From the Trade Paperback edition.
“A thrilling account of the modern material world.” —Wall Street Journal
"Miodownik, a materials scientist, explains the history and science behind things such as paper, glass, chocolate, and concrete with an infectious enthusiasm." —Scientific American
Why is glass see-through? What makes elastic stretchy? Why does any material look and behave the way it does? These are the sorts of questions that renowned materials scientist Mark Miodownik constantly asks himself. Miodownik studies objects as ordinary as an envelope and as unexpected as concrete cloth, uncovering the fascinating secrets that hold together our physical world. In Stuff Matters, Miodownik explores the materials he encounters in a typical morning, from the steel in his razor to the foam in his sneakers. Full of enthralling tales of the miracles of engineering that permeate our lives, Stuff Matters will make you see stuff in a whole new way.
"Stuff Matters is about hidden wonders, the astonishing properties of materials we think boring, banal, and unworthy of attention...It's possible this science and these stories have been told elsewhere, but like the best chocolatiers, Miodownik gets the blend right." —New York Times Book Review
We will soon be able to meet and exceed the basic needs of every man, woman and child on the planet. Abundance for all is within our grasp. This bold, contrarian view, backed up by exhaustive research, introduces our near-term future, where exponentially growing technologies and three other powerful forces are conspiring to better the lives of billions. An antidote to pessimism by tech entrepreneur turned philanthropist, Peter H. Diamandis and award-winning science writer Steven Kotler.
Since the dawn of humanity, a privileged few have lived in stark contrast to the hardscrabble majority. Conventional wisdom says this gap cannot be closed. But it is closing—fast. The authors document how four forces—exponential technologies, the DIY innovator, the Technophilanthropist, and the Rising Billion—are conspiring to solve our biggest problems. Abundance establishes hard targets for change and lays out a strategic roadmap for governments, industry and entrepreneurs, giving us plenty of reason for optimism.
Examining human need by category—water, food, energy, healthcare, education, freedom—Diamandis and Kotler introduce dozens of innovators making great strides in each area: Larry Page, Steven Hawking, Dean Kamen, Daniel Kahneman, Elon Musk, Bill Joy, Stewart Brand, Jeff Skoll, Ray Kurzweil, Ratan Tata, Craig Venter, among many, many others.
A radical, how-to guide for using exponential technologies, moonshot thinking, and crowd-powered tools, Bold unfolds in three parts. Part One focuses on the exponential technologies that are disrupting today’s Fortune 500 companies and enabling upstart entrepreneurs to go from “I’ve got an idea” to “I run a billion-dollar company” far faster than ever before. The authors provide exceptional insight into the power of 3D printing, artificial intelligence, robotics, networks and sensors, and synthetic biology. Part Two draws on insights from billionaires such as Larry Page, Elon Musk, Richard Branson, and Jeff Bezos and reveals their entrepreneurial secrets. Finally, Bold closes with a look at the best practices that allow anyone to leverage today’s hyper-connected crowd like never before. Here, the authors teach how to design and use incentive competitions, launch million-dollar crowdfunding campaigns to tap into tens of billions of dollars of capital, and finally how to build communities—armies of exponentially enabled individuals willing and able to help today’s entrepreneurs make their boldest dreams come true.
Convenient, concise, well-organized, and precise
Perfect for teachers, hobbyists, engineers, and students of all ages, this reference puts reliable, fact-checked information right at your fingertips—whether you’re refreshing your memory or exploring a component for the first time. Beginners will quickly grasp important concepts, and more experienced users will find the specific details their projects require.Unique: the first and only encyclopedia set on electronic components, distilled into three separate volumes Incredibly detailed: includes information distilled from hundreds of sources Easy to browse: parts are clearly organized by component type Authoritative: fact-checked by expert advisors to ensure that the information is both current and accurate Reliable: a more consistent source of information than online sources, product datasheets, and manufacturer’s tutorials Instructive: each component description provides details about substitutions, common problems, and workarounds Comprehensive: Volume 1 covers power, electromagnetism, and discrete semi-conductors; Volume 2 includes integrated circuits, and light and sound sources; Volume 3 covers a range of sensing devices.
Why do we get hung over? What would happen if you stopped sleeping? Is binge-watching TV actually bad for you? Why should I take a power nap? In their first-ever book, Mitchell Moffit and Greg Brown, the geniuses behind the YouTube channel AsapSCIENCE, explain the true science of how things work in their trademark hilarious and fascinating fashion.
Applying the fun, illustrated format of their addictive videos to topics ranging from brain freeze to hiccups to the science of the snooze button, AsapSCIENCE takes the underpinnings of biology, chemistry, physics, and other hard sciences and applies them to everyday life through quirky and relatable examples that will appeal to both science nerds and those who didn’t exactly ace chemistry. This is the science that people actually want to learn, shared in a friendly, engaging style.
“Science is big fun. The ASAP guys get that, and they’ll show you—they’ll even draw you a diagram” (Bill Nye, “The Science Guy”). And amid the humor is great information and cocktail conversation fodder, all thoughtfully presented. Whether you’re a total newbie or the next Albert Einstein, this guide is sure to educate and entertain...ASAP.
With lively prose and an eye for colorful and unusual details, Le Couteur and Burreson offer a novel way to understand the shaping of civilization and the workings of our contemporary world.
Inorganic chemistry can be an intimidating subject, but itdoesn't have to be! Whether you're currently enrolled in aninorganic chemistry class or you have a background in chemistry andwant to expand your knowledge, Inorganic Chemistry ForDummies is the approachable, hands-on guide you can trust forfast, easy learning.
