When one thinks of American folklore one thinks not only of the folklore of American life, the traditions that have sprung up on American soil, but also of the literature of folklore, the migratory traditions that have found a home in the New World. Here are the pioneer heroes, legendary and real: the boasters, liars, bad men, good people, and strong people. There are anecdotes, tall tales, cross talk, and jests, full of vigorous good humor. There is a selection of the classic ballads of sailors, miners, cowboys, lumberjacks, and hoboes. Relations between men and women, slave songs of the black people, work songs connected with union struggles, are all herein covered. In The American People, the people speak and are allowed to tell their own story in their own way.
The volume is graced by a personal memoir by Louis Filler. The reader learns the background that made Botkin an integral voice in the reconstruction of American folklore. Here, one can read the actual tales of Davy Crockett, Buffalo Bill, Casey Jones, Johnny Appleseed, The Arkansas Traveler, Paul Bunyan, and countless other figures from the past- real and mythic.
Consideration of the history of the Americas as a whole dates back to 16th century European treatises on the New World. Chapter one of this study provides an overview of pre-Bolton formulations of such history. In chapter two one sees the forces that shaped Bolton's thinking and brought about the development of the concept. Chapters three and four focus upon the evolution of the approach through Bolton's history course at the University of California at Berkeley and the reception of the concept among Bolton's contemporaries. Unfortunately, Bolton never fully developed the theoretical side of his arguement; thus, chapter five chronicles the decline of his ideas after his death. The final chapter reveals the survival of the concept, which is now embraced by a new generation of historians who are largely unfamiliar with Bolton's instrumental role in the promotion of comparative history.
Carl Becker's ruminations are invariably provocative, notably wise, and remarkably enduring. He clearly believed in what has been called a "living Constitution," one that must be adapted to changing circumstances and imperatives in America life, and his faith in democracy seems to have strengthened as the decades progressed.
In his new introduction, Michael Kammen places this American classic in historical perspective. Kammen sees Becker as more than an archival historian, but rather as a master of the "creative synthesis" looking at familiar sources in fresh ways and developing new points of view that were frequently revisionist and, on occasion, radically arresting. Much has changed between 1920 and the present; but Carl Becker's sagacity persists, just as his expository prose will continue to please a new generation of historians and students of American social history. Carl Becker was the author of "Kansas"; The Declaration of Independence: A Study in the History of Political Ideas; Modern History: The Rise of a Democratic, Scientific, and Industrial Civilization; "Benjamin Franklin"; "Everyman His Own Historian"; The Heavenly City of the Eighteenth-Century Philosophers; How New Will the Better World Be?; and Freedom and Responsibility in the American Way of Life.
MichaelG. Kammen is professor of American History and Culture at Cornell University. He is the author of numerous books in the field including Selvages and Biases: The Fabric of History in American Culture; Politics and Society on Colonial America; and Constitutional Pluralism: Conflicting Interpretations of the Founders' Intentions.
This book (originally entitled Gegen den Strom! Eine Kritik der Handelspolitik des Deutschen Reichs an der Hand Carey'schen forshungen) was first published in Berlin in 1875.
By May of 1879, von Kardorff's campaign resulted in German Chancellor Bismarck's adoption of a new economic program, which he announced in a presentation before the Reichstag.
To a large degree Bismarck based his new program on this book and von Kardorff's accompanying educational/political exertions. The flow, or current, was redirected along the lines of the Henry C. Carey-Abraham Lincoln American System policies and Germany became one of the leading scientific-agricultural-industrial nations of the world.
By pointing out errors of judgment and axiomatic assumption, this book made history--as it shall do now again.
In both science and politics, progress is impossible without a willingness to reexamine assumptions and axioms. A bright future awaits us if we but put aside our conceits. We must go Against the Current!