In Cowed, globally recognized environmentalists Denis and Gail Boyer Hayes offer a revealing analysis of how our beneficial, centuries-old relationship with bovines has evolved into one that now endangers us.
Long ago, cows provided food and labor to settlers taming the wild frontier and helped the loggers, ranchers, and farmers who shaped the country’s landscape. Our society is built on the backs of bovines who indelibly stamped our culture, politics, and economics. But our national herd has doubled in size over the past hundred years to 93 million, with devastating consequences for the country’s soil and water. Our love affair with dairy and hamburgers doesn’t help either: eating one pound of beef produces a greater carbon footprint than burning a gallon of gasoline.
Denis and Gail Hayes begin their story by tracing the co-evolution of cows and humans, starting with majestic horned aurochs, before taking us through the birth of today’s feedlot farms and the threat of mad cow disease. The authors show how cattle farming today has depleted America’s largest aquifer, created festering lagoons of animal waste, and drastically increased methane production.
In their quest to find fresh solutions to our bovine problem, the authors take us to farms across the country from Vermont to Washington. They visit worm ranchers who compost cow waste, learn that feeding cows oregano yields surprising benefits, talk to sustainable farmers who care for their cows while contributing to their communities, and point toward a future in which we eat less, but better, beef. In a deeply researched, engagingly personal narrative, Denis and Gail Hayes provide a glimpse into what we can do now to provide a better future for cows, humans, and the world we inhabit. They show how our relationship with cows is part of the story of America itself.
*Professional values and practice
*Planning and Targets
*Monitoring and Assessment
*Teaching and Class Management
Written in a lucid and engaging style, it offers the reader a well-informed set of insights into the complexities, challenges and opportunities presented by the new requirements.
Checklists, diagrams and clearly defined sections for key areas make this book extremely accessible for trainee teachers, class teachers and mentors. It is essential reading for all those who want to clearly understand the ideas behind, and practical application of, the standards.
Do you wish to enhance your understanding of how children learn?
Are you eager to become a well-informed professional?
From the author of the hugely respected Foundations of Primary Teaching, this advanced textbook explores the essential elements of teaching and learning and the process of becoming a caring and competent teacher. It introduces a wide range of education issues, challenges and requirements with the intention of promoting advanced classroom practice, both for individuals and within teams. The book offers insights, ideas, hints and thought-provoking education topics for individual reflection and team discussion.
With a focus on understanding the teaching and learning processes and the factors that impact upon providing a high quality education for every pupil, this book discusses in detail key learning skills, dilemmas and challenges for primary teachers and themes in continuing professional development. It covers issues in teaching and learning including:
The nature/nurture debate
Emotional and moral development
Raising boys’ achievement levels
Gender and teachers
Including action points, hints and challenges, this book will be of interest to trainee teachers, postgraduates, experienced qualified teachers, deputy head teachers and head teachers who wish to be more consistently effective and make a positive impact on the lives of children in their primary classroom.
Curriculum subjects, themes and topics
Theories, policies and educational controversies
Pedagogical terms relating to teaching and learning
Commentaries on current issues in primary education
Influential figures in education, both past and present
The impact of educational research on policy and practice
Based on the author’s extensive experience in primary education, entries combine an interrogation of educational concepts with the pedagogical and practical implications for classroom practice, children’s learning and school management. This handy reference work will be invaluable to anyone currently teaching or training to teach at primary level, teaching assistants, school governors and parents. In fact it is essential reading for anyone with an interest and passion for primary education.
Written by an experienced teacher and lecturer, this is a concise yet comprehensive text that takes into account the everyday realities of teaching. Readable and user-friendly, it is a first-class resource for the primary practitioner at all levels.
Written specifically for student teachers on BA, BEd and PGCE courses, as well as students taking Education Studies, this text will encourage you to develop a fuller understanding and appreciation of teaching as professional practice through an emphasis on:
Reflective thinking and action
Relationships and motivation in the classroom
A full range of tried and tested teaching and assessment strategies
Creativity and transferable teaching skills
Also incorporating new material on changes and innovations that have taken place in education; childhood; the process of, and context for, learning; and issues teachers face, as well as updated further reading lists, this wholly revised fifth edition should be on the bookshelf of all student teachers on initial teacher training courses at the primary level, newly qualified teachers and more experienced teachers wishing to enhance their practice.
