In the first part, we focus on fundamental limits of the system performance under practical constraints such as low complexity processing, limited length of each coherence interval, intercell interference, and finite-dimensional channels. We first study the potential for power savings of the Massive MIMO uplink with maximum-ratio combining (MRC), zero-forcing, and minimum mean-square error receivers, under perfect and imperfect channels. The energy and spectral efficiency tradeoff is investigated. Secondly, we consider a physical channel model where the angular domain is divided into a finite number of distinct directions. A lower bound on the capacity is derived, and the effect of pilot contamination in this finite-dimensional channel model is analyzed. Finally, some aspects of favorable propagation in Massive MIMO under Rayleigh fading and line-of-sight (LoS) channels are investigated. We show that both Rayleigh fading and LoS environments offer favorable propagation.
In the second part, based on the fundamental analysis in the first part, we propose some system designs for Massive MIMO. The acquisition of channel state information (CSI) is very importantin Massive MIMO. Typically, the channels are estimated at the BS through uplink training. Owing to the limited length of the coherence interval, the system performance is limited by pilot contamination. To reduce the pilot contamination effect, we propose an eigenvalue-decomposition-based scheme to estimate the channel directly from the received data. The proposed scheme results in better performance compared with the conventional training schemes due to the reduced pilot contamination. Another important issue of CSI acquisition in Massive MIMO is how to acquire CSI at the users. To address this issue, we propose two channel estimation schemes at the users: i) a downlink "beamforming training" scheme, and ii) a method for blind estimation of the effective downlink channel gains. In both schemes, the channel estimation overhead is independent of the number of BS antennas. We also derive the optimal pilot and data powers as well as the training duration allocation to maximize the sum spectral efficiency of the Massive MIMO uplink with MRC receivers, for a given total energy budget spent in a coherence interval. Finally, applications of Massive MIMO in relay channels are proposed and analyzed. Specifically, we consider multipair relaying systems where many sources simultaneously communicate with many destinations in the same time-frequency resource with the help of a massive MIMO relay. A massive MIMO relay is equipped with many collocated or distributed antennas. We consider different duplexing modes (full-duplex and half-duplex) and different relaying protocols (amplify-and-forward, decode-and-forward, two-way relaying, and one-way relaying) at the relay. The potential benefits of massive MIMO technology in these relaying systems are explored in terms of spectral efficiency and power efficiency.
Analysis on the Ideographic Characteristics of Some English Morphemes provides the answers to these questions through an investigation of around 900 morphemes. The book’s point of departure for this investigation is that, because English words are composed of letters, their definitions may be linked to the concepts implied by these letters. In order to provide that English words do indeed have ideographic characteristics, the book analyses the ancient concept of the four elements (air, earth, water, and fire), and these elements’ relationship with the component letter sequence of a morpheme.
Given its ground-breaking research and findings, this volume is essential reading for both researchers and students in linguistics and other related fields, as well as for the general reader with an interest in word-formation and symbolism.
This book presents a definitive overview of fossil and living Metasequoia and was written by sixteen of the world’s experts on this important genus. Given the reality of increasing human pressure and the inevitability of global change, efforts to conserve this ancient genus are underway. This book will be of interest to botanists, geologists, paleobotanists, biogeographers, foresters, ecologists, paleoecologists, ecophysiologists, geochemists, climate modelers, geneticists, naturalists, science historians, and gardeners and will be useful as a supplemental text for advanced undergraduate and graduate level courses in paleoecology.
The Definitive, Comprehensive Guide to Cutting-Edge Millimeter Wave Wireless Design
“This is a great book on mmWave systems that covers many aspects of the technology targeted for beginners all the way to the advanced users. The authors are some of the most credible scholars I know of who are well respected by the industry. I highly recommend studying this book in detail.”
—Ali Sadri, Ph.D., Sr. Director, Intel Corporation, MCG mmWave Standards and Advanced Technologies
Millimeter wave (mmWave) is today’s breakthrough frontier for emerging wireless mobile cellular networks, wireless local area networks, personal area networks, and vehicular communications. In the near future, mmWave applications, devices, and networks will change our world.
