Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark are an English electronic band formed in Wirral, Merseyside in 1978. Spawned by earlier band the Id, the outfit is composed of co-founders Andy McCluskey and Paul Humphreys, along with Martin Cooper and Stuart Kershaw; McCluskey is the only constant member. OMD released their debut single, "Electricity", in 1979, and gained popularity throughout Europe with the 1980 anti-war song "Enola Gay". The band achieved broader recognition via their album Architecture & Morality and its three singles, all of which were international hits.
Although retrospectively reappraised, the experimental Dazzle Ships eroded European support. The band embraced a more straightforward pop sound on Junk Culture, while continuing to experiment via newly acquired digital samplers; this change in direction led to greater success in the United States, and yielded the 1986 hit, "If You Leave". A year after the release of The Best of OMD, creative differences rendered McCluskey the only remaining member of the group as Humphreys formed spin-off band The Listening Pool.
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