Higher Mental Processes

University of Illinois Press
Free sample

In this new book, Robert W. Proctor curates a collection of celebrated and seminal articles from the past 125 years of the American Journal of Psychology . The debut volume in the University of Illinois Press TMs Common Threads series, Higher Mental Processes reprints a suite of ten articles on processes of higher-order thinking. Proctor, current editor of the AJP , begins the volume with a special introduction that provides historical and scientific context for the contributions. Contributors: P. Baratta, M. H. Birnbaum, M. E. Bulbrook, L. S. Buyer, R. A. Carlson, S. N. F. Chant, A. A. Cleveland, T. D. Cutsforth, R. L. Dominowski, E. Galanter, P. N. Johnson-Laird, M. G. Preston, Robert W. Proctor, and J. Tagart.
Read more

About the author

Robert W. Proctor is Distinguished Professor in the Department of Psychological Sciences at Purdue University and coauthor of Why Science Matters: Understanding the Methods of Psychological Research . He is the editor of the American Journal of Psychology .
Read more

Reviews

Loading...

Additional Information

Publisher
University of Illinois Press
Read more
Published on
Nov 30, 2015
Read more
Pages
200
Read more
ISBN
9780252098116
Read more
Language
English
Read more
Genres
Psychology / General
Read more
Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
Read more
Read Aloud
Available on Android devices
Read more

Reading information

Smartphones and Tablets

Install the Google Play Books app for Android and iPad/iPhone. It syncs automatically with your account and allows you to read online or offline wherever you are.

Laptops and Computers

You can read books purchased on Google Play using your computer's web browser.

eReaders and other devices

To read on e-ink devices like the Sony eReader or Barnes & Noble Nook, you'll need to download a file and transfer it to your device. Please follow the detailed Help center instructions to transfer the files to supported eReaders.
Johann Hari
New York Times Bestseller

From the New York Times bestselling author of Chasing the Scream: The First and Last Days of the War on Drugs, a radical new way of thinking about depression and anxiety.

What really causes depression and anxiety - and how can we really solve them? Award-winning journalist Johann Hari suffered from depression since he was a child and started taking anti-depressants when he was a teenager. He was told that his problems were caused by a chemical imbalance in his brain. As an adult, trained in the social sciences, he began to investigate whether this was true – and he learned that almost everything we have been told about depression and anxiety is wrong.

Across the world, Hari found social scientists who were uncovering evidence that depression and anxiety are not caused by a chemical imbalance in our brains. In fact, they are largely caused by key problems with the way we live today. Hari´s journey took him from a mind-blowing series of experiments in Baltimore, to an Amish community in Indiana, to an uprising in Berlin. Once he had uncovered nine real causes of depression and anxiety, they led him to scientists who are discovering seven very different solutions – ones that work.

It is an epic journey that will change how we think about one of the biggest crises in our culture today. His TED talk – 'Everything You Think You Know About Addiction Is Wrong' – has been viewed more than 8 million times and revolutionized the global debate. This book will do the same.
William B. Irvine
One of the great fears many of us face is that despite all our effort and striving, we will discover at the end that we have wasted our life. In A Guide to the Good Life, William B. Irvine plumbs the wisdom of Stoic philosophy, one of the most popular and successful schools of thought in ancient Rome, and shows how its insight and advice are still remarkably applicable to modern lives. In A Guide to the Good Life, Irvine offers a refreshing presentation of Stoicism, showing how this ancient philosophy can still direct us toward a better life. Using the psychological insights and the practical techniques of the Stoics, Irvine offers a roadmap for anyone seeking to avoid the feelings of chronic dissatisfaction that plague so many of us. Irvine looks at various Stoic techniques for attaining tranquility and shows how to put these techniques to work in our own life. As he does so, he describes his own experiences practicing Stoicism and offers valuable first-hand advice for anyone wishing to live better by following in the footsteps of these ancient philosophers. Readers learn how to minimize worry, how to let go of the past and focus our efforts on the things we can control, and how to deal with insults, grief, old age, and the distracting temptations of fame and fortune. We learn from Marcus Aurelius the importance of prizing only things of true value, and from Epictetus we learn how to be more content with what we have. Finally, A Guide to the Good Life shows readers how to become thoughtful observers of their own lives. If we watch ourselves as we go about our daily business and later reflect on what we saw, we can better identify the sources of distress and eventually avoid that pain in our life. By doing this, the Stoics thought, we can hope to attain a truly joyful life.
Addie Johnson
Skill Acquisition and Training describes the building blocks of cognitive, motor, and teamwork skills, and the factors to take into account in training them. The basic processes of perception, cognition and action that provide the foundation for understanding skilled performance are discussed in the context of complex task requirements, individual differences, and extreme environmental demands. The role of attention in perceiving, selecting, and becoming aware of information, in learning new information, and in performance is described in the context of specific skills.

A theme throughout this book is that much learning is implicit; the types of knowledge and relations that can profitably be learned implicitly and the conditions under which this learning benefits performance are discussed. The question of whether skill acquisition in cognitive domains shares underlying mechanisms with the acquisition of perceptual and motor skills is also addressed with a view to identifying commonalities that allow for widely applicable, general theories of skill acquisition. Because the complexity of real-world environments puts demands on the individual to adapt to new circumstances, the question of how skills research can be applied to organizational training contexts is an important one. To address this, this book dedicates much content to practical applications, covering such issues as how training needs can be captured with task and job analyses and how to maximize training transfer by taking trainee self-efficacy and goal orientation into account.