All extracts have been carefully chosen to represent education issues that affect every practising teacher. Each extract is accompanied by an introduction to the passage, key words and phrases and a summary of key points. In addition, there are questions to prompt discussion, suggestions about areas for possible investigation and references to other key readings to extend thinking. Uniquely, the book provides cross-referencing between extracts to facilitate a more complete understanding of how different issues overlap and how competing arguments have to be evaluated.
Combining both theoretical and practical dimensions into one handy and engaging volume, The Guided Reader to Teaching and Learning includes extracts, summaries and discussions about the following:the teacher effective teachers and teaching motivating learners teaching approaches teaching younger children managing teaching and learning other adults in the school child development ways that pupils learn learning climate learning styles thinking and learning assessment and learning.
The book will be of considerable interest to trainee and newly qualified teachers who are seeking to gain a higher qualification, notably at Masters degree level. More experienced teachers and teaching assistants wishing to upgrade their qualifications will also find the book an invaluable source of information and guidance.
With a friendly narrative style and refreshing candour, the book focuses as much on what primary teachers should aspire to be as it does on what teachers are meant to do. Thus, the early chapters orientate towards the attributes for which teachers should persevere; the later chapters are more heavily weighted towards the implications for classroom practice and work in school. The final chapter offers a variety of exercises and tasks to deepen thinking and enhance professional learning, linked to the QTS Standards.
Throughout the book there are ‘Extend your thinking’ prompts containing statements and questions to stimulate the reader in facing challenging issues, a ‘Terminology check’ to clarify meanings of terms, plus ‘Strengthening practice’ boxes with practical suggestions about implementation. The book is also unusual in that it provides relevant information about key issues under ‘Professional learning perspectives’ at the end of each chapter.
Take a moment to consider how many things you want to learn to do. What’s on your list? What’s holding you back from getting started? Are you worried about the time and effort it takes to acquire new skills—time you don’t have and effort you can’t spare?
Research suggests it takes 10,000 hours to develop a new skill. In this nonstop world when will you ever find that much time and energy? To make matters worse, the early hours of practicing something new are always the most frustrating. That’s why it’s difficult to learn how to speak a new language, play an instrument, hit a golf ball, or shoot great photos. It’s so much easier to watch TV or surf the web . . .
In The First 20 Hours, Josh Kaufman offers a systematic approach to rapid skill acquisition— how to learn any new skill as quickly as possible. His method shows you how to deconstruct complex skills, maximize productive practice, and remove common learning barriers. By completing just 20 hours of focused, deliberate practice you’ll go from knowing absolutely nothing to performing noticeably well.
Kaufman personally field-tested the methods in this book. You’ll have a front row seat as he develops a personal yoga practice, writes his own web-based computer programs, teaches himself to touch type on a nonstandard keyboard, explores the oldest and most complex board game in history, picks up the ukulele, and learns how to windsurf. Here are a few of the simple techniques he teaches:Define your target performance level: Figure out what your desired level of skill looks like, what you’re trying to achieve, and what you’ll be able to do when you’re done. The more specific, the better.Deconstruct the skill: Most of the things we think of as skills are actually bundles of smaller subskills. If you break down the subcomponents, it’s easier to figure out which ones are most important and practice those first.Eliminate barriers to practice: Removing common distractions and unnecessary effort makes it much easier to sit down and focus on deliberate practice.Create fast feedback loops: Getting accurate, real-time information about how well you’re performing during practice makes it much easier to improve.Whether you want to paint a portrait, launch a start-up, fly an airplane, or juggle flaming chainsaws, The First 20 Hours will help you pick up the basics of any skill in record time . . . and have more fun along the way.
Carol Garhart Mooney has been an early childhood educator for more than forty years. She is also the author of Theories of Attachment, Use Your Words, and Swinging Pendulums.
Should you really read to your baby? Can teaching a baby sign language boost IQ? Should you pipe classical music into the nursery? Dr. Stamm translates the latest neuroscience findings into clear explanations and practical suggestions, demonstrating the importance of the simple ways you interact with your child every day. It isn’t the right “edu-tainment” that nurtures an infant’s brain. It is as simple as Attention, Bonding, and Communication, and it’s within every parent’s ability to provide. Practical games and tips for each developmental age group will show you not only what the latest findings are but, more importantly, tell you what to do with them.
