Daily English- Important Notes

English Daily Use

Book 30
Manik Joshi
1
Free sample

This Book Covers The Following Topics:

01. Collective Phrases
02. Cries of Creatures
03(A). Young Ones of Birds/Animals/Insects
03(B). Animals/Birds/Insects and Their Homes
04. Flowers and the Quality They Refer to
05. Anniversary Gifts
06. Idiomatic Comparisons
07. Natives


Sample This:
01. Collective Phrases
[AMOUNT / NUMBER]

01. ACCUMULATION
Meaning: gradual increase of something in number or quantity
Examples:
an accumulation of capital
an accumulation of fat
an accumulation of laws
an accumulation of paperwork

02. ARMADA
Meaning: a large group of armed ships | a large group of people, things, etc.
Examples:
an armada of drivers
an armada of gunboats
an armada of trucks
an armada of vessels

03. ARMY
Meaning: an organized group of people or things
Examples:
an army of advisers
an army of ants
an army of nurses
an army of photographers
an army of robots
an army of soldiers
an army of volunteers

04. ARRAY
Meaning: an impressive group or collection of things or people
Examples:
an array of activities
an array of bottles
an array of costumes
an array of hats
an array of jackets
an array of programs
an array of regulations
an array of services
an array of styles
an array of topics
an array of weapons

05. ASSORTMENT
Meaning: a collection of different things or of different types of the same thing
Examples:
an assortment of artists
an assortment of clothes
an assortment of dishes
an assortment of evidence
an assortment of films
an assortment of games
an assortment of gifts
an assortment of homes
an assortment of plates
an assortment of weapons

06. BAND
Meaning: a group of people who do something together or who have the same ideas, interest or purpose
Examples:
a band of criminals
a band of activists
a band of musicians
a band of outlaws
a band of protesters
a band of singers
a band of thieves

07. BALE
Meaning: a large amount of a light material; pressed or wrapped tightly together and tied up with cords, etc.
Examples:
a bale of cardboard
a bale of cotton
a bale of the fibers
a bale of hay
a bale of paper
a bale of straw
a bale of wool

08. BARRAGE

Meaning: a sudden and aggressive occurrence of large number of something, that are directed at somebody
Examples:
a barrage of abuses
a barrage of attacks
a barrage of bullets
a barrage of changes
a barrage of complaints
a barrage of criticism
a barrage of digital ads
a barrage of emails
a barrage of gunfire
a barrage of phone calls
a barrage of punches
a barrage of queries
a barrage of questions
a barrage of tests

09. BATCH

Meaning: a number of people or things that are regarded as a group | a consignment of goods produced at one time
Examples:
a batch of bottles
a batch of cookies
a batch of ice cream
a batch of images
a batch of letters
a batch of noodles
a batch of petitions
a batch of players
a batch of students
a batch of vehicles

10. BEVY

Meaning: a large group of people or things of the same kind
Examples:
a bevy of dancers
a bevy of girls or women
a bevy of laws
a bevy of models
a bevy of officers
a bevy of proposals
a bevy of quails
a bevy of schools
a bevy of sensors
a bevy of vendors

11. BOARD
Meaning: a powerful group of people who make decisions and control a company or other organization
Examples:
a board of advisors
a board of commissioners
a board of directors
a board of doctors
a board of governors
a board of legislators
a board of managers
a board of regents
a board of service operators
a board of supervisors
a board of trustees
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About the author

Manik Joshi was born on Jan 26, 1979 at Ranikhet and is permanent resident of Haldwani, Kumaon zone of India. He is an Internet Marketer by profession. He is interested in domaining (business of buying and selling domain names), web designing (creating websites), and various online jobs (including 'self book publishing'). He is science graduate with ZBC (zoology, botany, and chemistry) subjects. He is also an MBA (with specialization in marketing). He has done three diploma courses in computer too. ManikJoshi.com is the personal website of the author.

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Additional Information

Publisher
Manik Joshi
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Published on
Oct 25, 2014
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Pages
55
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ISBN
9781492744917
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Language
English
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Genres
Language Arts & Disciplines / Public Speaking
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Content Protection
This content is DRM protected.
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Read Aloud
Available on Android devices
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This Book Covers The Following Topics:

How to Start a Sentence
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘AS’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘AFTER’ and ‘BEFORE’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘BY’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘FOR/FROM
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘IF’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘OF/ON/OUT’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘TO’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘IN’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘WITH’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘QUESTION WORDS’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘ING’ FORM of VERBS
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘PAST PARTICIPLES’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘-LY Words’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘PRONOUNS’
Start a Sentence – Miscellaneous
Exercises: 1(A) and 1(B)
Exercises: 2(A) and 2(B)

Sample This:

There are different ways to start a sentence in English. Using pronoun (I, we, you, they, he, she, it) is the most popular way to begin a sentence. But there are many other words which are widely used to start a sentence. They might be question words (what, where, etc.). They might be words formed from verbs, ending in –ing, -ed, -en, etc. Besides, words such as ‘to’ ‘in’ ‘with’, ‘if’, ‘after’ are also used to begin a sentence.
Here, you will learn various words and phrases to start a sentence with.

