Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry

Princeton University Press
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Atmospheric chemistry is one of the fastest growing fields in the earth sciences. Until now, however, there has been no book designed to help students capture the essence of the subject in a brief course of study. Daniel Jacob, a leading researcher and teacher in the field, addresses that problem by presenting the first textbook on atmospheric chemistry for a one-semester course. Based on the approach he developed in his class at Harvard, Jacob introduces students in clear and concise chapters to the fundamentals as well as the latest ideas and findings in the field.

Jacob's aim is to show students how to use basic principles of physics and chemistry to describe a complex system such as the atmosphere. He also seeks to give students an overview of the current state of research and the work that led to this point. Jacob begins with atmospheric structure, design of simple models, atmospheric transport, and the continuity equation, and continues with geochemical cycles, the greenhouse effect, aerosols, stratospheric ozone, the oxidizing power of the atmosphere, smog, and acid rain. Each chapter concludes with a problem set based on recent scientific literature. This is a novel approach to problem-set writing, and one that successfully introduces students to the prevailing issues.

This is a major contribution to a growing area of study and will be welcomed enthusiastically by students and teachers alike.

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About the author

Daniel J. Jacob is the Gordon McKay Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry and Environmental Engineering at Harvard University. He has taught the undergraduate atmospheric chemistry course at Harvard since 1992. He has published over 100 research papers in atmospheric chemistry journals.
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Additional Information

Publisher
Princeton University Press
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Published on
Dec 21, 1999
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Pages
280
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ISBN
9781400841547
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Language
English
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Genres
Science / Earth Sciences / General
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Available on Android devices
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Eligible for Family Library

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Hidden away in foggy, uncharted rain forest valleys in Northern California are the largest and tallest organisms the world has ever sustained–the coast redwood trees, Sequoia sempervirens. Ninety-six percent of the ancient redwood forests have been destroyed by logging, but the untouched fragments that remain are among the great wonders of nature. The biggest redwoods have trunks up to thirty feet wide and can rise more than thirty-five stories above the ground, forming cathedral-like structures in the air. Until recently, redwoods were thought to be virtually impossible to ascend, and the canopy at the tops of these majestic trees was undiscovered. In The Wild Trees, Richard Preston unfolds the spellbinding story of Steve Sillett, Marie Antoine, and the tiny group of daring botanists and amateur naturalists that found a lost world above California, a world that is dangerous, hauntingly beautiful, and unexplored.

The canopy voyagers are young–just college students when they start their quest–and they share a passion for these trees, persevering in spite of sometimes crushing personal obstacles and failings. They take big risks, they ignore common wisdom (such as the notion that there’s nothing left to discover in North America), and they even make love in hammocks stretched between branches three hundred feet in the air.

The deep redwood canopy is a vertical Eden filled with mosses, lichens, spotted salamanders, hanging gardens of ferns, and thickets of huckleberry bushes, all growing out of massive trunk systems that have fused and formed flying buttresses, sometimes carved into blackened chambers, hollowed out by fire, called “fire caves.” Thick layers of soil sitting on limbs harbor animal and plant life that is unknown to science. Humans move through the deep canopy suspended on ropes, far out of sight of the ground, knowing that the price of a small mistake can be a plunge to one’s death.

Preston’s account of this amazing world, by turns terrifying, moving, and fascinating, is an adventure story told in novelistic detail by a master of nonfiction narrative. The author shares his protagonists’ passion for tall trees, and he mastered the techniques of tall-tree climbing to tell the story in The Wild Trees–the story of the fate of the world’s most splendid forests and of the imperiled biosphere itself.


From the Hardcover edition.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Geschichte Europa - Deutschland - 1848, Kaiserreich, Imperialismus, Note: 1,0, Technische Universität Dresden (Institut für Geschichte der Technik und der Technikwissenschaften ), 11 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Nachdem das Deutsche Reich 1876 auf der Weltausstellung in Philadelphia seine industrielle Entwicklung noch in einer Weise präsentiert hatte, die den Direktor der Berliner Gewerbeakademie Franz Reuleaux dazu veranlasste, die in Philadelphia gezeigten deutschen Produkte gemeinhin als „billig und schlecht“ abzuqualifizieren, stellte sich die Situation nur ein Vierteljahrhundert später völlig anders dar. Auf den Weltausstellungen in Chicago 1893 und Paris 1900 war es das Kaiserreich, welches sich als dynamischste Industriemacht Europas präsentieren konnte. Seine gesamte Darstellung und die Anzahl der errungenen Preise - in Chicago fiel allein ein Viertel an die deutschen Vertreter - waren hier zum Spiegelbild des wirtschaftlichen und wissenschaftlichen Aufstiegs seit der Reichsgründung geworden. Zurückzuführen ist dieser Aufstieg des Deutschen Reiches zu einem der führenden Industriestaaten im letzten Drittel des 19. Jahrhunderts dabei wesentlich auf den Aufschwung der Naturwissenschaften, auf den wissenschaftlichen Fortschritt, welcher schließlich auch in die industrielle Produktion Einzug gehalten und in den Leitsektoren dieser „Zweiten Industriellen Revolution“, in der Chemie und Elektrotechnik, zur Entstehung wissensbasierter Industrien geführt hatte. Diese Verbindung von Wissenschaft und Industrie wiederum war zurückzuführen auf eine zur damaligen Zeit in Europa beispiellose Kooperation der Trias Wirtschaft, Wissenschaft und Politik. Es war diese Zusammenarbeit, die das spezifisch deutsche Innovationssystem kennzeichnete, welches den Weg der wissensbasierten Industriezweige an die Weltspitze möglich gemacht hatte.
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