This report documents the expulsion and forced transfer of Lebanese civilians from Israeli-occupied south Lebanon in a summary and often cruel manner, sometimes in swift and punishing reprisal for the known or suspected activities of their relatives. They typically have been forced to leave with nothing but the clothes on their backs. This abrupt dispossession has imposed difficult and enduring hardships, with many families living in poverty because of the loss of homes, agricultural land, and small businesses.
CONTENIDO: Putumayo (twenty-fourth brigade) - Valle and Cauca /Third brigade) - Middle Magdalena (fifth brigade) - Warrants without arrests - Lack of support - Deniable accountability - Statistical game - The leahy provision - U.S. aid to Colombia - Waiving human rights - A strategy of evasion - State department spin.
Recommendations -- Introduction --Treatment of undocumented migrants in South Africa -- The treatment of refugees and asylum-seekers in South Africa -- Xenophobia and attacks against migrants -- The stalled policy debate -- A: South Africa's obligation under international and domestic law -- B: Organization of African unity convention governing the specific aspects of refugee problems in Africa -- C: Declaration on the Human Rights of individuals who are not nationals of the country in which they live -- D: International convention on the protection of the rights of all migrant workers and members of the families.
Police abuse -- The death penalty -- Race and drug law enforcement -- Treatment of prisoners -- Sexual abuse of women prisoners -- Children in confinement -- Lesbian and gay rights -- Attacks on freedom of expression -- Appendices A-E.
Background -- Human rights abuses by the Khmer Rouge -- Abuses by government forces -- Means of imposing accountability for gross abuses -- The law against the Khmer Rouge -- Mining and demining -- Foreign support for the Khmer Rouge -- Foreign support for the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces -- Conclusions and recommendations -- I: International Human Rights Law and the laws of war applicable to the warring parties -- II: The law against the Khmer Rouge -- III: Statements by Human Rights Watch/Asia on draft laws.
A report from the Human Rights Watch group investigating the manner in which contemporary causes of conflict fuel violence among ethnic, religious, and racial groups in areas such as Azerbaijan, the Israeli- occupied territories, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, and the former Yugoslavia. The contributors argue t
"Human Rights Watch calls on the Iranian government to amend or abolish its security laws, press laws, and other legislation that allow the government to suppress rights to peaceful expression and association. Human Rights Watch also urges the Iranian government to respect its international obligations, as well as Iran's constitution, in granting and respecting the social, cultural, and religious rights of the country's Kurdish minority"--Cover, p. .
Broken System documents ongoing violations by police in India and the impunity that fuels abuse. Drawing on interviews with more than 80 police officers and observations at police stations in three states and the capital, Delhi, the report also examines the ways in which everyday police working conditions contribute to and even encourage human rights violations. The Indian police are overstretched and outmatched, battling India's most pressing problems, including armed militancy, organized crime, and religious and caste violence, without sufficient trained personnel and equipment. The public, a vital source of cooperation and information for police, often avoids contact with the police out of fear. Political figures intervene in police operations to protect influential criminals, bribing officers and destroying morale. Police often commit abuses with impunity, a problem fueled by the lack of independent investigations into complaints of police abuse. When abysmal working conditions are paired with impunity for abuse, the results are all too predictable. To get around systemic problems many officers take 'short-cuts.' Officers cut their caseloads by refusing to register crime complaints. At other times, they use illegal detention, torture and ill-treatment to punish criminals against whom they lack the time or inclination to build cases, or to elicit confessions, even ones they know are false. Broken System concludes with detailed recommendations for reform, including steps Indian authorities should take to end impunity and overhaul the everyday police policies and practices that facilitate ongoing human rights violations.
Recommendations -- Background -- Arbitrary arrest and detention -- Detention centers and ill-treatment -- The students -- Encounters with the judiciary -- The independent press and the prisoners -- A bleak future -- Acknowledgments.
For the past thirty years-under both Emperor Haile Selassie and President Mengistu Haile Mariam-Ethiopia suffered continuous war and intermittent famine until every single province has been affected by war to some degree. Evil Days, documents the wide range of violations of basic human rights committed by all sides in the conflict, especially the Mengistu government's direct responsibility for the deaths of at least half a million Ethiopian civilians.
Methodology -- Key recommendations -- I. Migrant communities in Saudi Arabia. -- II. The foreign labor sponsorship system and its abuses. -- III. Vunerability and exploitation. -- IV. Women workers: forced confinement, labor exploitation, and sexual abuse. -- V. Labor grievances: the government's process for complaints and remedy. -- VI. Deportation of migrant workers. -- VII. Migrant workers in the criminal justice system : rights denied. -- VIII. The death penalty and executions: migrant worker victims. -- IX. Recommendations. -- Appendix A: International Labor Organization (ILO) conventions in force in Saudi Arabia. -- Appendix B. -- Acknowledgements.
Recommendations -- Background -- Who are the mentally ill in prison? -- Mental illness and women prisoners -- Systems in transition -- Difficulties mentally ill prisoners face coping in prison -- Inadequate responses and abuses by correctional staff -- Inadequate mental health treatment in prisons -- Insufficient provision of specialized facilities for seriously ill prisoners -- Case study: Alabama, a system in crisis -- Mentally ill prisoners and segregation -- Suicide and self-mutilation -- Failure to provide discharge services -- Legal standards.
The report finds significant shortcomings in the U.S. record, from the summary repatriation of Haitian boat people to the brutal treatment of prisoners. In these and other cases, the ICCR may offer greater protection against rights abuses than current interpretation U.S. law. The ACLU and Human Rights Watch call on the Clinton administration to take steps to correct these abuses and make it possible to invoke the protections of the covenant in U.S. court case.
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