Important Note:
Starting a sentence with ‘and’ or ‘but’ is correct or not!

Using ‘And’ or ‘But’ to begin a sentence is generally considered grammatically Incorrect. But there is no hard and fast rule in this regard. So, you can use ‘And’ or ‘But’ to begin a sentence. But avoid excessive use of these words to begin a sentence. Use these words in the beginning of a sentence only when they really give strength to your language.

Note: It is said that a sentence should not be begun with a conjunction of any kind, especially one of the FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so). But this is not hard and fast rule. Particularly in spoken English, starting a sentence with ‘And’ or ‘But’ is common.


How to start a sentence -- Using ‘AS’

As a matter of fact no notice was given to anyone.
As a policeman myself, I am aware of all the laws.
As against last time four days, the fair will last for five days this year.
As always, he won the match.
As an interim arrangement, we directed the authorities not to return the land.
As fate would have it, he crossed the international border.
As for David, he is doing fine.
As he got busy, she picked up his son.
As he grew older, he developed his communications skills.
As if the bad power situation in the city wasn’t enough, the hike in power tariff has come as the last straw for residents.
As in the past, party president distanced herself from the government’s unpopular decision.
As long as here is violence by unruly mobs, use of police force is inevitable.
As often happened, he forgot to send me reply.
As part of the deal, they will hand-over control of five west bank towns.
As penance, he vowed to never scold any kid ever again.
As per his version, nobody had got injured in the incident.
As per rules, the same bill should be passed by the two Houses of the Parliament before it is sent to the President for his signature and promulgation for implementation.
As sanitary workers are absent on most of the days, sweeping of that road is also irregular resulting in trash along the road.
As the bus was nearing, / As the bus neared him, he moved aside.
As the day progressed, over a hundred men protestors gathered at the office.
As the electric cables are hanging loosely, it may anytime lead to major accident if any passer-by comes into contact.
As the mercury levels are dropping each day, difficulties for the poor are constantly rising.
As the war widened, they had to leave the city.
As we progresses, it is going to become more and more difficult.
As you know, I have sent him a letter.
This Book Covers The Following Topics:

What are “Interrogative Sentences”?
Structure (1) -- Wh-Question Word + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1A). What + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1B). When + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1C). Where + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1D). Which + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1E). Who + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1F). Whom + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1G). Whose + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1H). Why + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1I). How + Be/Do/Have/Modal
Structure (2) -- Wh-Question Word + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2A). What + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2B). When + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2C). Where + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2D). Which + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2E). Who + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2F). Whom + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2G). Whose + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2H). Why + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2I). How + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
Structure (3) -- Wh-Question Word + Main Verb (Present or Past)
Structure (4) – Interrogatives Sentences – Be/Do/Have/Modal
(4A). Interrogatives Starting From – Am, Is, Are, Was, Were
(4B). Interrogatives Starting From – Do, Does, Did
(4C). Interrogatives Starting From – Have, Has, Had
(4D). Interrogatives Starting From – Modal Verbs
Structure (5) -- Question Tags
Structure (6) -- What if
Structure (7) – How Long/How Much/How Many
Structure (8) -- Wh-Question Word + To + Verb Word
Structure (9) – “What About” and “How About”
Structure (9) – “What About” and “How About”
Structure (10) – Alternative Questions
Structure (11) – Indirect Questions
Formation of Interrogatives from Affirmatives
Exercises

Sample This:

What are “Interrogative Sentences”?

Interrogative sentences are used to ask questions. An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark.
Most common interrogative words are as follows:
What, When, Where, Which, Who, Whom, Whose, Why, How

Interrogative words and what they refer:
What – refers ‘specific information’ or confirmation/repetition
When – refers ‘at what time’ or ‘on what occasion’
Where – refers ‘in what place, position or situation’
Which – refers ‘choice or alternative’
Who – refers ‘identity’ of a subject (person/people)
Whom – refers ‘identity’ of a object (person/people)
Whose – refers ‘who something belongs to’
Why – refers ‘reason, explanation or purpose’
How – refers ‘way or manner’, ‘condition or quality’

These words are called 'Wh-question words' because all these words contain letter ‘w’ and ‘h’. All these words (except ‘how’) even start from ‘Wh’.

