The Tanakh (also Tenakh, Tenak, Tanach) or Hebrew Bible is the canonical collection of Jewish texts Tanakh is an acronym of the first Hebrew letter of each of the Masoretic Text's three traditional subdivisions: Torah ("Teaching", also known as the Five Books of Moses), Nevi'im ("Prophets") and Ketuvim ("Writings")—hence TaNaKh.
The Tanakh consists of twenty-four books: it counts as one book each Samuel, Kings, Chronicles and Ezra–Nehemiah and counts Trei Asar (תרי עשר, the Twelve Prophets; literally "twelve") as a single book.
The Torah (תּוֹרָה, literally "teaching") consists of five books, commonly referred to as the "Five Books of Moses". Printed versions of the Torah are often called Chamisha Chumshei Torah (חמישה חומשי תורה, literally the "five fifth-sections of the Torah"), and informally a Chumash.
In Hebrew, the five books of the Torah are identified by the first prominent word in each book.
Bereshit (בְּרֵאשִׁית, literally "In the beginning")—Genesis Shemot (שִׁמוֹת, literally "Names")—Exodus Vayikra (ויקרא, literally "And He called")—Leviticus Bəmidbar (במדבר, literally "In the desert [of]")—Numbers Devarim (דברים, literally "Things" or "Words")—Deuteronomy