Inorganic Chemistry For Dummies features a thoroughintroduction to the study of the synthesis and behavior ofinorganic and organometallic compounds. In plain English, itexplains the principles of inorganic chemistry and includesworked-out problems to enhance your understanding of the keytheories and concepts of the field.Presents information in an effective and straightforwardmannerCovers topics you'll encounter in a typical inorganic chemistrycourseProvides plain-English explanations of complicatedconcepts
If you're pursuing a career as a nurse, doctor, or engineer or alifelong learner looking to make sense of this fascinating subject,Inorganic Chemistry For Dummies is the quick and painlessway to master inorganic chemistry.
Perfect for teachers, hobbyists, engineers, and students of all ages, this reference puts reliable, fact-checked information right at your fingertips--whether you're refreshing your memory or exploring a component for the first time. Beginners will quickly grasp important concepts, and more experienced users will find the specific details their projects require.
Volume 2 covers signal processing, including LEDs, LCDs, audio, thyristors, digital logic, and amplification.Unique: the first and only encyclopedia set on electronic components, distilled into three separate volumesIncredibly detailed: includes information distilled from hundreds of sourcesEasy to browse: parts are clearly organized by component typeAuthoritative: fact-checked by expert advisors to ensure that the information is both current and accurateReliable: a more consistent source of information than online sources, product datasheets, and manufacturer's tutorialsInstructive: each component description provides details about substitutions, common problems, and workaroundsComprehensive: Volume 1 covers power, electromagnetism, and discrete semiconductors; Volume 2 includes LEDs, LCDs, audio, thyristors, digital logic, and amplification; Volume 3 covers a range of sensing devices.
From pacemakers to disposable bags, plastic built the modern world. But a century into our love affair, we’re starting to realize it’s not such a healthy relationship. As journalist Susan Freinkel points out in this eye-opening book, we’re at a crisis point. Plastics draw on dwindling fossil fuels, leach harmful chemicals, litter landscapes, and destroy marine life. We’re drowning in the stuff, and we need to start making some hard choices.
Freinkel tells her story through eight familiar plastic objects: a comb, a chair, a Frisbee, an IV bag, a disposable lighter, a grocery bag, a soda bottle, and a credit card. With a blend of lively anecdotes and analysis, she sifts through scientific studies and economic data, reporting from China and across the United States to assess the real impact of plastic on our lives.
Her conclusion is severe, but not without hope. Plastic points the way toward a new creative partnership with the material we love, hate, and can’t seem to live without.
“When you write about something so ubiquitous as plastic, you must be prepared to write in several modes, and Freinkel rises to this task. . . . She manages to render the most dull chemical reaction into vigorous, breathless sentences.” —SF Gate
“Freinkel’s smart, well-written analysis of this love-hate relationship is likely to make plastic lovers take pause, plastic haters reluctantly realize its value, and all of us understand the importance of individual action, political will, and technological innovation in weaning us off our addiction to synthetics.” —Publishers Weekly
“A compulsively interesting story. Buy it (with cash).” —Bill McKibben, author of The End of Nature
“What a great read—rigorous, smart, inspiring, and as seductive as plastic itself.” —Karim Rashid, designer
A Wall Street Journal Best Science Book of the Year!
A Popular Science Best Science Book of the Year!
From a top scientist and the creator of the hugely popular web comic Saturday Morning Breakfast Cereal, a hilariously illustrated investigation into future technologies -- from how to fling a ship into deep space on the cheap to 3D organ printing
What will the world of tomorrow be like? How does progress happen? And why do we not have a lunar colony already? What is the hold-up?
In this smart and funny book, celebrated cartoonist Zach Weinersmith and noted researcher Dr. Kelly Weinersmith give us a snapshot of what's coming next -- from robot swarms to nuclear fusion powered-toasters. By weaving their own research, interviews with the scientists who are making these advances happen, and Zach's trademark comics, the Weinersmiths investigate why these technologies are needed, how they would work, and what is standing in their way.
New technologies are almost never the work of isolated geniuses with a neat idea. A given future technology may need any number of intermediate technologies to develop first, and many of these critical advances may appear to be irrelevant when they are first discovered. The journey to progress is full of strange detours and blind alleys that tell us so much about the human mind and the march of civilization.
To this end, Soonish investigates ten different emerging fields, from programmable matter to augmented reality, from space elevators to robotic construction, to show us the amazing world we will have, you know, soonish.
Soonish is the perfect gift for science lovers for the holidays!
From the Trade Paperback edition.
Synchrony is a science in its infancy, and Strogatz is a pioneer in this new frontier in which mathematicians and physicists attempt to pinpoint just how spontaneous order emerges from chaos. From underground caves in Texas where a French scientist spent six months alone tracking his sleep-wake cycle, to the home of a Dutch physicist who in 1665 discovered two of his pendulum clocks swinging in perfect time, this fascinating book spans disciplines, continents, and centuries. Engagingly written for readers of books such as Chaos and The Elegant Universe, Sync is a tour-de-force of nonfiction writing.
The movements of each of the 507 mechanisms are depicted in drawings on the left-hand page, and the facing page presents a brief description of the item's use and operation. Ranging from simple to intricately complex, the mechanisms offer a fascinating view of the variety of small components that constitute complex machinery. A detailed index provides easy reference to specific mechanisms.
Inventors, tinkerers, and anyone with an interest in the history of invention and technology will find this volume a treasury of information and inspiration.
Because these new developments in logical thought tended to perfect and sharpen the deductive method, an indispensable tool in many fields for deriving conclusions from accepted assumptions, the author decided to widen the scope of the work. In subsequent editions he revised the book to make it also a text on which to base an elementary college course in logic and the methodology of deductive sciences. It is this revised edition that is reprinted here.
