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Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2,0, University of Trier, course: English in South and Southeast Asia, 22 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: India is the second largest country in the world, concerning the number of inhabitants. 1.2 billion people are living on an area about 10 times larger than Germany. The country has a long, sometimes violent history with many ups and downs and many different ethnic groups trying to conquer the country. Right now, it has the status of a so called take-off country and is considered to become one of the most leading nations in the world, economically as well as politically, in near future. But even though the country is on the road to a better future, there are still many problems that have to be solved. Of course there are problems like poverty, environmental issues and so on. But one problem in India is the fact that the country itself is not unified, many different ethnic groups are living there and over 500 different languages are spoken. One of the many languages spoken is English. Almost every Indian gets in contact with English at one point of his live. It is the medium of instruction in most of the schools as well in universities. And in order to get an occupation, for example in the civil service in India, one has to master English, alongside with Hindi and another regional language as well. Over the last 200 years, it has been established as a lingua franca in India, a language that unites a country where 500 different languages are spoken. But how important is English in India, and what is its history and status? Also it has to considered, whether Indian English has become an own variety of English. It is, as mentioned, being used and spoken in India for over two centuries now and certain features, in written as well as in spoken language, developed in the course of time. Some of them are obvious to the native speaker, others not. Some might even sound or look rather comical to someone not familiar with the features of this variety. But what are those features and by whom are they used? Another question that also arises is how, where and by whom English is used. Is it a language of the common people, the poor classes, or is it a language used only by a small group of people and who might those people be?
Examination Thesis from the year 2008 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 2,0, University of Trier (Anglistik), course: Oberseminar Mansfield, language: English, abstract: Many of Katherine Mansfield’s stories deal with relationship, friendship, marriage and family life. The male-female relationship always plays a major role in her stories and is an ever returning motif throughout her works. Nevertheless, the ways they are presented are always different but the same. The settings and the plot usually differ, bur the problems of male-female relationship, such as the dominating male character always return. Her own personal experience in her family background might be one reason for it. Nevertheless, she did not always focus on relationship problems, she could also write perfectly about romances and romantic relationships, as in The Singing Lesson, Poison or Mr. and Mrs. Dove. This might have portrayed her own longing for a romance. The focus of the following discourse is set on the unhappy relationships she portrayed in her works. It deals not only with the relationship itself, but also with the male characters and how they change or do not change throughout the story. The stories chosen are A Birthday and The Stranger. The reason for only choosing two is the limited space for the discourse, which makes it impossible to include a third story. At the Bay, for instance, would have been another perfect example for this issue. All of them represent alienation in a relationship and portray different reasons for this to happen. In order to characterize the relationship, not only the male protagonists will be highlighted, but also the female characters of the stories. At the end the differences and similarities between the male protagonists and their relationship will be shown and worked out. The fact that this will be an own passage in the discourse will make the conclusion rather short, since the comparison of the two characters and their relationship also summarizes the discourse.
Examensarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Geowissenschaften / Geographie - Bevölkerungsgeographie, Stadt- u. Raumplanung, Note: 2,3, Universität Trier, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Megacities: Urbane Agglomerationen größten Ausmaßes mit einer sehr hohen Bevölkerungsdichte und einer Vielzahl an Problemen. Sie spielen in den letzten Jahren in der öffentlichen Wahrnehmung eine immer größere Rolle. In letzter Zeit gab es eine Vielzahl von Berichten, sowohl in den Printmedien als auch im Fernsehen über diese mit all ihren Facetten und Problemen. Wie im Titel der Arbeit dargelegt, soll sich diese Arbeit unter anderem damit beschäftigen, ob die allgemeine Verkehrssituation in Städten dieser Größenordnung der Infrastruktur überhaupt gewachsen ist und was die Folgen des hohen Verkehrsaufkommens sind. Der Schwerpunkt der Arbeit soll auf den beiden Megacities Mexico City und Mumbai (ehemals Bombay) liegen. Anhand dieser beiden Städten soll dargelegt werden, wie die aktuelle Verkehrssituation sich darstellt, welche Probleme sich jeweils dieser Situation ergeben, ob die Infrastruktur ausreichend ist, ob es Lösungsansätze gibt und wenn ja, wie diese hinsichtlich der jetzigen Situation zu bewerten sind. [...] Mittlerweile forschen in diesem Gebiet Institutionen wie die die Deutsche Bank oder die Siemens AG (2007, S. 5 ff.) und entwickeln Konzepte und Lösungsstrategien für Megacities. Dies betrifft nicht nur den Lebensbereich Verkehr, eine der sieben Daseinsgrundfunktionen, sondern ebenso andere Infrastrukturbereiche, wie beispielsweise Wasserver- und entsorgung. Gerade im infrastrukturellen Bereich, beispielsweise im Verkehrssektor, existieren Probleme, welche manche Städte beinahe vor den Kollaps stellen. Hier sollen die Probleme und Herausforderungen aufgezeigt werden, sowie hinterfragt werden, ob die Lösungsansätze ausreichend sind, um die aktuelle Situation nachhaltig zu verbessern Die beiden Beispielstädte Mexico City und Mumbai besitzen eine Vielzahl an Gemeinsamkeiten, wie etwa die Einwohnerzahl von circa 20 Millionen, und eine enorme räumliche Ausbreitung, was einen Vergleich einfacher gestaltet. Jedoch sind die Voraussetzungen der beiden Städte unterschiedlich. Mexico City ist eine Stadt, in der die Einwohnerzahl seit mehreren Jahren stagniert (vgl. Urban Age, 2006). Ebenso ist die flächenmäßig maximale Ausdehnung des Agglomerationsraumes erreicht. Mumbai auf der anderen Seite ist immer noch eine wachsende Stadt, sowohl bevölkerungs- als auch flächenmäßig. Zwar weisen beide Städte alle Merkmale einer Megacity auf, doch stellt allein dieser Unterschied die Städte vor unterschiedliche Herausforderungen bei der Bewältigung ihrer Probleme.
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