NOTE: The following words are also used to ask questions:
Whatever, Whenever, Wherever, Whoever
These forms show ‘surprise, confusion, or emphasis.

Besides ‘Wh-question words’, Auxiliary Verbs ‘Be’, ‘Do’, ‘Have’, and ‘Modal Verbs’ are also used to form interrogative sentences. Following is the list of auxiliary and modal verbs:
Auxiliary Verb-- Be-- Am, Is, Are, Was, Were
Auxiliary Verb-- Do-- Do, Does, Did
Auxiliary Verb-- Have-- Have, Has, Had
Modal Verbs-- May, Might, Can, Could, Will, Would, Shall, Should, Must, Need, Used (To), Ought (To), Dare
You can begin sentences with these verbs to form Yes/No interrogative sentences.


(1A). What + Be/Do/Have/Modal

What is a good pet to give a five-year-old child?
What is a long way away?
What is a reasonable grocery budget?
What is age got to do with it?
What is all that?
What is Australia's national food?
What is behind nation's food shortages?
What is better for your company: happy staff or short-term profits?
What is Brazil to you?
What is going on in India?
What is going to take place over the next 90 minutes?
What is in the haze we are breathing?
What is it about the first day of the year that gets us so excited?
What is it and does it work?
What is it like to be sectioned?
What is it like to fly an Airbus A380?
What is it like to have won an unlimited supply of something?
What is it like to live in a hut?
What are “Imperative Sentences”?

The word "imperative" is derived from the term "emperor".
Imperative sentences are used to give commands (orders).
Imperative sentences are also used to give instruction/advice/suggestion/warning/invitation/appeal.
Imperative sentences are also used to make a request. You should use ‘please’ (or other polite word) in the beginning or at the end of the sentence to make a request.
An imperative sentence begins with the base (first) form of a verb which is also called verb word. In imperative sentence, subject - ‘you’ - is understood. However, for first and third person imperative, imperative sentence begins with ‘let’.
You can end imperative sentence with period (.) or exclamation (!). Exclamation is used to show direct and firm command.
‘Imperative’ is one of the three moods of an English verb (indicative, imperative and subjunctive).

EXAMPLES OF IMPERATIVE SENTENCES:

(A). DIRECT ORDER
Attend the meeting.
Discharge your duty.
Enforce the law.
Quash the previous order.
Return to work.
Vacate this place.

(B). INSTRUCTION
Climb the stair.
Fill out this form.
Go on foot.
Hang a painting.
Light a candle.
Note this down.
Open up the cage.
Push a trolley.
Spell it out.
Tie your shoe laces.
Unpack the luggage.

(C). INFORMAL ADVICE
Book a hotel room.
Improve your appearance.
Mend your ways.
Walk elegantly.

(D). SUGGESTION
Follow your dreams
Keep up your English.

(E). WARNING
Don’t Jump that gate!
Watch out for traffic signal!

(F). INVITATION
Come to the party with me.
Have a meal with us.
Let’s stay in my house.

(G). APPEAL
Be Silent.
Let’s curb the menace of drugs addiction.

(H). REQUEST
Give me five hundred dollars, please.
Come soon, please.

Other Uses of Imperative Sentences:
1. Wish -- Have a safe journey.
2. Apology -- Pardon me.
3. Permission -- Join us if you want.
4. Public Notice --
Imperatives are used on signboards or notice board:
Keep off the grass.
Insert your ATM card.
Pull the door.
Push inside.

Important Note -- An imperative sentence can imply different senses (command/instruction/advice, etc.) based on the intonation. [Note: ‘Intonation’ is defined as the rise and fall of the voice in speaking, as this affects the meaning of what is being said.]


