Since the Feb. 2006 bombing of the Al-Askari Mosque in Samarathat triggered the displacement of thousands of Iraqis, the U.S. has taken a lead role in resettling the displaced. The admin. has indicated its intent to assist those Iraqis who supported the U.S. in Iraq. In addition, Congress authorized the Depts. of Defense (DoD) and State (State) to jointly establish and operate a program to offer temporary employment to Iraqi special immigrant visa (SIV) holders in the U.S. This report provides information on the: (1) status of resettled Iraqis in the U.S. and the initial challenges they face; (2) benefits afforded Iraqi refugees and SIV holders; and (3) challenges they face obtaining employment with the federal government. Charts and tables.
This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Discusses the continuing challenges the U.S. faces in implementing U.S. sanctions against Iran: (1) deterring the illegal trans-shipment of U.S. goods to Iran; (2) restricting foreign investment in Iran¿s energy sector; and (3) assessing the overall effectiveness of U.S. sanctions. The U.S. has imposed multiple sanctions against Iran to deter it from developing its nuclear program, supporting terrorism, and abusing human rights. The U.S. has banned most U.S. trade and investment with Iran and prohibited firms from knowingly trans-shipping U.S. goods to Iran through other nations. The U.S. has also acted to limit Iran¿s ability to explore for, extract, refine, or transport its petroleum resources. Maps and table.
In Nov. 2002, NATO was to consider the admission of new members to the alliance. The U.S. Senate mandated that the GAO review and assess a report that Congress directed the President to provide on countries seeking membership in NATO. The President submitted a report to Congress in Aug. 2002. GAO found that the report responded to the mandated requirements with information that was generally accurate and current. However, the discussion of each country's efforts to implement democratic principles and reforms was limited, and did not reflect the challenges these countries face in the transition to democratic societies -- or their efforts to address those challenges -- in areas such as civil liberties, judicial independence, human rights, and minority rights.
In 1980, the Staggers Rail Act fostered substantial changes in the railroad industry. By 1995, fewer large freight railroads accounted for most of the industry's revenue and train miles. At the same time, these freight railroads substantially reduced their workforce and track networks. Congress and railroad labor have raised concerns that these changes in the industry could compromise safety. This report provides information on operational and safety trends in the railroad industry and describes how the Federal Railroad Admin. has responded to these trends by developing a new partnering approach for improving safety on the nation's rail lines.