Recent advances in brain science show that most students' learning strategies are highly inefficient, ineffective or just plain wrong. While all learning requires effort, better learning does not require more effort, but rather effectively aligning how the brain naturally learns with the demands of your studies. This book shows you what is involved in learning new material, how the human brain processes new information, and what it takes for that information to stick with you even after the test.
New subtests are described along with tips for accurate administration and scoring. Full Scale IQ is identified as important for predicting relevant behaviors, and primary index scores for characterizing the child’s strengths and weaknesses. Classroom indicators of low scores on each of these abilities are identified, with suggested interventions, accommodations, and instructional strategies for low scorers. Coverage includes ethnic differences for the Full Scale IQ and each primary index score, along with evidence of the profound influence of parental attitudes and expectations. Several other societal and contextual factors relevant to understanding racial/ethnic differences are presented. Two chapters review use of the WISC-V for identifying learning disabilities, testing of individuals with dyslexia, and best-practice recommendations to ensure accurate diagnosis and intervention. Concluding chapters describe advances in the Q-interactive system platform allowing administration of the WISC-V on iPads and other tablets and how clinicians can tailor assessment using select WISC-V subtests and features.Authored by the creators of the WISC-VDescribes the new subtests, revised test structure, and test extensionsAdvises clinicians on test selection and custom tailoring of assessment measuresProvides best practice recommendations for accurate administration and scoringAddresses electronic administration via tablets and comparison to print scoresReviews social/contextual factors for understanding racial/ethnic differencesTranslates scores to predict behaviors and identify child strengths and weaknessesSuggests interventions, accommodations, and instructional strategies for low scorers
When Cathy Davidson and Duke University gave free iPods to the freshman class in 2003, critics said they were wasting their money. Yet when students in practically every discipline invented academic uses for their music players, suddenly the idea could be seen in a new light-as an innovative way to turn learning on its head.
This radical experiment is at the heart of Davidson's inspiring new book. Using cutting-edge research on the brain, she shows how "attention blindness" has produced one of our society's greatest challenges: while we've all acknowledged the great changes of the digital age, most of us still toil in schools and workplaces designed for the last century. Davidson introduces us to visionaries whose groundbreaking ideas-from schools with curriculums built around video games to companies that train workers using virtual environments-will open the doors to new ways of working and learning. A lively hybrid of Thomas Friedman and Norman Doidge, Now You See It is a refreshingly optimistic argument for a bold embrace of our connected, collaborative future.
Frames for lacing and buttoning, geometrical wooden inserts, sound cylinders, sandpapers letters, colored numerical rods: these are familiar features of any Montesorri classroom, whether in the pioneering days or today. Dr. Montesorri explains how to use these materials with preschool children to stimulate their powers of observation, recognition, judgment, and classification.
These self-correcting learning tools are the original “teaching machines” for young children. Inherently logical and aesthetically pleasing, they were designed to hone the child’s visual, auditory, and tactile perceptions. Dr. Montesorri stresses that each child approaches the apparatus differently. The role of the adult, whether teacher or parent, is to let the child experiment, perceive his own mistakes, and run his own risks in learning.
(With black-and white illustrations throughout.)
From the Trade Paperback edition.
"The book is not merely an explication but a thoughtfully crafted, neuroscientfically informed teaching device that obeys the advice offered."?American Journal of Psychology
"James Zull's crystal-clear mapping of how learning occurs, how learning changes the brain, and how many parts of the brain are activated as one learns should be interesting for all who teach. Zull relays a teaching approach and the neuroscience behind that approach that can dramatically affect learning."?Nursing Education Perspectives
"This is the best book I have read about the brain and learning. Zull perspective forms the foundation for a teaching approach that can dramatically improve human learning."?David A. Kolb, Dept. of Organizational Behavior, Case Western Reserve University
James Zull invites teachers in higher education or any other setting to accompany him in his exploration of what scientists can tell us about the brain and to discover how this knowledge can influence the practice of teaching. He describes the brain in clear non-technical language and an engaging conversational tone, highlighting its functions and parts and how they interact, and always relating them to the real world of the classroom and his own evolution as a teacher.
A major message is that what works best for students is similar to what works best for teachers – an attention to setting challenging learning intentions, being clear about what success means, and an attention to learning strategies for developing conceptual understanding about what teachers and students know and understand.
