View anatomy from a clinical perspectivewith hundreds of exquisite, hand-painted illustrations created by pre-eminent medical illustrator Frank H. Netter, MD.
Join the globalcommunity of medical and healthcare students and professionals who rely on Netter to optimize learning and clarify even the most difficult aspects of human anatomy. Comprehensive labeling uses the international anatomic standard terminology, Terminologia Anatomica, and every aspect of the Atlas is reviewed and overseen by clinical anatomy and anatomy education experts.
Netter’s Anatomy Atlas is also available as an appfor iPad®.Explore additional unique perspectives of difficult-to-visualize anatomy through all-new paintings by Dr. Carlos Machado, including breast lymph drainage; the pterygopalantine fossa; the middle ear; the path of the internal carotid artery; and the posterior knee, plus additional new plates on arteries of the limbs and new radiologic images.Master challenging structures with visual region-by-region coverage -- including Muscle Table appendices at the end of each Section.
Practice testswith answer keys for each topic — located in the appendices for quick access — help you assess your understanding of each topic and familiarize you with the types of questions you’re likely to encounter on the actual exam.
HESI Hintsboxes offer valuable test-taking tips, as well as rationales, suggestions, examples, and reminders for specific topics. End-of-chapter review questions help you gauge your understanding of chapter content.A full-color layout and more illustrations in the life science chapters visually reinforce key concepts for better understanding.Expanded and updated content in each chapter ensures you’re studying the most current content. Basic algebra review in the math section offers additional review and practice. Color-coded chapters help you quickly find specific topic sections.Helpful organizational features in each chapter include an introduction, key terms, chapter outline, and a bulleted chapter summary to help you focus your study.A glossary at the end of the text offers quick access to key terms and their definitions.
Nursing diagnoses are seen as key to the future of evidence-based, professionally-led nursing care – and to more effectively meeting the need of patients. In an era of increasing electronic patient health records, standardized nursing terminologies such as NANDA-I, NIC and NOC provide a means of collecting nursing data that are systematically analysed within and across healthcare organizations and provide essential data for cost/benefit analysis and clinical audit.
Nursing Diagnoses: Definitions and Classification is the definitive guide to nursing diagnoses, as reviewed and approved by NANDA-I. Each nursing diagnosis undergoes a rigorous assessment process by NANDA-I's Diagnosis Development Committee, with stringent criteria used to indicate the strength of the underlying level of evidence.
Each diagnosis comprises a label or name for the diagnosis, a definition, defining characteristics, risk factors and/or related factors. Many diagnoses are further qualified by terms such as risk for, effective, ineffective, impaired, imbalanced, self-care deficit, readiness for, disturbed, decreased, etc.
The 2012-2014 edition is arranged by concept according to Taxonomy II domains, i.e. Health promotion, Nutrition, Elimination and exchange, Activity/Rest, Perception/Cognition, Self-perception, Role relationships, Sexuality, Coping/ Stress tolerance, Life principles, Safety/protection, Comfort, and Growth/development.
The 2012-2014 edition contains revised chapters on NANDA-I taxonomy, and slotting of diagnoses into NANDA & NNN taxonomies, diagnostic reasoning & conceptual clarity, and submission of new/revised diagnoses. New chapters are provided on the use of nursing diagnoses in education, clinical practice, electronic health records, nursing & health care administration, and research . A companion website hosts related resources.
Key features2012-2014 edition arranged by diagnostic concepts Core references and level of evidence for each diagnosis New chapters on appropriate use of nursing diagnoses in clinical practice, education, administration and electronic health record 16 new diagnoses 11 revised diagnoses Aimed at students, educators, clinicians, nurse administrators and informaticians Companion website available, including a video on assessment, clinical reasoning and diagnosis
"..certainly a great resource for use in any healthcare setting." Reviewed by Anne Duell on behalf of Nursing Times, September 2015UNIQUE! Emphasis on the NCLEX Examination’s management-of-care focus addresses the heavy emphasis on prioritization, delegation, and patient assignment in the current NCLEX Examination (17–23% of the 2013 NCLEX-RN Exam).UNIQUE! Three-part organization establishes foundational knowledge and then provides exercises of increasing difficulty to help you build confidence in your prioritization, delegation, and patient assignment skills.Answer key at the back of the book offers a detailed rationale and an indication of the focus of the question to encourage formative assessment.Introduction chapter by delegation expert Ruth Hansten provides guidelines for prioritization, delegation, and patient assignment decisions as well as a concise, practical foundation on which Parts 2 and 3 build.Part 2: Prioritization, Delegation, and Assignment in Common Health Scenarios give you practice in applying the principles from Part 1 with straightforward NCLEX-style multiple-choice, multiple-select, ordering, and short-answer questions to help you develop and build confidence in prioritization, delegation, and patient assignment skills while working within the confines of relatively simple health scenarios.Part 3: Prioritization, Delegation, and Assignment in Complex Health Scenarios utilizes unfolding cases that build on the skills learned in Part 2 to equip you to make sound decisions in realistic, complex health scenarios involving complicated health problems and/or challenging patient assignment decisions and help you learn to "think like nurses" by developing what Benner (2010) calls "clinical imagination."
