說文字典

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  漢字是一種很神奇的〔方塊文字〕,不論任何字的組字元素有多複雜,最後都會組合成一個單音節的方塊字,正因為每個字的大小都一致,更有利於創造出各種優美的詞句與文體,所以漢字在文學的歷史上才會發展得如此豐富。漢字雖然看似複雜,造字方式卻都是有理可循的,早期古人識字都是依循造字原理,所以才能推敲文字,整合檢索,快速學習,然而現代的中文教育卻都注重詞句的實用學習,而忽略文字本身的學習方法,一般的字典也都是只有提供文字的個別解釋,而缺乏有系統的整合學習功能,如此很容易就會邊學邊忘,無法提升學習的效率。

  其實世界上不論是哪一種文字,人類在創造之初都是盡可能採用〔模組化〕的方式在不斷衍生新字,只是由於人類口語的變異往往會影響到文字的構造,導致世界上只有少數的語言能夠保留住原始的造字結構。例如〔拼音文字〕是採用個別的字母去拼出符合口語的字彙,由於其單字的長度必須對應口語的發音,在造字時為了避免文字太過冗長,就只能擷取部分的音節去組合成新的文字,如此經過歷代語音演化的變異之後,就很難找出原始的組字關係。而中文的組字元素與口語之間並無對應的關係,所以才能使用〔整體字形〕作為組字的元素,古人都是採用〔以字組字〕的方式去造出新的單字,而後人也是採用〔以字造詞〕的方式去造出新的詞彙,由於這種架構不容易受到口語的影響而產生變異,所以儘管傳承了幾千年,至今都仍具有明顯的模組化特性。

  既然中文的每個〔字形圖象〕都包含了許多模組化的元素,理論上只要逐一去瞭解每個文字的組成結構,應該就能提升中文的理解能力了,但問題是中文單字的數量很多,組字的關係盤根錯節,查字的工作量非常的浩大,而且想要時常的複習也是極為繁瑣,導致人們都不可能會追根究柢的去查字。這是因為中文是屬於〔模組化〕的文字,但一般的輸入、檢索方式卻極不相襯,目的都只是為了〔查找文字〕而不是〔歸類文字〕,因此都只能零碎的查字,而難以提供整合的學習方式。如果能依據造字原理,更精準的搜尋每一種〔字形〕,自動歸類〔結構相關〕的一系列單字,讓人可以輕鬆去學習,日積月累,就能全面掌握文字的用法,還會越學越有興趣。

  中文的難學之處,並不在於字數繁多、艱澀難懂,而是在於檢索不易,無法觸類旁通。這是由於古今字體的差異太大,許多文字已經演變出不同的形體,而缺少一種可以統合檢索的有效方法,因此人們都只能零碎的搜尋個別的文字,見樹不見林,難以全面掌握文字的用法。其實這些問題在小篆的時代都是很容易的事,因為秦代的小篆已經統一了多國的文字,每個字的偏旁都維持統一的形態,結構可以一目瞭然,整批式的檢索、學習都很容易,但同一時期在秦代也由於〔隸變〕之後,很多文字都改變了形體,或簡省了筆畫,導致辨識不易,於是出現了許多錯誤的解釋方式,世人皆以〔形似字體〕牽強附會,造成許多矛盾,無法貫通,直到東漢〔許慎〕創作了〔說文解字〕,詳細記載了小篆統一中文時期的文字內涵,才開啟了文字學的解析方式,為後世提供了一種有系統的研究及學習中文的方法。從此人們解釋文字才開始講求根據,〔說文解字〕也在各種文字學的〔字書〕之中被廣泛的引用,兩千多年以來,人們從小識字多採用文字學的方法,只要瞭解了文字的組成內涵,就能舉一反三,貫通古今的文章。然而由於近代西風東漸,白話文興起,文字的學習也捨棄了傳統文字學的方法,而改用西方文字〔口語化〕的零碎學習方式,但漢字原本就不屬於口語化的文字,導致現代人不僅要學習口語的白話文,又要學習古典的文言文,並且還有〔簡繁體〕的各種差異,面對著數十萬的字詞,卻只能使用效率極低的檢索方式,所以現代人的學習過程相較於古代來說,反而是更為艱難了。