English Imperative Sentences -- A

Abide by the commission’s verdict.
Accept his decision.
Achieve your target.
Acknowledge achievements of women.
Acquire land for road infrastructure.
Act quickly. / Act swiftly.
Add details to this report.
Address a press conference.
Address his concerns regarding payments next week.
Address their demands.
Adhere to dos and don’ts of the pilgrimage.
Adhere to the standard operating procedure.
Adjust the rules to help consumers.
Adjust to a new location.
Admire your parents.
Adopt ‘do it right’ approach.
Adopt a good strategy in choosing right candidates.
Adopt long-term vision for industry.
Adopt modern technology.
Adopt wait and watch policy.
Adopt zero tolerance against underage driving.
Aim it.
Airlift the injured to the state capital for treatment.
Allow her to explain herself completely without interrupting her.
Allow him to return home.
Alter the course of your life.
Amend the act.
Analyze the reasons for your defeat.
Analyze the sample.
Announce a compensation for the victim’s family.
Announce your candidacy.
Answer the question.
Anticipate rate hikes.
Apologize if you hurt someone.
Apply band aid / Apply ointment.
Apply colours on his forehead.
Apply for a job.
Apply for marks verification.
Apply for passport.
Appoint a manager.
Appreciate compassionate behaviour.
Approach him for help.
Approach the court.
Approve the plan.
Arrange everything before it is late.
Arrange for cash to meet your expenses.
Arrange funds from your relatives.
Arrange funds on your own.
Arrive early on the scene.
Ask for a receipt.
Ask for more information.
Ask him his name.
Ask him what had happened.
Ask politely.
Ask the right questions.
This Book Covers The Following Topics:

BY NO MEANS
LITTLE
BUT NOT
NEVER
NO/NOT/NEVER ------- NOR
NO/NOT/NEVER ------- OR
NEITHER ------- NOR
NOBODY/NO ONE
NOTHING
NO DOUBT
NO LONGER
NO MATTER + Question Word
NOT + LONG AGO
NOT/NOT ONLY & BUT
NOT + -ING form of Verb
NOT TO + MAIN VERB
RARELY
SELDOM
MISCELLANY
TENSE - Negative Statements
Present Tense – Negative Statements
Past Tense – Negative Statements
Future Tense – Negative Statements
Negative Forms of Modals
Exercises: 1
Exercises: 2

Sample This:


BY NO MEANS
Meaning: Not At All

Based on a rough count, by no means definitive, they had about 625 tents set up last year.
By no means am I saying this is a bad thing, but it is not a choice that I made.
By no means did we settle on anything.
By no means does he think children need to go through terrible times to be better people.
By no means is he guaranteed to win.
By no means is this fight over or even anywhere near under control.
By no means let him dominate the conversation.
By no means should individuals or groups be allowed to go that building.
By no means should we be complacent with being second.


LITTLE
Meaning: Small

[Little + Auxiliary Verb + Subject]
Little do managers and executives realize that delay is in itself a decision!
Little do they know that she is better qualified than any of them in survival skills.
Little do they know that the journey ahead is not going to be easy.
Little do they know that their loss is actually a win for all of us, including for them.
Little do we realize the exact meaning or the appropriate use of many terms.


BUT NOT

But not for a minute did he make me feel angry.
Embassy shutdowns happen, but not usually on this scale.
Gender equality is still a goal, but not a present reality, for university campuses around the world.
He could be right, but not for the reason he thinks.
He has time for sports but not for family.
He is clearly the strongest but not superhuman.
He looks comfortable but not great.


NEVER
Meaning: Not At Any Time/Not On Any Occasion

Contractor left the work midway and never came back to finish it.
He gave a press conference explaining he never did anything wrong in his career.
He had to come clean but he never did.
He never does anything for us.
He never does anything truly charitable.
He never went to class.
He said he would text me after the weekend but never did.
He thought he was never in with a chance of becoming a mayor last year.
His wife is soft-spoken and never hurt anyone.
I am ashamed that I saw injustice and never did anything about it.
I am not sure he will even make the team, never mind have a big role.
I am sure I will never forget this moment.
I could never go back.
This Book Covers The Following Topics:

1. What is an “Exclamation”?
2. Exclamatory Sentences
3. Exclamatory Sentences with ‘What’
4. Exclamatory Sentences with ‘How’
5. Exclamatory Sentences with So and Such
6. Exclamations in Declarative Sentences
7. Exclamations in Interrogative Sentences
8. Exclamations in Imperative Sentences
9. Detailed List of Interjections
10. Using ‘Common Words’ as Exclamations
11. Useful Exclamatory Phrases/Sentences
12. Other Patterns
13. List of Emotions Shown by Exclamations
Exercise: 1
Exercise: 2

Sample This:

1. What is an “Exclamation”?

DEFINITION: An exclamation (or interjection) is a short sound, word or phrase which is spoken suddenly to express strong emotion.
Or
Exclamatory words that can stand alone as a sentence while expressing emotions or reactions are called exclamations (or interjections).

Exclamation mark (!) should be written after an exclamation. “Exclamation Mark” is called "Exclamation Point" in American English.