Unique three-part organization that (1) equips you with foundational skills to make sound decisions, then helps you apply those skills (2) in straightforward scenarios and (3) then in complex health scenarios
In-depth Answer Key at the back of the book that provides not only the correct answer but also a detailed rationale and an indication of the focus of the question, whether prioritization, delegation, supervision, or patient assignment. Expanded content focus to include psychiatric/mental health, OB/maternity, and pediatrics along with med-surg areas
New chapters on infection control and obstetrics and maternity
Greater emphasis on questions involving core body systems and related health problems, such as diabetes and cancer, to best prepare you for the conditions you are most likely to encounter on the NCLEX Examination and in clinical practice
Four new unfolding cases addressing long-term care, pediatrics, psychiatric/mental health nursing, and OB/maternity
Additional emphasis on medication safety equips you to take appropriate actions to prevent or remediate medication errors
Multiple-select questions revised to include at least 5 response choices each, keeping you up to date with the full range of NCLEX Examination item formats
Fully Revised Second Edition
Everything you need for the exam - in a fast review format!
REA's TEAS (Test of Essential Academic Skills) Crash Course is the first book of its kind for the last-minute studier or anyone who wants to get a high score on this nursing school entry exam.
Targeted, Focused Review - Study Only What You Need to Know
Based on the Test of Essential Academic Skills exam and actual TEAS questions, the Crash Course covers only the information tested on the exam, so you can make the most of your study time. Targeted, easy-to-read review chapters in outline format cover reading comprehension, English language and usage, math, biology, chemistry, physics, and more.
Expert Test-taking Strategies
Our author explains the structure of the TEAS, so you know what to expect on test day. He also shares detailed question-level strategies and shows you the best way to answer questions. By following our expert tips and advice, you can score higher on every section of the exam.
Take REA's Online Practice Exam
After studying the material in the TEAS Crash Course, go online and test what you've learned. Our practice exam features timed testing, diagnostic feedback, detailed explanations of answers, and automatic scoring analysis. The exam is balanced to include every topic and type of question found on the TEAS exam, so you know you're studying the smart way.
No matter how or when you prepare for the TEAS exam, REA's TEAS Crash Course will show you how to study efficiently and strategically, so you can get a higher score in less time!
They depended upon one another. Working in the ICU was both emotionally grueling and physically exhausting. Many patients, quite simply, were dying, and the staff strove mightily to prolong their lives. With their skill, dedication, and the resources of modern science, they sometimes were almost too successful. Doctors and nurses alike wondered if what they did for terminally-ill patients was not, in some cases, too extreme. A number of patients were admitted when it was too late even for heroic measures. A boy struck down by a cerebral aneurysm in the middle of a little-league hockey game. A woman rescued – too late – from a burning house. It all took its toll on the staff.
And yet, on good days, they thrived on what they did. Shalof describes a colleague who is managing a “crashing” patient: “I looked at her. Nicky was flushed with excitement. She was doing five different things at the same time, planning ahead for another five. She was totally focused, in her element, in control, completely at home with the chaos. There was a huge smile on her face. Nurses like to fix things. If they can.”
Shalof, a veteran ICU nurse, reveals what it is really like to work behind the closed hospital curtains. The drama, the sardonic humour, the grinding workload, the cheerful camaraderie, the big issues and the small, all are brought vividly to life in this remarkable book.
From the Hardcover edition.