  現代人雖然已經擁有了許多先進的數位化科技,但中文的學習方式卻沒有因為科技的進步而提升效率,原因就是一般的應用都只是仿照西方〔口語化文字〕的零碎學習方式去設計,而不是根據中文〔模組化文字〕的整合學習方式去設計。其實只要依據〔說文解字〕去解析中文的單字,就可發現大多數的單字都是由〔合體字〕所組合而成,理論上一定可以設計出比拼音文字更直觀、更嚴謹的〔關聯式〕檢索功能,只是由於〔字形檢索〕的難度太高,坊間一直都沒有類似的作品問世。為了達成此理想,本字典採用〔說文解字〕的解析方式,重新去設計出一種〔複合式〕的字形結構,可以動態的查詢及顯示〔結構相關〕的單字,由於這樣整合了文字的解釋層面,所以更容易去理解詞句的相關意義。而且檢索的方式相當便捷,若想要時常的複習,就會變得非常的容易。

一.樹狀架構〔字形解析〕
  採用〔樹狀架構〕詳細解析單字的字形結構,同時列出〔小篆〕與〔楷書〕互相比對,還可打開每一層來觀察偏旁的位置及解析筆畫的變化,並且關連到〔詞彙列表〕,一個〔點選〕動作即可查看相關的解釋,省去繁瑣的查詢過程,提升學習的效率。

  若對比西方文字的組字方式來看,拼音文字的〔字首、字尾、字根〕大部分都只是〔音節〕而非完整的單字,而中文則是一種〔以字組字〕的模組化文字,每個〔偏旁組件〕都是一個完整的單字,所以最適合使用多層的〔樹狀體〕來呈現其結構。

二.動態〔偏旁提示〕
  根據輸入的〔偏旁組合〕,在單字的〔字形〕中顯示高亮度的顏色,突顯出偏旁的位置。

  由於中文是一種〔方塊〕文字,組成單字的每個〔偏旁〕並不像拼音文字的〔字母〕那樣直線排列、容易辨別,而是以〔多重階層〕的方式組合成一個方塊字,而且有些形體已經改變、或簡省,導致辨識不易,但只需以高亮度的顏色標示出偏旁的位置,就能明確的呈現出原始的架構。

三.視覺化〔字形檢索〕
  有別於市面上其他的字典採用固定式的〔部首表〕或口語式的〔注音、拼音〕去檢索單字,導致檢索的結果缺乏關聯性,而是採用〔文字學〕所定義的〔偏旁結構〕,精確的搜尋字形,動態的歸類單字,所以檢索的結果都具有明確嚴謹的關聯性。而且可以搜尋到單字的每個階層之中,再結合〔偏旁提示〕的功能,達到〔所見即所得〕的效果。

  由於中西文字在組字原理上的不同,在經過了無數年代的〔語音演化〕之後,拼音文字的〔拼法〕會隨著口語而改變,並且大部分〔字首、字尾、字根〕都只是保存了音節,而不是完整的文字,而中文的〔口語〕雖然已經演化出不同的發音、方言,但文字本身獨立發展,並沒有隨著〔口語〕而改變,大部分的文字都保存了原始字形的完整結構。只要利用這種文字所保存的原始結構,就能從任何一個單字去搜尋出〔衍生意義〕的一系列單字。

四.快速〔詞彙檢索〕
  可隨意輸入〔簡繁體、同義字〕,會自動找出正確的詞彙,只需輸入詞彙中的某幾個單字,其他不確定的部分就輸入問號(或空格)即可。會將查到的每條不同詞彙進行排序,依據輸入的〔已知字詞〕在詞彙中的位置作順序,並標示紅色,以提高肉眼查找的速度。

  中文的特性就是每個單字都是固定大小的方塊,而且不會隨著使用詞句的不同而改變形態,不像〔拼音文字〕的長度不固定且多變化,所以中文單字在詞句中的位置就可以被精確的定位出來,而且排序之後還非常的整齊。利用這種〔方塊字〕的特性來設計〔詞彙檢索〕,就能讓使用者輕鬆快速的找到詞彙。