In Millimeter Wave Wireless Communications, four of the field’s pioneers, including Theodore S. Rappaport, Robert W. Heath, Robert C. Daniels, and James N. Murdock, draw on their vast experience to empower engineers at all levels to succeed with mmWave. They deliver fundamental, end-to-end coverage of all aspects of future mmWave wireless communications systems.
The authors explain new multi-Gigabit per second products and applications, mmWave signal propagation, analog and digital circuit design, mmWave antenna designs, and current and emerging wireless standards. They cover comprehensive mmWave wireless design issues for 60 GHz and other mmWave bands, from channel to antenna to receiver, introducing emerging design techniques that will be invaluable for research engineers in both industry and academia.
Topics includeDigital communication: baseband signal/channel models, modulation, equalization, error control coding, multiple input multiple output (MIMO) principles, and hardware architectures Radio wave propagation characteristics: indoor and outdoor channel models and beam combining Antennas/antenna arrays, including on-chip and in-package antennas, fabrication, and packaging Analog circuit design: mmWave transistors, fabrication, and transceiver design approaches Baseband circuit design: multi–gigabit-per-second, high-fidelity DAC and ADC converters Physical layer: algorithmic choices, design considerations, and impairment solutions; and how to overcome clipping, quantization, and nonlinearity Higher-layer design: beam adaptation protocols, relaying, multimedia transmission, and multiband considerations 60 GHz standardization: IEEE 802.15.3c for WPAN, Wireless HD, ECMA-387, IEEE 802.11ad, Wireless Gigabit Alliance (WiGig)
Understanding Digital Signal Processing, Third Edition, is quite simply the best resource for engineers and other technical professionals who want to master and apply today’s latest DSP techniques. Richard G. Lyons has updated and expanded his best-selling second edition to reflect the newest technologies, building on the exceptionally readable coverage that made it the favorite of DSP professionals worldwide. He has also added hands-on problems to every chapter, giving students even more of the practical experience they need to succeed.
Comprehensive in scope and clear in approach, this book achieves the perfect balance between theory and practice, keeps math at a tolerable level, and makes DSP exceptionally accessible to beginners without ever oversimplifying it. Readers can thoroughly grasp the basics and quickly move on to more sophisticated techniques.
This edition adds extensive new coverage of FIR and IIR filter analysis techniques, digital differentiators, integrators, and matched filters. Lyons has significantly updated and expanded his discussions of multirate processing techniques, which are crucial to modern wireless and satellite communications. He also presents nearly twice as many DSP Tricks as in the second edition—including techniques even seasoned DSP professionals may have overlooked.
Coverage includesNew homework problems that deepen your understanding and help you apply what you’ve learned Practical, day-to-day DSP implementations and problem-solving throughout Useful new guidance on generalized digital networks, including discrete differentiators, integrators, and matched filters Clear descriptions of statistical measures of signals, variance reduction by averaging, and real-world signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) computation A significantly expanded chapter on sample rate conversion (multirate systems) and associated filtering techniques New guidance on implementing fast convolution, IIR filter scaling, and more Enhanced coverage of analyzing digital filter behavior and performance for diverse communications and biomedical applications Discrete sequences/systems, periodic sampling, DFT, FFT, finite/infinite impulse response filters, quadrature (I/Q) processing, discrete Hilbert transforms, binary number formats, and much more
Projects and tutorials include:Controlling devices over BluetoothUsing Python and Arduino programming environments on EdisonTracking objects with a webcam and OpenCVResponding to voice commands and talking backUsing and configuring Linux on Edison
Main drivers for the introduction of Long Term Evolution of UTRAN (LTE) is to provide far better end user experience for mobile broadband services. However, service providers also need to have a clear strategy of how to offer voice and messaging services for consumers and enterprises. The voice service over LTE is becoming increasingly important when the smartphone penetration is increasing rapidly. Smartphones require both good quality voice and high speed broadband data.