Full-color cartoons and color-highlighted monographs provide a visually engaging way to learn.
Mnemonics and other time-tested memory aids help you grasp and remember even the most difficult concepts.
Thick pages and spiral-bound format create the perfect portable tool that is durable enough for the clinical environment.
Colored thumb tabs at the bottom of the page allow you to quickly reference material.
What You Need to Know sections on the back of each image give you more information about each illustrated topic in a quick and easy-to-review format.
Colored highlights in the What You Need to Know sections draw your attention to key information:
Serious/Life-Threatening Implications are highlighted in pink
Most Frequent Side Effects are blue
Important Nursing Implications are yellow
Patient Teaching information is green NEW coverage throughout highlights contemporary and timely topics on pharmacology all in one clinical tool.
8 brand new cards focus on administration by inhalation, lovenox, fentanyl, and more. New mobile device version enables you to study on the go.
Over 250 full-color figures depicting anatomy and physiology, exam procedures, and normal and abnormal findings offer a visual guide to performing exams.
Documentation examples promote concise yet thorough patient charting for each system exam.
Aids to Differential Diagnosis Tables summarize distinguishing characteristics of abnormalities, making it easier to identify patients’ symptoms.
Lists of the equipment required in preparation for each system exam facilitate efficiency in the practice setting.
Color-coded tables highlight pediatric variations and provide quick-reference coverage of developmental considerations specific to pediatric patients.Updates throughout reflect the latest research and evidence-based practice findings on all aspects of the physical exam.
New content on electronic charting reflects the shift to electronic medical records in clinical practice and offers a current resource on what and how to chart.
An updated drug table provides a list of physical findings potentially related to common classes of drugs.
24 new or revised cartoons cover contemporary and timely pathophysiology topics, including these new cards:HIV in Children and InfantsUpper and Lower Respiratory Tract -- Breathing vs. Gas ExchangePneumoniaRh FactorInsulin -- What Does It Do?Erectile DysfunctionBenign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH) The image collection, now part of the Evolve Instructor Resources, allows instructors access to the complete set of 96 full-color illustrations from Mosby's Pathophysiology Memory NoteCards with qualified adoption.
Provides comprehensive coverage of more than 700 diagnostic and laboratory tests routinely performed today.
UNIQUE! Test Results and Clinical Significance sections explain pathophysiology and how test results may indicate certain disease processes.
Color-coded thumb-tabs, alphabetically organized chapters, and two appendixes that list all tests one in alphabetical order and the other organized by body system make every test easy to find.
Critical Values alert you to situations requiring immediate intervention.
UNIQUE! Related Tests sections list tests that provide similar information or are used to evaluate the same body system, disease process, or symptom.
UNIQUE! Clinical Priorities boxes emphasize information that must be kept in mind when preparing a patient for testing, performing a test, and evaluating results.
UNIQUE! An icon for drug-related Interfering Factors alerts you to the effects of pharmacologic agents on tests.
A patient teaching icon indicates information that should be shared with patients and their families.
Home Care Responsibilities boxes provide important patient teaching guidelines and instructions for patients outside the acute care setting.
UNIQUE! Age-Related Concerns boxes address the special needs of pediatric and geriatric patients and critical age-related variations in values.
SI units are included in the Normal Findings section of appropriate tests.
Convenient lists of disease and organ panels, test abbreviations, and tests by body system offer quick access to frequently referenced information. A comprehensive index includes the names of all tests and their synonyms, as well as other relevant terms found within test entries for quick access in the clinical setting.Completely updated content with 30 new tests, including ductoscopy, thyroglobulin, lactoferrin, and human papillomavirus. New full-color photographs and enhanced illustrations clarify key concepts and demonstrate testing techniques.
UNIQUE! Each test entry begins on a new page, making tests easy to find.
Normal findings for adult (male and female), elderly, and pediatric patients are included where applicable to provide complete clinical data.
Possible critical values are highlighted to alert you to situations requiring immediate intervention.
Symbol next to drug-related interfering factors alerts you to the effects of pharmacologic agents on tests.
Increased and decreased abnormal findings are highlighted with directional arrows.
Icon for patient teaching-related care indicates information to share with patients and their families.
UNIQUE! Each test concludes with a Notes section where you can add your own information.
User's Guide to Test Preparation and Performance provides an overview and guidelines for each type of laboratory test and diagnostic procedure to ensure safety and accuracy.
