A Summer Reading Pick for President Barack Obama, Bill Gates, and Mark Zuckerberg
From a renowned historian comes a groundbreaking narrative of humanity’s creation and evolution—a #1 international bestseller—that explores the ways in which biology and history have defined us and enhanced our understanding of what it means to be “human.”
One hundred thousand years ago, at least six different species of humans inhabited Earth. Yet today there is only one—homo sapiens. What happened to the others? And what may happen to us?
Most books about the history of humanity pursue either a historical or a biological approach, but Dr. Yuval Noah Harari breaks the mold with this highly original book that begins about 70,000 years ago with the appearance of modern cognition. From examining the role evolving humans have played in the global ecosystem to charting the rise of empires, Sapiens integrates history and science to reconsider accepted narratives, connect past developments with contemporary concerns, and examine specific events within the context of larger ideas.
Dr. Harari also compels us to look ahead, because over the last few decades humans have begun to bend laws of natural selection that have governed life for the past four billion years. We are acquiring the ability to design not only the world around us, but also ourselves. Where is this leading us, and what do we want to become?
Featuring 27 photographs, 6 maps, and 25 illustrations/diagrams, this provocative and insightful work is sure to spark debate and is essential reading for aficionados of Jared Diamond, James Gleick, Matt Ridley, Robert Wright, and Sharon Moalem.
In a systematic fashion, learn how to identify and evaluate the functional groups that comprise the structure of a drug molecule and their influences on solubility, absorption, acid/base character, binding interactions, and stereochemical orientation. Relevant Phase I and Phase II metabolic transformations are also discussed for each functional group.
Key features include:
• Discussions on the roles and characteristics of organic functional groups, including the identification of acidic and basic functional groups.
• How to solve problems involving pH, pKa, and ionization; salts and solubility; drug binding interactions; stereochemistry; and drug metabolism.
• Numerous examples and expanded discussions for complex concepts.
• Therapeutic examples that link the importance of medicinal chemistry to pharmacy and healthcare practice.
• An overview of structure activity relationships (SARs) and concepts that govern drug design.
• Review questions and practice problems at the end of each chapter that allow readers to test their understanding, with the answers provided in an appendix.
Whether you are just starting your education toward a career in a healthcare field or need to brush up on your organic chemistry concepts, this book is here to help you navigate medicinal chemistry.
About the Authors
Marc W. Harrold, BS, Pharm, PhD, is Professor of Medicinal Chemistry at the Mylan School of Pharmacy, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA. Professor Harrold is the 2011 winner of the Omicron Delta Kappa "Teacher of the Year" award at Duquesne University. He is also the two-time winner of the "TOPS" (Teacher of the Pharmacy School) award at the Mylan School of Pharmacy.
Robin M. Zavod, PhD, is Associate Professor for Pharmaceutical Sciences at the Chicago College of Pharmacy, Midwestern University, Downers Grove, IL, where she was awarded the 2012 Outstanding Faculty of the Year award. Professor Zavod also serves on the adjunct faculty for Elmhurst College and the Illinois Institute of Technology. She currently serves as Editor-in-Chief of the journal Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning.
NEW TO THIS EDITION:Three new chapters including new information on men’s health, women’s health, and pharmacogenomics and laboratory tests.Mini-cases embedded in each chapter provide therapy-related examples and reinforce important points made in the text.Quickview Charts give an overview of important clinical information including reference ranges and critical values.Learning Points focus on a clinical application of a major concept present in the chapter.
Government Is Us 2.0 picks up where the previous edition left off. It addresses the bigger questions that are being asked and discussed about the relationships among and between citizens and their governments, how individuals and agencies govern, and the institutional elements that keep us from engendering long-term, socially just participatory change.
The central argument of Government Is Us 2.0 is that much can be done to bridge the gulf between citizens and their governments. The chapter authors offer practical suggestions on how public administrators can productively involve citizens in government work, with steps that will increase citizens' trust in government through opportunities for direct connection and collaboration.