Part One deals with elements of logic and the deductive method, including the use of variables, sentential calculus, theory of identity, theory of classes, theory of relations and the deductive method. The Second Part covers applications of logic and methodology in constructing mathematical theories, including laws of order for numbers, laws of addition and subtraction, methodological considerations on the constructed theory, foundations of arithmetic of real numbers, and more. The author has provided numerous exercises to help students assimilate the material, which not only provides a stimulating and thought-provoking introduction to the fundamentals of logical thought, but is the perfect adjunct to courses in logic and the foundation of mathematics.
Beginning with the ancient Near East, the author traces the ideas and techniques developed in Egypt, Babylonia, China, and Arabia, looking into such manuscripts as the Egyptian Papyrus Rhind, the Ten Classics of China, and the Siddhantas of India. He considers Greek and Roman developments from their beginnings in Ionian rationalism to the fall of Constantinople; covers medieval European ideas and Renaissance trends; analyzes 17th- and 18th-century contributions; and offers an illuminating exposition of 19th century concepts. Every important figure in mathematical history is dealt with — Euclid, Archimedes, Diophantus, Omar Khayyam, Boethius, Fermat, Pascal, Newton, Leibniz, Fourier, Gauss, Riemann, Cantor, and many others. For this latest edition, Dr. Struik has both revised and updated the existing text, and also added a new chapter on the mathematics of the first half of the 20th century. Concise coverage is given to set theory, the influence of relativity and quantum theory, tensor calculus, the Lebesgue integral, the calculus of variations, and other important ideas and concepts. The book concludes with the beginnings of the computer era and the seminal work of von Neumann, Turing, Wiener, and others.
"The author's ability as a first-class historian as well as an able mathematician has enabled him to produce a work which is unquestionably one of the best." — Nature Magazine.
From the Trade Paperback edition.
Already, scientists have constructed prototypes for circuit boards built of millions of precisely arranged atoms. The advent of this kind of atomic precision promises to change the way we make things—cleanly, inexpensively, and on a global scale. It allows us to imagine a world where solar arrays cost no more than cardboard and aluminum foil, and laptops cost about the same.
A provocative tour of cutting edge science and its implications by the field's founder and master, Radical Abundance offers a mind-expanding vision of a world hurtling toward an unexpected future.
What causes one system to break down and another to rebound? Are we merely subject to the whim of forces beyond our control? Or, in the face of constant disruption, can we build better shock absorbers—for ourselves, our communities, our economies, and for the planet as a whole?
Reporting firsthand from the coral reefs of Palau to the back streets of Palestine, Andrew Zolli and Ann Marie Healy relate breakthrough scientific discoveries, pioneering social and ecological innovations, and important new approaches to constructing a more resilient world. Zolli and Healy show how this new concept of resilience is a powerful lens through which we can assess major issues afresh: from business planning to social development, from urban planning to national energy security—circumstances that affect us all.
Provocative, optimistic, and eye-opening, Resilience sheds light on why some systems, people, and communities fall apart in the face of disruption and, ultimately, how they can learn to bounce back.
As a lifelong student of martial arts, J. D. Swanson, PhD, had searched through piles of books on form and function. Stand here, they said. Step there. But where movement was concerned, not one of them went deep enough. No one discussed dynamics—the actual feeling of the moves. Martial instruction, both in print and in person, tends to focus on stances and finishing positions. But dynamics, motion, sensation . . . they are karate’s connective tissue—and they are the heart of this book.
Karate Science: Dynamic Movement will help you understand the mechanics of the human body. Swanson describes these principles in incredible detail, drawing on examples from several styles of karate, as well as aikido, taekwondo, and judo. Whatever your martial background, applying this knowledge will make your techniques better, stronger, and faster.
• Understand the major types of techniques, including their outward appearances and internal feelings.
• Master the core principles behind these feelings.
• Learn the biomechanics and dynamics of core movement.
Karate Science: Dynamic Movement is filled with examples, anecdotes, and beautiful illustrations. Although Shotokan karate is the author’s frame of reference, the principles of human mechanics translate to all martial styles.
This book features
• Clear and insightful explanations of dynamic movement.
• Over 100 illustrations.
• Profound but accessible analysis of the kihon, or fundamentals of Shotokan karate.
“Karate Science: Dynamic Movement is rooted in the teachings of the masters,” Swanson says. “This book nucleates that knowledge, clarifying and distilling the key principles behind movement dynamics. This is the next evolution of karate books.”
Accordingly, the book covers not only the 'inorganic' chemistry of the elements, but also analytical, theoretical, industrial, organometallic, bio-inorganic and other cognate areas of chemistry. The authors have broken with recent tradition in the teaching of their subject and adopted a new and highly successful approach based on descriptive chemistry. The chemistry of the elements is still discussed within the context of an underlying theoretical framework, giving cohesion and structure to the text, but at all times the chemical facts are emphasized. Students are invited to enter the exciting world of chemical phenomena with a sound knowledge and understanding of the subject, to approach experimentation with an open mind, and to assess observations reliably. This is a book that students will not only value during their formal education, but will keep and refer to throughout their careers as chemists.Completely revised and updatedUnique approach to the subjectMore comprehensive than competing titles
The first volume, which contains all of Leonardo's writings on aspects of painting, includes discussions of such basic scientific areas as the structure of the eye and vision, perspective, the science of light and shade, the perspective of disappearance, theory of color, perspective of color, proportions and movements of the human figure, botany for painters, and the elements of landscape painting. A section on the practice of painting includes moral precepts for painters and writings on composition, materials, and the philosophy of art. The second volume contains writings on sculpture, architecture (plans for towns, streets, and canals, churches, palaces, castles, and villas, theoretical writings on arches, domes, fissures, etc.), zoology, physiology (including his amazingly accurate theories of blood circulation), medicine, astronomy, geography (including has famous writings and drawings on the movement of water), topography (observations in Italy, France, and other areas), naval warfare, swimming, theory of flying machines, mining, music, and other topics.
