Beekeepers and growers of horticultural crops, broadacre crops and pastures all benefit from bees visiting flowers. this book informs the beekeeper about preparing and maintaining bees so that they are fit for the pollination task and informs the grower about creating an environment for best results. It describes the specific bee stocking rate required for more than sixty plant species and includes a section on making a business agreement between grower and beekeeper.
Table of contents:
· Safety for personnel
· Floral structure
· Agents of pollination
· Honey bee colonies
· Size of the operation
· Nutrition for bees
· Health problems
· Stock selection
· Hive strength
· Pollination standards
· Orchard design and management
· Managing hives on the crop
· Netting and glass houses
· Post-pollination hive management
· Contracts and agreements
· The bee broker
· Appendix 1: Sample pollination agreement
· Appendix 2: Individual crops
· Appendix 3: Standard operation procedure (SOP)
"I tried to have well-trained police officers and deputies. Bill is paying attention to the training of beekeepers." Johannes F. Spreen, retired police commissioner of Detroit and sheriff of Oakland County, Michigan.
"Honey's anti-bacterial qualities may make it valuable in treating microbes that have become resistant to antibiotics such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus-MRSA." Dr. Diane Holloway, formerly in practice at Presbyterian Hospital, Dallas, Texas.
"This knowledge should help you in minimizing any significant impact that the Africanized bee could have on your daily life." Fire Chief Robert Biscoe, Fire District of Sun City West, Arizona.
This well-illustrated text is perfect for beginning beekeepers, experienced beekeepers and their employees, entomology students, and the layman. It offers instructions and information for:
Problems with helpers, animals, people, health, and disasters Working with beeswax, pollen, enzymes, and package bees Dealing with diseases, mites, colony collapse, and Africanized bees Robbing, extracting, bee removal, re-queening and queen rearing
The book contains separate chapters on viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, mites, nematode and insect parasites, non-infectious diseases, and the treatment of diseases. The contents are a thorough revision of the previous edition and incorporate much new information, especially with respect to viruses, bacteria, fungi, and mites. Specific organisms, such as the mite Varroa jacobsoni and the secondary diseases resulting from its presence, are considered in detail.
Knowledge of the subject is central to well-managed beekeeping, an industry that, besides producing honey and wax for man, is increasingly valuable ecologically for pollinating wild as well as cultivated plants. Apart from its value for beekeeping and apicultural research, this book will also be of interest to ecologists, microbiologists, virologists, parasitologists, and general entomologists.Serves as a thorough revision of the first editionFocuses particular attention to new materials on viral diseases of bees, particularly the Varroa virus
This book informs beekeepers of best practices so that their hard work results in a product of optimum quality. It also describes the threats to honey quality which can occur through poor handling skills or poor design of facilities. It includes references to legislation about food production, where relevant. It shows the way to document procedures so that they can be used as evidence of best practice.
PART A: HIVE TO EXTRACTION
Part A is about:
· safety of personnel
· properties of honey
· removing honey from the hive
· transporting honey to the extracting facility.
PART B: EXTRACTION PREMISES
Part B is about:
· the location and construction of the extraction facility
· surrounding grounds
· site as a food premise
· mobile extraction facilities.
PART C: EXTRACTION PROCESS
Part C is about:
· the extraction process
· extraction equipment
· maintenance of the equipment
· storage of honey.
PART D: EVIDENCE
Beekeepers and other food producers must have documented and traceable evidence that food materials have been handled safely and free from any contamination.
Part D of this book outlines the requirements for the documentation and provides examples of satisfactory ways to demonstrate compliance. This is the Hazard Analysis at Critical Control Points or HACCP for the honey industry.
Whether your goal is to rear a few queen bees or thousands, this manual provides the basic knowledge and instruction to get you started and can be applied to beekeeping operations ranging from several thousand colonies to one or two.
A successful queen bee producer is well organised, committed, and pays attention to hygiene, pest and disease status and environmental conditions at all apiaries: be they mating or queen breeding apiaries or those holding production and support colonies. With practice, you can refine your queen rearing methods to suit your operation and resources. This manual can always be your point of reference.
Rearing queen bees is a specialist job. It takes a significant level of experience and resources to produce good quality mated queens. In addition, rearing your own queen bees can be a lot of fun and can add an extra interest to your beekeeping.
Queens of superior quality result from a combination of:
· good drone rearing and stocking practices
· good queen rearing practices
· a program of continual stock selection.
Each of these three elements is addressed in-depth throughout this manual.
This publication was written by technical specialists of the NSW Department of Primary Industries and produced by Education Delivery, Tocal College.
It supports the following competencies from AHC10, The National Agriculture, Horticulture, Conservation and Land Management Training Package:
· AHCBEK402A Perform queen bee artificial insemination
· AHCBEK407A Rear queen bees