TechPrep™ contains more than 1,000 review questions to help readers prepare for national technician certification exams. A robust Practice Session feature allows users to create custom quizzes by setting topic area, time, and number of questions. The Simulated Exam function lets readers practice their test skills by providing a 90 question, 120 minute test, with questions weighted to mimic national certification exams. Students using TechPrep™ receive instant, automated scoring, and can quickly identify areas they’ve mastered, or practice subjects where they need improvement. Alone or with the new edition of the Manual for Pharmacy Technicians, 4th Edition andall-new Workbook for the Manual for Pharmacy Technicians, the Pharmacy Technician Review Guide and Practice Exam offers the most comprehensive review to help you achieve certification!
Each chapter contains learning objectives, case studies, bibliographies, and charts that summarize the causes of high and low test results.
New for this edition: Updated and expanded Quick View tables in each chapter now match those in the popular quick-reference, Interpreting Laboratory Data: A Point-of-Care Guide New glossary of acronyms is right up front for a streamlined reference Normal value ranges of all tests have been standardized by an expert pathologist New and updated cases in each chapter apply your Basic Skills in clinical situations Reorganized to highlight the application of concepts by body system, and in special populationsBasic Skills in Interpreting Laboratory Data offers features that will help pharmacy students not only understand and engage with the material but also will streamline the transition from classroom to practice setting. After studying with this trusted text, students and pharmacists will more effectively monitor patient therapy, evaluate test results, and improve outcomes through optimal and focused pharmacotherapy.
Although rotations are crucial to the development of skills needed to practice pharmacy, there has been little available to guide students in the best way to prepare and make the most of these experiences—until now.
Maximize Your Rotations: ASHP’s Student Guide to IPPEs, APPEs, and Beyond breaks down everything you need to know into easy-to-navigate chapters. Inside you will find the skills required to excel while on IPPE or APPE rotations, along with competencies that may be unique to one type of rotation or another.
Each chapter is written by an experienced preceptor, lending a valuable perspective.
By using this text, you will gain an appreciation of the general expectations and typical activities of each rotation experience before you begin. Better preparation means better performance. Maximize Your Rotations will also be a resource throughout the experiential year, offering everything from reminders of clinical issues and statistical reviews to advice on interviewing, CV writing, professional organizations, and more.
Maximize Your Rotations means less time getting up to speed—and more time getting ahead in your career. Your rotation experience can be the launching pad for your career, and there’s no better guide than Maximize Your Rotations.
From Abilify to Zyrtec and nearly every drug in between, Mosby's Drug Reference for Health Professions, 3rd Edition is the must-have item for every aspiring health professional. In fact, it's the only drug book on the market written specifically for health professionals! Filled with vital details your students need to know about patient medications, this updated edition features concise, reliable information that is easy to navigate and simple to follow. Key details are presented in short monographs for 1,000 generic drugs (including 4,500 trade-name drugs) that are listed alphabetically. Precautions and considerations sections are tailored to circumstances your students will face on the job. Make certain they have the most relevant information on hand for their studies and for clinical practice with Mosby's Drug Reference for Health Professions, 3rd Edition!
Included are practice exams for the following domains:
• Pharmacy Law and Regulations
• Sterile and Non-Sterile Compounding
• Medication Safety
• Pharmacy Quality Assurance
• Medication Order Entry and Fill Process
• Pharmacy Inventory Management
• Pharmacy Billing and Reimbursement
• Pharmacy Information Usage and Application
This innovative workbook includes:
• 100 pharmaceutical calculation questions including ratios and conversions, dimensional analysis, alligation, measurements for accurate drug doses, and business math
• Formulas to master the essential math you'll face on the exam
• Five separate 100 question comprehensive practice exams
• Detailed solutions to all practice questions to help you pinpoint your strengths and weaknesses and identify areas in need of further study
Decision making based on personal experience alone, without knowledge from well-designed, controlled, randomized trials with adequate sample size, often overestimates the efficacy and underestimates the safety risks associated with drugs. This book provides a roadmap that is instructional and, most importantly, practical for the pharmacist so these new skills can be applied immediately in practice.