A selection of philosophical maxims, morals, polemics, fables, jests, studies in the lives and habits of animals, tales, and prophecies display Leonardo's abilities as a writer and scholar. The second volume also contains some letters, personal records, inventories, and accounts, and concludes with Leonardo's will. The drawings include sketches and studies for some of Leonardo's greatest works of art — The Last Supper, the lost Battle of Anghiari, The Virgin of the Rocks, and the destroyed Sforza monument.
A supplementary section updates the original book with major research from the decade 1974-1984. Abundant illustrations, diagrams and photographs enhance the text, and challenging practice exercises at the end of each chapter test the student's grasp of each subject.The combination of introductory and advanced material makes Introduction to Artificial Intelligence ideal for both the layman and the student of mathematics and computer science. For anyone interested in the nature of thought, it will inspire visions of what computer technology might produce tomorrow.
Convenient, concise, well-organized, and precise
Perfect for teachers, hobbyists, engineers, and students of all ages, this reference puts reliable, fact-checked information right at your fingertips—whether you’re refreshing your memory or exploring a component for the first time. Beginners will quickly grasp important concepts, and more experienced users will find the specific details their projects require.Unique: the first and only encyclopedia set on electronic components, distilled into three separate volumesIncredibly detailed: includes information distilled from hundreds of sourcesEasy to browse: parts are clearly organized by component typeAuthoritative: fact-checked by expert advisors to ensure that the information is both current and accurateReliable: a more consistent source of information than online sources, product datasheets, and manufacturer’s tutorialsInstructive: each component description provides details about substitutions, common problems, and workaroundsComprehensive: Volume 1 covers power, electromagnetism, and discrete semi-conductors; Volume 2 includes integrated circuits, and light and sound sources; Volume 3 covers a range of sensing devices.
The world of nanotechnology is ever changing and evolving; thisfun and friendly guide demystifies the topic for anyone interestedin how molecule-sized machines and processes affect our everydaylives. The authors begin with explaining the background ofnanotechnology and then examine industries that are affected bythis technology. Aiming to educate and simultaneously dispel commonmyths, the book explores the many nanotechnology-enabled consumerproducts available on the market today, ranging from socks to facelotion to jet skis to floor cleaners, to name a few.Serves as a fun and friendly introduction to the fascinatingtopic of nanotechnologyDiscusses the various issues involving nanotechnology in theareas of environment, medicine, defense, and othersProvides real-world examples of everyday nanotechnology usesuch as floor cleaners, flash memory drives, face lotion, computerprocessors, and more
Written in the accessible, humorous For Dummies style,Nanotechnology For Dummies, 2nd Edition provides aneasy-to-understand overview of nanotechnology and its real-worldimplementation.
Eat this and live to 100. Don't, and die. Today, hyperboles dominate the media, which makes parsing science from fiction an arduous task when deciding what to eat, what chemicals to avoid, and what's best for the environment.
In Is That a Fact?, bestselling author Dr. Joe Schwarcz carefully navigates through the storm of misinformation to help us separate fact from folly and shrewdness from foolishness. Are GMOs really harmful? Or could they help developing countries? Which 'miracle weight-loss foods' gained popularity through exuberant data dredging? Is BPA dangerous or just a victim of unforgiving media hype? Is organic better? Dr. Joe questions the reliability and motives of 'experts' in this easy-to-understand yet critical look at what's fact and what's plain nonsense.
Based on a number of breakthroughs in SiC material scienceand fabrication technology in the 1980s and 1990s, the first SiCSchottky barrier diodes (SBDs) were released as commercial productsin 2001. The SiC SBD market has grown significantly sincethat time, and SBDs are now used in a variety of power systems,particularly switch-mode power supplies and motor controls. SiC power MOSFETs entered commercial production in 2011,providing rugged, high-efficiency switches for high-frequency powersystems. In this wide-ranging book, the authors draw on theirconsiderable experience to present both an introduction to SiCmaterials, devices, and applications and an in-depth reference forscientists and engineers working in this fast-movingfield. Fundamentals of Silicon Carbide Technologycovers basic properties of SiC materials, processing technology,theory and analysis of practical devices, and an overview of themost important systems applications. Specifically includedare:A complete discussion of SiC material properties, bulk crystalgrowth, epitaxial growth, device fabrication technology, andcharacterization techniques.Device physics and operating equations for Schottky diodes, pindiodes, JBS/MPS diodes, JFETs, MOSFETs, BJTs, IGBTs, andthyristors.A survey of power electronics applications, includingswitch-mode power supplies, motor drives, power converters forelectric vehicles, and converters for renewable energysources.Coverage of special applications, including microwave devices,high-temperature electronics, and rugged sensors.Fully illustrated throughout, the text is written by recognizedexperts with over 45 years of combined experience in SiC researchand development.
This book is intended for graduate students and researchers incrystal growth, material science, and semiconductor devicetechnology. The book is also useful for design engineers,application engineers, and product managers in areas such as powersupplies, converter and inverter design, electric vehicletechnology, high-temperature electronics, sensors, and smart gridtechnology.
This book brings together up-to-the-minute techniques for finding, fixing, and avoiding signal integrity problems in your design. Drawing on his work teaching more than five thousand engineers, world-class signal and power integrity expert Eric Bogatin systematically reviews the root causes of all six families of signal integrity problems and shows how to design them out early in the design cycle. This edition’s extensive new content includes a brand-new chapter on S-parameters in signal integrity applications, and another on power integrity and power distribution network design—topics at the forefront of contemporary electronics design.
