While many fads and quick fixes have been proposed to answer these questions, little research exists to support them. This book provides a practical and evidence-based guide for building a performance management approach that actually improves performance. It cuts through the hype and gives actionable advice, useful tools, and real-world examples for organizations to build the business case for change, plan the transformation, design the new system, and implement the change effectively. Featuring research findings as well as concrete strategies from organizations that have proven successful, this book provides a roadmap for meaningful change. It will be of interest to professionals and scholars interested in evidence-based performance management and the challenges facing organizations.