With extensive video footage of his trailblazing cognitive experiments, Michael Gazzaniga—the “father of cognitive neuroscience”—illuminates the discoveries behind his groundbreaking work in this enhanced digital edition of Tales from Both Sides of the Brain.

Michael S. Gazzaniga, one of the most important neuroscientists of the twentieth century, gives us an exciting behind-the-scenes look at his seminal work on that unlikely couple, the right and left brain. Foreword by Steven Pinker.

In the mid-twentieth century, Michael S. Gazzaniga, “the father of cognitive neuroscience,” was part of a team of pioneering neuroscientists who developed the now foundational split-brain brain theory: the notion that the right and left hemispheres of the brain can act independently from one another and have different strengths.

In Tales from Both Sides of the Brain, Gazzaniga tells the impassioned story of his life in science and his decades-long journey to understand how the separate spheres of our brains communicate and miscommunicate with their separate agendas. By turns humorous and moving, Tales from Both Sides of the Brain interweaves Gazzaniga’s scientific achievements with his reflections on the challenges and thrills of working as a scientist. In his engaging and accessible style, he paints a vivid portrait not only of his discovery of split-brain theory, but also of his comrades in arms—the many patients, friends, and family who have accompanied him on this wild ride of intellectual discovery.

Why does the human brain insist on interpreting the world and constructing a narrative? In this ground-breaking work, Michael S. Gazzaniga, one of the world's foremost cognitive neuroscientists, shows how our mind and brain accomplish the amazing feat of constructing our past—a process clearly fraught with errors of perception, memory, and judgment. By showing that the specific systems built into our brain do their work automatically and largely outside of our conscious awareness, Gazzaniga calls into question our everyday notions of self and reality. The implications of his ideas reach deeply into the nature of perception and memory, the profundity of human instinct, and the ways we construct who we are and how we fit into the world around us.

Over the past thirty years, the mind sciences have developed a picture not only of how our brains are built but also of what they were built to do. The emerging picture is wonderfully clear and pointed, underlining William James's notion that humans have far more instincts than other animals. Every baby is born with circuits that compute information enabling it to function in the physical world. Even what helps us to establish our understanding of social relations may have grown out of perceptual laws delivered to an infant's brain. Indeed, the ability to transmit culture—an act that is only part of the human repertoire—may stem from our many automatic and unique perceptual-motor processes that give rise to mental capacities such as belief and culture.

Gazzaniga explains how the mind interprets data the brain has already processed, making "us" the last to know. He shows how what "we" see is frequently an illusion and not at all what our brain is perceiving. False memories become a part of our experience; autobiography is fiction. In exploring how the brain enables the mind, Gazzaniga points us toward one of the greatest mysteries of human evolution: how we become who we are.
As the Handbook of Behavioral Neurobiology moves into a second volume, it is appropriate to take into general account the scope and content of this series. In its broadest sense, behavioral neurobiology is the study of the behaviors of animal organisms with reference to their neurological bases. The overall objective of this handbook series is to assemble, in ten volumes, a comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of the major areas that comprise behavioral neurobiology. Within such a framework, it is possible to provide the fundamental concepts, methods, and substantive advancements in these fields in a manner that will be useful to and that will also serve as a reference source for researchers educational programs who desire a well-balanced overview of the component areas of neurobiology. The intent in each volume has been to bring together a spectrum of approaches and disciplines that focuses upon the topic at hand. The first volume presented and discussed the problems of sensory integration; the present work is concerned with the neurobiology of cognitive processes; and forthcoming volumes will include the topics of motor coordination, learning and memory, biological rhythms, motivation, sexual behavior, social behavior and communication, and the evolution of nervous systems and behavior. Thus the purpose of the editors in planning this series has been to offer a distinct handbook, employing the many varied and prevailing avenues of attack upon current problems in behavior and neurological processes, that should prove of unique value and usefulness to professionals and students alike.
?◆《大腦、演化、人》、《我們真的有自由意志嗎?》暢銷作家葛詹尼加最新力作

◆美國亞馬遜2015年十大選書

◆紐約時報2015年度暢銷書

◆腦神經科學家、暢銷作家《都是大腦搞的鬼》謝伯讓教授翻譯審定

◆書封精緻牛皮卡紙,搭配典雅金屬銀印刷及古典亮黑燙金,盡展葛詹尼加豐厚且精彩的科學人生。(金屬銀印刷為特殊設計,顯現科學家的低調與精緻)


以認知神經科學之父葛詹尼加的一生為軸,見證偉大的腦科學的誕生!


《切開左右腦》既幽默又感人,

利用關於人類意識本質的超群發現,

講了一個如何做科學的迷人故事。


◎葛詹尼加切開左右腦後,大腦的研究才劃開了一個里程碑


於二十世紀中,葛詹尼加發現將連結左右腦的胼胝體切開後,於一連串的實驗中發現,人類的左右腦可以各自產生不同的心智運動,並且獨自判斷,此一系列的研究即稱為裂腦研究。左右腦各自有心智的發現震驚腦神經科學界,也展開對人類大腦探索的新次元:心智從何產生,腦內如何溝通。葛詹尼加也至此被譽稱為「認知神經科學之父」。


