According to a 2001 World Bank report titled Engendering Development—Through Gender Equality in Rights, Resources, and Voice, enormous disparities exist between men and women in terms of basic rights and the power to determine the future, both in Africa and around the globe. A better understanding of the links between gender, public policy and development outcomes would allow for more effective policy formulation and implementation at many levels. This book, through its discussion of the challenges, achievements and lessons learned in efforts to attain gender equality, sheds light on these important issues.
The book contains chapters from an interdisciplinary group of scholars, including sociologists, economists, political scientists, scholars of law, anthropologists, historians and others. The work includes analysis of strategic gender initiatives, case studies, research, and policies as well as conceptual and theoretical pieces.
With its format of ideas, resources and recorded experiences as well as theoretical models and best practices, the book is an important contribution to academic and political discourse on the intricate links between gender, power, and social change in Africa and around the world.
Muna Ndulo is Professor of Law at Cornell University and Director of the Cornell Institute for African Development. He is also Honorary Professor of Law, Cape Town University. He obtained his Bachelors of Law (LLB) from the University of Zambia, an LLM from Harvard, and a D. Phil. degree from Trinity College, Oxford University. He also holds a Certificate in Law and Development from Wisconsin University. He has been admitted to the Bar as an Advocate of the Supreme Court of Zambia. As a student, Muna Ndulo received awards including Law Society Prize for the Best Second Year Law Student and Best Graduating Law Student at the University of Zambia. Ndulo started his teaching career at the University of Zambia as a Lecturer in Law in 1971. He later became Professor of Law and served as Dean of the University of Zambia School of Law. In 1984-1985 he was Visiting Professor at Cornell University. In 1986 he joined the United Nations and worked as Legal Officer in the Secretariat of the UN Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL). From 1992-1994 he was seconded to the United Nations Observer Mission in South Africa (UNOMSA), where he served as the Chief Political and Legal Adviser to the Mission and to the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General in South Africa. He has also served as Legal Adviser to the United Nations Missions in East Timor (UNAMET, 1999), Kosovo (UNAMIK, 2003), and Afghanistan (UNAMA, 2003). He has published twelve books and over 100 articles. Recent publications include Security, Reconstruction and Reconciliation: When the Wars End (ed., University College London Press, 2007).
Margaret Grieco (University of Oxford, D.Phil. Sociology) is a Professor of Transport and Society at Napier University and a Visiting Professor at the Institute for African Development, Cornell. She was a staff member of the Africa region of the World Bank and has been a consultant to the World Bank, the United Nations, and the UK Department for International Development. She served as Professor of Sociology at the University of Ghana and has recently worked with the Mitsubishi Research Institute on the Transport arrangements of the northern corridor in Kenya. She has written and edited numerous books, including Travel, Transport, and the Female Traders of Accra (Ashgate, 1996) and most recently two edited volumes of IAD conference proceedings titled Africa’s Finances: The Contribution of Remittances (Cambridge Scholars, 2008) and The Hydropolitics of Africa: A Contemporary Challenge (Cambridge Scholars, 2007), as well as over 60 articles. Her areas of expertise include new information technology; globalization and social organization; and urban, regional and transport studies.
When three-month-old Lia Lee Arrived at the county hospital emergency room in Merced, California, a chain of events was set in motion from which neither she nor her parents nor her doctors would ever recover. Lia's parents, Foua and Nao Kao, were part of a large Hmong community in Merced, refugees from the CIA-run "Quiet War" in Laos. The Hmong, traditionally a close-knit and fiercely people, have been less amenable to assimilation than most immigrants, adhering steadfastly to the rituals and beliefs of their ancestors. Lia's pediatricians, Neil Ernst and his wife, Peggy Philip, cleaved just as strongly to another tradition: that of Western medicine. When Lia Lee Entered the American medical system, diagnosed as an epileptic, her story became a tragic case history of cultural miscommunication.
Parents and doctors both wanted the best for Lia, but their ideas about the causes of her illness and its treatment could hardly have been more different. The Hmong see illness aand healing as spiritual matters linked to virtually everything in the universe, while medical community marks a division between body and soul, and concerns itself almost exclusively with the former. Lia's doctors ascribed her seizures to the misfiring of her cerebral neurons; her parents called her illness, qaug dab peg--the spirit catches you and you fall down--and ascribed it to the wandering of her soul. The doctors prescribed anticonvulsants; her parents preferred animal sacrifices.
Efforts to avoid drawing other nations into a wider conflict created by the collapse of a state—and creating favorable conditions for reconciliation and reconstruction of a failed state after it has collapsed—present major challenges. In April, 2008 the Cornell Institute for African Development called a symposium on ‘Failed and Failing States in Africa: Lessons from Darfur and Beyond’ to address these critical issues. Key contributions to the symposium are brought together in this volume. Taken together these essays represent a significant discussion on the challenges presented by the presence of failing states within Africa.
Security, Reconstruction and Reconciliation is organized into four main sections:
the social, political, and economic dimensions of conflict
the impact of conflict on women and children
reconstruction and past human rights violations
disarmament, demobilization, reintegration, post-war reconstruction and the building of a capable state and the role of the international community in the peace process.
The chapters offer a detailed and succinct exposition of the challenges facing post conflict societies by articulating the vision of a new society. With a foreword by Francis Deng, the UN Secretary General’s Special Representative on Internally Displaced Persons, the authors discuss the issues in the context of possible solutions and lessons learnt in the field.
This new book is a valuable resource for researchers, policy makers and students in the fields of conflict resolution, security studies, law and development.