Based on a five-step process perfected over ten years at the University of Missouri, Kansas City, School of Pharmacy, this exciting new approach will:
· Reduce complexity
· Shorten time for decision making support
· Maintain rigor
· Categorize quality of the evidence in a simple, straightforward, and logical manner
· Provide a process designed specifically for pharmacists making drug therapy decisions
Use of examples, tables, diagrams, and key points highlighted throughout the book and summarized at the end of each chapter provide the pharmacist with skills they can implement the next day to begin applying EBM principles to their practice.
A&P content helps you understand how drugs work in the human body.
Comprehensive drug tables provide fast, easy access to essential pharmaceutical facts.
Tech Notes and Tech Alerts highlight steps you can take to enhance efficiency and avoid common errors on the job.
Pharmacist's Perspective boxes provide practical insight on common scenarios you'll encounter in practice.
Technician's Corner boxes challenge you to apply your critical thinking skills to chapter content.
Abbreviated drug monographs familiarize you with essential pharmaceutical data for common drugs:
Route of administration
Side effects Auxiliary labelMedication Safety and Error Prevention chapter helps you confidently address growing concerns related to patient safety and prevent medication-related errors.
Revised Math Calculations chapter incorporates helpful information to clarify complex pharmaceutical calculations.
Updated content prepares you for the Pharmacy Technician Certification (PTC) exam and highlights current concerns you'll encounter in the workforce:
HIPAA regulationsThe Medicare Modernization Act Legal parameters for the sale of pseudoephedrine productsThe issuance of multiple Schedule II prescriptionsPending legislation requirements for Medicaid prescriptionsThe United States Pharmacopeia (USP)
New full-color photographs familiarize you with current practice settings. Learning games and certification review quizzes on the companion Evolve website reinforce your understanding and challenge you to apply what you've learned.
Developed by Robin M. Zavod and Marc W. Harrold, authors of the highly praised textbook, Basic Concepts in Medicinal Chemistry, this Self Assessment is the only publication of its kind. A highly engaging way for pharmacy and pre-health students to master the complexities of medicinal chemistry, it reinforces what they learn in class with practice problems and review questions which are answered at the end of the book.
The Self Assessment book and its related online content are also handy teaching tools, as well as a source of new problem formats and strategies for exploring concepts from different perspectives.
Zavod and Harrold’s approach provides a clear translation of organic chemistry concepts into medicinal chemistry language, and includes numerous clinically relevant examples, relating medicinal chemistry to therapeutic decisions. A valuable enhancement to any medicinal chemistry text, this book will also be very helpful for students learning organic or biochemistry, as well as for practitioners who want to renew their understanding of medicinal chemistry.
Developed for use at the point of care, Pharmacotherapy Bedside Guide helps you decide which pharmacotherapy to employ in specific clinical situations. Comprised exclusively of quick-hit tables and algorithms, this carryanywhere companion tells you what treatment the evidence suggests for each illness or disorder. It also details essential drug information, such as benefits, risks, adverse reactions, dosage, interactions with other drugs, and responses. Conveniently organized by specialty and disorder rather than drug, Pharmacotherapy Bedside Guide will prove invaluable when treating patients.
A Doody's Core Title for 2017!
Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach is written to help you advance the quality of patient care through evidence-based medication therapy derived from sound pharmacotherapeutic principles. The scope of this trusted classic goes beyond drug indications and dosages to include the initial selection, proper administration, and monitoring of drugs. You will find everything you need to provide safe, effective drug therapy across the full range of therapeutic categories.
Presented in full-color, the Tenth Edition is enriched by more than 300 expert contributors, and every chapter has been updated to reflect the latest in evidence-based information and recommendations. This sweeping updates include tables, charts, algorithms, and practice guidelines. This edition is also enhanced by a timely all-new chapter on Travel Health.