五.快速〔釋義反查〕
  用〔單指〕點選〔釋義畫面〕中的字詞,即可查到解釋,並完整的紀錄查詢過程。可打開〔歷史紀錄〕點選過去的每一筆紀錄,可快速的恢復到每一個操作過的動作,包括〔偏旁樹、單字列表、詞彙列表〕皆可恢復到原來的狀態。這比書籤更好用,有助於重複的來回查看各種解釋。

六.完整〔收藏字詞〕
  不僅是單純的收藏〔字詞〕本身的名稱,而是完整的收藏當前的查詢狀態,包括〔輸入內容、偏旁樹、單字列表、詞彙列表〕皆可完整的收藏起來,保存了所有的關聯性,隨時調用就能繼續當時的查詢步驟。

七.字體隨意縮放
  若有看不清楚的地方,就直接用〔兩指手勢〕隨時放大畫面。

八.詞彙發音
  可輕鬆的聽取詞彙發音,不必花費眼力去看注音符號。

九.筆畫練習
  提供符合〔偏旁架構〕的筆畫練習,可在畫面上直接臨摹。可搭配〔筆畫解析〕,打開〔偏旁樹〕的每一層去觀察〔楷書〕的每個筆畫,可看出楷書的〔筆形、結構〕都跟對應的〔小篆〕有關。若想寫出一手好字,必須先寫對了偏旁,然後才能去發揮個人的創意。

十.簡繁通查
  可同時輸入〔簡繁〕字詞,〔字形檢索、詞彙檢索〕皆適用。也可隨時按下〔簡〕的按鈕,每個窗口都會切換字體,不會中斷任何操作狀態。


《普通版》說明:
初次安裝即可查詢【單字、詞彙】解釋,可透過點擊廣告,持續增加【完整版】使用時間。

《訂閱版》說明:
在【設定】畫面提供【訂閱】方式,周期為一年,訂閱期間提供所有功能,並去除廣告。
Chinese characters are a kind of magical [block text]. No matter how complex the composition elements of any character are, they will eventually be combined into a single syllable square character. Just because the size of each character is the same, it is more conducive to creating a variety of beautiful Words and sentences and style, so Chinese characters have developed so richly in the history of literature. Although Chinese characters may seem complicated, the way they are made is reasonable. Early literacy of the ancients was based on the principle of making characters, so it was possible to scrutinize characters, integrate retrieval, and learn quickly. However, modern Chinese education focuses on practical learning of words and sentences. , While ignoring the learning method of the text itself, the general dictionary only provides individual explanations of the text, and lacks a systematic integrated learning function, so it is easy to learn while forgetting, and the learning efficiency cannot be improved.

In fact, no matter what kind of characters in the world, human beings always use [modularization] as much as possible to derive new characters at the beginning of creation. However, the variation of human spoken language often affects the structure of characters, resulting in only A few languages ​​can retain the original structure of characters. For example, [Pinyin text] uses individual letters to spell out the vocabulary that matches the spoken language. Since the length of the word must correspond to the pronunciation of the spoken language, in order to avoid the text being too long, only part of the syllables can be extracted to combine It is difficult to find the original grouping relationship after the phonetic evolution of the past dynasties. However, there is no corresponding relationship between Chinese character grouping elements and spoken language. Therefore, [overall glyph] can be used as the grouping element. The ancients used the method of [word grouping] to create new words, and later generations It also uses the method of "words made by characters" to create new vocabulary. Since this structure is not susceptible to variation due to the influence of spoken language, even though it has been passed down for thousands of years, it still has obvious modular characteristics.

Since each [character image] of Chinese contains many modular elements, in theory, as long as you understand the composition and structure of each character one by one, you should be able to improve your Chinese comprehension ability, but the problem is the number of Chinese characters Many, the relationship between grouping characters is intricate, the workload of checking characters is huge, and it is extremely cumbersome to review frequently, which makes it impossible for people to look up characters thoroughly. This is because Chinese is a [modularized] text, but the general input and retrieval methods are extremely inconsistent. The purpose is only to [find text] rather than [categorize text], so it can only be searched in fragments. It is difficult to provide an integrated learning method. If you can search for each type of [character form] and automatically categorize a series of words [structure related] based on the principle of character creation, people can easily learn, and over time, they will be able to fully grasp the usage of the text, and they will learn more The more interested.