Although the current evidence based fad has turned into a debate about test scores, this book is about using evidence to build and defend a model of teaching and learning. A major contribution is a fascinating benchmark/dashboard for comparing many innovations in teaching and schools.
New in the Fourth Edition: More emphasis on research findings; expanded discussion of motivation ; more emphasis on the impact of students’ use of social networking and technology; research about neuroscience in relationship to motivation and learning; new exercises, including web-based activities; Companion Website, including an Instructor's Manual
Parents have an important task: figure out who their child is—his or her skills, preferences, beliefs, values, personality traits, goals, and direction—get comfortable with it, and then help him or her pursue and live a life that is congruent with it. But parents also want to have influence. They want their kid to be independent, but not if he or she is going to make bad choices. They don’t want to be harsh and rigid, but nor do they want a noncompliant, disrespectful kid. They want to avoid being too pushy and overbearing, but not if an unmotivated, apathetic kid is what they have to show for it. They want to have a good relationship with their kids, but not if that means being a pushover. They don’t want to scream, but they do want to be heard. Good parenting is about striking the balance between a child’s characteristics and a parent’s desire to have influence.
Now Dr. Ross Greene offers a detailed and practical guide for raising kids in a way that enhances relationships, improves communication, and helps kids learn how to resolve disagreements without conflict. Through his well-known model of solving problems collaboratively, parents can forgo time-out and sticker charts, stop badgering, berating, threatening, and punishing, allow their kids to feel heard and validated, and have influence. From homework to hygiene, curfews, to screen time, Raising Human Beings arms parents with the tools they need to raise kids in ways that are non-punitive and non-adversarial and that brings out the best in both parent and child.
See also Barkley's empirically based, ecologically valid assessment tools: Barkley Deficits in Executive Functioning Scale (BDEFS for Adults) and Barkley Deficits in Executive Functioning Scale--Children and Adolescents (BDEFS-CA).
For the first time, you can get all three books in Warren R. Sullivan's Brain Improvement Series in one volume. You will learn how to improve your memory in Memory Enhancement, learn speed reading techniques in Speed Reading Training, and curb procrastination in Procrastination: Triple Your Productivity and Accomplish Your Goals. This amazing collection will finally help you get the most out of your mental capacities, supercharging your productivity, and accomplishing all your goals.
From the Description of Memory Enhancement
Ever wish you could improve and enhance your memory? How much easier would school or work be if you could have the type of memory that easily recalls facts and information?
Start using your memory like you have always wanted to. Memory Enhancement introduces you to proven and effective ways to boost your memory. Filled with the latest techniques, Memory Enhancement will provide immediate results in your ability to recall information.
Inside you will learn:
The various advantages in improving and enhancing your memory.
What causes poor memory, and what you can do to combat it.
How to boost your memory with an assortment of techniques.
How to remember the names of people that you meet.
What natural techniques can be used to enhance your memory.
From the Description of Speed Reading Training
This book contains proven and effective strategies on how to improve your reading speed and overall comprehension. Revealed within are secrets that will supercharge your reading speed. And make you a speed reading demon.
Reading is one of the most important skills that a person learns during their formative years. Reading along with writing and arithmetic is said to be a part of the 3Rs of learning (reading, ‘riting and ‘rithmetic) and learning this skill in the most efficient manner is vital to a person’s development.
Speed reading techniques should be taught to students, teachers, business professionals, and to everyday people. Speed reading has amazing benefits for students simply because they can read and understand a lot of material in just a small amount of time. A student could learn a number of courses, study for a test and read in advance new lessons because of speed reading. There are similar benefits for the working professional, who will be able to increase their productivity utilizing speed reading techniques.
From the Description of Procrastination
Procrastination. We all suffer from it, we would all like to become more productive, to be able to free up time for doing the activities that we want to do. Procrastination can have a dramatic effect on one's life, leaving them unhappy and unsatisfied. But there is an answer, there is a cure. You can reclaim your life. And you can do it today.
Procrastination: Triple Your Productivity and Accomplish Your Goals is unlike similar guides in that each task encourages direct action by having a corresponding exercise. The exercises have been structured to provide immediate results, helping you to reclaim your productivity and better your life.