A fully up-to-date introduction to signal integrity and physical design How design and technology selection can make or break the performance of the power distribution network Exploration of key concepts, such as plane impedance, spreading inductance, decoupling capacitors, and capacitor loop inductance Practical techniques for analyzing resistance, capacitance, inductance, and impedance Solving signal integrity problems via rules of thumb, analytic approximation, numerical simulation, and measurement Understanding how interconnect physical design impacts signal integrity Managing differential pairs and losses Harnessing the full power of S-parameters in high-speed serial link applications Ensuring power integrity throughout the entire power distribution path Realistic design guidelines for improving signal integrity, and much more Unlike books that concentrate on theoretical derivation and mathematical rigor, this book emphasizes intuitive understanding, practical tools, and engineering discipline. Designed for electronics industry professionals from beginners to experts it will be an invaluable resource for getting signal integrity designs right the first time, every time.
“Landmarks of forensic science [that] are representative of the evolution of the discipline and its increasingly prominent role in crime solving.”—Library Journal
Modern ballistics and the infamous Sacco and Vanzetti case. DNA analysis and the 20th century’s most wanted criminal—the hunt for Josef Mengele. “The Iceman”—a contract killer and one-man murder machine. Scientific analysis and history’s greatest publishing fraud—the Hitler Diaries. How the “perfect crime” can land you in prison.
In a world so lawless that crimes must be prioritized, some cases still stand out—not only for their depravity but as landmarks of criminal detection. Updated with new material, this collection of 100 groundbreaking cases vividly depicts the horrendous crimes, colorful detectives, and grueling investigations that shaped the science of forensics. In concise, fascinating detail, Colin Evans shows how far we’ve come from Sherlock Holmes’s magnifying glass. Although no crime in this book is ordinary, many of the perpetrators are notorious: Ted Bundy, John Wayne Gacy, John List, Bruno Hauptmann, Jeffrey Macdonald, Wayne Williams. Along with the cases solved, fifteen forensic techniques are covered—including fingerprinting, ballistics, toxicology, DNA analysis, and psychological profiling. Many of these are crime fighting “firsts” that have increased the odds that today’s techno sleuths will get the bad guys, clear the innocent—and bring justice to the victims and their families.
"This book is . . . an excellent source of examples forregression analysis. It has been and still is readily readable andunderstandable."
—Journal of the American StatisticalAssociation Regression analysis is a conceptually simplemethod for investigating relationships among variables. Carryingout a successful application of regression analysis, however,requires a balance of theoretical results, empirical rules, andsubjective judgment. Regression Analysis by Example, FifthEdition has been expanded and thoroughly updated to reflectrecent advances in the field. The emphasis continues to be onexploratory data analysis rather than statistical theory. The bookoffers in-depth treatment of regression diagnostics,transformation, multicollinearity, logistic regression, and robustregression.
The book now includes a new chapter on the detection andcorrection of multicollinearity, while also showcasing the use ofthe discussed methods on newly added data sets from the fields ofengineering, medicine, and business. The Fifth Edition alsoexplores additional topics, including:Surrogate ridge regressionFitting nonlinear modelsErrors in variablesANOVA for designed experiments
Methods of regression analysis are clearly demonstrated, andexamples containing the types of irregularities commonlyencountered in the real world are provided. Each example isolatesone or two techniques and features detailed discussions, therequired assumptions, and the evaluated success of each technique.Additionally, methods described throughout the book can be carriedout with most of the currently available statistical softwarepackages, such as the software package R.
Regression Analysis by Example, Fifth Edition is suitablefor anyone with an understanding of elementary statistics.
In this lively and stimulating account, noted mathematician and educator W. W. Sawyer (Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto) defines mathematics as "the classification and study of all possible patterns." It is a broad definition, but one that seems appropriate to the great scope and depth of the topic. Indeed, mathematics seems to have few boundaries, either in applications to practical matters or in its mind-stretching excursions into realms of pure abstraction.
Gearing his approach to the layman whose grasp of things mathematical may be a bit precarious, Professor Sawyer offers a lucid, accessible introduction to the mathematician's cast of mind. Five well-written preliminary chapters explore the beauty, power and mysticism of mathematics; the role of math as an adjunct in utilitarian matters; and the concepts of pattern, generalization and unification as both tools and goals of mathematical thought.
After developing this conceptual groundwork, the author goes on to treat of more advanced topics: non-Euclidean geometry, matrices, projective geometry, determinants, transformations and group theory. The emphasis here is not on mathematics with great practical utility, but on those branches which are exciting in themselves — mathematics which offers the strange, the novel, the apparently impossible — for example, an arithmetic in which no number is larger than four.
Mathematicians will appreciate the author's grasp of a wide range of important mathematical topics, and his ability to illuminate the complex issues involved; laymen, especially those with a minimal math background, will appreciate the accessibility of much of the book, which affords not only a portrait of mathematics as a matchless tool for probing the nature of the universe, but a revealing glimpse of that mysterious entity called "the mathematical mind." Professor Sawyer has further enhanced this new Dover edition with updated material on group theory, appearing here in English for the first time.
Chance and randomness are encountered on a daily basis. Authoredby a highly qualified professor in the field, Probability: WithApplications and R delves into the theories and applicationsessential to obtaining a thorough understanding of probability.
With real-life examples and thoughtful exercises from fields asdiverse as biology, computer science, cryptology, ecology, publichealth, and sports, the book is accessible for a variety ofreaders. The book’s emphasis on simulation through the use ofthe popular R software language clarifies and illustrates keycomputational and theoretical results.