Lists of tests by body system and test type allow you to quickly locate related studies.
Abbreviations for tests are listed inside the front and back covers, and symbols and units of measurement are listed in an appendix.
UNIQUE! Durable cover with round edges helps prevent the book from being damaged and makes it easier to handle.
32 NEW tests, including age-related macular degeneration risk analysis, cell culture drug resistance testing, flourescein angiography, HIV drug resistance testing, urea breath test, virus testing, and Vitamin D testing, present the latest information on diagnostic and laboratory testing.
This title includes additional digital media when purchased in print format. For this digital book edition, media content may not be included.Coverage of detailed critical thinking methods offer valuable clues to help you analyze and uncover the correct answer option for all question types, including multiple-choice, true-or-false, and alternate item-format questionsChapters on specific question content, such as prioritization, pharmacology, management, and delegation, provide numerous examples to prepare you for higher cognitive level questionsA fun, two-color design features cartoons and bold designs to help visual learners become better overall test-takers.Linda Silvestri’s hallmark Pyramid Points in the margins highlight the most important concepts you need to learn for exam success.Refocused content emphasizes comprehensive test preparation to help you develop, refine, and apply the reasoning skills you need to succeed throughout nursing school and on the NCLEX® examination.A new chapter on reducing test anxiety offers simple strategies you can use to control test-induced stress and gain the confidence you need to pass exams.A new chapter on developing a structured study plan provides helpful tips for improving time management for more efficient exam preparation.
* Full-length practice test
* Chapter-end practice sets
* In-depth analysis of NCLEX-RN question types
* Review of exam content and structure
* Review of alternate question types
* Detailed answer explanations
With challenging practice questions and a bold, user-friendly design, Kaplan's NCLEX-RN 2015-2016 Strategies, Practice, and Review with Practice Test will make you assured and confident on test day.
Medical Terminology Demystified covers all the basic terms of disease and injury, abnormal anatomy and physiology, surgical techniques, drugs, and other therapies--in the context of real, practical health issues. This self-teaching guide comes complete with key points, background information, quizzes at the end of each chapter, and even a final exam.
But the worst was yet to come. After Bataan and Corregidor fell, the nurses were herded into internment camps where they would endure three years of fear, brutality, and starvation. Once liberated, they returned to an America that at first celebrated them, but later refused to honor their leaders with the medals they clearly deserved. Here, in letters, diaries, and riveting firsthand accounts, is the story of what really happened during those dark days, woven together in a deeply affecting saga of women in war.
Praise for We Band of Angels
“Gripping . . . a war story in which the main characters never kill one of the enemy, or even shoot at him, but are nevertheless heroes . . . Americans today should thank God we had such women.”—Stephen E. Ambrose
“Remarkable and uplifting.”—USA Today
“[Elizabeth M. Norman] brings a quiet, scholarly voice to this narrative. . . . In just a little over six months these women had turned from plucky young girls on a mild adventure to authentic heroes. . . . Every page of this history is fascinating.”—Carolyn See, The Washington Post
“Riveting . . . poignant and powerful.”—The Dallas Morning News
Winner of the Lavinia Dock Award for historical scholarship, the American Academy of Nursing National Media Award, and the Agnes Dillon Randolph Award
Prepare for success on the boards with Mosby's Comprehensive Review of Practical Nursing for the NCLEX-PN® Examination! An outline format makes studying easier, and chapters organized by core clinical areas make review more efficient. Separate chapters help you focus on the specialty areas such as pharmacology, nutrition, and emergency nursing. Practice questions in each chapter are written in NCLEX examination style and include detailed rationales for both correct and incorrect answers. Developed by NCLEX-PN expert Mary O. Eyles, PhD, RN, this guide also includes a comprehensive exam to prepare you for the test-taking experience.
More than 1,494 questionsprovided in book for plenty of practice
Rationales for both correct and incorrect answershelp you understand the reasoning behind each answer option.
Page references to Elsevier textbooksprovide fast, efficient remediation for each question.
Alternate item format questionsreflect the NCLEX-PN exam with prioritization, multiple response, chart/exhibit, and illustrated questions.
Test-taking strategiesinclude helpful tips in preparing for nursing exams and the NCLEX-PN exam.
