Pollination using honey bees: AgGuide - A Practical Handbook

NSW Agriculture
Free sample

Beekeepers and growers of horticultural crops, broadacre crops and pastures all benefit from bees visiting flowers. this book informs the beekeeper about preparing and maintaining bees so that they are fit for the pollination task and informs the grower about creating an environment for best results. It describes the specific bee stocking rate required for more than sixty plant species and includes a section on making a business agreement between grower and beekeeper.

Table of contents:

·      Safety for personnel

·      Floral structure

·      Agents of pollination

·      Honey bee colonies

·      Size of the operation

·      Nutrition for bees

·      Health problems

·      Pesticides

·      Stock selection

·      Hive strength

·      Pollination standards

·      Orchard design and management

·      Managing hives on the crop

·      Netting and glass houses

·      Post-pollination hive management

·      Contracts and agreements

·      The bee broker

·      Appendix 1: Sample pollination agreement

·      Appendix 2: Individual crops

·      Appendix 3: Standard operation procedure (SOP)

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Additional Information

Publisher
NSW Agriculture
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Published on
May 1, 2018
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Pages
309
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ISBN
9781760582142
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Language
English
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Genres
Science / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Read Aloud
Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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This Honey AgGuide is an essential manual for anyone wishing to remove and extract honey under the best possible conditions. It is also a reference manual for all serious beekeepers who wish to ensure they do everything possible to maintain the highest quality honey. It is focused on the commercial production and handling of honey, but also provides helpful information for recreational and side-line honey producers. 

This book informs beekeepers of best practices so that their hard work results in a product of optimum quality. It also describes the threats to honey quality which can occur through poor handling skills or poor design of facilities. It includes references to legislation about food production, where relevant. It shows the way to document procedures so that they can be used as evidence of best practice.


Contents:

PART A: HIVE TO EXTRACTION

Part A is about:

·       safety of personnel

·       properties of honey

·       removing honey from the hive

·       transporting honey to the extracting facility.

 

PART B: EXTRACTION PREMISES

Part B  is about:

·       the location and construction of the extraction facility

·       surrounding grounds

·       site as a food premise

·       design

·       mobile extraction facilities.

 

PART C: EXTRACTION PROCESS

Part C is about:

·       the extraction process

·       extraction equipment

·       maintenance of the equipment

·       storage of honey.

 

PART D: EVIDENCE

Beekeepers and other food producers must have documented and traceable evidence that food materials have been handled safely and free from any contamination.

Part D of this book outlines the requirements for the documentation and provides examples of satisfactory ways to demonstrate compliance. This is the Hazard Analysis at Critical Control Points or HACCP for the honey industry.

 

Whether your goal is to rear a few queen bees or thousands, this manual provides the basic knowledge and instruction to get you started and can be applied to beekeeping operations ranging from several thousand colonies to one or two.

A successful queen bee producer is well organised, committed, and pays attention to hygiene, pest and disease status and environmental conditions at all apiaries: be they mating or queen breeding apiaries or those holding production and support colonies. With practice, you can refine your queen rearing methods to suit your operation and resources. This manual can always be your point of reference.

Rearing queen bees is a specialist job. It takes a significant level of experience and resources to produce good quality mated queens. In addition, rearing your own queen bees can be a lot of fun and can add an extra interest to your beekeeping.

Queens of superior quality result from a combination of:

·      good drone rearing and stocking practices

·      good queen rearing practices

·      a program of continual stock selection.

Each of these three elements is addressed in-depth throughout this manual.

This publication was written by technical specialists of the NSW Department of Primary Industries and produced by Education Delivery, Tocal College.

It supports the following competencies from AHC10, The National Agriculture, Horticulture, Conservation and Land Management Training Package:

·      AHCBEK402A Perform queen bee artificial insemination

·      AHCBEK407A Rear queen bees

The human brain has some capabilities that the brains of other animals lack. It is to these distinctive capabilities that our species owes its dominant position. Other animals have stronger muscles or sharper claws, but we have cleverer brains. If machine brains one day come to surpass human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become very powerful. As the fate of the gorillas now depends more on us humans than on the gorillas themselves, so the fate of our species then would come to depend on the actions of the machine superintelligence. But we have one advantage: we get to make the first move. Will it be possible to construct a seed AI or otherwise to engineer initial conditions so as to make an intelligence explosion survivable? How could one achieve a controlled detonation? To get closer to an answer to this question, we must make our way through a fascinating landscape of topics and considerations. Read the book and learn about oracles, genies, singletons; about boxing methods, tripwires, and mind crime; about humanity's cosmic endowment and differential technological development; indirect normativity, instrumental convergence, whole brain emulation and technology couplings; Malthusian economics and dystopian evolution; artificial intelligence, and biological cognitive enhancement, and collective intelligence. This profoundly ambitious and original book picks its way carefully through a vast tract of forbiddingly difficult intellectual terrain. Yet the writing is so lucid that it somehow makes it all seem easy. After an utterly engrossing journey that takes us to the frontiers of thinking about the human condition and the future of intelligent life, we find in Nick Bostrom's work nothing less than a reconceptualization of the essential task of our time.
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