This book provides the exhaustive view to industry-approved technologies and standards behind the Voice over LTE (VoLTE). Whether a decision maker or technology analyst, this book explains a topic of substantial global market interest. It provides a good introduction to the technology and is useful for operators who may be deploying VoLTE, product managers responsible for VoLTE products and those who work in implementation and standardization of related technologies.Provides a comprehensive overview of industry-approved technologies and standards, providing vital information for decision makers and those working on the technology Written by authors working at the cutting edge of mobile communications technology today, bringing a mix of standards and product background, guaranteeing in-depth practical and standards information Covering the technical and practical elements of VoLTE, explaining the various approaches for providing voice services over LTE
The book is aimed at mobile telecommunication professionals, who want to understand what LTE is and how it works. It is invaluable for engineers who are working on LTE, notably those who are transferring from other technologies such as UMTS and cdma2000, those who are experts in one part of LTE but who want to understand the system as a whole, and those who are new to mobile telecommunications altogether. It is also relevant to those working in non technical roles, such as project managers, marketing executives and intellectual property consultants. On completing the book, the reader will have a clear understanding of LTE, and will be able to tackle the more specialised books and the 3GPP specifications with confidence.
Key features -Covers the latest developments in release 10 of the 3GPP specifications, including the new capabilities of LTE-Advanced Includes references to individual sections of the 3GPP specifications, to help readers understand the principles of each topic before going to the specifications for more detailed information Requires no previous knowledge of mobile telecommunications, or of the mathematical techniques that LTE uses for radio transmission and reception
Iridium the satellite system was a mind-boggling technical accomplishment, surely the future of communication. The only problem was that Iridium the company was a commercial disaster. Only months after launching service, it was $11 billion in debt, burning through $100 million a month and crippled by baroque rate plans and agreements that forced calls through Moscow, Beijing, Fucino, Italy, and elsewhere. Bankruptcy was inevitable—the largest to that point in American history. And when no real buyers seemed to materialize, it looked like Iridium would go down as just a “science experiment.”
That is, until Dan Colussy got a wild idea. Colussy, a former head of Pan-Am now retired and working on his golf game in Palm Beach, heard about Motorola’s plans to “de-orbit” the system and decided he would buy Iridium and somehow turn around one of the biggest blunders in the history of business.
In Eccentric Orbits, John Bloom masterfully traces the conception, development, and launching of Iridium and Colussy’s tireless efforts to stop it from being destroyed, from meetings with his motley investor group, to the Clinton White House, to the Pentagon, to the hunt for customers in special ops, shipping, aviation, mining, search and rescue—anyone who would need a durable phone at the end of the Earth. Impeccably researched and wonderfully told, Eccentric Orbits is a rollicking, unforgettable tale of technological achievement, business failure, the military-industrial complex, and one of the greatest deals of all time.
LTE for UMTS is one of the first books to provide a comprehensive guide to the standards and technologies of LTE. Key features of the book include:Covers all the key aspects of LTE in a systematic manner Presents full description of 3GPP Release 8 LTE Examines the expected performance of LTE Written by experts actively involved in the 3GPP standards and product development.
Your every step online is being tracked and stored, and your identity literally stolen. Big companies and big governments want to know and exploit what you do, and privacy is a luxury few can afford or understand.
In this explosive yet practical book, Kevin Mitnick uses true-life stories to show exactly what is happening without your knowledge, teaching you "the art of invisibility"--online and real-world tactics to protect you and your family, using easy step-by-step instructions. Reading this book, you will learn everything from password protection and smart Wi-Fi usage to advanced techniques designed to maximize your anonymity.
Kevin Mitnick knows exactly how vulnerabilities can be exploited and just what to do to prevent that from happening. The world's most famous--and formerly the US government's most wanted--computer hacker, he has hacked into some of the country's most powerful and seemingly impenetrable agencies and companies, and at one point was on a three-year run from the FBI. Now Mitnick is reformed and widely regarded as the expert on the subject of computer security.
Invisibility isn't just for superheroes--privacy is a power you deserve and need in the age of Big Brother and Big Data.
How do you balance battery life with performance and cost?
This book shows you how!
Now that "mobile" has become the standard, the consumer not only expects mobility but demands power longevity in wireless devices. As more and more features, computing power, and memory are packed into mobile devices such as iPods, cell phones, and cameras, there is a large and growing gap between what devices can do and the amount of energy engineers can deliver. In fact, the main limiting factor in many portable designs is not hardware or software, but instead how much power can be delivered to the device. This book describes various design approaches to reduce the amount of power a circuit consumes and techniques to effectively manage the available power.
