John R. Howard is Distinguished Service Professor in the Division of Social Sciences at the State University of New York at Purchase, and is a practicing attorney. He is the author of The Cutting Edge: Social Movements and Social Change in America; coauthor of Life Styles in the Black Ghetto; and coeditor of Urban Black Politics.
It was through the persistence of quiet, unsung heroes that progress began to appear. Here, he celebrates the little-known champions of the movementthose who demonstrated tirelessly, picketed fearlessly, encouraged, consoled, stood tall, and never wavered in their determination to do the right thing despite overwhelming opposition.
The Dark before Dawn is Geralds very personal story of the struggles of life in St. Augustine, Florida, during the civil rights movements of the late 1950s and beyond. It is a tribute to the hundreds of ordinary people who risked everything so that the lives of generations of others might be better. Those familiar with the events of the era credit the Eubanks family with making the significant contributions to the advance of human and civil rights, but their story has gone unheraldeduntil now. Gerald Eubanks lived through those turbulent times, and now he reminds readers that the fight for civil rights goes on today. He warns that without vigilance, we may find ourselves in the dark before the dawn once again.
In his new and thoughtful inÂtroductory essay to this second edition John Howard provides a historical context for the articles appearing in this volume. The isÂsues of the 1980s are different from those of the 1960s, and for these articles to be fully underÂstood they have to be placed against the broad unfolding of race issues, problems, and dilemÂmas in American history. The reÂcent economic situation has proÂduced an analytic framework less hospitable to public investment in meliorative programs for minority groups. The presence of large numbers of new immigrants-- Koreans, Philippines, and IndiÂans--interested in entrepreneurialindependence is contrasted with the problems of the older minority groups.