COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND ARCHITECTURE

PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
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Designed as an introductory text for the students of computer science, computer applications, electronics engineering and information technology for their first course on the organization and architecture of computers, this accessible, student friendly text gives a clear and in-depth analysis of the basic principles underlying the subject. This self-contained text devotes one full chapter to the basics of digital logic. While the initial chapters describe in detail about computer organization, including CPU design, ALU design, memory design and I/O organization, the text also deals with Assembly Language Programming for Pentium using NASM assembler. What distinguishes the text is the special attention it pays to Cache and Virtual Memory organization, as well as to RISC architecture and the intricacies of pipelining. All these discussions are climaxed by an illuminating discussion on parallel computers which shows how processors are interconnected to create a variety of parallel computers. KEY FEATURES  Self-contained presentation starting with data representation and ending with advanced parallel computer architecture.  Systematic and logical organization of topics.  Large number of worked-out examples and exercises.  Contains basics of assembly language programming.  Each chapter has learning objectives and a detailed summary to help students to quickly revise the material.
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About the author

RAJARAMAN, V. V. RAJARAMAN, Ph.D. (Wisconsin), is Honorary Professor in the Super-computer Education and Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. Earlier, Prof. Rajaraman was Professor of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering at IIT Kanpur (1963–1982), Professor of Computer Science, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (1982–1994) and IBM Professor of Information Technology, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (1994–2001). A pioneer in computer science education and research in India, Prof. Rajaraman was awarded the prestigious Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize in 1976. He is also the recipient of Homi Bhabha Prize by U.G.C., Om Prakash Basin award, ISTE award for excellence in teaching computer engineering, Rustom Choksi award, Zaheer Medal by the Indian National Science Academy and Padma Bhushan by the President of India in 1998. An author of several well established and highly successful computer books, Prof. Rajaraman has also published many research papers in national and international journals. RADHAKRISHNAN, T. T. RADHAKRISHNAN (Ph.D., IIT Kanpur) is Professor of Computer Science and Software Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada. A graduate from Guindy Engineering College, Madras, he taught at IIT Kanpur and IIT Madras. He holds several patents, publishes regularly, and has supervised over seventy graduate students in the last thirty years. He has contributed several times to curriculum design and development in three countries: India, Canada, and Mexico. His research interests are in Agent Technology, Human Computer Interfaces, and Medical Informatics. Besides authoring textbooks, he enjoys writing in Tamil about technology and other socially relevant topics.
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Additional Information

Publisher
PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
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Published on
Jun 1, 2007
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Pages
508
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ISBN
9788120332003
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Language
English
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Genres
Computers / Systems Architecture / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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This introductory text on ‘digital logic and computer organization’ presents a logical treatment of all the fundamental concepts necessary to understand the organization and design of a computer. It is designed to cover the requirements of a first-course in computer organization for undergraduate Computer Science, Electronics, or MCA students. Beginning from first principles, the text guides students through to a stage where they are able to design and build a small computer with available IC chips. Starting with the foundation material on data representation, computer arithmetic and combinatorial and sequential circuit design, the text explains ALU design and includes a discussion on an ALU IC chip. It also discusses Algorithmic State Machine and its representation using a Hardware Description Language before shifting to computer organization. The evolutionary development of a small hypothetical computer is described illustrating hardware-software trade-off in computer organization. Its instruction set is designed giving reasons why each new instruction is introduced. This is followed by a description of the general features of a CPU, organization of main memory and I/O systems. The book concludes with a chapter describing the features of a real computer, namely the Intel Pentium. An appendix describes a number of laboratory experiments which can be put together by students, culminating in the design of a toy computer. Key Features • Self-contained presentation of digital logic and computer organization with minimal pre-requisites • Large number of examples provided throughout the book • Each chapter begins with learning goals and ends with a summary to aid self-study by students.
Computer Organization and Design, Fourth Edition, provides a new focus on the revolutionary change taking place in industry today: the switch from uniprocessor to multicore microprocessors.

This new emphasis on parallelism is supported by updates reflecting the newest technologies with examples highlighting the latest processor designs, benchmarking standards, languages and tools. As with previous editions, a MIPS processor is the core used to present the fundamentals of hardware technologies, assembly language, computer arithmetic, pipelining, memory hierarchies and I/O. Along with its increased coverage of parallelism, this new edition offers new content on Flash memory and virtual machines as well as a new and important appendix written by industry experts covering the emergence and importance of the modern GPU (graphics processing unit), the highly parallel, highly multithreaded multiprocessor optimized for visual computing.

This book contains a new exercise paradigm that allows instructors to reconfigure the 600 exercises included in the book to generate new exercises and solutions of their own. The companion CD provides a toolkit of simulators and compilers along with tutorials for using them as well as advanced content for further study and a search utility for finding content on the CD and in the printed text.

This text is designed for professional digital system designers, programmers, application developers, and system software developers as well as undergraduate students in Computer Science, Computer Engineering and Electrical Engineering courses in Computer Organization, Computer Design.

A new exercise paradigm allows instructors to reconfigure the 600 exercises included in the book to easily generate new exercises and solutions of their own.

The companion CD provides a toolkit of simulators and compilers along with tutorials for using them, as well as advanced content for further study and a search utility for finding content on the CD and in the printed text. For the convenience of readers who have purchased an ebook edition or who may have misplaced the CD-ROM, all CD content is available as a download at http://bit.ly/12XinUx.