◎葛詹尼加為恩師斯佩里打下奪得諾貝爾醫學獎的實驗基礎


於《切開左右腦》此書中,葛詹尼加回顧了他在腦神經科學領域中充滿熱情且持續探索的一生,尤其是他在學術界中每一步的累積,用了幾乎半世紀的時光去理解被分開來的兩個半腦如何互相溝通及交互作用。從他還是一個充滿野心,仍住在芝加哥達茅斯學院的「動物之家」瘋狂宿舍開始,之後前往加州理工學院跟隨大腦科學大師斯佩里開始進行左右腦研究,獨自發展出切斷胼胝體方法,並且實際受試於第一個癲癇患者身上,其研究成果奪得諾貝爾獎的契機,也開展了葛詹尼加自主獨立,離開斯佩理的研究之路……


◎費曼先生、斯佩里、量子化學創始人鮑林……

葛詹尼加的科學人生就是一段偉大的科學史


本書為葛詹尼加親筆撰寫,有別於以往他的科普書籍專門討論一個問題,這本書即以他個人自傳的方式,呈現他開啟裂腦研究這門領域的種種過程,處在頂尖的環境中,身邊無時無刻不環繞著有趣的人事物,暨是在進行科學研究,更多的是在享受這個人生。書中,你可以看到費曼拜訪他的派對,主動大方承諾可以讓葛詹尼加切開他的左右腦,前提是不可以影響到他做物理研究;你可以看到他與知名喜劇演員艾倫一時興起在體育館主辦公開的政治辯論;你還可以看到他與多位當代科學名家(諾貝爾獎座在書中數也數不完)交互激盪的過程……這不僅是他一生的紀錄,也是大腦研究科學史的見證。


【學界聯合推薦】


◎李宏鎰(《遇見「過動兒」,請轉個彎》作者、台灣應用心理學會理事長)

◎李嗣涔(台大前校長)

◎徐百川(博士、中研院生醫所研究員)

◎高閬仙(陽明大學生命科學系教授兼副校長)

◎謝淑蘭(國立成功大學心理學系特聘教授兼系主任)


【國際媒體一致讚譽】


「這是關於科學研究如何和這位傑出科學家的生活密切交織的故事。科學家葛詹尼加不只創造出一個新的探索領域,而且還剛好住在過達特茅斯學院聲名遠播的那間『狂歡動物屋』。本書以優美的文筆,描述一場精彩刺激的冒險。」

──列維廷(《迷戀音樂的腦》(This Is Your Brain on Music)與《有組織的大腦》(The Organized Mind)作者)


「這是關於一個天才的個人故事。他在裂腦症這種至今依舊無邊無際、令人費解的人腦未知領域當中做出了少見的重大發現,並因此聲名大噪。」

──沃爾夫(《刺激的吸毒考驗》(The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test)與《太空英雄》(The Right Stuff)作者)


「我這輩子都想知道大腦如何運作,以及為什麼有時該動腦筋時就不動。《切開左右腦》是一個有趣、平易近人的故事,不只告訴你左右腦怎麼運作,也是關於一群絕頂聰明又怪得很可愛的神經科學家怎麼想辦法找出答案的故事。」

──歐布萊恩(《康納脫口秀》主持人)


「葛詹尼加講述如何發現人類的左右腦會互相合作的精彩故事,內容相當引人入勝,這本書會讓你對『思考』三思。兩個腦袋絕對比一個好,而我們大多數人一個頭裡都有兩個。」

──艾達(知名演員)


「一般人想像的『科學進步』,常常是靠一群被我們當成跟『大腦皮質』沒兩樣的科學家,持續不懈、不帶感情地篩選理論,追尋真相所達成。葛詹尼加本人是神經科學界的先驅,他幫我們矯正了這個看法。透過親身的經驗,他揭露了自我、政治、嫉妒、羨慕、慾望以及其他所有在人類知識進步過程中的滔天大罪。如果你關心科學、歷史、人腦,以及人心,那你就不能錯過這本書。」

──卡普蘭(《生活大爆炸》(The Big Bang Theory)共同製作人暨編劇)


「這是一本敘事優美的作品。葛詹尼加梳理自己的科學成就,讓我們看見他的重要性:一個受啟發的教育者,一手建立了認知神經科學的領域。這本作品帶有深沈的哲學涵意,他生命旅程中的種種刺激欣喜,在在顯示他因為科學而變得豐富,因家庭、朋友、歡樂與幽默而變得更好。」

──比茲(麻省理工學院教授,醫學博士暨哲學博士)


出版社 貓頭鷹(城邦)

A powerful orthodoxy in the study of the brain has taken hold in recent years: Since physical laws govern the physical world and our own brains are part of that world, physical laws therefore govern our behavior and even our conscious selves. Free will is meaningless, goes the mantra; we live in a "determined" world.Not so, argues the renowned neuroscientist Michael S. Gazzaniga in this thoughtful, provocative book based on his Gifford Lectures-one of the foremost lecture series in the world dealing with religion, science, and philosophy. Who's in Charge? proposes that the mind, which is somehow generated by the physical processes of the brain, "constrains" the brain just as cars are constrained by the traffic they create. Writing with what Steven Pinker has called "his trademark wit and lack of pretension," Gazzaniga shows how determinism immeasurably weakens our views of human responsibility; it allows a murderer to argue, in effect, "It wasn't me who did it-it was my brain." Gazzaniga convincingly argues that even given the latest insights into the physical mechanisms of the mind, there is an undeniable human reality: We are responsible agents who should be held accountable for our actions, because responsibility is found in how people interact, not in brains. An extraordinary book that ranges across neuroscience, psychology, ethics, and the law with a light touch but profound implications, Who's in Charge? is a lasting contribution from one of the leading thinkers of our time.
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