Here’s why this is the perfect learning tool for students, patient-focused pharmacists, and other health care providers:
• All chapters have been updated to provide the most current, reliable, and relevant information possible
• Key Concepts at the beginning of each chapter
• Clinical Presentation Tables summarize disease signs and symptoms
• Clinical Controversies Boxes examine the complicated issues faced by students and clinicians in providing drug therapy
• Color coded diagnostic flow diagram, treatment algorithms, dosing recommendations, and monitoring approaches clearly distinguish treatment pathways
• Most disease-oriented chapters include updated evidence-based treatment guidelines that often include ratings of the level of evidence to support the key therapeutic approaches
Edition after trusted edition, Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach has been unmatched in its ability to clearly and impartially impart core pathophysiological and therapeutic elements that students and practitioners must be familiar with.
Fundamentals of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy, Second Edition gives practitioners the information they need to improve outcomes and personalize care for elderly patients. New to this edition are new chapters on “Palliative and Hospice Care” and “Infections and Antimicrobial Stewardship”. Additional enhancements in this edition include added links to new guidelines, assessment tools, and videos. Additional cases and a study guide will match the content map for certified geriatric pharmacists examination.
Useful features throughout the book guide practitioners in navigating the maze of information required when caring for the older patient. These include:
Summarized treatment guidelinesReviews of the evidence baseSpecial focus on recommendations for the frail elderlyFull case studies in each chapterClinical PearlsKey Points and Key Terms (with definitions) in each chapterThe demands of an aging population mean that a greater understanding of geriatric pharmacotherapy I now essential for all health care providers. Fundamentals of geriatric Pharmacotherapy, Second Edition ensures had the information to allow providers to respond appropriately
Updated Second Edition
500 Questions & Answers You Need to Know
This latest addition to our Health Sciences series of flashcards is designed to help PTCE candidates check their test-readiness before taking the Pharmacy Technician Certification Exam. Unlike most flashcards that come in a box, our cards are bound in an easy-to-use, organized book that makes it convenient to study anywhere.
Written by a seasoned pharmacy technician instructor and based on the most recent exam, our study supplement covers everything you need to know for the PTCE: assisting the pharmacist in serving patients, maintaining medication and inventory control systems, and participating in the management of pharmacy practice.
The flashcards are broken down by PTCE test topics and include multiple-choice questions with detailed answer explanations. The questions are similar to what you may encounter on the PTCE. The 500 flashcards are divided as follows:
* 200 flashcards focused on the top 200 brand/generic drug names including their respective drug classes, indications, side effects, and special considerations
* 50 flashcards focused on pharmaceutical terms and abbreviations
* 250 flashcards focused on PTCE review material:
- 165 flashcards on Assisting the Pharmacist in Serving Patients
- 55 flashcards on Maintaining Medication and Inventory Control Systems
- 30 flashcards on Participating in the Administration and Management of Pharmacy Practice
After studying with the book, go online and review what you have learned at REA's Study Center. Our customizable e-flashcards and 3 practice quizzes give you the freedom to create your own PTCE study plan and study anywhere, anytime. You can also create your own unique flashcards for any sections of the test that give you difficulty.
This flashcard book and the online tools that come with it, will help you personalize your PTCE prep by testing your understanding, pinpointing your weaknesses, and delivering flashcard study materials unique to you.
If you're a pharmacy tech student and want extra practice and review before the exam, REA's PTCE Flashcard Book is the right Rx for your study needs.
This book is clearly written, accurate, and easy to understand. It can be used in a classroom setting or for independent study to develop a careful and systematic approach to pharmacy calculations and can be used as a study aid for the PTCE and ExCPT exams.
"These cards offer concise yet detailed case studies for students to review current pharmacotherapeutic options for many of the commonly encountered disease states....Students might find these cards to be a very helpful in addition to their therapeutics courses to help them retain knowledge through the use of real-life clinical scenarios. 3 Stars."--Doody's Review Service
These 238 Q&A cards provide a complete review of pharmacotherapeutic concepts for the major disease states most often encountered in practiceEmphasizes evidence-based therapeutic decision making and drug therapy monitoring Each card features a case and therapeutic question Key facts are included for the drug or drug class that correctly answers the question Case Notes explain the answer and include clinical pearls about use of the drug, management of the disease, and dosing
The role of pharmacy technicians is rapidly expanding, and demand for well-trained technicians has never been higher! Technicians are assuming more responsibilities and are taking on greater leadership roles. Quality training material is increasingly important for new technicians entering the field, and current technicians looking to advance.