There are many exclamatory words (interjections or exclamations) which are often used in daily life. Some of these words express one strong emotion while others express two or more strong emotions. They do not have a grammatical purpose in the sentence and are not associated to the other parts of the sentence. They do not play the role of a subject or a verb. They can stand by themselves, or are placed before, after or in middle of a sentence to express a strong emotion or feeling.

Examples:
Exclamatory Word -- Alas!
Represents feeling of ‘Sadness, Sorry’

Exclamatory Word -- Um!
Represents feeling of ‘Hesitation’

Exclamatory Word -- Yum!
Represents feeling of ‘Pleasant Taste or Smell’

You can use exclamations to show the following emotions:

admiration, affection, anger, annoyance, anticipation, apathy, approval, attention, awe, confusion, delight, despair, disappointment, disapproval, discontent, dislike, distress, eagerness, elation, enjoyment, excitement, fear, frustration, grief, happiness, humour, hurt, irritation, joy, love, mourning, pain, panic, pleasure, pride, remorse, respect, shame, shock, sorrow, sorry, surprise, sympathy, terror, wonder, etc.

IMPORTANT NOTES:

(1). Use Of An Exclamation (Interjection) In A Sentence

(a). Beginning A Sentence With An Interjection
When you begin a sentence with an interjection you can place either comma (,) or exclamatory mark (point) (!) after the interjection.

Examples:
Ah, what a wonderful gift!
Comma (,) after an interjection expresses less emotion.

Ah! What a wonderful gift!
Exclamatory mark (point) (!) after an interjection expresses more emotion.

Note: Both the sentences have exclamatory mark at the end.

Obviously, both are exclamatory sentences. But second one is more emphatic. Also note: if you put comma after an interjection then next word in the sentence will begin from small letter but if you put exclamatory mark after an interjection then next word in the sentence will begin from capital letter.

Important Note: You can also end the sentence with period (.) or question mark (?) to show mild emotion.
Ah, what a wonderful gift.
Ah! What a wonderful gift.

Wow, We won.
Oh, did you go there?

(B). Use Of An Interjection In The Middle Of A Sentence

Examples:
Hundreds of people, alas, feared killed in a massive landslide.
Albert Einstein was born in...er…Germany.
You deleted my folder…um…my file!

(C). Use Of An Interjection At The End Of A Sentence

Example:
So got married, huh!
What do you think of me, eh?

This Book Covers The Following Topics:

How to Start a Sentence
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘AS’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘AFTER’ and ‘BEFORE’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘BY’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘FOR/FROM
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘IF’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘OF/ON/OUT’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘TO’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘IN’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘WITH’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘QUESTION WORDS’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘ING’ FORM of VERBS
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘PAST PARTICIPLES’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘-LY Words’
Start a Sentence -- Using ‘PRONOUNS’
Start a Sentence – Miscellaneous
Exercises: 1(A) and 1(B)
Exercises: 2(A) and 2(B)

Sample This:

There are different ways to start a sentence in English. Using pronoun (I, we, you, they, he, she, it) is the most popular way to begin a sentence. But there are many other words which are widely used to start a sentence. They might be question words (what, where, etc.). They might be words formed from verbs, ending in –ing, -ed, -en, etc. Besides, words such as ‘to’ ‘in’ ‘with’, ‘if’, ‘after’ are also used to begin a sentence.
Here, you will learn various words and phrases to start a sentence with.

Important Note:
Starting a sentence with ‘and’ or ‘but’ is correct or not!

Using ‘And’ or ‘But’ to begin a sentence is generally considered grammatically Incorrect. But there is no hard and fast rule in this regard. So, you can use ‘And’ or ‘But’ to begin a sentence. But avoid excessive use of these words to begin a sentence. Use these words in the beginning of a sentence only when they really give strength to your language.

Note: It is said that a sentence should not be begun with a conjunction of any kind, especially one of the FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so). But this is not hard and fast rule. Particularly in spoken English, starting a sentence with ‘And’ or ‘But’ is common.


How to start a sentence -- Using ‘AS’

