Cauliflower plant is grown for its white tender heads called ‘curds’; it is grown as a winter vegetable in tropics and subtropics. It is a biennial plant like other Brassica vegetables but grown as an annual for vegetable purposes. It is grown as a biennial crop for seed production purposes. Cauliflower curd is a highly modified flower stalk (stalk of the inflorescence); no part of the flower/inflorescence is apparent in a curd. Cauliflower curds are used as a vegetable in curries and soups. Curds are also used for pickling purposes.
Scientific name of watercress is Nasturtium officinale. Watercress belongs to the family Brassicaceae, the cabbage family (syn. Cruciferae). In other words, watercress is a Brassica vegetable or a cruciferous vegetable. All Brassica vegetables are biennial in their growing habit but for food purposes they are grown as annuals. Brassica vegetables believed to be originated in the region comprising of Western Europe, the Mediterranean region and the temperate regions of Asia
Scientific name of land cress is Barbarea verna and it belongs to the family Brassicaceae. Land cress plants are grown for their nutritious leaves. Seeds are used for making sprouts which are used as microgreens.
Shallots are cool season, herbaceous, biennial plants grown for their tender greens and dried bulbs. Young, tender leaves of shallots are often marketed as ‘green onions’ and/or ‘scallions’. For leafy vegetable purposes, they are grown as annuals. Bulbs of shallots are also known as ‘small onions’ as their bulbs look like small-sized common onions.
Scallions and Spring onions are leafy vegetables belonging to the bulb-forming, onion family (Amaryllidaceae). Prominent members of onion family include common onions, shallots, leek, and garlic. Synonyms of these leafy vegetables are salad onions, and green onions. These plants are cool season, herbaceous, biennial plants. For vegetable purposes, they are grown as annuals.
Endive is a leafy salad vegetable belonging to the genus Cichorium. Scientific name of endive is Cichorium endivia and it belongs to the family Asteraceae, the Daisy family. There is a wild variety of endive called ‘wild endive’ which is Cichorium pumilum. Endive is mainly grown for its edible leaves which may be consumed in its raw or cooked form. Raw leaves are used in salads. It can be cooked by stir-frying, boiling, steaming and many other ways like cooking any other leafy vegetable.
Yams are a group of monocot plants, precisely speaking, a group of perennial herbaceous vines grown for their starch-rich, edible tubers. They belong to the family Dioscoreaceae and genus Dioscorea. Yams are widely grown in both temperate and tropical parts of the world and considered as an important food crop in the tropical areas of America, Asia and Africa. Yams are a rich source of carbohydrates. There are white yams, purple yams and yellow yams, depending on the colour of the tuber flesh.
Scientific name of beets is Beta vulgaris. It belongs to the family Chenopodiaceae. This plant is native to the Mediterranean regions. Though beets are biennial plants, they are grown as an annual crop for food purposes. Beets are grown for both its tender leaves which are used as leafy vegetables and edible roots which are used as root vegetables. Edible roots of beets are called ‘beet roots.’