PhraseBook for Writing Papers and Research in English

The Whole World Company
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The PhraseBook for Writing Papers and Research gives you a bank of over 5000 words and phrases to help you write, present and publish in English.

Phrases are divided into around 30 main sections, such as Introducing a Study, Arguing For and Against, Reviewing other Work, Summarizing and Conclusions.

Writing Help sections give advice on university and research writing, helping you to avoid many common errors in English. Main chapters include Style, Spelling, Punctuation, Grammar, Vocabulary, Numbers and Time.

The 4th edition also includes a University and Research Thesaurus to help you improve your academic vocabulary, as well as a Glossary of University and Research Terminology.

The PhraseBook is used in more than 30 countries in subjects ranging from Medicine, Engineering, Science and Technology to Law, Business and Economics, Geography, History, Sociology, Psychology, Language and Education.
  • Over 5000 words and phrases to help you write, present and publish in English
  • Written by PhD authors
  • Specially designed for non-native speakers
  • Suitable for university and research writing from student to researcher and faculty level
  • Includes most frequent words in academic English
  • Exercises for individual and classroom use
  • British and American English

"This material, prepared by experienced editors, is certainly very useful" Photosynthetica

Example phrases

Introducing your work

  • The study will begin by outlining...
  • This study addresses a number of issues...
  • The following section sets out...
  • examine the research problem in detail
  • shed light on a number of problem areas in current theory
  • The paper presented here is based in part on an earlier study
Arguing for and against
  • This becomes clear when one examines...
  • This lends weight to the argument that...
  • Support for this interpretation comes from...
  • While it may well be valid that..., this study argues the importance of...
  • A serious drawback of this approach is...
  • One of the prime failings of this theory or explanation is...
Reviewing other work
  • X takes little or no account of...
  • There is little evidence to suggest that...
  • The study offers only cursory examination of...
  • X gives a detailed if not always tenable analysis of...
  • The authors' claim not well founded.
  • X's explanation is not implausible, if not entirely satisfactory.
Analysis and explanation
  • If, for the sake of argument, we assume...
  • One of the most obvious consequences
  • Although it may well be true that..., it is important not to overlook...
  • It is important to distinguish carefully between...
  • The extent to which this unclear.
  • A more plausible explanation for or of...would...
  • The reason unknown, but...has been suggested by X as a possible factor. 
Summary and conclusions
  • Concluding this section, we can say that...
  • Chapter X draws together the main findings of the paper.
  • A number of key issues have been addressed in this study.
  • This study has highlighted a number of problem areas in existing theory.
  • While the initial findings are promising, further research is necessary.
  • The results of this study suggest a number of new avenues for research.

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About the author

Stephen Howe is an associate professor at the Department of English at Fukuoka University in Japan. He gained his PhD in Languages and Linguistics at the University of London and is an experienced editor of English university and research writing. Kristina Henriksson is executive director of executive education and adjunct professor at Simon Fraser University, Canada. She was awarded her PhD at Lund University in Sweden and was a visiting scholar at Stanford University.
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Additional Information

The Whole World Company
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Published on
Jan 1, 2007
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Foreign Language Study / English as a Second Language
Reference / Writing Skills
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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If you are studying at undergraduate or masters level it's likely that you will have to write a dissertation, critical essay or project report before you can graduate. Unfortunately, many good pieces of student research and inquiry are devalued - and sometimes even fail - because they are badly planned, structured or written. Make all that hard work count! This new guide looks directly at the processes, techniques and objectives of writing the dissertation itself. It covers longer term aspects - such as planning, scheduling, structuring - and more immediate ones - such as style, detail and managing the length. - Learn how to understand and decode the academic language of research questions, learning outcomes, objectives and assessment criteria, and translate them into the right form of words. - Discover how to maintain that essential focus on your objectives and research question or hypothesis, and their connection to your discussion and eventual conclusions. - Develop a schedule, identifying the tasks and milestones that will keep you on track, and update the plan as you go. - Find a style and structure that will help shape your writing to satisfy the examiners. - Manage the overall length and chapter lengths, and learn how to cut excess content and avoid repetition. - Master the technicalities of dissertation writing, such as methodologies, literature reviews, note systems, referencing...- Learn to how to transform an adequate dissertation into a good one by attending to fluency and detail - grammar, accuracy, consistency, punctuation - and the controlled use of aids such as spellcheckers and style checkers. - Avoid plagiarism and other evils. How can you avoid falling into cheating, either by accident or by carelessness under pressure? With examples and self-checking exercises to help you to stay on the right track, this essential guide will also serve as a valuable aid to all types of academic writing.
With more than three-quarters of a million copies sold since its first publication, The Craft of Research has helped generations of researchers at every level—from first-year undergraduates to advanced graduate students to research reporters in business and government—learn how to conduct effective and meaningful research. Conceived by seasoned researchers and educators Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams, this fundamental work explains how to find and evaluate sources, anticipate and respond to reader reservations, and integrate these pieces into an argument that stands up to reader critique.

The fourth edition has been thoroughly but respectfully revised by Joseph Bizup and William T. FitzGerald. It retains the original five-part structure, as well as the sound advice of earlier editions, but reflects the way research and writing are taught and practiced today. Its chapters on finding and engaging sources now incorporate recent developments in library and Internet research, emphasizing new techniques made possible by online databases and search engines. Bizup and FitzGerald provide fresh examples and standardized terminology to clarify concepts like argument, warrant, and problem.

Following the same guiding principle as earlier editions—that the skills of doing and reporting research are not just for elite students but for everyone—this new edition retains the accessible voice and direct approach that have made The Craft of Research a leader in the field of research reference. With updated examples and information on evaluation and using contemporary sources, this beloved classic is ready for the next generation of researchers.
The Controversies of Modern Christianity:

Where Do You Stand?

Cracks in the Foundation: Controversies in Christianity presents fresh insight on the hottest topics in modern religious debate, such as Biblical Creation versus scientific evidence, and evil and suffering in God’s world, as well as other issues.

Many of today’s Christians struggle with issues rising from the Bible’s relation to modern science, from rational thought, and from mixed messages within the Bible itself. The Bible, if read literally, says God created heaven and earth 6000 years ago, and created humanity on the sixth day. But modern science says the universe came into being 14 billion years ago, and humanity evolved over millions of years from lower life forms. Others struggle with the prevalence of evil in God’s world, and with contradictory biblical statements concerning predestination versus free will.

Contradictions like these pose problems for people who think carefully about their beliefs. Indeed many younger people are now looking elsewhere for answers, and the number of Americans professing Christianity has recently dropped from 78% to 70%. However, thoughtful and inquisitive believers can now find an extremely valuable resource in Cracks in the Foundation. This book presents a wealth of fresh insights and perspectives on twelve of the hottest topics in modern Christian debate. A central theme is that many of the apparent contradictions are not as severe as they appear. We find in many cases that Bible, science, and rational thought are amenable to reconciliation and even mutual enrichment.

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