular interest with little effort. These implementations can be used for many different applications, including pipe flows, traffic flow, electrical power lines, and more.
Adaptive Control of Linear Hyperbolic PDEs is of value to researchers and practitioners in applied mathematics, engineering and physics; it contains a rich set of adaptive control designs, including mathematical proofs and simulation demonstrations. The book is also of interest to students looking to expand their knowledge of hyperbolic PDEs.
- proves the empirical nucleation nature of traffic breakdown in networks
- discusses the origin of the failure of classical traffic and transportation theories
- shows that the three-phase theory is incommensurable with the classical traffic theories, and
- explains why current state-of-the art dynamic traffic assignments tend to provoke heavy traffic congestion,making it a valuable reference resource for a wide audience of scientists and postgraduate students interested in the fundamental understanding of empirical traffic phenomena and related data-driven phenomenology, as well as for practitioners working in the fields of traffic and transportation engineering.
"A fascinating work... with a subject central to contemporary life but to which few, if any, have devoted so much thoughtful analysis and good humor." – Minneapolis Star-Tribune
"Divided Highways is the best and most important book yet published about how asphalt and concrete have changed the United States. Quite simply, the Interstate Highway System is the longest and largest engineered structure in the history of the world, and it has enormously influenced every aspect of American life. Tom Lewis is an engaging prose stylist with a gift for the telling anecdote and appropriate example."—Kenneth T. Jackson, Harvard Design Magazine
"Lewis provides a comprehensive and balanced examination of America’s century-long infatuation with the automobile and the insatiable demands for more and better road systems. He has written a sprightly and richly documented book on a vital subject."—Richard O. Davies, Journal of American History
"Lewis describes in a convincing, lively, and well-documented narrative the evolution of America’s roadway system from one of the world’s worst road networks to its best."—John Pucher, Journal of the American Planning Association
"This brightly written history of the U.S. federal highway program is like the annual report of a successful company that has had grim second thoughts. The first half recounts progress made, while the second suggests that the good news is not quite what it seems."—Publishers Weekly
"Lewis is a very talented and engaging writer, and the tale he tells—the vision for the Interstates, Congressional battles, construction, and the impact of new highways on American life—is important to understanding the shape of the contemporary American landscape."—David Schuyler, Arthur and Katherine Shadek Professor of the Humanities and American Studies at Franklin & Marshall College, author of Sanctified Landscape: Writers, Artists, and the Hudson River Valley, 1820–1909
In Divided Highways, Tom Lewis offers an encompassing account of highway development in the United States. In the early twentieth century Congress created the Bureau of Public Roads to improve roads and the lives of rural Americans. The Bureau was the forerunner of the Interstate Highway System of 1956, which promoted a technocratic approach to modern road building sometimes at the expense of individual lives, regional characteristics, and the landscape. With thoughtful analysis and engaging prose Lewis charts the development of the Interstate system, including the demographic and economic pressures that influenced its planning and construction and the disputes that pitted individuals and local communities against engineers and federal administrators. This is a story of America’s hopes for its future life and the realities of its present condition.
Originally published in 1997, this book is an engaging history of the people and policies that profoundly transformed the American landscape—and the daily lives of Americans. In this updated edition of Divided Highways, Lewis brings his story of the Interstate system up to date, concluding with Boston’s troubled and yet triumphant Big Dig project, the growing antipathy for big federal infrastructure projects, and the uncertain economics of highway projects both present and future.