Probability: With Applications and R helps readersdevelop problem-solving skills and delivers an appropriate mix oftheory and application. The book includes:Chapters covering first principles, conditional probability,independent trials, random variables, discrete distributions,continuous probability, continuous distributions, conditionaldistribution, and limitsAn early introduction to random variables and Monte Carlosimulation and an emphasis on conditional probability,conditioning, and developing probabilistic intuitionAn R tutorial with example script filesMany classic and historical problems of probability as well asnontraditional material, such as Benford’s law, power-lawdistributions, and Bayesian statisticsA topics section with suitable material for projects andexplorations, such as random walk on graphs, Markov chains, andMarkov chain Monte CarloChapter-by-chapter summaries and hundreds of practicalexercises
Probability: With Applications and R is an ideal text fora beginning course in probability at the undergraduate level.
Written in a highly accessible style, Introduction to Statisticsthrough Resampling Methods and R, Second Edition guides students inthe understanding of descriptive statistics, estimation, hypothesistesting, and model building. The book emphasizes the discoverymethod, enabling readers to ascertain solutions on their own ratherthan simply copy answers or apply a formula by rote. TheSecond Edition utilizes the R programming language to simplifytedious computations, illustrate new concepts, and assist readersin completing exercises. The text facilitates quick learningthrough the use of:
More than 250 exercises—with selected "hints"—scatteredthroughout to stimulate readers' thinking and to actively engagethem in applying their newfound skills
An increased focus on why a method is introduced
Multiple explanations of basic concepts
Real-life applications in a variety of disciplines
Dozens of thought-provoking, problem-solving questions in the finalchapter to assist readers in applying statistics to real-lifeapplications
Introduction to Statistics through Resampling Methods and R, SecondEdition is an excellent resource for students and practitioners inthe fields of agriculture, astrophysics, bacteriology, biology,botany, business, climatology, clinical trials, economics,education, epidemiology, genetics, geology, growth processes,hospital administration, law, manufacturing, marketing, medicine,mycology, physics, political science, psychology, social welfare,sports, and toxicology who want to master and learn to applystatistical methods.
Starting with a survey of general principles, it explains circuits with straight filaments; parallel elements of equal length; mutual inductance of unequal parallel filaments and filaments inclined at an angle to each other; and inductance of single-layer coils on rectangular winding forms. Additional topics include the mutual inductance of coaxial circular filaments and of coaxial circular coils; self-inductance of circular coils of rectangular cross section; mutual inductance of solenoid and a coaxial circular filament and coaxial single-layer coils; single-layer coils on cylindrical winding forms; and special types of single-layer coil. An esteemed reference, this volume belongs in the library of every electrical engineer.
Packed with facts and fun, each chapter focuses on a feature in each of the areas and slowly unpicks the science behind it.
* Is it better to build skyscrapers like wobbly jellies or stacks of biscuits?
*Can you burn your house down with an electric drill?
*How many atoms would you have to split to power a lightbulb?
*How can a raincoat be waterproof and breathable at the same time?
Atoms under the Floorboards answers all these questions, and hundreds more. You'll never look at your home the same way again ...
Do long division as the ancient Egyptians did! Solve quadratic equations like the Babylonians! Study geometry just as students did in Euclid's day! This unique text offers students of mathematics an exciting and enjoyable approach to geometry and number systems. Written in a fresh and thoroughly diverting style, the text — while designed chiefly for classroom use — will appeal to anyone curious about mathematical inscriptions on Egyptian papyri, Babylonian cuneiform tablets, and other ancient records.
The authors have produced an illuminated volume that traces the history of mathematics — beginning with the Egyptians and ending with abstract foundations laid at the end of the nineteenth century. By focusing on the actual operations and processes outlined in the text, students become involved in the same problems and situations that once confronted the ancient pioneers of mathematics. The text encourages readers to carry out fundamental algebraic and geometric operations used by the Egyptians and Babylonians, to examine the roots of Greek mathematics and philosophy, and to tackle still-famous problems such as squaring the circle and various trisectorizations.
Unique in its detailed discussion of these topics, this book is sure to be welcomed by a broad range of interested readers. The subject matter is suitable for prospective elementary and secondary school teachers, as enrichment material for high school students, and for enlightening the general reader. No specialized or advanced background beyond high school mathematics is required.
Focusing on the nascent science of team science,The Strength in Numbers synthesizes the results of the most far-reaching study to date on collaboration among university scientists to provide answers to such questions. Drawing on a national survey with responses from researchers at more than one hundred universities, anonymous web posts, archival data, and extensive interviews with active scientists and engineers in over a dozen STEM disciplines, Barry Bozeman and Jan Youtie set out a framework to characterize different types of collaboration and their likely outcomes. They also develop a model to define research effectiveness, which assesses factors internal and external to collaborations. They advance what they have found to be the gold standard of science collaborations: consultative collaboration management. This strategy—which codifies methods of consulting all team members on a study’s key points and incorporates their preferences and values—empowers managers of STEM collaborations to optimize the likelihood of their effectiveness.
The Strength in Numbers is a milestone in the science of team science and an indispensable guide for scientists interested in maximizing collaborative success.
This new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated and hasbeen redesigned to give the book a more contemporary look. As withprevious editions it contains numerous examples, references and aseries of exercises of increasing difficulty to encourage studentunderstanding. Updates include: Increased coverage of MALDI andESI, more detailed description of time of flight spectrometers, newmaterial on isotope ratio mass spectrometry, and an expanded rangeof applications.
Mass Spectrometry, Third Edition is an invaluableresource for all undergraduate and postgraduate students using thistechnique in departments of chemistry, biochemistry, medicine,pharmacology, agriculture, material science and food science. It isalso of interest for researchers looking for an overview of thelatest techniques and developments.