The difficulty of    Chinese is not that it has a large number of characters and is difficult to understand, but that it is difficult to retrieve and cannot be understood by analogy. This is due to the large difference between ancient and modern fonts, many characters have evolved into different shapes, and there is no effective method that can be integrated and retrieved, so people can only search for individual characters piecemeal, see the trees but not the forest, and it is difficult to fully grasp the characters. Usage. In fact, these problems were very easy in the era of Xiaozhuan, because the Xiaozhuan in the Qin Dynasty has unified the characters of many countries, and the radicals of each character maintain a unified form, the structure can be clear at a glance, and the entire batch of retrieval and learning are all It is easy, but in the same period, after the [Libian] in the Qin Dynasty, many characters changed their shapes, or the strokes were shortened, which made it difficult to recognize. As a result, many wrong interpretation methods appeared. People all over the world use [shaped like fonts]. It was far-fetched and caused many contradictions, and it was impossible to get through. It was not until the Eastern Han Dynasty [Xu Shen] created [Shu Wen Jie Zi], which recorded in detail the connotation of the characters in the period when Xiao Zhuan unified the Chinese. Systematic research and methods of learning Chinese. From then on, people began to emphasize the basis for interpreting characters. [Shuowen Jiezi] has also been widely quoted in various [character books] of philology. For more than two thousand years, people have used philology methods since childhood. By understanding the composition and connotation of words, one can draw inferences from one another and penetrate ancient and modern articles. However, due to the west wind in modern times and the rise of vernacular writing, the study of characters has abandoned the traditional methods of philology and switched to the fragmentary learning method of Western characters (colloquialized). However, Chinese characters are not originally colloquialized characters, which has caused modern people not only To learn the colloquial vernacular and classical classical Chinese, there are also various differences in [simplified and traditional]. Faced with hundreds of thousands of words, they can only use very inefficient retrieval methods, so modern people learn Compared with ancient times, the process is more difficult.

Although modern people already have many advanced digital technologies, the learning method of Chinese has not improved efficiency due to the advancement of science and technology. The reason is that the general application is only designed to imitate the fragmentary learning methods of the western [spoken text]. It is not designed according to the integrated learning method of Chinese [modularized text]. In fact, as long as you analyze Chinese words according to [Shu Wen Jie Zi], you can find that most of the words are composed of [合体字]. In theory, you can design more intuitive and rigorous words than Pinyin. [ Relational] retrieval function, only due to the difficulty of [Glyph retrieval], no similar works have been published in the market. In order to achieve this ideal, this dictionary adopts the analysis method of [Shu Wen Jie Zi] to redesign a [composite] glyph structure, which can dynamically query and display [structure-related] single characters, because this integrates the text Interpretation level, so it is easier to understand the relative meaning of words and sentences. And the retrieval method is quite convenient, if you want frequent review, it will become very easy.

1. Tree structure (analysis of glyphs)
Use [Tree structure] to analyze the glyph structure of a single character in detail, and list [小篆] and [kaishu] to compare each other. You can also open each layer to observe the position of the radicals and analyze the changes in strokes, and connect to the [Vocabulary List] , One [click] action can view related explanations, eliminating the tedious query process and improving the efficiency of learning.

If you compare the way of forming characters in Western scripts, most of the [initials, endings, roots] of pinyin texts are just [syllables] rather than complete single characters, while Chinese is a form of [word grouping]. Grouped text, each [radical component] is a complete word, so it is most suitable to use multi-layered [trees] to present its structure.

2. Dynamics (Range Tips)
   According to the input [Range Combination], highlight the position of the radical in the [Glyph] of the single character.

Since Chinese is a type of [block] characters, each [radical] that composes a single character is not arranged in a straight line and easy to distinguish like [letters] in pinyin characters, but is combined into a square character in a [multi-level] manner, and has some shapes. It has been changed or simplified, which makes it difficult to identify, but only by marking the position of the radical with high-brightness colors, the original structure can be clearly presented.