Look no further than the new 4th edition of the best-selling Manual for Pharmacy Technicians to master the practical skills and gain the foundational knowledge all technicians need to be successful.
NEW chapters cover the latest essentials:Specialty Pharmacy Practice Communication and Teamwork Billing and Reimbursement Durable and Nondurable Medical Equipment, Devices, and Supplies
NEW features include:Full color design, photos and illustrations enhance learning Rx for Success boxes share tips to help techs excel on the job Technology Topics highlight the latest in automation & technical areas Safety First features provide critical advice for enhancing safety & reducing errors Bolded key terms defined in chapter-level glossaries Streamlined contents divide book into 4 simple parts: introduction to pharmacy practice, foundation knowledge and skills, practice basics, and business applications Expanded self-assessment questions and calculations content
Alone or with the new edition of the Pharmacy Technician Certification Review and Practice Exam, the Manual for Pharmacy Technicians, 4th Edition offers pharmacy technicians the most relevant, authoritative, easy-to-use guide in the field.
Want more exercises and practice? Look for the NEW Workbook for the Manual for Pharmacy Technicians.
A Doody's Core Title for 2017!
Pharmacotherapy Handbook provides the critical information you need to make drug therapy decisions for more than 140 diseases and disorders commonly encountered in a clinical setting. Featuring a convenient alphabetized presentation, this handy guide utilizes text, tables, figures, and treatment algorithms to make important drug data readily accessible and easily understood.
Features:Consistent chapter organization includes: Disease state definition Concise review of relevant pathophysiology Clinical presentation Diagnosis Goals of treatment Treatment Monitoring Six appendices, including "Allergic and Pseudoallergic Drug Reactions" and "Geriatrics" The ideal companion to Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach, Ninth Edition by Joseph DiPiro, et al
If you are a patient, gain a better understanding of how a pharmacy functions; if you are a health care provider, learn how to better communicate with retail pharmacists. A Prescription for Retail Pharmacy provides helpful advice for those already working behind the counter, as well. Explore what is expected of pharmacy technicians and new techniques for pharmacists to use in handling the typical problems they encounter.
Whether your problems are in front of the counter or behind it, A Prescription for Retail Pharmacy provides the cure!
In Cat Sense, renowned anthrozoologist John Bradshaw takes us further into the mind of the domestic cat than ever before, using cutting-edge scientific research to dispel the myths and explain the true nature of our feline friends. Tracing the cat's evolution from lone predator to domesticated companion, Bradshaw shows that although cats and humans have been living together for at least eight thousand years, cats remain independent, predatory, and wary of contact with their own kind, qualities that often clash with our modern lifestyles. Cats still have three out of four paws firmly planted in the wild, and within only a few generations can easily revert back to the independent way of life that was the exclusive preserve of their predecessors some 10,000 years ago. Cats are astonishingly flexible, and given the right environment they can adapt to a life of domesticity with their owners-but to continue do so, they will increasingly need our help. If we're to live in harmony with our cats, Bradshaw explains, we first need to understand their inherited quirks: understanding their body language, keeping their environments-however small-sufficiently interesting, and becoming more proactive in managing both their natural hunting instincts and their relationships with other cats.
A must-read for any cat lover, Cat Sense offers humane, penetrating insights about the domestic cat that challenge our most basic assumptions and promise to dramatically improve our pets' lives-and ours.