As a matter of fact no notice was given to anyone.
As a policeman myself, I am aware of all the laws.
As against last time four days, the fair will last for five days this year.
As always, he won the match.
As an interim arrangement, we directed the authorities not to return the land.
As fate would have it, he crossed the international border.
As for David, he is doing fine.
As he got busy, she picked up his son.
As he grew older, he developed his communications skills.
As if the bad power situation in the city wasn’t enough, the hike in power tariff has come as the last straw for residents.
As in the past, party president distanced herself from the government’s unpopular decision.
As long as here is violence by unruly mobs, use of police force is inevitable.
As often happened, he forgot to send me reply.
As part of the deal, they will hand-over control of five west bank towns.
As penance, he vowed to never scold any kid ever again.
As per his version, nobody had got injured in the incident.
As per rules, the same bill should be passed by the two Houses of the Parliament before it is sent to the President for his signature and promulgation for implementation.
As sanitary workers are absent on most of the days, sweeping of that road is also irregular resulting in trash along the road.
As the bus was nearing, / As the bus neared him, he moved aside.
As the day progressed, over a hundred men protestors gathered at the office.
As the electric cables are hanging loosely, it may anytime lead to major accident if any passer-by comes into contact.
As the mercury levels are dropping each day, difficulties for the poor are constantly rising.
As the war widened, they had to leave the city.
As we progresses, it is going to become more and more difficult.
As you know, I have sent him a letter.
Antonym is a word that has the same or nearly the same meaning as another word.

Alphabetical List of English antonyms

Sample This:

English Antonyms – A

1. ABOVE -- (meaning) on top of, over, higher than, more than
Antonyms of ‘Above’ --
below / under / less / beneath / lower

2. ABSORB -- (meaning) to take in energy, gas, heat, light, liquid, etc.
Antonyms of ‘Absorb’ --
emanate / discharge / drip / emit / exude / leak / ooze / radiate / secrete

3. ABSTEMIOUS -- (meaning) not lenient towards yourself
Antonyms of ‘Abstemious’ --
unconstrained / uncontrolled / uninhibited / unrestrained

4. ACCEPT -- (meaning) to take readily something that is offered; to say ‘Yes’ to proposal, offer, etc.
Antonyms of ‘Accept’ --
abandon / deny / disallow / disprove / discard / dump / rebut / refuse / reject

5. ACCIDENTAL -- (meaning) happening by chance
Antonyms of ‘Accidental’ --
deliberate / intentional / planned / premeditated / purposeful / fixed

6. ACCRETION -- (meaning) slowly added layer of a substance
Antonyms of ‘Accretion’ --
corrosion / decay / decomposition / deterioration / disintegration / erosion

7. ACKNOWLEDGE -- (meaning) to accept that something is true
Antonyms of ‘Acknowledge’ --
condone / deny / disprove / challenge / contradict / ignore / invalidate / overlook / rebuff / refute

8. ACTIVE -- (meaning) involved in something or doing something
Antonyms of ‘Active’ --
dormant / idle / inactive / inert / latent / lethargic / listless / passive / sluggish

9. ACTUAL -- (meaning) existing in reality
Antonyms of ‘Actual’ --
fantasy / illusory / imaginary / invented / unreal / virtual

10. ADORATION -- (meaning) intense like
Antonyms of ‘Adoration’ --
abhorrence / detestation / disgust / hatred / loathing / odium / repugnance / repulsion


OTHER USEFUL ANTONYMS -- XYZ
1. abandon -- retain / salvage
2. abase -- deference / respect
3. abashed -- proud / unabashed
4. abate -- strengthen / brace
5. abbreviate -- amplify / lengthen
6. abdicate -- accept / continue
7. aberrant -- typical / usual
8. aberration -- normality / routine
9. abet -- hinder / dissuade
10. abhor -- admire / worship
11. abhorrent -- desirable / pleasing
12. abiding -- temporary / transient
13. ability -- inability / ineptitude
14. abject -- hopeful / optimistic
15. abjure -- own / possess
16. able -- incapable / unable
17. abnormal -- normal / natural
18. abolition -- initiation / launching
19. abominate -- love / respect
20. abortive -- fruitful / productive
21. abrasive -- even / regular / polite
22. abridge -- enlarge / expand
23. abridged -- comprehensive / whole
24. abrupt -- gradual / steady
25. abseil -- ascend / climb
26. absence -- attendance / existence / presence
27. absolute -- relative / virtual
28. absolution -- harshness / severity
29. absolve -- blame / condemn / denounce
30. abstain -- endure / persist
31. abstinence -- excess / indulgence
32. abstract -- concrete / real
33. abstracted -- alert / attentive / aware
34. abstruse -- intelligible / logical / lucid
35. abundant -- meager / scarce
36. abysmal -- excellent / outstanding
37. accede -- disallow / discard
38. acceptable -- deplorable / unacceptable
39. acceptance -- denial / rejection / renunciation
40. accessible -- inaccessible / unachievable
41. acclaim -- condemnation / disapproval
42. accolade -- discredit / disgrace / ignominy
43. accommodating -- disobliging / uncooperative
44. accord -- disagreement / disparity
45. accountable -- inexplicable / unaccountable
46. accredit -- derecognize / disapprove
47. accrual -- decrease / deduction / loss
48. accurate -- inaccurate / incorrect
49. accustomed -- unaccustomed / unfamiliar
50. achievable -- unachievable / unattainable
51. acquiescence -- opposition / resistance
52. acquire -- cede / relinquish / surrender
53. acrid -- saccharine / sugary
54. acrimonious -- harmonious / melodious
55. activate -- deactivate / impede
56. activity -- immobility / sluggishness
57. acuity -- dullness / tedium
58. acumen -- folly / foolhardiness / stupidity
59. adamant -- relenting / yielding
60. add -- deduct / subtract
THIS BOOK CONTAINS MEANINGS OF MORE THAN 1400 ADVANCED ENGLISH WORDS (including phrasal verbs and idioms).