This book incorporates recent technological advances in analytical pyrolysis methods especially useful for the characterization of 163 typical synthetic polymers. The book briefly reviews the instrumentation available in advanced analytical pyrolysis, and offers guidance to perform effectually this technique combining with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Main contents are comprehensive sample pyrograms, thermograms, identification tables, and representative mass spectra (MS) of pyrolyzates for synthetic polymers. This edition also highlights thermally-assisted hydrolysis and methylation technique effectively applied to 33 basic condensation polymers.Coverage of Py-GC/MS data of conventional pyrograms and thermograms of basic 163 kinds of synthetic polymers together with MS and retention index data for pyrolyzates, enabling a quick identificationAdditional coverage of the pyrograms and their related data for 33 basic condensation polymers obtained by the thermally-assisted hydrolysis and methylation techniqueAll compiled data measured under the same experimental conditions for pyrolysis, gas chromatography and mass spectrometry to facilitate peak identificationSurveyable instant information on two facing pages dedicated to the whole data of a given polymer sample
This classic book has set the standard for advanced study andreference in the semiconductor device field. Now completely updatedand reorganized to reflect the tremendous advances in deviceconcepts and performance, this Third Edition remains the mostdetailed and exhaustive single source of information on the mostimportant semiconductor devices. It gives readers immediate accessto detailed descriptions of the underlying physics and performancecharacteristics of all major bipolar, field-effect, microwave,photonic, and sensor devices.
Designed for graduate textbook adoptions and reference needs,this new edition includes:A complete update of the latest developmentsNew devices such as three-dimensional MOSFETs, MODFETs,resonant-tunneling diodes, semiconductor sensors, quantum-cascadelasers, single-electron transistors, real-space transfer devices,and moreMaterials completely reorganizedProblem sets at the end of each chapterAll figures reproduced at the highest quality
Physics of Semiconductor Devices, Third Edition offersengineers, research scientists, faculty, and students a practicalbasis for understanding the most important devices in use today andfor evaluating future device performance and limitations.
A Solutions Manual is available from the editorialdepartment.
See What’s New in the Second Edition:
Coverage of modeling and analysis of dynamic systems ranging from mechanical to thermal using Simscape Utilization of Simulink for linearization as well as simulation of nonlinear dynamic systems Integration of Simscape into Simulink for control system analysis and design
Each topic covered includes at least one example, giving students better comprehension of the subject matter. More complex topics are accompanied by multiple, painstakingly worked-out examples. Each section of each chapter is followed by several exercises so that students can immediately apply the ideas just learned. End-of-chapter review exercises help in learning how a combination of different ideas can be used to analyze a problem.
This second edition of a bestselling textbook fully integrates the MATLAB Simscape Toolbox and covers the usage of Simulink for new purposes. It gives students better insight into the involvement of actual physical components rather than their mathematical representations.
The Acclaimed RF Microelectronics Best-Seller, Expanded and Updated for the Newest Architectures, Circuits, and Devices
Wireless communication has become almost as ubiquitous as electricity, but RF design continues to challenge engineers and researchers. In the 15 years since the first edition of this classic text, the demand for higher performance has led to an explosive growth of RF design techniques. In RF Microelectronics, Second Edition, Behzad Razavi systematically teaches the fundamentals as well as the state-of-the-art developments in the analysis and design of RF circuits and transceivers.
Razavi has written the second edition to reflect today’s RF microelectronics, covering key topics in far greater detail. At nearly three times the length of the first edition, the second edition is an indispensable tome for both students and practicing engineers. With his lucid prose, Razavi nowOffers a stronger tutorial focus along with hundreds of examples and problems Teaches design as well as analysis with the aid of step-by-step design procedures and a chapter dedicated to the design of a dual-band WiFi transceiver Describes new design paradigms and analysis techniques for circuits such as low-noise amplifiers, mixers, oscillators, and frequency dividers
This edition’s extensive coverage includes brand new chapters on mixers, passive devices, integer-N synthesizers, and fractional-N synthesizers. Razavi’s teachings culminate in a new chapter that begins with WiFi’s radio specifications and, step by step, designs the transceiver at the transistor level.
Coverage includesCore RF principles, including noise and nonlinearity, with ties to analog design, microwave theory, and communication systems An intuitive treatment of modulation theory and wireless standards from the standpoint of the RF IC designer Transceiver architectures such as heterodyne, sliding-IF, directconversion, image-reject, and low-IF topologies. Low-noise amplifiers, including cascode common-gate and commonsource topologies, noise-cancelling schemes, and reactance-cancelling configurations Passive and active mixers, including their gain and noise analysis and new mixer topologies Voltage-controlled oscillators, phase noise mechanisms, and various VCO topologies dealing with noisepower-tuning trade-offs All-new coverage of passive devices, such as integrated inductors, MOS varactors, and transformers A chapter on the analysis and design of phase-locked loops with emphasis on low phase noise and low spur levels Two chapters on integer-N and fractional-N synthesizers, including the design of frequency dividers Power amplifier principles and circuit topologies along with transmitter architectures, such as polar modulation and outphasing
This book is the best nontechnical introduction to probability ever written. Its author, the late Dr. Warren Weaver, was a professor of mathematics, active in the Rockefeller and Sloan foundations , an authority on communications and probability, and distinguished for his work at bridging the gap between science and the average citizen. In accessible language and drawing upon the widely diverse writings of thinkers like Kurt Godel, Susanne K.Langer, and Nicholas Bernoulli, Dr. Weaver explains such concepts as permutations, independent events, mathematical expectation, the law of averages, Chebychev's theorem, the law of large numbers, and probability distributions. He uses a probabilistic viewpoint to illuminate such matters as rare events and coincidences, and also devotes space to the relations of probability and statistics, gambling, and modern scientific research. Dr. Weaver writes with wit, charm and exceptional clarity. His mathematics is elementary, grasp of the subject profound, and examples fascinating. They are complemented by 49 delightful drawings by Peg Hosford. 13 tables. 49 drawings. Foreword. Index.
