Cashew nut is scientifically known as Anacardium occidentale, and locally known as Mkorosho, or Mkanju (Swahili). The crop originated from the Northern part of South America. The Portuguese introduced cashew nut to Mozambique where it flourished forming extensive forests; eventually spread to the East African region. In Africa, this crop has spread for over 500 years either naturally or through smallholder cultivation. In Kenya, cashew nut is grown along the coastal primarily in Kwale, Kilifi, Tana River, and Lamu Counties. Some production also takes place in Taita Taveta and Tharaka Nithi Counties.