Policy Debates on Hydraulic Fracturing: Comparing Coalition Politics in North America and Europe

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This edited volume compares seven countries in North America and Europe on the highly topical issue of oil and gas development that uses hydraulic fracturing or “fracking.” The comparative analysis is based on the Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) and guided by two questions: First, in each country, what are current coalitions and the related policy output? Second, based on the current situation, what are the chances for future policy change? This book is the first to use a social science approach to analyze hydraulic fracturing debates and the first application of the ACF that is deliberately comparative. The contributions in this book advance our understanding about the formation of coalitions and development of public policy in the context of different forms of government and economically recoverable natural resources.
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About the author

Christopher M. Weible is Associate Professor of Public Affairs at the University of Colorado Denver, USA.
Tanya Heikkila is Associate Professor of Public Affairs at the University of Colorado Denver, USA.
Karin Ingold is Professor of Political Science at the Institute of Political Science, University of Bern, Switzerland.
Manuel Fischer is Researcher in the Environmental Social Sciences department at Eawag, Dübendorf, Switzerland and Lecturer at the Institute of Political Science, University of Bern, Switzerland.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Springer
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Published on
Sep 24, 2016
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Pages
276
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ISBN
9781137595744
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Language
English
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Genres
Political Science / American Government / General
Political Science / Comparative Politics
Political Science / General
Political Science / Globalization
Political Science / International Relations / General
Political Science / World / European
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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This is a major new comparison of the American and European political systems. By deploying a powerful new model to analyse the two systems it draws some challenging conclusions about their increasing similarity. Professor Fabbrini argues that the process of regional integration in Europe over the last 60 years, has significantly reduced the historical differences between the democracies on either side of the Atlantic. The EU and the US are now similar because they represent two different species of the same political genus: the compound democracy. The defining feature of compound democracy is the union of states and their citizens. Through such union, the states agree to pool their sovereignty within a larger integrated supra-state or supranational framework. They do so because these unions are primarily pacts for avoiding war. Because the states which made those unions were, and continue to be, asymmetrically correlated, any attempt to create a unified polity - that is a political system where the decision-making power is monopolized by only one institution - is likely to fail. He goes on to argue that the US and the EU are based on a multiple diffusion of powers which guarantees that any interest can have a voice in the decision-making process and no majority will be able to control all the institutional levels of the polity. This type of system allows an inter-states organization to operate as a supra-state polity - but it does so at the expense of decision-making capacity and accountability.
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