You don't have to suffer from procrastination any longer, and Procrastination: Triple Your Productivity and Accomplish Your Goals
What can the richly imagined, impressively adaptable fantasy world of these children tell us about childhood, development, education, and even life itself? For fifty years, teacher and writer Vivian Gussin Paley has been exploring the imagery, language, and lore of young children, asking the questions they ask of themselves.
In The Boy on the Beach she continues to do so, going deeper into the mystery of play as she follows Eli and Marianne through the kindergarten year, finding more answers and more questions. How does their teacher, Mrs. Olson, manage to honor and utilize the genius of play to create an all-inclusive community in which boys and girls like each other and listen to each other’s stories? Why is Paley’s fellow teacher Yu-ching in Taiwan certain that her children pretend to be kittens in order to become necessary to the group? And why do teachers in London see their childrens’ role-playing as the natural end to loneliness in the school community?
Rich with the words of children and teachers themselves, The Boy on the Beach is vintage Paley, a wise and provocative appreciation of the importance of play and enduring curiosity about the nature of childhood and the imagination.
The first half of the book provides a practical overview of teaching from a Mind, Brain, and Education perspective through an understanding of the intersection of the fields of neuroscience, psychology, and pedagogy. The second half shares 50 evidence-based classroom “best practices” that have a proven positive impact on student learning outcomes and explains why they work.
Surprisingly, one-fourth of the New Testament directly or indirectly refers to the mind, making the subject more than relevant. Biblical Psychology brings the human mind out of the shadows and into the forefront of contextual and hermeneutical criticism. Although it is believed that the mind is the most powerful machine in the world, it is impossible to tap into its energy without properly understanding the purposes of its intellectual properties: attention, conscience, emotion, heart, imagination, knowledge, memory, opinions, perception, reason, understanding, and thought.
· What is logic? How do I use my logic and reasoning for good?
· What is my conscience? How do I keep a good conscience?
· What is the purpose of my memory? How do I delete bad files from my mind’s memory and upload the right files?
· How can I get control of my out-of-control mind?
· Do my feelings ever lie? Can I trust my feelings?
· In what part of the mind does depression exist, and can I beat it without medication?
· What is the purpose of knowledge?
· How do I know if my perception is right or wrong?
· What is the purpose of my imagination?
· What is the most practical way to have a positive attitude?
· How do I overcome my addictive behavior, fear, inferiority complex, negativity, etc.?
Questions like these will be answered as we study the mind from a biblical perspective. Also we’ll bring to the table the mind’s great riddles: what it is, how it works, what its safeguards are, and how to use it rightly. Finally, we will discover that the mental logistics found within the Bible are the answer to the Christian’s reformation (Rom. 12:1-2) and obtaining the power of God (II Tim. 1:7) in his life.
A Must for Everyone!
This book is in The Guilford Practical Intervention in the Schools Series.
See also RTI Applications, Volume 2: Assessment, Analysis, and Decision Making, which provides tools for assessing the effectiveness of RTI practices.
The first section of the book provides an overview of the WAIS-IV, WMS-IV, and new Advanced Clinical Solutions for Use with the WAIS-IV/WMS-IV (ACS). In this section, examiners will learn:Normal versus atypical score variabilityLow-score prevalence in healthy adults versus clinical populationsAssessing whether poor performance reflects a decline in function or is the result of suboptimal effort
New social cognition measures found in the ACS are also presented. The second part focuses on applying the topics in the first section to specific clinical conditions, including recommended protocols for specific clientele (e.g. using demographically adjusted norms when evaluating individuals with brain injury). Common clinical conditions are discussed, including Alzheimer’s disease, mild cognitive impairment, traumatic brain injury, and more. Each chapter provides case examples applying all three test batteries and using report examples as they are obtained from the scoring assistant. Finally, the use of the WAIS-IV/WMS-IV and the ACS in forensic settings is presented.Coverage of administration and scoring of WAIS-IV, WMS-IV and ACSInformation contained on the use of WAIS-IV with special populationsCase studies in each chapterWritten by the creators of WAIS-IV, WMS-IV and ACS
Reviews of previous editions:
"This text provides a balanced focus on both the conceptual and practical aspects of learning disabilities. Its research coverage is more comprehensive and of greater depth than any other LD textbook, and it is distinctive in its treatment of such important areas as consultation skills and service delivery." -CHILD ASSESSMENT NEWS "... provides a broad overview of some important issues in relation to the education and development of pupils with learning disabilities... Wong has succeeded in providing detailed descriptions and comments within a book which covers a broad range of topics. Without exception the chapters are clearly written and accessible, and many provide the reader with challenging ideas and practical suggestions." -BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPECIAL EDUCATIONLearning Disabilities occur in 20% of the population. Three million children in the US have a learning disability and receive special education in school.
