Irrigated Eden: The Making of an Agricultural Landscape in the American West

University of Washington Press
Free sample

Irrigation came to the arid West in a wave of optimism about the power of water to make the desert bloom. Mark Fiege�s fascinating and innovative study of irrigation in southern Idaho�s Snake River valley describes a complex interplay of human and natural systems. Using vast quantities of labor, irrigators built dams, excavated canals, laid out farms, and brought millions of acres into cultivation. But at each step, nature rebounded and compromised the intended agricultural order. The result was a new and richly textured landscape made of layer upon layer of technology and intractable natural forces�one that engineers and farmers did not control with the precision they had anticipated. Irrigated Eden vividly portrays how human actions inadvertently helped to create a strange and sometimes baffling ecology.

Winner of the Idaho Library Association Book Award, 1999

Winner of the Charles A. Weyerhaeuser Award, Forest History Society, 1999-2000

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Additional Information

Publisher
University of Washington Press
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Published on
Nov 23, 2009
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Pages
320
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ISBN
9780295989747
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Language
English
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Genres
Technology & Engineering / Agriculture / Forestry
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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 This book is for anyone who wants the best from their water supplies in a rural area. It gives an introduction to the technical problems involved in domestic and livestock water supplies, but is written for the non-engineer. 

Subjects covered include:

·       water quality

·       estimating water supply requirements

·       how pumps work

·       choosing a power source for a pump

·       selecting the right pipes

·       designing a stock water reticulation system.

All the technical issues are dealt with in plain English, to help people without formal training or experience understand the fundamentals.

This is not a hydraulic engineering textbook, or a substitute for professional advice where appropriate. What this book will give you is the knowledge to make informed decisions in many situations where people often make expensive guesses. Just as importantly, the knowledge in this book will help you to work more effectively with industry professionals like your local pump supplier.

Table of contents:

What do you want water for? How much water do you need? Storage, Water supply, Peak flow, Choose the right pump.

Creeks and rivers: Reliability, Controlled access, Licensing.
Underground water: Where does it come from? Licenses, Some important terms, Costs.

Where do you want the water? Head, Lift.

How do pumps work? Centrifugal pumps, Positive displacement pumps, Hydraulic ram, Know your pump job.

Can a pump do what you need? Reading a pump curve or chart.

How will you power your pump? Mains electricity, Petrol and diesel engines, Solar power, Wind power, Other power sources.

Carrying water: Pipe Poly pipe, PVC pipe, Pipe diameter.

Pump set up: Installing the pump, Protect the suction line, Priming the centrifugal pump, Water hammer.

Fittings: Around the pump, For the pipes.

Tanks and troughs

Stock water and farm planning: Where to place the water, Case study, Placing troughs, Farm dams, Management, Community benefits.

Putting it all together: Designing a farm water supply, Water supply and paddocks.

In the dramatic narratives that comprise The Republic of Nature, Mark Fiege reframes the canonical account of American history based on the simple but radical premise that nothing in the nation's past can be considered apart from the natural circumstances in which it occurred. Revisiting historical icons so familiar that schoolchildren learn to take them for granted, he makes surprising connections that enable readers to see old stories in a new light.

Among the historical moments revisited here, a revolutionary nation arises from its environment and struggles to reconcile the diversity of its people with the claim that nature is the source of liberty. Abraham Lincoln, an unlettered citizen from the countryside, steers the Union through a moment of extreme peril, guided by his clear-eyed vision of nature's capacity for improvement. In Topeka, Kansas, transformations of land and life prompt a lawsuit that culminates in the momentous civil rights case of Brown v. Board of Education.

By focusing on materials and processes intrinsic to all things and by highlighting the nature of the United States, Fiege recovers the forgotten and overlooked ground on which so much history has unfolded. In these pages, the nation's birth and development, pain and sorrow, ideals and enduring promise come to life as never before, making a once-familiar past seem new. The Republic of Nature points to a startlingly different version of history that calls on readers to reconnect with fundamental forces that shaped the American experience.

For more information, visit the author's website: http://republicofnature.com/


“The idea of a national park was an American invention of historic consequences marking the beginning of a worldwide movement,” the U.S. National Park Service asserts in its 2006 Management Policies. National Parks beyond the Nation brings together the work of fifteen scholars and writers to reveal the tremendous diversity of the global national park experience—an experience sometimes influencing, sometimes influenced by, and sometimes with no reference whatever to the United States.

Writer and historian Wallace Stegner once called national parks “America’s best idea.” The contributors to this volume use that exceptionalist claim as a starting point for thinking about an international history of national parks. They explore the historical interactions and influences—intellectual, political, and material—within and between national park systems in Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, Indonesia, Antarctica, Brazil, and other countries. What is the role of science in the history of these preserves? Of politics? What purposes do they serve: Conservation? Education? Reverence toward nature? Tourist pleasure?

People have thought differently about national parks at different times and in different places; and neat physical boundaries have been disrupted by wandering animals, human movements, the spread of disease, and climate change. Viewing parks around the world, at various scales and across national frontiers, these essays offer a panoptic view of the common and contrasting cultural and environmental features of national parks worldwide.

If national parks are, as Stegner said, “absolutely American,” they are no less part of the world at large. National Parks beyond the Nation tells us as much about the multifarious and changing ideas of nature and culture as about the framing of those ideas in geographic, temporal, and national terms.
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