Water Insolubility is the Primary Culprit in over 40% of New Drug Development Failures
The most comprehensive resource on the topic, this second edition of Water Insoluble Drug Formulation brings together a distinguished team of experts to provide the scientific background and step-by-step guidance needed to deal with solubility issues in drug development. Twenty-three chapters systematically describe solubility properties and their impact on formulation, from theory to industrial practice. With detailed discussion on how these properties contribute to solubilization and dissolution, the text also features six brand new chapters on water-insoluble drugs, exploring regulatory aspects, pharmacokinetic behavior, early phase formulation strategies, lipid based systems for oral delivery, modified release of insoluble drugs, and scalable manufacturing aspects. The book includes more than 15 water-insoluble drug delivery systems or technologies, illustrated with case studies featuring oral and parenteral applications. Highlighting the most current information and data available, this seminal volume reflects the significant progress that has been made in nearly all aspects of this field.
This book offers a complete review of the basic mathematics concepts and skills, which provide a foundation for more advanced understanding of pharmacy-related topics. The guide provides students with the pharmacy basics necessary for correctly interpreting prescriptions and drug orders, and for performing dosing calculations that technicians face every day.
The chapters are broken down into four units and are organized to complement most pharmacy technician training curricula and to support the ASHP model curriculum:
· Review of Mathematics
· Systems of Measurement
· Preparing for Problem Solving in Pharmacy
· Dosing Calculations and Other Pharmacy Problems
Key features throughout the book include:
· Chapter objectives
· Key terms and definitions
· Examples of problem scenarios or calculations questions and solutions
· “Tech Note!” —provides a highlight of key points within the chapters
· “Numbers at Work” —illustrates why key concepts are important to know and skills are critical to master
· Practice problems
· A test bank
· Appendices that include the parts of a prescription, a glossary of terms, conversions, and abbreviations tables.
For additional resources related to this book, visit www.ashp.org/techcalculations.
The book provides an overview of the function of the pharmaceutical microbiologist and what they need to know, from regulatory filing and GMP, to laboratory design and management, and compendia tests and risk assessment tools and techniques. These key aspects are discussed through a series of dedicated chapters, with topics covering auditing, validation, data analysis, bioburden, toxins, microbial identification, culture media, and contamination control.Contains the applications of pharmaceutical microbiology in sterile and non-sterile productsPresents the practical aspects of pharmaceutical microbiology testingProvides contamination control risks and remediation strategies, along with rapid microbiological methodsIncludes bioburden, endotoxin, and specific microbial risksHighlights relevant case studies and risk assessment scenarios
Pretests in each chapter allow readers to assess their current knowledge of specific topics.
Step-by-step examples make it easy to learn and remember how to do equations and use formulas.
Hundreds of practice problems provide practice with calculations, conversions, and measurements.
Actual drug labels accompany examples and problems, for real-world experience with the information you will see in pharmacy practice.
Business Math for Pharmacy Technicians chapter introduces the calculations needed in retail pharmacy settings.
Body system icons appear next to medication names to help you associate different drugs with their respective disorders and body systems.
Points to Remember boxes make it easy to learn and remember key information.
Review of Rules sections in each chapter summarize the rules and methods for performing equations.
Chapter reviews provide a quick summary of the key concepts in each chapter.
Posttests in each chapter allow you to assess how well you have learned the material.
A comprehensive posttest includes 50 questions that assess your knowledge of all major topics covered in the book.
Helpful study tools also include an answer key for odd-numbered problems and a comprehensive glossary.Updated content meets ASHP requirements and features new topics such as powder volume and compounding problems, formulas for reducing and enlarging medications, and opportunities to write out prescription label directions.
Tech Note boxes offer helpful advice on real-life situations you may encounter in the pharmacy.
Tech Alert boxes warn against common pharmacy and medication errors that could impact patients' safety.
Additional prescription and practice exercises give you valuable experience with translating physician directions into patient instructions.
Mastering Pharmacy Technician Math: A Certification Review is a super-effective way for students preparing for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board Examination to improve their ability to perform basic math and pharmacy-specific calculations. The book includes powerful learning aids such as practice exercises in each chapter, end-of-chapter Q&A, a 50-question pretest that reviews key concepts, and three 100-question practice tests to prepare you for the board exam. All questions are correlated to the learning outcomes found in the book so you know exactly what to review should you answer a question incorrectly.
