There have been primary subject of debates over Taprobana. Each succeeding generation has read vague descriptions of the island left by their predecessors, and wrangled over what their predecessors really meant. Some scholars consider it to be a wild misinterpretation of any one of several islands, including Sumatera and Sri Lanka. In the end, it is impossible to assign a single place with all of the qualities that have been labeled with the name Taprobana over the ages.
After gathering abundance evidence, the author finally proofs that Taprobana is actually the Kalimantan Island (English: Borneo), an island at the geographic center of Maritime Southeast Asia.
Dhani Irwanto is a hydro civil engineer and better known as a planner and an expert in hydrology, hydraulic structures, dams and hydropower, the profession involving inter-disciplinary that has lived for more than three decades. Apart from his professional life, he is also a researcher of the history of nations and civilizations, encouraged by the environment, social life, culture and traditions in the region where he grew up. His strong present in the internet has made him well known for his ideas on pre-history and ancient civilizations.
Dhani Irwanto is the author of the books Atlantis: The Lost City is in Java Sea (2015), Atlantis: Kota yang Hilang Ada di Laut Jawa (2016), Sundaland: Tracing the Cradle of Civilizations (2019), Land of Punt: In Search of the Divine Land of the Egyptians (2019) and Taprobana: Classical Knowledge of an Island in the Opposite-Earth (2019).
Dhani Irwanto was born in Yogyakarta, Indonesia in 1962. He is currently an owner and director of a consulting firm located in Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.
Sundaland is in the tropics, surrounded by oceans, and within the Ring of Fire. Benefitting from the heavy precipitation, volcanic deposits in Sundaland develop into some of the richest forestry and agricultural lands, and developed into some of the richest fauna on Earth.
The vast majority of scholars accept that every living human being is descended from a small group in Africa, who then dispersed into the wider world. Archaeological and fossil evidence support an early migration of modern humans left Africa and followed the coastlines of Africa, Arabia, India and Sundaland. After migrating from the semi-deserted savannas of Africa, man first found a place in Sundaland where food was abundant and it was there that they left hunter-gatherer culture and invented farming, agriculture, trading and civilization, which made humanity first flourished. All this took place during the Last Glacial period.
The sea levels continued to rise gradually to peak levels about 5,500 years ago, causing land loss on tropical coasts with flat continental shelves. Cracks in the earth’s crust as the weight of the ice shifted to the seas set off catastrophic events compounded by earthquakes, volcano eruptions, super waves and floods drowned the coastal cultures and all the flat continental shelves of Southeast Asia, and wiped out many populations. As the sea rolled in, there was a mass migration from the sinking continent. Genetic studies show that there has been a sharp decline in the population of the world, and population turnovers from Southeast, East and South Asia to Europe, Near East and the Caucasus beginning at the the end of the Younger Dryas period.
The Younger Dryas disasters are also documented as legends, myths or tales in almost every region on Earth, observable with tremendous similarities. They are common across a wide range of cultures, extending back into Bronze Age and Neolithic prehistory. The overwhelming consistency among legends and myths of flood and the repopulation of man from a flood hero similar to the Noah Flood are found in distant parts of the Earth. The myths similar to the Garden of Eden, Paradise or Divine Land echo among the populations around the world. Memories of their origin are documented in their legends, such as the stories of Atlantis, Neserser, Land of Punt, Land of Ophir, Kumari Kandam, Kangdez and Taprobana. Pyramids spread in many parts of the world and emerged separately from one another by oceans who supposedly never discovered each other’s existence. Those indicate that they were derived from a common origin. Further, scholastic belief by etymologists and linguists are positive that all world languages sprang from a common source.
The ancient Egyptians called the Land of Punt the Divine Land or the Land of Gods. When interpreted as “holy land” or “land of the ancestors”, meant that the ancient Egyptians viewed the Land of Punt as their ancestral homeland, and its location is toward the sunrise, the abode of the sun god Ra.
The exact location of the Land of Punt is unknown. Through the centuries debate goes on with scholars and historians on every side offering plausible supports for their claims.
After gathering abundance of converging evidence, the author argues that the Land of Punt is located in Sumatera, Indonesia. In connection with the Land of Punt as the ancestral land of the ancient Egyptians, it can be concluded that the Divine Land or the ancestral land of the Egyptians is Sumatera.