The comprehensive examincludes questions in all clinical areas, reflecting content on the current NCLEX-PN exam.
A breakdown of the changes to the 2008 NCLEX-PN test planprepares you for the latest version of the exam.
NEW! Greater emphasis on patient safety includes highlighted information throughout the text to address this crucial aspect of nursing care in today's health care arena. NEW! Increased focus on evidence-based guidelines for all procedures and skills ensure the information is helping you provide the best care possible.NEW! Thoroughly updated content throughout the book places a focus on the latest information on temperature measurement techniques, IV medications and administration, burn assessment, emergency and wound care, nutrition, child development, and infection control.
NEW! Greater emphasis on patient safety includes highlighted information throughout the text to address this crucial aspect of nursing care in today's health care arena. NEW! Increased focus on evidence-based guidelines for all procedures and skills ensure the information is helping you provide the best care possible.
Mnemonics and other time-tested memory aids help you grasp and remember even the most complex concepts.
Colored thumb tabs make it easy to find topics quickly.
What You Need to Know monographs on each card provide more detailed information and specific nursing implications.
Sturdy, spiral-bound cards offer durability as well as portability.
Unique! Color highlights emphasize four central topics:
Serious/Life-Threatening Implications in pink
Common Clinical Findings in blue
Important Nursing Implications in yellow
Patient Teaching in green
UNIQUE! Thorough coverage of more than 350 IV drugsoffers more than any other comparable handbook.
UNIQUE! Layoutin the print version keeps all dosage information for each drug on either a single page or a two-page spread, ensuring that the health care worker does not contaminate hands by having to turn a page.
Consistent, easy-to-use formatprovides all the essential clinical information on IV drug administration.
Alphabetical listing of IV drugsis organized by generic name for quick clinical reference.
Updated IV drug dilution and dosage information— in a convenient chart form within monographs where appropriate —helps you quickly locate essential information.
Special sections highlight dose variances for geriatric, pediatric, infant, and neonatal patients. Identifying icons (such as Black Box Warnings) and design features also make it easy to locate key informationNEW! Larger page size of the print version reduces the thickness of the book and makes content easier to navigate.NEW! Printed thumb tabs added to the print version assist in locating information quickly.
New to this edition:26 brand new nursing diagnoses and 13 revised diagnoses Updates, changes, and revision to the vast majority of the nursing diagnosis definitions, in particular the Health Promotion and Risk Diagnoses A standardization of diagnostic indicator terms (defining characteristics, related factors, and risk factors) to further aid clarity for readers and clinicians All introductory chapters are written at an undergraduate nursing level, and provide critical information needed for nurses to understand assessment, its link to diagnosis, and the purpose and use of taxonomic structure for the nurse at the bedside A new chapter, focusing on Frequently Asked Questions, representing the most common questions received through the NANDA-I website, and at global conferences Five nursing diagnoses have been re-slotted within the NANDA-I taxonomy, following a review of the current taxonomic structure Coding of all diagnostic indicator terms is now available for those using electronic versions of the terminology Companion website featuring references from the book, video presentations, teaching tips, and links to taxonomy history and diagnosis submission/review process description www.wiley.com/go/nursingdiagnoses
ìBoth editors have done a wonderful job in building upon the previous versions of this book to create an exceptionally comprehensive resource... Healthcare continues to evolve at an extremely fast pace and it is with excellent resources like this that primary care providers can continue to provide quality care." Score: 100, 5 stars--Doodyís Medical Reviews
Praise for the Second Edition:
"This textbook provides comprehensive coverage of primary care disorders in an easy-to-read format and contains invaluable step-by-step instructions for evaluating and managing primary care patients. . . [It] belongs in every NP and PA's reference library. I highly recommend this wonderful textbook."
-Maria T. Leik, MSN, FNP-BC, ANP-BC, GNP-BC
President, National ARNP Services, Inc.
"Family Practice Guidelines is an excellent resource for the busy clinician. It offers succinct, comprehensive information in an easy format that is particularly useful for quick reference. This text is useful for general practice settings as well as specialty care."
