With contributions from a prestigious international panel, the book presents best management practices that maximize efficiency, reliability, and economy while minimizing the potential for adverse effects to the environment and human health. Providing appropriate methodologies, the chapters discuss how conjunctive water use can increase water availability in the developing world and what types of conjunctive use schemes are the most promising. The book examines the feasibility of a drought watch alert system and the legal and administrative framework required. It also explores the application of the Optimization Models and the Decision Support Systems to the study of different water management alternatives under drought conditions. Drought Management and Planning for Water Resources delineates how to reduce drought effects through pro-active vision, good management, and conjunctive use of water sources.
Tools for forecasting and mitigating floods have been developed through research in the recent past. Two innovations currently influence flood hazard mitigation, after many decades of lack of significant progress: they are the development of new technologies for real-time flood forecast and warning (based on weather radars and satellites) and a shift from structural to non-structural flood control measures, due to increased awareness of the importance of protecting the environment and the adverse impacts of hydraulic works on it.
This book is a review of research progress booked in the improvements of forecast capability and the control of floods. Mostly the book presents the results of recent research in hydrology, modern techniques of real-time forecast and warning, and ways of controlling floods for smaller impacts on the environment. A number of case studies of floods in different geographical areas are also presented.
Scientists and specialists working in fields of hydrology, environmental protection and hydraulic engineering will appreciate this book for its theoretical and practical content.
These key issues have been tackled by universities and public agencies involved in the EU projects Sedemed and Sedemed II (Programme Interreg IIIB MEDOCC), aimed at the definition of an integrated network for real time monitoring of drought, the development of common methodologies for drought analysis and forecasting, as well as of mitigation strategies for the Mediterranean countries.
This book presents the main outcomes of such projects with a specific focus on: drought monitoring and forecasting techniques at different spatial scales (Part I), new agrometeorological indices and remote sensing technique for drought identification (Part II), tools to improve surface water resources management under drought condition (Part III), methods for monitoring and management groundwater (Part IV) and mitigation strategies to prevent or face drought impacts (Part V).