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Designed as an introductory text for the students of computer science, computer applications, electronics engineering and information technology for their first course on the organization and architecture of computers, this accessible, student friendly text gives a clear and in-depth analysis of the basic principles underlying the subject. This self-contained text devotes one full chapter to the basics of digital logic. While the initial chapters describe in detail about computer organization, including CPU design, ALU design, memory design and I/O organization, the text also deals with Assembly Language Programming for Pentium using NASM assembler. What distinguishes the text is the special attention it pays to Cache and Virtual Memory organization, as well as to RISC architecture and the intricacies of pipelining. All these discussions are climaxed by an illuminating discussion on parallel computers which shows how processors are interconnected to create a variety of parallel computers. KEY FEATURES  Self-contained presentation starting with data representation and ending with advanced parallel computer architecture.  Systematic and logical organization of topics.  Large number of worked-out examples and exercises.  Contains basics of assembly language programming.  Each chapter has learning objectives and a detailed summary to help students to quickly revise the material.
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About the author

RAJARAMAN, V. V. RAJARAMAN, Ph.D. (Wisconsin), is Honorary Professor in the Super-computer Education and Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. Earlier, Prof. Rajaraman was Professor of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering at IIT Kanpur (1963–1982), Professor of Computer Science, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (1982–1994) and IBM Professor of Information Technology, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (1994–2001). A pioneer in computer science education and research in India, Prof. Rajaraman was awarded the prestigious Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize in 1976. He is also the recipient of Homi Bhabha Prize by U.G.C., Om Prakash Basin award, ISTE award for excellence in teaching computer engineering, Rustom Choksi award, Zaheer Medal by the Indian National Science Academy and Padma Bhushan by the President of India in 1998. An author of several well established and highly successful computer books, Prof. Rajaraman has also published many research papers in national and international journals. RADHAKRISHNAN, T. T. RADHAKRISHNAN (Ph.D., IIT Kanpur) is Professor of Computer Science and Software Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada. A graduate from Guindy Engineering College, Madras, he taught at IIT Kanpur and IIT Madras. He holds several patents, publishes regularly, and has supervised over seventy graduate students in the last thirty years. He has contributed several times to curriculum design and development in three countries: India, Canada, and Mexico. His research interests are in Agent Technology, Human Computer Interfaces, and Medical Informatics. Besides authoring textbooks, he enjoys writing in Tamil about technology and other socially relevant topics.
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PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
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Published on
Jun 1, 2007
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Computers / Systems Architecture / General
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This introductory text on ‘digital logic and computer organization’ presents a logical treatment of all the fundamental concepts necessary to understand the organization and design of a computer. It is designed to cover the requirements of a first-course in computer organization for undergraduate Computer Science, Electronics, or MCA students. Beginning from first principles, the text guides students through to a stage where they are able to design and build a small computer with available IC chips. Starting with the foundation material on data representation, computer arithmetic and combinatorial and sequential circuit design, the text explains ALU design and includes a discussion on an ALU IC chip. It also discusses Algorithmic State Machine and its representation using a Hardware Description Language before shifting to computer organization. The evolutionary development of a small hypothetical computer is described illustrating hardware-software trade-off in computer organization. Its instruction set is designed giving reasons why each new instruction is introduced. This is followed by a description of the general features of a CPU, organization of main memory and I/O systems. The book concludes with a chapter describing the features of a real computer, namely the Intel Pentium. An appendix describes a number of laboratory experiments which can be put together by students, culminating in the design of a toy computer. Key Features • Self-contained presentation of digital logic and computer organization with minimal pre-requisites • Large number of examples provided throughout the book • Each chapter begins with learning goals and ends with a summary to aid self-study by students.
Computer Organization and Design, Fifth Edition, is the latest update to the classic introduction to computer organization. The text now contains new examples and material highlighting the emergence of mobile computing and the cloud. It explores this generational change with updated content featuring tablet computers, cloud infrastructure, and the ARM (mobile computing devices) and x86 (cloud computing) architectures. The book uses a MIPS processor core to present the fundamentals of hardware technologies, assembly language, computer arithmetic, pipelining, memory hierarchies and I/O.Because an understanding of modern hardware is essential to achieving good performance and energy efficiency, this edition adds a new concrete example, Going Faster, used throughout the text to demonstrate extremely effective optimization techniques. There is also a new discussion of the Eight Great Ideas of computer architecture. Parallelism is examined in depth with examples and content highlighting parallel hardware and software topics. The book features the Intel Core i7, ARM Cortex-A8 and NVIDIA Fermi GPU as real-world examples, along with a full set of updated and improved exercises.

This new edition is an ideal resource for professional digital system designers, programmers, application developers, and system software developers. It will also be of interest to undergraduate students in Computer Science, Computer Engineering and Electrical Engineering courses in Computer Organization, Computer Design, ranging from Sophomore required courses to Senior Electives.