Power Management Advice On:
•Low Power Packaging Techniques
•Power and Clock Gating
•Energy Efficient Compilers
•Various Display Technologies
•Linear vs. Switched Regulators
•Software Techniques and Intelligent Algorithms
* Addresses power versus performance that each newly developed mobile device faces
* Robust case studies drawn from the author's 30 plus years of extensive real world experience are included
* Both hardware and software are discussed concerning their roles in power
The book demonstrates a variety of ways that these vulnerabilities can be—and have been—exploited, and how the unfortunate consequences of such exploitations can be mitigated through the responsible use of technology.Explains how the wireless access points in common, everyday devices can expose us to hacks and threatsTeaches how wireless access points can be hacked, also providing the techniques necessary to protect and defend dataPresents concrete examples and real-world guidance on how to protect against wireless access point attacks
Written by experts in the field of mobile communications, this book systematically describes the most recent LTE signaling procedures, explaining how to identify and troubleshoot abnormal network behavior and common failure causes, as well as describing the normal signaling procedures. This is a unique feature of the book, allowing readers to understand the root cause analysis of problems related to signaling procedures.
This book will be especially useful for network operators and equipment manufacturers; engineers; technicians; network planners; developers; researchers; designers; testing personnel and project managers; consulting and training companies; standardization bodies.
The book has been written with intent to grasp the basic understanding of theoretical as well as practical aspects of electromagnetic wave propagation and antenna engineering. The text has been aptly scripted considering the requirements of average students who can easily grasp and comprehend the basics of wave propagation and radiation mechanism of varieties of antennas coupled with their critical functionalities, utilities, advantages/disadvantages without any external assistance of teachers or other reference books. The book broaches very well on practical methods of parametric measurements of antenna with right measuring test equipment and associated tools. The last chapter of the book is dedicated to advance technology adopted in design and development of modern antenna.
• A fairly large number of well labelled diagrams to provide practical understanding of the concepts.
• The placement of numericals at appropriate places develops confidence among readers and enthuses them further to read in depth to crack any regular or competitive examinations.
• Chapter summary highlights important points for quick recap and revision before examination.
• Well-crafted multiple choice questions with answers at the end of each chapter to stimulate thought process and prepare better for viva-voce and competitive examinations.
• Appropriate number of unsolved numerical problems with answers to improve problem solving skill of students.
This book will contain pragmatic information on how to engineer IMS networks as well as an applications-oriented approach for the engineering and networking professionals responsible for making IMS function in the real world.
* Describes the convergence of wireless IMS (IP Multimedia Subsystem) with other networks, including wireline and cable
* Discusses building interfaces for end users and IMS applications servers
* Explores network management issues with IMS
In Practical RF Handbook, Ian Hickman draws upon his own radio engineering background to develop a hands-on guide to the difficulties and pitfalls of RF design with a minimum of maths. A broad coverage includes devices, circuits, equipment, systems, radio propagation and external noise to fully acquaint the reader with the necessary circuit technologies and techniques.
The fourth edition brings the book fully up-to-date with new advances in RF, including coverage of OFDM, UWB, WiFi and WiMax.
* Practical coverage of the cutting-edge technology behind the fast-moving world of communications electronics
* Real-world design guide for engineers, technicians and students, covering key principles with a minimum of maths
* Updated throughout, including coverage of recent hot topics such as UWB, WiFi and WiMax
Together with the powerful suite of CD software, the reader will have a complete solution for constructing or using an antenna - bar the actual hardware! The software provides a simple Windows-based aid to carrying out the design calculations at the heart of successful antenna design. All the user needs to do is select the antenna type and set the frequency - a much more fun and less error prone method than using a conventional calculator to solve formulae.
The new edition has been revised to include further cases of propagation, additional antennas and also two new chapters - Small Loop Antennas (a topic of considerable interest, which has been the subject of much recent debate in the amateur radio press); and Yagi Beam Antennas (widely used at HF and VHF). The CD software has also been updated.
Joe Carr's expertise in the area of antenna design is legendary. Antenna designers, whether hobbyist or technician, can be assured they need look no further than Antenna Toolkit for the complete guide to understanding the practicalities of using and designing antennas today.
