Kidney Disease and Nutrition - ECAB

Elsevier Health Sciences
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Optimal nutrition is essential for maintaining the structural and functional integrity of all the organs and systems in the body. This is especially relevant in disease and dysfunctional states when the functioning of organ systems is compromised. This clinical update handbook aims to discuss and debate the impact of nutrition, describe methods for assessment of nutritional status and recommend the diet modifications helpful in managing various types of kidney diseases and dysfunctions.

The first chapter of this book describes the various components of a healthy diet when there is no kidney disease or dysfunction. The chapter 2, 3, 4, and 5 provide a brief but relevant review of the dietary modifications and restrictions recommended in diabetic nephropathy, hypertensive nephropathy, renal stone disease, and nephrotic syndrome respectively. The two subsequent chapters 6 and 7 speak of the nutritional modifications indicated in management of acute injury of kidney and chronic kidney disease. The 8 and 9 chapters describe the dietary modifications that are compatible with the two types of dialysis, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. The final chapter of the book describes the dietary recommendations and restrictions applicable before and after kidney transplantation.

This book will help the readers understand the intricacies of the aspects mentioned above and guide the practitioner to diagnose and manage the nutritional aspect of various kidney diseases with special reference to practical experience in India. The authors have put together the most relevant facts about the disease for an easy comprehension and understanding of primary glomerular diseases by practitioners and students across the specialty.

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About the author

Dr. Bharat V. Shah is the Managing Trustee of Narmada Kidney Foundation and Consultant Nephrologist, at Lilavati Hospital and Research Center and Balabhai Nanavati Hospital in Mumbai. In the past, he has been the Head, Department of Medicine and Head of Nephrology section at P. D. Hinduja National Hospital, Mahim, Mumbai. Dr. Shah has published more than 60 research papers and authored three books. He is a teacher for DNB program in nephrology and member of scientific committee of Indian Society of Nephrology.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Elsevier Health Sciences
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Published on
May 28, 2013
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Pages
157
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ISBN
9788131232040
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Language
English
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Genres
Medical / Nephrology
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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The Nutrition and HealthTM series of books have, as an overriding mission, to provide health professionals with texts that are considered essential because each includes: (1) a synthesis of the state of the science, (2) timely, in-depth reviews by the leading researchers in their respective fields, (3) extensive, up-to-date fully annotated reference lists, (4) a detailed index, (5) relevant tables and figures, (6) identi- cation of paradigm shifts and the consequences, (7) virtually no overlap of information between chapters, but targeted, inter-chapter referrals, (8) suggestions of areas for future research, and (9) balanced, data-driven answers to patient /health professional questions that are based upon the totality of evidence rather than the findings of any single study. The series volumes are not the outcome of a symposium. Rather, each editor has the potential to examine a chosen area with a broad perspective, both in subject matter as well as in the choice of chapter authors. The international perspective, especially with regard to public health initiatives, is emphasized where appropriate. The editors, whose trainings are both research and practice oriented, have the opportunity to develop a primary objective for their book, define the scope and focus, and then invite the leading authorities from around the world to be part of their initiative. The authors are encouraged to provide an overview of the field, discuss their own research, and relate the research findings to potential human health consequences.
With the increase in lifestyle-related diseases like diabetes and hypertension the prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is increasing exponentially and with it is increasing the burden of its ominous consequence, End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). While ESRD is no longer a death sentence with the advent of efficient renal replacement therapies and the success of renal transplantation, factors such as high cost of these procedures, limited availability of donated kidneys and not enough number of centers equipped with these facilities puts the effective management of ESRD beyond the reach of an average person many-a-times. Additionally the presence of co-existing diseases that contribute to and sometimes complicate the renal impairment as well as delayed referral of the patients to nephrologists also makes matters worse.

ESRD is not just a medical but also a social and economic condition that devastates the person and his/her entire family. Hence, early detection and effective prevention of progression of CKD in early stages to advanced CKD and ESRD is the call of the day. In fact, understanding the pathophysiology of the condition and adopting methods of primordial prevention in populations at risk may be desirable to ensure reduction in the incidence of CKD. In those with established CKD, a proactive approach to manage the disease manifestations and limit the ravages of other comorbidities is desirable. For those in advanced stages of CKD, the institution of an appropriate renal replacement therapy individually suited to the patient keeping in view the medical status, lifestyle requirements, economic viability and social acceptability should be advised.

This book will help the reader understand the intricacies of the aspects mentioned above and guide the practitioner to diagnose and manage End Stage Renal Disease with special reference to practical experience of the same in India. The authors have put together the most relevant facts about the disease for an easy comprehension and understanding of the same by practitioners and students across the specialty.

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