This highly acclaimed, well established, book now in its fifth edition, is intended for an introductory course in digital computer design for B.Sc. students of computer science, B.Tech. students of computer science and engineering, and BCA/MCA students of computer applications. A knowledge of programming in C or Java would be useful to give the student a proper perspective to appreciate the development of the subject. The first part of the book presents the basic tools and developes procedures suitable for the design of digital circuits and small digital systems. It equips students with a firm understanding of logic principles before they study the intricacies of logic organization and architecture of computers in the second part. Besides discussing data representation, arithmetic operations, Boolean algebra and its application in designing combinatorial and sequential switching circuits, the book introduces the Algorithmic State Machines which are used to develop a hardware description language for the design of digital systems. The organization of a small hypothetical computer is described to illustrate how instruction sets are evolved. Real computers (namely, Pentium and MIPs machines) are described and compared with the hypothetical computer. After discussing the features of a CPU, I/O devices and I/O organization, cache and virtual memory, the book concludes with a new chapter on the use of parallelism to enhance the speed of computers. Besides, the fifth edition has new material in CMOS gates, MSI/ALU and Pentium5 architecture. The chapter on Cache and Virtual Memory has been rewritten.
Computer Organization and Design, Fifth Edition, is the latest update to the classic introduction to computer organization. The text now contains new examples and material highlighting the emergence of mobile computing and the cloud. It explores this generational change with updated content featuring tablet computers, cloud infrastructure, and the ARM (mobile computing devices) and x86 (cloud computing) architectures. The book uses a MIPS processor core to present the fundamentals of hardware technologies, assembly language, computer arithmetic, pipelining, memory hierarchies and I/O.Because an understanding of modern hardware is essential to achieving good performance and energy efficiency, this edition adds a new concrete example, Going Faster, used throughout the text to demonstrate extremely effective optimization techniques. There is also a new discussion of the Eight Great Ideas of computer architecture. Parallelism is examined in depth with examples and content highlighting parallel hardware and software topics. The book features the Intel Core i7, ARM Cortex-A8 and NVIDIA Fermi GPU as real-world examples, along with a full set of updated and improved exercises.

This new edition is an ideal resource for professional digital system designers, programmers, application developers, and system software developers. It will also be of interest to undergraduate students in Computer Science, Computer Engineering and Electrical Engineering courses in Computer Organization, Computer Design, ranging from Sophomore required courses to Senior Electives.

Winner of a 2014 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors AssociationIncludes new examples, exercises, and material highlighting the emergence of mobile computing and the cloudCovers parallelism in depth with examples and content highlighting parallel hardware and software topics Features the Intel Core i7, ARM Cortex-A8 and NVIDIA Fermi GPU as real-world examples throughout the book Adds a new concrete example, "Going Faster," to demonstrate how understanding hardware can inspire software optimizations that improve performance by 200 timesDiscusses and highlights the "Eight Great Ideas" of computer architecture: Performance via Parallelism; Performance via Pipelining; Performance via Prediction; Design for Moore's Law; Hierarchy of Memories; Abstraction to Simplify Design; Make the Common Case Fast; and Dependability via RedundancyIncludes a full set of updated and improved exercises
This book introduces students to the basics of computers, software and internet along with how to program computers using the C language. It is intended for an introductory course that gives beginning engineering and science students a firm rooting in the fundamental principles of computers and information technology, and also provides invaluable insights into key concepts of computing through development of skills in programming and problem solving using C language. To this end, the book is eminently suitable for the first-year engineering students of all branches and MCA students, as per the prescribed syllabus of several universities. C is a difficult language to learn if it is not methodically introduced. The book explains C and its basic programming techniques in a way suitable for beginning students. It begins by giving students a solid foundation in algorithms to help them grasp the overall concepts of programming a computer as a problem-solving tool. Simple aspects of C are introduced first to enable students to quickly start writing programs. More difficult concepts in the latter parts of the book, such as pointers and their use, have been presented in an accessible manner making the learning of C an exciting and interesting experience. The methodology used is to illustrate each new concept with a program and emphasize a good style in programming to allow students to gain sufficient skills in problem solving. KEY FEATURES Self-contained introduction to both computers and programming for beginners All important features of C illustrated with over 100 examples Good style in programming emphasized Laboratory exercises on applications of MS Office, namely, Word processing, Spreadsheet, PowerPoint are included.
Today all computers, from tablet/desktop computers to super computers, work in parallel. A basic knowledge of the architecture of parallel computers and how to program them, is thus, essential for students of computer science and IT professionals.

In its second edition, the book retains the lucidity of the first edition and has added new material to reflect the advances in parallel computers. It is designed as text for the final year undergraduate students of computer science and engineering and information technology. It describes the principles of designing parallel computers and how to program them. This second edition, while retaining the general structure of the earlier book, has added two new chapters, ‘Core Level Parallel Processing’ and ‘Grid and Cloud Computing’ based on the emergence of parallel computers on a single silicon chip popularly known as multicore processors and the rapid developments in Cloud Computing. All chapters have been revised and some chapters are re-written to reflect the emergence of multicore processors and the use of MapReduce in processing vast amounts of data.

The new edition begins with an introduction to how to solve problems in parallel and describes how parallelism is used in improving the performance of computers. The topics discussed include instruction level parallel processing, architecture of parallel computers, multicore processors, grid and cloud computing, parallel algorithms, parallel programming, compiler transformations, operating systems for parallel computers, and performance evaluation of parallel computers.
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