A complete solution for antenna design in one package.
Includes free CD-ROM with state of the art software for all design calculations.
The definitive guide to antenna design for radio amateurs and short-wave listeners.
There are very few other books available even though EMI is constantly discussed and cursed. Most of the books on the market are about how to prevent EMI in circuit design or approaches to understanding the theory behind EMI. Though this information is important, especially to an engineering audience, these books hold no value at all to the technicians and hands-on practitioners in the fields of communications and servicing.These savvy professionals know that the book they are looking for and need is just not on the market. To get the information they need, this group is forced to read every magazine article they can find on the subject and rely on the advice of other professionals whether through technician groups or newsgroups. This book fills a void in the telecommunications and electronics industries by providing practical troubleshooting information.Addresses the technician's needs and interestsWritten by an eminent authority in the fieldCovers correction and prevention of problems with EMI
RF (radio frequency) and wireless technologies drive communication today. This technology and its applications enable wireless phones, portable device roaming, and short-range industrial and commercial application communication such as the supply chain management wonder, RFID. Up-to-date information regarding software defined RF, using frequencies smarter, and using more of the spectrum, with ultrawideband technology is detailed.A 360-degree view from best-selling authors including Roberto Aiello, Bruce Fette, and Praphul ChandraHot topics covered including ultrawideband and cognitive radio technologiesThe ultimate hard-working desk reference: all the essential information, techniques, and tricks of the trade in one volume
This book provides an in-depth coverage of essential analog and mixed-signal topics such as power amplifiers, active filters, noise and dynamic range, analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog conversion techniques, phase-locked loops, and switching power supplies. Readers will learn the basics of linear systems, types of nonlinearities and their effects, op-amp circuits, the high-gain analog filter-amplifier, and signal generation. The author uses system design examples to motivate theoretical explanations and covers system-level topics not found in most textbooks.Provides references for further study and problems at the end of each chapter Includes an appendix describing test equipment useful for analog and mixed-signal work Examines the basics of linear systems, types of nonlinearities and their effects, op-amp circuits, the high-gain analog filter-amplifier, and signal generation Comprehensive and detailed, Analog and Mixed-Signal Electronics is a great introduction to analog and mixed-signal electronics for EE undergraduates, advanced electronics students, and for those involved in computer engineering, biomedical engineering, computer science, and physics.
The multimedia revolution has created hundreds of new uses for Digital Signal Processing, but most software guides have continued to focus on outdated languages such as FORTRAN and Pascal for managing new applications. Now C++ Algorithms for Digital Signal Processing applies object-oriented techniques to this growing field with software you can implement on your desktop PC. C++ Algorithms for Digital Signal Processing's programming methods can be used for applications as diverse as:Digital audio and video Speech and image processing Digital communications Radar, sonar, and ultrasound signal processing
Complete coverage is provided, including:Overviews of DSP and C++ Hands-on study with dozens of exercises Extensive library of customizable source code Import and Export of Microsoft WAV and Matlab data files
Multimedia professionals, managers, and even advanced hobbyists will appreciate C++ Algorithms for Digital Signal Processing as much as students, engineers, and programmers. It's the ideal bridge between programming and signal processing, and a valuable reference for experts in either field.
Source code for all of the DSP programs and DSP data associated with the examples discussed in this book and Appendix B and the file README.TXT which provide more information about how to compile and run the programs can be downloaded from www.informit.com/title/9780131791442
Design, Deployment and Performance of 4G-LTE Networks addresses the key practical aspects and best practice of 4G networks design, performance, and deployment. In addition, the book focuses on the end-to-end aspects of the LTE network architecture and different deployment scenarios of commercial LTE networks. It describes the air interface of LTE focusing on the access stratum protocol layers: PDCP, RLC, MAC, and Physical Layer. The air interface described in this book covers the concepts of LTE frame structure, downlink and uplink scheduling, and detailed illustrations of the data flow across the protocol layers. It describes the details of the optimization process including performance measurements and troubleshooting mechanisms in addition to demonstrating common issues and case studies based on actual field results. The book provides detailed performance analysis of key features/enhancements such as C-DRX for Smartphones battery saving, CSFB solution to support voice calls with LTE, and MIMO techniques.