English Words And Meanings, Advance English Words And Their Meanings, Learn English Words For Improving Your English, English Words And Meanings From Letter A To Letter Z

Sample This:

("sb" implies somebody, "sth" implies something)

abase yourself to accept sb's power over you
knuckle under to sb/sth to accept sb/sth else's authority
submissive too willing to accept sb else's authority
subservient to sth submissive, less important than sth else

abashed ashamed and embarrassed
bashful shy and easily embarrassed
put sb on the spot to make sb feel embarrassed by asking difficult question

about turn / volte face complete change of opinion, etc.
turn about sudden and complete change in sth

abstemious not allowing yourself to have much food or alcohol or enjoyable activities
austere without any decorations; (of a person) strict and serious; abstemious

ad-lib to give a speech or a performance without preparation or practice
improvise to make or do sth using whatever is available, to ad-lib

abuse unfair or cruel treatment of sb/sth
oppress to treat sb cruelly, to weigh down
persecute to treat sb cruelly

acclaim to praise sb publicly, praise and approval
commendation / plaudits praise and approval

accolade praise or award of honour
laurels honour and praise given to sb because of sth they have achieved

acrid bitter smell or taste
acrimony bitter feelings or words

adolescent young person who is developing from a child into an adult
teens years of a person's life when they are between 13 and 19 years old

affected pretended
disaffected unsatisfied

affront to insult or offend sb
take umbrage at sth to feel offended or upset by sth

aft in the stern of the ship or aircraft
abaft in the stern of a ship
stern the back end of a boat or ship

agglomeration group of things put together in no particular order
conglomeration mixture of different things found all together

a la carte food which is selected from the list of dishes and prices
table d' hot plate of food with fixed price

agnosia inability to recognize people and things
analgesia loss of the ability to feel pain while still conscious
apoplexy inability to feel, move because of injury in the brain
asphyxia difficulty in breathing which may cause death or unconsciousness
dyslexia difficulty in reading and spelling but no effect in intelligence

agoraphobia fear of being in the crowd
claustrophobia fear of being in a small confined place

alimony money, which is given to former husband or wife after the end of the marriage
palimony money which is given to former partner after the end of a relationship

altercation noisy argument or disagreement
argy-bargy noisy disagreement

alumna former woman student
alumnus former male student

amble / saunter / stroll to walk in a slow relaxed way
ramble to walk for pleasure
This Book Covers The Following Topics:

What are “Interrogative Sentences”?
Structure (1) -- Wh-Question Word + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1A). What + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1B). When + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1C). Where + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1D). Which + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1E). Who + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1F). Whom + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1G). Whose + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1H). Why + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(1I). How + Be/Do/Have/Modal
Structure (2) -- Wh-Question Word + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2A). What + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2B). When + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2C). Where + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2D). Which + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2E). Who + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2F). Whom + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2G). Whose + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2H). Why + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
(2I). How + Word/Words + Be/Do/Have/Modal
Structure (3) -- Wh-Question Word + Main Verb (Present or Past)
Structure (4) – Interrogatives Sentences – Be/Do/Have/Modal
(4A). Interrogatives Starting From – Am, Is, Are, Was, Were
(4B). Interrogatives Starting From – Do, Does, Did
(4C). Interrogatives Starting From – Have, Has, Had
(4D). Interrogatives Starting From – Modal Verbs
Structure (5) -- Question Tags
Structure (6) -- What if
Structure (7) – How Long/How Much/How Many
Structure (8) -- Wh-Question Word + To + Verb Word
Structure (9) – “What About” and “How About”
Structure (9) – “What About” and “How About”
Structure (10) – Alternative Questions
Structure (11) – Indirect Questions
Formation of Interrogatives from Affirmatives
Exercises

Sample This:

What are “Interrogative Sentences”?

