Homer

Homer is best known as the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey. He was believed by the ancient Greeks to have been the first and greatest of the epic poets. Author of the first known literature of Europe, he is central to the Western canon.
When he lived, as well as whether he lived at all, is unknown. Herodotus estimates that Homer lived no more than 400 years before his own time, which would place him at around 850 BCE or later. Pseudo-Herodotus estimates that he was born 622 years before Xerxes I placed a pontoon bridge over the Hellespont in 480 BCE, which would place him at 1102 BCE, 168 years after the fall of Troy in 1270 BCE. These two end points are 252 years apart, representative of the differences in dates given by the other sources.
The importance of Homer to the ancient Greeks is described in Plato's Republic, where he is referred to as the protos didaskalos, "first teacher", of tragedy, the hegemon paideias, "leader of learning", and the one who ten Hellada pepaideuken, "has taught Greece". Homer's works, which are about fifty percent speeches, provided models in persuasive speaking and writing that were emulated throughout the ancient and medieval Greek worlds.
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This carefully crafted ebook: “The Iliad and The Odyssey + Homer and His Age” contains 2 books in one volume and is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents. The Iliad and the Odyssey are two epic poems written by Homer around the 9th century BC. They are two of the oldest recorded written works in history. The Iliad deals with a ten-year war between the Greeks and Trojans, called the Siege of Troy. It centers around Achilles, the great Greek hero who was dipped in the river Styx when he was young and whose only weak spot was his heel. He was killed when Apollo helped one of his enemies shoot an arrow into his heel. The Odyssey is about Odysseus´s voyage from the war back home to Ithaca, which took another 10 years. Homer (around the 9th century BC) is the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, and is revered as the greatest of ancient Greek epic poets. Homer's works, which are about fifty percent speeches, provided models in persuasive speaking and writing that were emulated throughout the ancient and medieval Greek worlds. Homer and His Age by Andrew Lang was written in 1906. Lang was highly regarded as a Homeric scholar and Homer and His Age is one of the works he contributed to this area of study. Table of contents: Preface; The Homeric Age; Hypotheses as to the Growth of the Epics; Hypotheses of Epic Composition; Loose Feudalism: The Over-Lord in “Iliad,” Books I. and II.; Agamemnon in the Later “Iliad”; Archaeology of the “Iliad”. Burial and Cremation; Homeric Armour; The Breastplate; Bronze and Iron; The Homeric House; Notes of Change in the “Odyssey”; Linguistic Proofs of Various Dates; The “Doloneia”; The Interpolations of Nestor; The Comparative Study of Early Epics; Homer and the French Mediaeval Epics; Conclusion. Andrew Lang (1844 – 1912) was a Scots poet, novelist, literary critic, and contributor to the field of anthropology. While best known for his translations of classical literature and as a collector of folk and fairy tales, Lang also wrote poetry, biographies, histories, novels, literary criticisms and even children's books.
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