The book presents analysis of LTE coverage and link budgets alongside a detailed comparative analysis with HSPA+. Practical link budget examples are provided for data and VoLTE scenarios. Furthermore, the reader is provided with a detailed explanation of capacity dimensioning of the LTE systems. The LTE capacity analysis in this book is presented in a comparative manner with reference to the HSPA+ network to benchmark the LTE network capacity. The book describes the voice options for LTE including VoIP protocol stack, IMS Single Radio Voice Call Continuity (SRVCC). In addition, key VoLTE features are presented: Semi-persistent scheduling (SPS), TTI bundling, Quality of Service (QoS), VoIP with C-DRX, Robust Header Compression (RoHC), and VoLTE Vocoders and De-Jitter buffer. The book describes several LTE and LTE-A advanced features in the evolution from Release 8 to 10 including SON, eICIC, CA, CoMP, HetNet, Enhanced MIMO, Relays, and LBS.
This book can be used as a reference for best practices in LTE networks design and deployment, performance analysis, and evolution strategy.Conveys the theoretical background of 4G-LTE networks Presents key aspects and best practice of 4G-LTE networks design and deployment Includes a realistic roadmap for evolution of deployed 3G/4G networks Addresses the practical aspects for designing and deploying commercial LTE networks. Analyzes LTE coverage and link budgets, including a detailed comparative analysis with HSPA+. References the best practices in LTE networks design and deployment, performance analysis, and evolution strategy Covers infrastructure-sharing scenarios for CAPEX and OPEX saving. Provides key practical aspects for supporting voice services over LTE,
Written for all 4G engineers/designers working in networks design for operators, network deployment engineers, R&D engineers, telecom consulting firms, measurement/performance tools firms, deployment subcontractors, senior undergraduate students and graduate students interested in understanding the practical aspects of 4G-LTE networks as part of their classes, research, or projects.
New to this edition:
• Examples of near-metal antenna techniques
• Discussion of the wakeup challenge for battery-assisted tags, with a BAT architecture example
• Latest development of protocols: EPC Gen 1.2.0
• Update 18000-6 discussion with battery-assisted tags, sensor tags, Manchester tags and wakeup provisionsNamed a 2012 Notable Computer Book for Computer Systems Organization by Computing ReviewsThe only book to give an understanding of radio communications, the underlying technology for radio frequency identification (RFID)Praised for its readability and clarity, it balances breadth and depth of coverage New edition includes latest developments in chip technology, antennas and protocols
Advanced Research and Trends in New Technologies, Software, Human-Computer Interaction, and Communicability presents scientific, theoretical, and practical insight on the software and technology of social networks and the factors that boost communicability. By highlighting different disciplines in the computer and social sciences, this reference is essential for practitioners, researchers, and scholars invested in the current studies, as well as for future generations in the field of ICT.
Reflector antennas are extraordinary devices that combine high gain with geometrical simplicity, and can operate in broad frequency bands. Their performance, however, depends on the electrical characteristics of the feed system with which they operate. This comprehensive volume provides you with a solid understanding of feed system theory, design, and analysis.
Featuring chapters authored by experts in each aspect of feed systems, this book takes you from fundamental mathematical techniques, electrically small and large dual reflectors, feed geometry and telemetry, tracking and command antennas, and more. Throughout the book numerous examples are provided to guide you in the practical aspects of feed design.
This book supplements the information provided in the 3GPP standards by giving readers access to a universal LTE/EPC protocol sequence to ensure they have a clear understanding of the issues involved. It describes the normal signaling procedures as well as explaining how to identify and troubleshoot abnormal network behavior and common failure causes.Enables the reader to understand the signaling procedures and parameters that need to be analyzed when monitoring UMTS networks Covers the essential facts on signaling procedures by providing first hand information taken from real LTE/EPC traces A useful reference on the topic, also providing sufficient details for test and measurement experts who need to analyze LTE/EPC signaling procedures and measurements at the most detailed level Contains a description of LTE air interface monitoring scenarios as well as other key topics up to an advanced level
LTE Signaling, Troubleshooting and Optimization is the Long Term Evolution successor to the previous Wiley books UMTS Signaling and UMTS Performance Measurement.