Interrogative sentences are used to ask questions. An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark.
Most common interrogative words are as follows:
What, When, Where, Which, Who, Whom, Whose, Why, How

Interrogative words and what they refer:
What – refers ‘specific information’ or confirmation/repetition
When – refers ‘at what time’ or ‘on what occasion’
Where – refers ‘in what place, position or situation’
Which – refers ‘choice or alternative’
Who – refers ‘identity’ of a subject (person/people)
Whom – refers ‘identity’ of a object (person/people)
Whose – refers ‘who something belongs to’
Why – refers ‘reason, explanation or purpose’
How – refers ‘way or manner’, ‘condition or quality’

These words are called 'Wh-question words' because all these words contain letter ‘w’ and ‘h’. All these words (except ‘how’) even start from ‘Wh’.

NOTE: The following words are also used to ask questions:
Whatever, Whenever, Wherever, Whoever
These forms show ‘surprise, confusion, or emphasis.

Besides ‘Wh-question words’, Auxiliary Verbs ‘Be’, ‘Do’, ‘Have’, and ‘Modal Verbs’ are also used to form interrogative sentences. Following is the list of auxiliary and modal verbs:
Auxiliary Verb-- Be-- Am, Is, Are, Was, Were
Auxiliary Verb-- Do-- Do, Does, Did
Auxiliary Verb-- Have-- Have, Has, Had
Modal Verbs-- May, Might, Can, Could, Will, Would, Shall, Should, Must, Need, Used (To), Ought (To), Dare
You can begin sentences with these verbs to form Yes/No interrogative sentences.


(1A). What + Be/Do/Have/Modal

What is a good pet to give a five-year-old child?
What is a long way away?
What is a reasonable grocery budget?
What is age got to do with it?
What is all that?
What is Australia's national food?
What is behind nation's food shortages?
What is better for your company: happy staff or short-term profits?
What is Brazil to you?
What is going on in India?
What is going to take place over the next 90 minutes?
What is in the haze we are breathing?
What is it about the first day of the year that gets us so excited?
What is it and does it work?
What is it like to be sectioned?
What is it like to fly an Airbus A380?
What is it like to have won an unlimited supply of something?
What is it like to live in a hut?
What are “Capitonyms”?

CAPITONYMS ----
[Capital- capital letter; -Onym: Name]
Capitonym is a word that changes its meaning (and sometimes pronunciation) based on whether or not it is capitalized.
Capitonym [singular] | Capitonyms [plural]
Capitonyms may be nouns, pronouns, verbs, or adjectives.

Characteristics of Capitonyms:
Same spelling except for capitalization
Different meaning when capitalized
Same or different pronunciation

Examples:
Polish and polish
Polish: connected with Poland [adjective]
polish: to make a surface smooth and glossy [verb]

Piedmonts and piedmonts
Piedmont: a region of North West Italy (noun)
piedmont: a slope leading from the foot of mountains to a region of flat land (noun)

Traveler and traveler
Traveler: traveling people of Irish origin [noun]
traveler: a person who is traveling [noun]

Roman and roman
Roman: connected with the Rome
roman: the ordinary type of printing [adjective]

Rosemary and rosemary
Rosemary: a common first name for females in English speaking countries [noun]
rosemary: a bush with small narrow leaves that smell sweet and are used in cooking as a herb [noun]

Regency and regency
Regency: in the style of the period 1811–20 in Britain [adjective]
regency: government by a regent (a person who rules a country in place of the king or queen) [noun]

Scot and scot
Scot: a native of Scotland [noun]
scot: a charge, tax, or payment [noun]

Self and self
Self: a popular American magazine [noun]
self: character or personality [noun]

Warren and warren
Warren: a common name in English speaking countries [noun]
warren: a system of holes and underground tunnels where wild rabbits live [noun]

******

Capitonyms are case-sensitive words. However, when capitonyms appear at the beginning of a sentence, there is no way to understand which meaning is being referred to except the context in which they are used.
Capitonyms also create confusion in the aspect of listening. Because there is no way to understand which meaning is being referred to except the context in which they are used.

Capitonyms generally occurs due to one form being a proper noun. Proper noun is a word that is the name of a person, a place, an establishment, etc. and is written with a capital letter.
Thus, capitonyms may include:
A name of a person (Jack/jack)
A name of a place, city, country, etc. (Japan/japan)
A name of a language (Ewe/ewe)
A name of a company (Fiat/fiat)
A name of a publication (Time/time)
A name of a river/lake/hill/mountain, etc.

DETAILED LIST OF PAIRS OF CAPITONYMS
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