30% of children with learning disabilities drop out of high school, and 48% of those with learning disabilities are out of the workforce or unemployed.
Discusses different types of learning disabilities including problems with attention, memory, language, math, reading, and writing
Encompasses the impact of LD on learning as well as social competence and self-regulation
Provides research summaries on most effective ways to teach children with LD
Encompasses a lifespan perspective on LD, discussing the impact on children, adolescents, and adults
Divided into two sections, Section I discusses general advances in the assessment of children's intelligence, and how the WISC-IV differs from the WISC-III. Also discussed are the clinical considerations of this test, including the meaning of the FSIQ and four Index scores and how the WISC-IV relates to other assessment measures, including the WISC-IV Integrated. Section II discusses the use of WISC-IV with exceptional children, including those with learning disabilities, giftedness, mental retardation, hearing impairment, ADHD, neuropsychological injury, and/or cultural and ethnic differences.
* Written by leading experts
* Provides a comprehensive description of the WISC-IV from research to clinical practice
* Discusses WISC-IV use with exceptional children including LD, AD/HD, Gifted, Mental Retardation, Language Disabilities, Hearing Impaired, Head/Brain Injury, and Cultural and Ethnically Different Children
* Outlines integrated models of assessment of assessment that include the WISC-IV
* Provides case studies illustrating WISC-IV clinical use
* Contains additional validity data on WISC-IV not available elsewhere
* Practical and directly relevant to practitioners who use the WISC-IV
Many entry level instructional designers and students enrolled in related academic programs indicate they are better prepared to accomplish the challenging work of creating effective training and education materials after they have a thorough understanding of the ADDIE principles. However, a survey of instructional development applications indicate that the overwhelming majority of instructional design models are based on ADDIE, often do not present the ADDIE origins as part of their content, and are poorly applied by people unfamiliar with the ADDIE paradigm.
The purpose of this book is to focus on fundamental ADDIE principles, written with a minimum of professional jargon. This is not an attempt to debate scholars or other educational professionals on the finer points of instructional design, however, the book's content is based on sound doctrine and supported by valid empirical research. The only bias toward the topic is that generic terms will be used as often as possible in order to make it easy for the reader to apply the concepts in the book to other specific situations.
The book begins with Martin Seligman’s positive psychology principles, and continues into an overview of affective learning, including its philosophical and psychological roots, from finding the “golden mean” of emotional regulation to finding a child’s potencies and “golden self.” O’Grady connects the core concepts of educational neuroscience to the principles of positive psychology, explaining how feelings permeate the brain, affecting children’s thoughts and actions; how insular neurons make us feel empathy and help us learn by observation; and how the frontal cortex is the hall monitor of the brain. The book is full of practical examples and interactive resources that invite every educator to create a positive psychology classroom, where children can flourish and reach their full potential.
Carol Garhart Mooney, also the author of the best-selling Theories of Childhood, has worked as a preschool teacher and college instructor of early childhood education for over thirty years.
But what learning to learn is exactly, and what its constituting elements are, are much debated issues. These seem to be the crucial questions if assessment and development of this 'malleable side of intelligence' are to be accomplished. The approach of this volume is to consider a broad conception of learning to learn, not confined to only study strategies or metacognition, yet acknowledging the importance of such elements.
The book sets out to answer five main questions:
What is learning to learn?
What are its functions and how do we assess it?
What does it promise to the individual and society at large?
How is it conceived in national curricula internationally?
How can it be developed in a variety of contexts?
The text is organized into two parts: the first addresses the core question of the nature of learning to learn from a theoretical and policy viewpoint, and the second presents recent research carried out in several educational systems, with special attention to assessment and curriculum. It gives an account of pedagogical practices of learning to learn and its role in individual empowerment from childhood to adulthood.
Contributors also highlight the potential use of learning to learn as an organizing concept for lifelong learning, school improvement, and teacher training along with potential conflicts with existing incentive practices and policies.
This book is a vital starting point and guide for any advanced student or researcher looking to understand this important area of research.