The successful trial, deployment, operation and troubleshooting of 3G or UMTS infrastructures and applications is the biggest challenge facing today’s mobile communications. Network element instability, network element and multi-vendor interoperability, configuration and network planning faults are just a few of the challenges affecting performance and profitability that need to be addressed. This book is an invaluable guide to resolving such problems.
Highlights of the Second Edition:Includes new information and scenarios on HSPA / HSDPA / HSUPA, and IMS Covers not only WCDMA, but also TD-SCDMA issues Contains up-to-date information on releases 5 and 6, and includes a new chapter on the future releases 7 and 8 Provides crucial information for network operators and equipment suppliers keen to understand how to handle and analyse UMTS signaling procedures in order to get the network into operation, detect errors and troubleshoot faults Uses first hand, real world information to explain issues which are unclear in the standards Includes comprehensive descriptions and documentation of UMTS reference scenarios for different UMTS procedures
The unified comprehensive approach taken by the authors makes this book essential reading for engineers in network operators, integrators or system suppliers who need to be at the cutting edge of this technology. It will also be an invaluable resource for postgraduates on telecommunications courses, especially those with a focus on signal analysis.
Features:A systematic and detailed, top-down approach to the design of 4G cellular systems based on IEEE 802.16m and 3GPP LTE/LTE-Advanced technologies A systematic approach to understanding IEEE 802.16m radio access network and mobile WiMAX network architecture and protocols The first comprehensive technical reference on the design, development and performance evaluation of IMT-Advanced systems, including the theoretical background and design principles as well as implementation considerations
About the author:
The author, chief architect and technical lead of the IEEE 802.16m project at Intel Corporation, initiated and masterminded the development of the IEEE 802.16m standard and has been one of the leading technical drivers in its standardization process in IEEE. The author was also a leading technical contributor to the definition and development of requirements and evaluation methodology for the IMT-Advanced systems in ITU-R. Reflecting the author’s 20+ years expertise and experience, the book provides an in-depth, systematic and structured technical reference for professional engineers, researchers, and graduate students working in cellular communication systems, radio air-interface technologies, cellular communications protocols, advanced radio access technologies for 4G systems, and broadband cellular standards.A systematic and detailed, top-down approach to the design of 4G cellular systems based on IEEE 802.16m and 3GPP LTE/LTE-Advanced technologiesA systematic approach to understanding IEEE 802.16m radio access network and mobile WiMAX network architecture and protocolsThe first comprehensive technical reference on the design, development and performance evaluation of IMT-Advanced systems, including the theoretical background and design principles as well as implementation considerations
The IMS network performs the processing of the telephone signal to provide VoLTE and ViLTE services, including call routing and the provision of additional services. Different procedures are described: the set-up and termination of a session, interconnection with third-party networks, roaming and intra-system handover.
The inter-system handover PS-CS is a special case that occurs when the mobile loses 4G network coverage over the course of a session. The e-SRVCC mechanism enables continuity of the service during the switch of the telephone communication to the 2G or 3G networks. The SMS service for short messages, which is a special telephone service in itself, is provided by two structures, one relying on the IMS network, and a second on the CSFB functionality.
Individual chapters are organized into one complete reference giving a 360-degree view from our bestselling authors. From wireless application protocols, to Mesh Networks and Ad Hoc Sensor Networks, to security and survivability of wireless systems – all of the elements of wireless networking are united in a single volume. The book covers both methods of analysis and problem-solving techniques, enhancing the reader’s grasp of the material and ability to implement practical solutions.
This book is essential for anyone interested in new and developing aspects of wireless network technology.Chapters contributed by recognized experts in the field cover theory and practice of wireless network technology, allowing the reader to develop a new level of knowledge and technical expertise Up-to-date coverage of wireless networking issues facilitates learning and lets the reader remain current and fully informed from multiple viewpointsPresents methods of analysis and problem-solving techniques, enhancing the reader’s grasp of the material and ability to implement practical solutions
While some sides of photographic “culture” remain wholly unchanged – art photography, journalistic and advertising photography, scientific photography, etc. – new facets emerge: leisure or travel photography, everyday life photography, anecdotal, observational or unusual photography, and microcosm, or micro-community, photography with its culmination in the narcissistic selfie. These new forms combine an often simplified manner of photographing and modern means of instantaneous, remote and mass communication. This book does not extend into the sociological study of photography, instead it explains how the digital camera works by examining in detail each of the components that constitutes it to provide the reader with a preliminary guide into the inner workings of this device.