3. Visualization [Glyph Search]
Different from other dictionaries on the market, it uses fixed [radical table] or colloquial [Zhuyin, Pinyin] to search for single characters, which leads to the lack of relevance in the search results, but uses the [radicals] defined by [Words] Structure], precise search fonts, dynamic classification of words, so the search results have clear and precise relevance. Moreover, you can search each level of the word, and combine with the function of [Range Prompt] to achieve the effect of [What You See Is What You Get].

Due to the differences in the principles of Chinese and Western characters, after countless years of [phonetic evolution], the [spelling] of pinyin characters will change with the spoken language, and most of the [initials, suffixes, roots] They only save syllables, not complete texts. Although Chinese [Spoken Language] has evolved different pronunciations and dialects, the text itself has developed independently and has not changed with [Spoken Language]. Most of the texts are preserved. The complete structure of the original glyph. As long as the original structure preserved in this text is used, a series of words with [derivative meaning] can be searched out from any single word.

4. Quick [Vocabulary Search]
  You can enter [simplified and traditional, synonymous characters] at will, and the correct vocabulary will be found automatically. You only need to enter a few words in the vocabulary, and enter question marks (or spaces) for other uncertain parts. Each different vocabulary found will be sorted, based on the position of the input [known words] in the vocabulary, and marked in red to improve the speed of visual search.

The characteristic of Chinese is that each word is a fixed-size square, and it does not change its shape with the use of different words and sentences. Unlike [Pinyin text], the length is not fixed and changes, so the position of Chinese words in the words and sentences It can be accurately positioned, and it is very neat after sorting. Using the characteristics of this [block word] to design [Vocabulary Search] allows users to find vocabulary easily and quickly.

V. Quick [Interpretation Reverse Check]
   Use [single finger] to click on the word in the [Interpretation Screen] to find the explanation and record the search process completely. You can open [History] and click on each record in the past to quickly restore every action you have performed, including [Range Tree, Word List, Vocabulary List], which can be restored to the original state. This is better to use than bookmarks, and it helps to review various explanations repeatedly.

6. Complete (collection of words)
Not only the name of the [word] itself, but the current query status of the complete collection, including [input content, radical tree, word list, vocabulary list] can be completely collected, and all relevance is preserved , Can be called at any time to continue the query step at that time.

Seven. Fonts can be scaled at will
   If you can't see clearly, just use [two-finger gesture] to zoom in at any time.

8. Vocabulary pronunciation
   can easily listen to the pronunciation of the vocabulary, without having to pay attention to the phonetic symbols.

Nine. Stroke exercises
   provides stroke exercises that conform to the [radical framework], which can be copied directly on the screen. It can be matched with [Stroke Analysis] and open each layer of [Range Tree] to observe each stroke of [Kaishu]. It can be seen that the [Pen shape, structure] of Kaishu is related to the corresponding [小篆]. If you want to write a good handwriting, you must write the right radical first before you can use your own creativity.

X. Simplified and Traditional Investigation
  You can input [Simplified and Traditional] words at the same time, and both [Character Search and Vocabulary Search] are applicable. You can also press the [简] button at any time, and each window will switch fonts without interrupting any operation status.


Description of "Normal Edition":
You can query the explanation of [single word, vocabulary] after the first installation, and you can continue to increase the use time of [full version] by clicking on the advertisement.

Instructions for "Subscription Version":
In the [Settings] screen, the [Subscription] method is provided, the period is one year, all functions are provided during the subscription period, and advertisements are removed.
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修改「簡繁切換」:「乾、瞭、徵」相關內容。
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Additional Information

Updated
April 10, 2021
Size
69M
Installs
50,000+
Current Version
3.7.47
Requires Android
4.1 and up
Content Rating
Everyone
Interactive Elements
Digital Purchases
In-app Products
$0.99 - $16.99 per item
Permissions
Offered By
說文字典工作室
Developer
新北市瑞芳區傑魚坑路145巷8-1號
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