Takes a principles-based, group and molecular orbital theory approach to inorganic chemistryThe first inorganic chemistry textbook to provide a thorough treatment of group theory, a topic usually relegated to only one or two chapters of texts, giving it only a cursory overviewCovers atomic and molecular term symbols, symmetry coordinates in vibrational spectroscopy using the projection operator method, polyatomic MO theory, band theory, and Tanabe-Sugano diagramsIncludes a heavy dose of group theory in the primary inorganic textbook, most of the pedagogical benefits of integration and reinforcement of this material in the treatment of other topics, such as frontier MO acid--base theory, band theory of solids, inorganic photochemistry, the Jahn-Teller effect, and Wade's rules are fully realizedVery physical in nature compare to other textbooks in the field, taking the time to go through mathematical derivations and to compare and contrast different theories of bonding in order to allow for a more rigorous treatment of their application to molecular structure, bonding, and spectroscopyInformal and engaging writing style; worked examples throughout the text; unanswered problems in every chapter; contains a generous use of informative, colorful illustrations
Reviews of the First Edition
“For anyone wishing to know what really goes on in theirNMR experiments, I would highly recommend this book” –Chemistry World
“…I warmly recommend for budding NMRspectroscopists, or others who wish to deepen their understandingof elementary NMR theory or theoretical tools” –Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry
This book guides the reader through the mathematics, physics and practical techniques needed to use telescopes (from small amateur models to the larger instruments installed in many colleges) and to observe objects in the sky. Mathematics to around Advanced Placement standard (US) or A level (UK) is assumed, although High School Diploma (US) or GCSE-level (UK) mathematics plus some basic trigonometry will suffice most of the time. Most of the physics and engineering involved is described fully and requires no prior knowledge or experience.
This is a ‘how to’ book that provides the knowledge and background required to understand how and why telescopes work. Equipped with the techniques discussed in this book, the observer will be able to operate with confidence his or her telescope and to optimize its performance for a particular purpose. In principle the observer could calculate his or her own predictions of planetary positions (ephemerides), but more realistically the observer will be able to understand the published data lists properly instead of just treating them as ‘recipes.’ When the observer has obtained measurements, he/she will be able to analyze them in a scientific manner and to understand the significance and meaning of the results.
“Telescopes and Techniques, 3rd Edition” fills a niche at the start of an undergraduate astronomer’s university studies, as shown by it having been widely adopted as a set textbook. This third edition is now needed to update its material with the many new observing developments and study areas that have come into prominence since it was published. The book concentrates on the knowledge needed to understand how small(ish) optical telescopes function, their main designs and how to set them up, plus introducing the reader to the many ways in which objects in the sky change their positions and how they may be observed. Both visual and electronic imaging techniques are covered, together with an introduction to how data (measurements) should be processed and analyzed. A simple introduction to radio telescopes is also included. Brief coverage of the most advanced topics of photometry and spectroscopy are included, but mainly to enable the reader to see some of the developments possible from the basic observing techniques covered in the main parts of the book.
Clear methodologies that grant protection from latchup, withinsight into the physics, technology and circuit issues involved,are in increasing demand.
This book describes CMOS and BiCMOS semiconductor technology andtheir sensitivity to present day latchup phenomena, from basicover-voltage and over-current conditions, single event latchup(SEL) and cable discharge events (CDE), to latchup dominophenomena. It contains chapters focusing on bipolar physics,latchup theory, latchup and guard ring characterization structures,characterization testing, product level test systems, product leveltesting and experimental results. Discussions on state-of-the-artsemiconductor processes, design layout, and circuit level andsystem level latchup solutions are also included, as well as:latchup semiconductor process solutions for both CMOS toBiCMOS, such as shallow trench, deep trench, retrograde wells,connecting implants, sub-collectors, heavily-doped buriedlayers, and buried grids – from single- to triple-wellCMOS; practical latchup design methods, automated and bench-levellatchup testing methods and techniques, latchup theory of logarithmresistance space, generalized alpha (a) space, beta (b)space, new latchup design methods– connecting the theoreticalto the practical analysis, and;examples of latchup computer aided design (CAD)methodologies, from design rule checking (DRC) andlogical-to-physical design, to new latchup CAD methodologiesthat address latchup for internal and external latchup on a localas well as global design level.
Latchup acts as a companion text to the author’sseries of books on ESD (electrostatic discharge) protection,serving as an invaluable reference for the professionalsemiconductor chip and system-level ESD engineer. Semiconductordevice, process and circuit designers, and quality, reliability andfailure analysis engineers will find it informative on the issuesthat confront modern CMOS technology. Practitioners in theautomotive and aerospace industries will also find it useful. Inaddition, its academic treatment will appeal to both senior andgraduate students with interests in semiconductor process, devicephysics, computer aided design and design integration.
Flow-induced vibrations are presented in terms of their basic elements: body oscillators, fluid oscillators, and sources of excitation. By stressing these basic elements, the authors provide a basis for the transfer of knowledge from one system to another, as well as from one engineering field to another. In this manner, well-known theories on cylinders in cross-flow or well-executed solutions from the field of wind engineering--to name just two examples--may be useful in other systems or fields on which information is scarce. The unified approach is broad enough to permit treatment of the major excitation mechanism, yet simple enough to be of practical use.