Mastering Pharmacy Technician Math: A Certification Review is logically divided into ten chapters:
Chapter 1: Mathematical Concepts -- reviews the basic mathematical building blocks needed to master advanced pharmacy calculations, including fractions, decimals, percents, ratios, proportions, conversions, and cross-multiplication.
Chapter 2: Numbering Systems -- reviews the different systems of measurement and how to convert within and between them, including working with temperatures and time.
Chapter 3: Understanding Drugs and Drug Orders -- identifies drug strengths, doses, drug forms, and routes of administration and explains how to identify and interpret information on drug labels, package inserts, prescriptions, and medication orders.
Chapter 4: Methods of Dosage Calculations -- presents methods to perform dosage calculations correctly, including fraction proportion, ratio proportion, dimensional analysis, and formulas.
Chapter 5: Oral Dosages -- describes the processes for calculating dosages, amount to dispense, and estimated days' supply for oral medications.
Chapter 6: Parenteral Dosages (Excluding Intravenous) -- describes parenteral medications, including those given by injection; inhalants; transdermal, ophthalmic, and otic drugs; and drugs placed in the rectum or vagina.
Chapter 7: Intravenous Calculations -- describes how to calculate IV concentrations and how to prepare medications for continuous and intermittent IV infusion.
Chapter 8: Special Preparations Calculations -- describes the processes to calculate concentrations, ratio strengths, final volume/final strength, and dilutions, as well as how to write recipes to prepare compound drug orders and perform alligation calculations.
Chapter 9: Medication Safety and Calculations -- discusses pharmacokinetics, high-alert medications, look-alike/sound-alike medications, how to calculate drug half-life values, pediatric and geriatric calculations, DEA controlled substance requirements related to prescriber DEA numbers, and how to perform the calculation needed to verify DEA number validity.
Chapter 10: Business, Inventory, and Reimbursement Calculations -- discusses reimbursements and patient payments, and describes how to calculate overhead costs, profits and losses, markups, turnover rates, and correct costs and change.
Too little salt in the diet can shift the body into semi-starvation mode and cause insulin resistance, and may even cause you to absorb twice as much fat for every gram you consume. Too little salt in certain populations can actually increase blood pressure, as well as resting heart rate. We need salt in order to hydrate and nourish our cells, transmit nerve signals, contract our muscles, ensure proper digestion and breathing, and maintain proper heart function. The Salt Fix will show how we wrongly demonized this essential micronutrient as well as explain what the current science really says about this misunderstood mineral and how to maximize its effect so you can enjoy ideal health and longevity.
By showing us the true nature of chance and revealing the psychological illusions that cause us to misjudge the world around us, Mlodinow gives us the tools we need to make more informed decisions. From the classroom to the courtroom and from financial markets to supermarkets, Mlodinow's intriguing and illuminating look at how randomness, chance, and probability affect our daily lives will intrigue, awe, and inspire.
From the Trade Paperback edition.
Development and use of robust analytical methods is critical for the ability to generate accurate analytical data. Sample preparation is an integral part of the analytical method. In a survey conducted by LC-GC1, responses indicated that approximately two-thirds of the time spent testing and analyzing samples was spent on the sample preparation portion of the method. In addition, issues related to sample preparation accounted for one-third of the errors generated while performing an analytical method.
A number of challenges exist in the sample preparation/extraction of pharmaceutical dosage forms for potency and purity analysis as well as isolation and identification of impurities and degradants. These challenges increase for complex dosage forms such as some controlled release formulations and other challenging formulations such as suspensions, ointments, transdermal patches, etc. Challenges in developing rapid and rugged sample preparation methods include complete dispersion of the dosage form to facilitate extraction and solubilization of the analytes of interest, dealing with extracted interfering components and addressing drug-excipient interactions. A number of factors must be considered and addressed in each of these areas.
The objective of Sample Preparation of Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms is to provide an overview of the various sample preparation and extraction techniques available for pharmaceutical dosage forms. In addition to the review and discussion of specific techniques, sample preparation method development and trouble shooting strategies are discussed. Multiple examples and case studies are presented to highlight various potential issues and solutions.