The key to making today's lesson meaningful? Learning targets. Written from students' point of view, a learning target describes a lesson-sized chunk of information and skills that students will come to know deeply. Each lesson's learning target connects to the next lesson's target, enabling students to master a coherent series of challenges that ultimately lead to important curricular standards.
Drawing from the authors' extensive research and professional learning partnerships with classrooms, schools, and school districts, this practical book
* Situates learning targets in a theory of action that students, teachers, principals, and central-office administrators can use to unify their efforts to raise student achievement and create a culture of evidence-based, results-oriented practice.
* Provides strategies for designing learning targets that promote higher-order thinking and foster student goal setting, self-assessment, and self-regulation.
* Explains how to design a strong performance of understanding, an activity that produces evidence of students' progress toward the learning target.
* Shows how to use learning targets to guide summative assessment and grading.
Learning Targets also includes reproducible planning forms, a classroom walk-through guide, a lesson-planning process guide, and guides to teacher and student self-assessment.
What students are actually doing during today's lesson is both the source of and the yardstick for school improvement efforts. By applying the insights in this book to your own work, you can improve your teaching expertise and dramatically empower all students as stakeholders in their own learning.
Learn the value of having the observer examine the lesson from the student's point of view and seek evidence of seven key learning components:
* A worthwhile lesson
* A learning target
* A performance of understanding
* Look-fors, or success criteria
* Formative feedback
* Student self-assessment
* Effective questioning
Drawing upon their research and extensive work with K-12 teachers and administrators, Moss and Brookhart delve into the learning target theory of action that debuted in Learning Targets: Helping Students Aim for Understanding in Today's Lesson and show you how to develop a schoolwide collaborative culture that enhances the learning of teachers, administrators, coaches, and students. They present detailed examples of how formative walkthroughs work across grade levels and subject areas, and provide useful templates that administrators and coaches can use to get started now.
Grounded in the beliefs that schools improve when educators improve and that the best evidence of improvement comes from what we see students doing to learn in every lesson, every day, Formative Classroom Walkthroughs offers a path to improvement that makes sense and makes a difference.
In this practical guide for school leaders, authors Connie M. Moss and Susan M. Brookhart define formative assessment as an active, continual process in which teachers and students work together--every day, every minute--to gather evidence of learning, always keeping in mind three guiding questions: Where am I going? Where am I now? What strategy or strategies can help me get to where I need to go? Chapters focus on the six elements of formative assessment: (1) sharing learning targets and criteria for success, (2) feedback that feeds forward, (3) student goal setting, (4) student self-assessment, (5) strategic teacher questioning, and (6) engaging students in asking effective questions.
Using specific examples based on their extensive work with teachers, the authors provide
* "Strategic talking points" and "conversation starters" to address common misconceptions about formative assessment;
* Practical classroom strategies to share with teachers;
* Ways to model the elements of formative assessment in conversations with teachers about their professional learning;
* "What if" scenarios and advice for how to deal with them; and
* Questions for reflection to gauge understanding and progress.
As Moss and Brookhart emphasize, the goal is not to "do" formative assessment, but to embrace a major cultural change that moves away from teacher-led instruction to a "partnership of intentional inquiry" between student and teacher, with better teaching and learning as the outcome.
Models of Teaching: The Heart of the Core gives readers well-developed approaches to teaching, grounded in research and experience and designed to ensure the high levels of learning they are intended to generate. With the goal of providing the strongest positive effect on student achievement while keeping in line with the current emphasis on standards-based education, Models of Teaching pairs rationale and research with real-world examples and applications to provide a strong foundation for future and new educators. The book encompasses all of the major psychological and philosophical approaches to teaching and schooling, includes thoroughly documented research on the various models of teaching and their subsequent positive effects on student success, and gives teachers the tools they need to build strong classrooms that accelerate student learning. This new edition features 25 video demonstrations of the models in action and describes each model in relation to the relevant Common Core Standards.
Essential questions (EQs) help target standards as you organize curriculum content into coherent units that yield focused and thoughtful learning. In the classroom, EQs are used to stimulate students' discussions and promote a deeper understanding of the content.
Whether you are an Understanding by Design (UbD) devotee or are searching for ways to address standards--local or Common Core State Standards--in an engaging way, Jay McTighe and Grant Wiggins provide practical guidance on how to design, initiate, and embed inquiry-based teaching and learning in your classroom.
Offering dozens of examples, the authors explore the usefulness of EQs in all K-12 content areas, including skill-based areas such as math, PE, language instruction, and arts education. As an important element of their backward design approach to designing curriculum, instruction, and assessment, the authors
*Give a comprehensive explanation of why EQs are so important;
*Explore seven defining characteristics of EQs;
*Distinguish between topical and overarching questions and their uses;
*Outline the rationale for using EQs as the focal point in creating units of study; and
*Show how to create effective EQs, working from sources including standards, desired understandings, and student misconceptions.
Using essential questions can be challenging--for both teachers and students--and this book provides guidance through practical and proven processes, as well as suggested "response strategies" to encourage student engagement. Finally, you will learn how to create a culture of inquiry so that all members of the educational community--students, teachers, and administrators--benefit from the increased rigor and deepened understanding that emerge when essential questions become a guiding force for learners of all ages.
Although good teaching works well with all students, educators must develop an extensive repertoire of instructional tools to meet the varying needs of students from diverse backgrounds. Those tools and the knowledge base behind them are the foundation of this expanded and revised second edition of Educating Everybody's Children. Each strategy discussed in the book includes classroom examples and a list of the research studies that support it.
The most important thing we have learned as a result of the education reform movement is that student achievement stands or falls on the motivation and skills of teachers. We must ensure that all teachers are capable of delivering a standards?based curriculum that describes what students should know and be able to do, and that these standards are delivered by means of a rich and engaging "pedagogy of plenty." By these two acts we can ensure that all schools will be ready and able to educate everybody's children.