-Anne Moore, APN; WHNP/ANP-BC; FAANP
This is a comprehensive family practice resource for primary care clinicians, providing current national practice guidelines for a high-quality standard of care for patients across the life span in outpatient settings. It includes individual care guidelines for adult, child, pregnant, and geriatric patients; health promotion and dietary information; procedure guidelines; national resources; and comprehensive patient teaching guides. This third edition includes updated national treatment guidelines throughout, including the most recent cardiology guidelines (JNC 8), seven new protocols, revised procedure guidelines a new chapter on pain management guidelines for patients with opioid addiction, and patient teaching sheets in print and PDF formats.
The guide includes 268 disorder guidelines organized by body system, presented in outline format for easy access. Each disorder includes definition, incidence, pathogenesis, predisposing factors, common complaints, signs/symptoms, subjective data, physical exam and diagnostic tests, differential diagnosis, plan of care including medications, and follow-up care. Of special note are highlighted "Practice Pointers" containing critical information and "Individual Considerations" at the end of each disorder that provide specialty care points for pediatric, pregnant, and geriatric populations.
This resource includes:151 Patient Teaching Guides 19 Procedure guidelines Routine health maintenance guidelines Appendices covering special diets, normal lab values, and dental issues
Accurate and valid nursing diagnoses guide the selection of interventions that are likely to produce the desired treatment effects and determine nurse-sensitive outcomes. Nursing diagnoses are seen as key to the future of evidence-based, professionally-led nursing care – and to more effectively meeting the need of patients and ensuring patient safety. In an era of increasing electronic patient health records standardized nursing terminologies such as NANDA, NIC and NOC provide a means of collecting nursing data that are systematically analyzed within and across healthcare organizations and provide essential data for cost/benefit analysis and clinical audit.
'Nursing Diagnoses: Definitions and Classification' is the definitive guide to nursing diagnoses worldwide. Each nursing diagnoses undergoes a rigorous assessment process by NANDA-I with stringent criteria to indicate the strength of the underlying level of evidence.
Each diagnosis comprises a label or name for the diagnosis and a definition. Actual diagnoses include defining characteristics and related factors. Risk diagnoses include risk factors. Many diagnoses are further qualified by terms such as effective, ineffective, impaired, imbalanced, readiness for, disturbed, decreased etc.
The 2009-2011 edition is arranged by concept according to Taxonomy II domains (i.e. Health promotion, Nutrition, Elimination and Exchange, Activity/Rest, Perception/Cognition, Self-Perception, Role Relationships, Sexuality, Coping/ Stress Tolerance, Life Principles, Safety/Protection, Comfort, Growth/Development). The book contains new chapters on 'Critical judgement and assessment' and 'How to identify appropriate diagnoses' and core references for all nursing diagnoses. A companion website hosts NANDA-I position statements, new PowerPoint slides, and FAQs for students.2009-2011 edition arranged by conceptsNew chapters on 'Critical judgement and assessment' and 'How to identify appropriate diagnoses'Core references for new diagnoses and level of evidence for each diagnosisCompanion website available
Packed with real-life examples and indispensable advice from novice nurses and staff development experts, New Nurse’s Survival Guide is the single best book available on how to get the job you want and become the nurse you aspire to be after you graduate from nursing school.
You’ll learn exactly what you must know and do in order to stand out from all the other new graduates and make yourself irresistible to employers -- in even the most challenging job market. And you’ll find out what it really takes to thrive, not just survive, during your first year on the job.
Land a great job in any economy by learning:
"This is a valuable resourceÖto help prepare advanced practice nurses with the skills necessary to navigate the healthcare arena. The editors and contributors are experienced advanced practice nurses with valuable information to share with novice practitioners." Score: 100, 5 stars.óDoodyís Medical Reviews
Now in its fourth edition, this highly acclaimed book remains the key title serving graduate-level advanced practice nurses (APNs) and recent graduates about to launch their careers. The book outlines what is required of the APN, with guidelines for professional practice for each of the four APN roles: the nurse practitioner, clinical nurse specialist, certified nurse midwife, and certified registered nurse anesthetist.
Advanced Practice Nursing focuses not only on the care and management of patients, but also on how to meet the many challenges of the rapidly changing health care arena. Obtaining certification, navigating reimbursement, and translating research into practice are just a few of the challenges discussed.
Key Features: Essential information on educational requirements and certification Advice on how to make the transition into professional practiceGuidelines for ethical and clinical decision making Discussions on the DNP and CNL roles in AP nursing Updated and revised content on leadership development, regulation, informatics, health care organization, and health care policy