The study is unique in that the results provide clear evidence of both attitude change and high levels of linguistic awareness among the informants of social and geographical diversity within the English language. These findings are analyzed in detail in relation to the global spread of English as well as in terms of the pedagogical implications for the choice of linguistic model employed in English language classrooms both inside and outside Japan.
The issues examined are of particular interest to educators, researchers and students in the fields of applied linguistics, TESOL, second language acquisition, social psychology of language and sociolinguistics. The pedagogical and language policy implications of the findings obtained make essential reading for those with a specific focus on the role of the English language and English language teaching, both in Japan and beyond.
Williams explains that many people have conflated “working class” with “poor”—but the working class is, in fact, the elusive, purportedly disappearing middle class. They often resent the poor and the professionals alike. But they don’t resent the truly rich, nor are they particularly bothered by income inequality. Their dream is not to join the upper middle class, with its different culture, but to stay true to their own values in their own communities—just with more money. While white working-class motivations are often dismissed as racist or xenophobic, Williams shows that they have their own class consciousness.
White Working Class is a blunt, bracing narrative that sketches a nuanced portrait of millions of people who have proven to be a potent political force. For anyone stunned by the rise of populist, nationalist movements, wondering why so many would seemingly vote against their own economic interests, or simply feeling like a stranger in their own country, White Working Class will be a convincing primer on how to connect with a crucial set of workers—and voters.
Using research on cognitive and neural development and motivational theory from the work of Piaget and Vygotsky, this is an invaluable tool for teachers inexperienced in science. It will help you discover new ways to think about science and develop lessons that are rich, fun, and authentic for both you and your students.
All educators will find examples, questions, stories, and thought-provoking ideas to give students a strong start in science achievement, plus:
• Six key elements to build into science instruction: observing, representing, organizing, patterning and questioning, experimenting, and sharing
• How-to's for incorporating inquiry, workshops, centers, and projects in primary and elementary classrooms
• A four-step system—choice, planning, doing, reviewing—that helps promote learning in science and across all subjects