The appendices contain such vital data as U.S., European, and Japanese technical and regulatory standards for wireless networks, measurements in wireless networks, reflection and matching of transmission lines, determining power density, and much more. No matter what type of wireless network you design—Bluetooth, UWB, or even metropolitan area network (MAN)—this book is the one reference you can’t do without!The A-to-Z guide to wireless network engineering—covers everything from basic electromagnetic theory to modulation techniques to network planning and implementation!Engineering and design principles covered are applicable to any type of wireless network, including 802.11, 802.16, 802.20, and Bluetooth.Discusses state-of-the-art modulation techniques such as ultra wideband (UWB) and orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM).
The treatment of the topic is at the senior undergraduate to graduate and professional levels, with sufficient introductory material for the book to be used as a self-contained reference.
By one expert s prediction, within twenty years half of Americans will have body implants that tell retailers how they feel about specific products as they browse their local stores. The notion may be outlandish, but it reflects executives drive to understand shoppers in the aisles with the same obsessive detail that they track us online. In fact, a hidden surveillance revolution is already taking place inside brick-and-mortar stores, where Americans still do most of their buying. Drawing on his interviews with retail executives, analysis of trade publications, and experiences at insider industry meetings, advertising and digital studies expert Joseph Turow pulls back the curtain on these trends, showing how a new hyper-competitive generation of merchants including Macy s, Target, and Walmart is already using data mining, in-store tracking, and predictive analytics to change the way we buy, undermine our privacy, and define our reputations. Eye-opening and timely, Turow s book is essential reading to understand the future of shopping.
The new edition of this classic book gives all the major concepts, techniques and applications of sparse representation, reflecting the key role the subject plays in today's signal processing. The book clearly presents the standard representations with Fourier, wavelet and time-frequency transforms, and the construction of orthogonal bases with fast algorithms. The central concept of sparsity is explained and applied to signal compression, noise reduction, and inverse problems, while coverage is given to sparse representations in redundant dictionaries, super-resolution and compressive sensing applications.
* Balances presentation of the mathematics with applications to signal processing
* Algorithms and numerical examples are implemented in WaveLab, a MATLAB toolbox
New in this edition
* Sparse signal representations in dictionaries
* Compressive sensing, super-resolution and source separation
* Geometric image processing with curvelets and bandlets
* Wavelets for computer graphics with lifting on surfaces
* Time-frequency audio processing and denoising
* Image compression with JPEG-2000
* New and updated exercises
A Wavelet Tour of Signal Processing: The Sparse Way, Third Edition, is an invaluable resource for researchers and R&D engineers wishing to apply the theory in fields such as image processing, video processing and compression, bio-sensing, medical imaging, machine vision and communications engineering.
Stephane Mallat is Professor in Applied Mathematics at École Polytechnique, Paris, France. From 1986 to 1996 he was a Professor at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences at New York University, and between 2001 and 2007, he co-founded and became CEO of an image processing semiconductor company.Includes all the latest developments since the book was published in 1999, including its
application to JPEG 2000 and MPEG-4
Algorithms and numerical examples are implemented in Wavelab, a MATLAB toolbox
Balances presentation of the mathematics with applications to signal processing
This book is an ideal introduction for the research and development communications and network engineer who needs an intuitive introduction to the theory and wishes to understand the increased performance and reliability it offers over a number of applications.A clear and intuitive introduction to network coding, avoiding difficult mathematics, which does not require a background in information theory.Emphasis on how network coding techniques can be implemented, using a wide range of applications in communications and network engineeringDetailed coverage on content distribution networks, peer-to-peer networks, overlay networks, streaming and multimedia applications, storage networks, network security and military networks, reliable communication, wireless networks, delay-tolerant and disruption-tolerant networks, cellular and ad hoc networks (including LTE and WiMAX), and connections with data compression and compressed sensingEdited and contributed by the world’s leading experts