This comprehensive yet readable textbook is optimized for students of cognitive psychology looking to understand the intricacies of skill acquisition.

Robert W. Proctor
Although some of Bob's stories are distinctly lighthearted, much of his writing is infused with issues of violence and the darker nature of mankind as he experienced them in war and civil strife in many parts of the world. And there is an underlying, basically unspoken message in his writings. Bob considers it a universal truth that one must examine every contour, every edge, every excrescence of the horrors of darkness and conflict. Only then, he believes, will it be possible to truly appreciate enlightenment and compassion.


Book Reviews

5 Stars -- Perceptive tales of the quixotic third world, no matter the setting.

True to real life, the gods ordained few blissful endings in this compendium of stories centered on the quixotic third world. Some of the stories indeed have no ending at all, but leave the reader in agonized suspense. Acrophobes will shiver at the prospect of the narrator stranded on a high rock in "The Top" as night falls in the desert and the cold air settles in. Claustrophobes will wince at the underwater access to "The Cave" beneath a limestone karst in Laos.

The description of the Commandant at Kisangani in what was then Zaire is typical of officious persons of power who abound abroad. The Commandant was "subject to no laws except the `law' possessed by automatic weapons casually wielded by personal guards His French, though passable, was really a mlange of a Franco-Belge patois and Lingala, the prevailing language of the Congolese military throughout Zaire. His reputation of cruelty and venality was no secret."

Many of the themes are dark. Perhaps the darkest is the frightening raid by the Katmandu moral police on the Bibi Ghar. While the police brutally beat a libertine, his friend and co-conspirator exercises the classic Chinese choice "Of all the 36 alternatives, running away is the best."

Many of the themes are dark. Perhaps the darkest is the frightening raid by the Katmandu moral police on the Bibi Ghar. While the police brutally beat a libertine, his friend and co-conspirator exercises the classic Chinese choice "Of all the 36 alternatives, running away is the best."

-- Thomas J. Barnes

5 Stars -- "I prefer Robert Proctor to James Bond"

Robert Proctor is a diplomat. He has no license to kill. He toodles around on a Honda motor bike. But whether he is on a rescue in Zaire or awaiting a terrorist explosion at an ill concieved beauty contest, Robert Proctor displays an uncommon bravery. When he contemplates a letter from a woman whose heart he has broken, the understanding he displays is profound. Often his writing is funny as it is moving.The best thing about his writing is it touches on the human condition; the ability to be both senselessly cruel and bravely heroic. Robert Proctor is no James bond; he fumbles and falls. He is human. And I love his stories.

--Sirena Gibson "Scarlet" (New Mexico)

4 Stars -- Tales of service and adventure

It is not easy to be a diplomat, but the lives of those who are in the position of interpreting American life to the country to which they are assigned deserve the attention of those they represent. Often they are on their own, and often they are called on to do things that go far beyond their duty. Sometimes these involve things of which they personally and professionally disapprove.

Bob Proctor's book is more than a personal reflection. It is philosophically interesting and can help shape our understanding of diplomacy, and what we can expect of it. It is a call to personal and national integrity. The book is well written, intellectually honest. It probably should be read by those who want to grow intellectually. Bob reminds us time and again that he was trained as an English teacher, and I must confess that even with my educational background, I had to look up some words. Still
Robert W. Proctor
Cultural factors, in both the narrow sense of different national, racial, and ethnic groups, and in the broader sense of different groups of any type, play major roles in individual and group decisions. Written by an international, interdisciplinary group of experts, Cultural Factors in Systems Design: Decision Making and Action explores innovations in the understanding of how cultural differences influence decision making and action. Reflecting the diverse interests and viewpoints that characterize the current state of decision making and cultural research, the chapter authors represent a variety of disciplines and specialize in areas ranging from basic decision processes of individuals, to decisions made in teams and large organizations, to cultural influences on behavior.

Balancing theoretical and practical perspectives, the book explores why the best laid plans go awry, examining conditions that can yield unanticipated behaviors from complex, adaptive sociotechnical systems. It highlights the different ways in which East Asians and Westerners make decisions and explores how to model and investigate cultural influences in interpersonal interactions, social judgment, and decision making. The book also reviews decision field theory and examines its implications for cross cultural decision making.

With increasing globalization of organizations and interactions among people from various cultures, a better understanding of how cultural factors influence decision making and action is a necessity. Much is known about decision processes, culture and cognition, design of products and interfaces for human interaction with machines and organizational processes, however this knowledge is dispersed across several disciplines and research areas. Presenting a range of current research and new ideas, this volume brings together previously scattered research and explores how to apply it when designing systems that will be used by individuals of varied backgrounds.

©2018 GoogleSite Terms of ServicePrivacyDevelopersArtistsAbout Google
By purchasing this item, you are transacting with Google Payments and agreeing to the Google Payments Terms of Service and Privacy Notice.