Winner of a 2014 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors AssociationIncludes new examples, exercises, and material highlighting the emergence of mobile computing and the cloudCovers parallelism in depth with examples and content highlighting parallel hardware and software topics Features the Intel Core i7, ARM Cortex-A8 and NVIDIA Fermi GPU as real-world examples throughout the book Adds a new concrete example, "Going Faster," to demonstrate how understanding hardware can inspire software optimizations that improve performance by 200 timesDiscusses and highlights the "Eight Great Ideas" of computer architecture: Performance via Parallelism; Performance via Pipelining; Performance via Prediction; Design for Moore's Law; Hierarchy of Memories; Abstraction to Simplify Design; Make the Common Case Fast; and Dependability via RedundancyIncludes a full set of updated and improved exercises
Intended as a text for undergraduate and postgraduate students of engineering in Computer Science and Engineering, Information Technology, and students pursuing courses in computer applications (BCA/MCA) and computer science (B.Sc./M.Sc.), this state-of-the-art study acquaints the students with concepts and implementations in computer architectures. Though a new title, it is a completely reorganized, thoroughly revised and fully updated version of the author’s earlier book Perspectives in Computer Architecture. The text begins with a brief account of the very early history of computers and describes the von Neumann IAS type of computers; then it goes on to give a brief introduction to the subsequent advances in computer systems covering device technologies, operational aspects, system organization and applications. This is followed by an analysis of the advances and innovations that have taken place in these areas. Advanced concepts such as look-ahead, pipelining, RISC architectures, and multi-programming are fully analyzed. The text concludes with a discussion on such topical subjects as computer networks, microprocessors and microcomputers, microprocessor families, Intel Pentium series, and newer high-power processors. HALLMARKS OF THE BOOK The text fully reflects Professor P.V.S. Rao’s long experience as an eminent academic and his professional experience as an adviser to leading telecommunications/software companies. Gives a systematic account of the evolution of computers Provides a large number of exercises to drill the students in self-study. The five Appendices at the end of the text, cover the basic concepts to enable the students to have a better understanding of the subject. Besides students, practising engineers should also find this book to be of immense value to them.
This book introduces students to the basics of computers, software and internet along with how to program computers using the C language. It is intended for an introductory course that gives beginning engineering and science students a firm rooting in the fundamental principles of computers and information technology, and also provides invaluable insights into key concepts of computing through development of skills in programming and problem solving using C language. To this end, the book is eminently suitable for the first-year engineering students of all branches and MCA students, as per the prescribed syllabus of several universities. C is a difficult language to learn if it is not methodically introduced. The book explains C and its basic programming techniques in a way suitable for beginning students. It begins by giving students a solid foundation in algorithms to help them grasp the overall concepts of programming a computer as a problem-solving tool. Simple aspects of C are introduced first to enable students to quickly start writing programs. More difficult concepts in the latter parts of the book, such as pointers and their use, have been presented in an accessible manner making the learning of C an exciting and interesting experience. The methodology used is to illustrate each new concept with a program and emphasize a good style in programming to allow students to gain sufficient skills in problem solving. KEY FEATURES Self-contained introduction to both computers and programming for beginners All important features of C illustrated with over 100 examples Good style in programming emphasized Laboratory exercises on applications of MS Office, namely, Word processing, Spreadsheet, PowerPoint are included.
The sixth edition of the highly acclaimed “Fundamentals of Computers” lucidly presents how a computer system functions. Both hardware and software aspects of computers are covered. The book begins with how numeric and character data are represented in a computer, how various input and output units function, how different types of memory units are organized, and how data is processed by the processor. The interconnection and communication between the I/O units, the memory, and the processor is explained clearly and concisely. Software concepts such as programming languages, operating systems, and communication protocols are discussed. With growing use of wireless to access computer networks, cellular wireless communication systems, WiFi (Wireless high fidelity), and WiMAX have become important. Thus it has now become part of “fundamental knowledge” of computers and has been included. Besides this, use of computers in multimedia processing has become commonplace and hence is discussed. With the increase in speed of networks and consequently the Internet, new computing environments such as peer to peer, grid, and cloud computing have emerged and will change the future of computing. Hence a new chapter on this topic has been included in this edition. This book is an ideal text for undergraduate and postgraduate students of Computer Applications (BCA and MCA), undergraduate students of engineering and computer science who study fundamentals of computers as a core course, and students of management who should all know the basics of computer hardware and software. It is ideally suited for working professionals who want to update their knowledge of fundamentals of computers. Key features • Fully updated retaining the style and all contents of the fifth edition. • In-depth discussion of both wired and wireless computer networks. • Extensive discussion of analog and digital communications. • Advanced topics such as multiprogramming, virtual memory, DMA, RISC, DSP, RFID, Smart Cards, WiGig, GSM, CDMA, novel I/O devices, and multimedia compression (MP3, MPEG) are described from first principles. • A new chapter on Emerging Computing Environments, namely, peer to peer, grid, and cloud computing, has been added for the first time in an entry level book. • Each chapter begins with learning goals and ends with a summary to aid self-study. • Includes an updated glossary of over 340 technical terms used in the book.
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